assignment or loan

Assignment of loan

Practical law uk standard document 9-500-4767  (approx. 34 pages), get full access to this document with practical law.

Try free for one day and see for yourself how Practical Law resources can enhance productivity, increase efficiency, and improve response times.

About Practical Law

This document is from Thomson Reuters Practical Law, the legal know-how that goes beyond primary law and traditional legal research to give lawyers a better starting point. We provide standard documents, checklists, legal updates, how-to guides, and more.

Martindale Logo

Legal Library

September 23, 2013

Let’s say arrive at your desk one bright and sunny morning and find that your counterpart at a competing bank has left you a voicemail, proudly telling you she’s just made a loan to the nation’s top manufacturer of buggy whips, fully secured by advanced, state-of-the-art buggy whip manufacturing tools and an expansive and varied inventory of the best buggy whips made anywhere. Sounds great! You call her right back and exclaim: “We’re in!” And then the other banker asks, “Do you want participation or assignment?”

What the difference between participating in a loan, and getting or giving an assignment? The distinction is simple, but important. Generally, an assignment is the actual sale of the loan, in whole or in part. The assignee is now the owner of the loan (or the part assigned) and is considered the lender under the loan agreement. A participation, on the other hand, means that the original lender maintains ownership over the loan and the participant has only a contract right against the leading participant, not a credit relationship with the borrower.

Lots of things will determine whether you will want an assignment or a participation, including the percentage size of the loan you’re taking, your relationship and track record with the other bank, and the amount of confidence you have in the other bank’s lending acumen and the competence of their underwriting staff. However, you should also remember that generally a mere participant cannot enforce the loan or proceed against the collateral. Usually, the borrower will not even know that the loan participant exists, and the seller of the participation will reserve the right to enforce, settle, compromise, work out or amend the loan, ordinarily without the participant’s consent, or even without the participants’ knowledge. The participant will, however, have the right to pay the legal team the participation seller hires and directs to enforce the loan. Not a very tempting alternative, is it?

There can always be issues peculiar to a given loan, but if you have a choice, it’s usually better to take an assignment rather than a participation.

The views expressed in this document are solely the views of the author and not Martindale-Hubbell. This document is intended for informational purposes only and is not legal advice or a substitute for consultation with a licensed legal professional in a particular case or circumstance.

Assignment of loan | Practical Law

assignment or loan

Assignment of loan

Practical law uk standard document 9-500-4767  (approx. 34 pages).

What's the difference between a mortgage assignment and an endorsement (transfer) of the note?

Banks use assignments and endorsements to transfer mortgages, deeds of trust, and promissory notes to other banks..

When you take out a loan to buy a home, you're usually required to sign two documents: a mortgage (or deed of trust ) and a promissory note. "Assignments" and "endorsements" are how these documents get transferred between banks.

If you're facing a foreclosure and the foreclosing bank doesn't have the proper endorsements and assignments, you might have a defense to the foreclosure.

Understanding Mortgage Transactions

To fully understand the difference between an assignment of mortgage (or deed of trust) and endorsement of the note, you must understand the basic terms and documents involved in a residential mortgage transaction.

These documents are separate, and each has its own distinct set of rules that govern how they're exchanged between banks.

Assignments of Mortgages and Deeds of Trust

An assignment transfers all the original mortgagee's interest under the mortgage or deed of trust to the new bank. Generally, the mortgage or deed of trust is recorded shortly after the mortgagors sign it, and, if the mortgage is subsequently transferred, each assignment is recorded in the county land records.

Courts have dismissed some foreclosure cases when the foreclosing party didn't have an assignment. But some states don't allow borrowers to challenge the legality of assignments, saying they don't have standing .

And certain states follow the general rule that "a mortgage follows the note." So, a missing assignment of mortgage won't necessarily stop a foreclosure. If the foreclosing party is clearly entitled to enforce the promissory note, the court may allow a foreclosure to go ahead even if a valid assignment doesn't exist. Whether a written, recorded assignment is needed depends on state law.

