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Review of Childhood Obesity: From Epidemiology, Etiology, and Comorbidities to Clinical Assessment and Treatment


Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain. Most obese children do not have an underlying endocrine or single genetic cause for their weight gain. Evaluation of children with obesity is aimed at determining the cause of weight gain and assessing for comorbidities resulting from excess weight. Family-based lifestyle interventions, including dietary modifications and increased physical activity, are the cornerstone of weight management in children. A staged approach to pediatric weight management is recommended with consideration of the age of the child, severity of obesity, and presence of obesity-related comorbidities in determining the initial stage of treatment. Lifestyle interventions have shown only modest effect on weight loss, particularly in children with severe obesity. There is limited information on the efficacy and safety of medications for weight loss in children. Bariatric surgery has been found to be effective in decreasing excess weight and improving comorbidities in adolescents with severe obesity. However, there are limited data on the long-term efficacy and safety of bariatric surgery in adolescents. For this comprehensive review, the literature was scanned from 1994 to 2016 using PubMed using the following search terms: childhood obesity, pediatric obesity, childhood overweight, bariatric surgery, and adolescents.

Copyright © 2016 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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“One out of every five children in the U.S. is overweight or obese” (“Obesity in Children”), and as the number rises the significance of the problem grows. Obesity is a widespread epidemic that is taking a toll not only on the US, but also other parts of the world. There are many causes for obesity in young children that stem from genetics, poor diet, and lack of physical activity. Obesity in children not only puts them at many risks for disease during their early ages, but also puts them at risk for problems later in life.

These risks for disease can be prevented through the combined efforts of parents, doctors, government, school systems, and the children themselves. People are starting to take action against childhood obesity in numerous ways so that they can shape the lives of children and adults by encouraging healthier lifestyles now and in the future.

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Childhood obesity’s various causes and effects are increasing at epidemic proportions; however, through different ways of prevention childhood obesity can make a turn for the better in the future.

Obesity can be defined as an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass (“Childhood Obesity: The Effects”). Obesity is the result of a “caloric imbalance” which is when too few calories are expended for the amount of calories consumed (“Childhood Obesity Facts”). A child is not obese until his or her weight is at least ten percent higher than what is recommended for his or her height and body type (“Obesity in Children And Teens”).

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People that become obese at a young age are at a high risk of becoming overweight in their adulthood. If one parent is obese, there is a 50 percent chance that the child will be, and if both parents are obese than the child has an 80 percent chance (“Childhood Obesity: The Effects”).

Obesity generally starts between the ages of 5 and 6, or during adolescence. Studies show that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80 percent chance of becoming obese when he or she enters adulthood (“Obesity in Children And Teens”). One of the most important ways to decide whether someone is obese or not is based on BMI or Body Mass Index. BMI uses a mathematical formula, in which a person’s weight in pounds is