Endorsements of Promissory Notes

When a loan changes hands, the promissory note is endorsed (signed over) to the new owner of the loan. In some cases, the note is endorsed in blank, which makes it a bearer instrument under Article 3 of the Uniform Commercial Code. So, any party that possesses the note has the legal authority to enforce it.

A n entity that owns the loan has standing to initiate a foreclosure .

Talk to an Attorney

Assignments and endorsements prove which party owns the debt and, therefore, may bring the foreclosure action. If the documentation isn't correct or complete in your case, you might have a defense against a foreclosure.

If you're facing a foreclosure and think the foreclosing party in your case doesn't have the right documentation, consider talking to an attorney who can give you information about the laws in your state, let you know whether an argument based on the right to foreclose, called "standing," is likely to be successful in your case, and give you advice about what to do in your particular circumstances.

Talk to a Lawyer

Start here to find foreclosure lawyers near you.

How it Works

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Talk to a Foreclosure attorney.

We've helped 75 clients find attorneys today., how it works.

Copyright © 2023 MH Sub I, LLC dba Nolo ® Self-help services may not be permitted in all states. The information provided on this site is not legal advice, does not constitute a lawyer referral service, and no attorney-client or confidential relationship is or will be formed by use of the site. The attorney listings on this site are paid attorney advertising. In some states, the information on this website may be considered a lawyer referral service. Please reference the Terms of Use and the Supplemental Terms for specific information related to your state. Your use of this website constitutes acceptance of the Terms of Use , Supplemental Terms , Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy . Do Not Sell or Share My Personal Information

assignment or loan


Loan Participation Vs Assignment


Sub-participation is a form of loan participation in which a lender shares its risk with a second party. This type of loan participation does not change the documentation of the loan. This type of loan participation can also include future amounts for loans that have not yet been fully disbursed, such as a revolving credit facility.

The legality of sub-participation is dependent on the conditions of the loan agreement. In general, a loan participant cannot enforce the loan or proceed against the collateral on their own. Furthermore, the borrower may not even be aware that the loan participant is involved. However, the seller of the participation retains the right to enforce or compromise the loan, as well as to amend it without the consent of the participant.

As for drafting sub-participation agreements, there are many ways to do so. But it is important to include at least the following provisions: The term of the agreement, the rate of interest, and the repurchase provisions. These provisions should be included in the sub-participation or assignment agreement.

Assignment and sub-participation are standard terms in inter-bank transactions. We will examine the purposes of the loan participation and assignment agreements, as well as the terms of the transaction. While they are essentially interchangeable, they are fundamentally different.

Loan participation and assignment are both ways to transfer ownership of a loan. Assigning a loan to a third party or sub-assigning it to yourself is a common way to transfer the loan.

The terms “loan participation” and “assignment” are often used in the banking industry. Both terms refer to the transfer of a loan’s rights and payments between two financial institutions. We’ll look at what each term means and how they differ from each other.

Loan participation has long been a common form of loan transfer. Its advantages over other loan transfer methods include the ability to diversify a portfolio and limit risk. It also eliminates the need for loan servicing. However, this option can be problematic when it differs from underlying loans. For this reason, it’s important to structure loan participation carefully.

Whether a loan is a participation or an assignment depends on a variety of factors. The percentage of loan ownership, relationship with the other financial institution, and confidence in the other party are all important considerations. However, the basic difference between participation and assignment is that the former involves the original lender continuing to manage the loan while the latter takes on the responsibility of doing so.

As a rule, loan participation is a good option if the original lender does not want to keep the title of the loan. It allows the borrower to avoid the costs associated with the loan and is more attractive for borrowers. In addition, loan participation arrangements can be more flexible than outright assignments. However, it’s important to make sure that the arrangement you enter into is formal. This will prevent any confusion or conflict down the road.


Understanding the differences between loan participation and syndication is important for lenders. Understanding these two options can help them find the best solutions for their lending needs. Syndication is a common type of lending program where lenders pool their loans together to reduce the risks of defaults. Loan participation programs can be more complex and require due diligence to be effective.

Syndicated lending allows lenders to access the expertise and business relationships of their fellow lenders while maximizing their exposure to deal flow. However, lenders who join a syndicated lending arrangement often give up some of their independence and flexibility to take unilateral action. In addition, these arrangements often involve the involvement of legal counsel, which can also be important.

A loan participation arrangement is a group of lenders coming together to fund a large loan. A lead bank underwrites the loan and sells portions of it to other financial institutions. Loan syndication, on the other hand, is an arrangement whereby multiple financial institutions pool their money together and make one large loan. In this type of arrangement, the original lender transfers the rights and obligations to the purchasing financial institution. The risk is then shared among the participating lenders, allowing them to share in the interest and the risks of the loan’s default.

A syndication contract can be structured in as many tranches as necessary to meet the borrowing needs of a customer. The underlying contract will contain a commitment contract that specifies the ratio of participation among the participants. Each tranche will have a borrower, which will be a common participant or may be different. The contract will require that each participant fulfill their commitments before the scheduled due dates.

Loan participation and assignment are standard transactions between banks. They are similar in some respects but have different purposes. 

There are many types of loan participation agreements. Some involve a full assignment, while others are a sub-participation. If you are involved in loan participation or assignment, you need to understand which type of agreement applies to your situation. There are several types of loan participation agreements, including sub-participation agreements, undisclosed agencies, and assignments.

Sub-participation agreements are typically used to assign part of the loan amount to a new lender, and the loan documentation remains unchanged. In addition, these types of agreements include future amounts, which may be provided as part of a revolving credit facility or a portion of a loan that hasn’t been fully disbursed.

Loan participation is a popular option for lenders to limit their exposure to borrowers. Lenders may sell a portion of the loan to an investor or sell a portion of their interest to another party. While the transfer of a loan portion does not always require the consent of the transferor, lenders must consider participating interest guidelines and the applicable rules.

How Do Variables Affect Bank Loan Sales?

How Do Variables Affect Bank Loan Sales?

Comments are closed.

banklabs footer logo

SALES [email protected] 501-246-5148

SUPPORT [email protected] 501-404-5859

Get ahead of the competition.

Demos of our products take only 30 minutes and we offer a free trial.

Schedule Your Demo Today

Schedule a Demo

All Rights Reserved.


Examples of assignment of loans in a sentence.

Treasurer [ADDIXXXXXX XXXXXXXRES TO ASSIGNMENT OF LOANS , LIENS AND LOAN DOCUMENTS] KELSO & COMPANY, L.P. By: Kelso & Companies, Inc., its general parxxxx By: /s/ James J.


Stuchin Title: Presidenx NORTH FORK BANK, as Assignee By: /s/ Augusto Godoy ------------------------------------- Name: Augusto Godoy Title: Seniox Xxxx Xxxxxxent [ADDITIONAL SIGNATURES TO ASSIGNMENT OF LOANS , LIENS AND LOAN DOCUMENTS TO FOLLOW] SCIENT, INC.

XXXX OF SALE AND ASSIGNMENT OF LOANS THIS XXXX OF SALE AND ASSIGNMENT OF LOANS is dated this day of , 2009, by Citizens National Bank, a national banking association (“Seller”).

LOAN APPROVAL.’’.5 (c) SALE OR ASSIGNMENT OF LOANS AND UNDER-6 LYING SECURITY.—Section 205 of the Indian Financing7 Act of 1974 (25 U.S.C. 1485) is amended—8 (1) by striking ‘‘SEC.


Permitted Loan Purchase Assignment and Acceptance means an assignment and acceptance entered into by a Lender as an Assignor and Holdings, the Borrower or any of the Subsidiaries as an Assignee, as accepted by the Administrative Agent (if required by Section 9.04) in the form of Exhibit G or such other form as shall be approved by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed).

Loan Assignment has the meaning set forth in the Purchase and Sale Agreement.

Term B Loans means (a) the term loans made by the Lenders to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.01(a), and (b) any Incremental Term Loans in the form of Term B Loans made by the Incremental Term Lenders to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.01(c).

Assignment of Contracts shall have the meaning assigned thereto in Section 6.1(b)(iv).

Collateral Assignments means, collectively, the Assignment of the Development Agreement, and the Assignment of Management Agreement, the Assignment of the Right to Receive Tax Credits, Capital Contributions and Partnership Interests, each in form and substance satisfactory to the Significant Bondholder and the Financial Monitor and as each may be amended or supplemented from time to time with the prior written consent of the Significant Bondholder.

Term Loan Borrowing means a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Term Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurodollar Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Term Loan Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(a).

Lender Assignment Agreement means a Lender Assignment Agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit D hereto.

Term Loan Extension Request has the meaning set forth in Section 2.16(a).

Affiliated Lender Assignment and Assumption means an assignment and assumption entered into by a Lender and an Affiliated Lender (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 9.05) and accepted by the Administrative Agent in the form of Exhibit A-2 or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower.

Collateral Assignment Agreement has the meaning set forth in Section 10.05.

Collateral Assignment means, with respect to any Contracts, the original instrument of collateral assignment of such Contracts by the Company, as Seller, to the Collateral Agent, substantially in the form included in Exhibit A hereto.

Term A Loans means a term loan “A” facility as such term is understood in the leveraged finance market and which is marketed primarily to banking institutions rather than to institutional investors and any increase to any Term Facility constituting Term A Loans. Term Facilities constituting Term A Loans are so designated on the Facilities Schedule.

Lender PMI Loans Mortgage Loans with respect to which the lender rather than the borrower acquired the primary mortgage guaranty insurance and charged the related borrower an interest premium.

Type of Loan means (i) with respect to either Term Loans or Revolving Loans, a Base Rate Loan or a Eurodollar Rate Loan, and (ii) with respect to Swing Line Loans, a Base Rate Loan.

Assignment of Leases With respect to any Mortgaged Property, any assignment of leases, rents and profits or similar agreement executed by the Mortgagor, assigning to the mortgagee all of the income, rents and profits derived from the ownership, operation, leasing or disposition of all or a portion of such Mortgaged Property, in the form which was duly executed, acknowledged and delivered, as amended, modified, renewed or extended through the date hereof and from time to time hereafter.

Term Loans means, collectively, the Tranche A Term Loans and the Tranche B Term Loans.

Collateral Assignment of Interest Rate Cap Agreement means that certain Collateral Assignment of Interest Rate Cap Agreement, dated as of the date hereof, executed by Borrower in connection with the Loan for the benefit of Lender, as the same may be amended, restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

Notice of Loan Prepayment means a notice of prepayment with respect to a Loan, which shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit 2.05 or such other form as may be approved by the Administrative Agent (including any form on an electronic platform or electronic transmission system as shall be approved by the Administrative Agent), appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower.

Term Loan Advances are each defined in Section 2.1.1(a).

Term Loan means an advance made by any Term Lender under the Term Facility.

Loans means the loans made by the Lenders to the Borrower pursuant to this Agreement.

Assignment and Conveyance An assignment and conveyance of the Mortgage Loans purchased on a Closing Date in the form annexed hereto as Exhibit 4.

Cooperative Loans Any of the Mortgage Loans made in respect of a Cooperative Apartment, evidenced by a Mortgage Note and secured by (i) a Security Agreement, (ii) the related Cooperative Stock Certificate, (iii) an assignment of the Cooperative Lease, (iv) financing statements and (v) a stock power (or other similar instrument), and ancillary thereto, a recognition agreement between the Cooperative and the originator of the Cooperative Loan, each of which was transferred and assigned to the Trustee pursuant to Section 2.01 and are from time to time held as part of the Trust Fund.

Existing Loans has the meaning assigned to such term in the recitals to this Agreement.

Subsidiary Loan Agreement means the agreement to be entered into between the Borrower and ECTEL pursuant to Section 3.01(b) of this Agreement, as the same may be amended from time to time; and such term includes all schedules to the Subsidiary Loan Agreement;

Term B Borrowing means a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Term B Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurodollar Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Term B Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(b).

assignment or loan

Asian mother and her two kids spending time in the kitchen together.

What Is Assignment Of Mortgage And What Does It Mean For You?

An assignment of mortgage may sound somewhat intimidating at first, especially if you receive a notice about one out of the blue from your current loan provider. But in actuality, an assignment of mortgage is a quite common and routine practice in real estate circles that’s nothing to worry about. In essence, it simply means that your lender has sold your mortgage note to a government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) or a private investor. Having effectively transferred your debt to another servicer, it likewise means that going forward from a set date, you’ll be making payments to the new loan holder. 

This typically happens because once you close on your mortgage loan, your lender will quickly look to sell the mortgage note on to another entity. Doing so allows your mortgage provider to ensure future financial liquidity so that it can keep extending home loans to other borrowers. Under such a scenario, your original loan holder basically “flips” the mortgage and assigns its security rights in a home to the new owner of the note instead.

What Does Assignment Of Mortgage Mean?  

An assignment of mortgage is a legal term that refers to the transfer of the security instrument that underlies your mortgage loan − aka your home. When a lender sells the mortgage on, an investor effectively buys the note, and the mortgage is assigned to them at this time. The assignment of mortgage occurs because without a security instrument attached to the sale (aka the mortgage), this purchasing investor could, in theory, receive monthly mortgage payments, but hold no legal right to take action if you defaulted on making timely payments.

Note that in some states, deeds of trust are used in place of mortgage instruments. In the event that your property is located in one of these regions, a lender need only endorse the note over to the new owner to convey the security interest.

Take the first step toward buying a house.

Get approved to see what you qualify for.

When Does A Mortgage Lender Sell A Mortgage Note?

Quite quickly, as it turns out. Once a lender originates a mortgage by cutting you a check at closing, it tends to sell the mortgage almost immediately so that it can remain liquid and originate more loans to other borrowers in the future. The federal government actively encouraged the commonplace nature of this activity by creating government-sponsored enterprises Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae to buy mortgages from lenders so that mortgage lenders could continue making loans. In fact, it’s not uncommon for your mortgage note to be sold many times over and over during the life of your home loan. The only material difference from a borrower’s standpoint is typically where they send their mortgage payments and who they contact when they need customer service.

Who Buys Mortgage Notes?

The large-scale purchase of mortgages has given rise to a secondary mortgage market , where individual buyers or groups of investors buy mortgage notes or shares of large groups of mortgages. These mortgages are seen as relatively safe investments that provide regular income that comes from a homeowner making regular and recurring monthly mortgage payments. Keeping this in mind, it’s quite typical for mortgages to be sold and resold frequently once issued as noted above.

Why Is An Assignment Of Mortgage Necessary?

Home buyers will sign many papers as part of the closing process on the purchase of a piece of property. However, the two most important include the mortgage note (which includes all of the terms regarding the repayment of the debt) and a mortgage. Legally, the term “mortgage” refers only to the document that states that the home can be sold in case of default. Under an assignment of mortgage, both documents are transferred to their new owner for servicing.

View Your Refinancing Options

See expert-recommended refinance options and customize them to fit your budget.

How Does An Assignment Of Mortgage Affect My Home Ownership?  

Not much in any material fashion, as the sale of the mortgage note and assignment of mortgage do not affect the terms of the contract contained in the note. Rather, an assignment of mortgage largely means that you’ll be making your same old payments to a different lender at a different online or physical address. Likewise, it means that you’ll be calling a different number and dealing with a different group of customer service workers when you have a question or concern.

How Do I Find Out Who Owns My Mortgage?

For one, the mortgage owner will contact you and make you aware an assignment of mortgage has occurred. This information can also be found in the Mortgage Electronic Registration System (MERS) , which banks rely on to track such transfers. Note that your current mortgage provider will also be in touch when an assignment of mortgage is pending to provide you with a heads-up and help ease the transition.

The Bottom Line: Your Mortgage Has A Life Of Its Own After You Close

As a home buyer, the terms of your mortgage shouldn’t change after closing, although expenses related to select taxes, insurance payments and (in the case of adjustable-rate mortgages) interest rates may shift at a later date. These changes have nothing to do with who services your loan. The terms of your mortgage cannot be changed by a new owner.

While terms stay the same, the servicer of your mortgage may change many times over the course of your home loan’s tenure, as mortgages are routinely bought and sold by providers on the secondary market. That’s because your mortgage represents a plum investment opportunity (complete with regular, recurring payments) to many investors.

Speaking of real estate financing … are you looking to learn more about passive real estate investment ? You can discover a wealth of insights in our Learning Center.

See What You Qualify For

Scott Steinberg Headshot

Scott Steinberg

Hailed as The Master of Innovation by Fortune magazine, and World’s Leading Business Strategist, award-winning  professional speaker  Scott Steinberg is among today’s best-known  trends experts  and  futurists . A strategic adviser to four-star generals and a who’s-who of Fortune 500s, he’s the bestselling author of 14 books including Make Change Work for You and FAST >> FORWARD. The CEO of BIZDEV: The Intl. Association for Business Development and Strategic Planning™, his website is .

assignment or loan


  1. Fillable Online ifap ed Federal Perkins Loan Assignment Form OMB No. 1845-0048 ...

    assignment or loan

  2. Transfer & Assignment Agreements

    assignment or loan

  3. FREE 9+ Sample Assignment of Mortgage Templates in PDF

    assignment or loan

  4. assignment loan

    assignment or loan

  5. Deed of Assignment_sample

    assignment or loan

  6. 😂 Deed of assignment of debt template. Deed Of Assignment Of Debt Template from an Individual to

    assignment or loan


  1. Mortgage Assignment

  2. Monster Hunter: World

  3. Help for 1050 Loan Assignment

  4. TOPIC- Loan Documentation- Part-1




  1. Assignment Of Loan: Definition & Sample

    Under an assignment of loan, a lender (the assignor) assigns its rights relating to a loan agreement to a new lender (the assignee).

  2. Assignment of loan

    A standard form deed of assignment under which a lender (the assignor) assigns its rights relating to a facility agreement (also known as a loan agreement)

  3. Loan Participation or Assignment; What's the Difference?

    The distinction is simple, but important. Generally, an assignment is the actual sale of the loan, in whole or in part. The assignee is now the

  4. Assignment of loan

    A standard form deed of assignment under which a lender (the assignor) assigns its rights relating to a facility agreement (also known as a loan agreement)

  5. What's the difference between a mortgage assignment and an ...

    An "assignment" is the document that is the legal record of this transfer from one mortgagee to another. In a typical transaction, when the mortgagee sells the

  6. Loan Participation Vs Assignment

    Loan participation and assignment are both ways to transfer ownership of a loan. Assigning a loan to a third party or sub-assigning it to


    Define ASSIGNMENT OF LOANS. means an Assignment of Loans, substantially in the form of EXHIBIT L hereto.

  8. Loan Sale and Assignment Agreement

    a. Assignor is the sole legal and beneficial owner of its interest in the Loan Documents. Except for the partial assignment of the Loan Documents from

  9. Assignment of Loan Documents

    THIS ASSIGNMENT OF LOAN DOCUMENTS (this “Assignment”) is made effective as of this 17th day of June, 2011, by JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., a national banking

  10. What Is Assignment Of Mortgage And What Does It Mean For You?

    An assignment of mortgage is a legal term that refers to the transfer of the security instrument that underlies your mortgage loan − aka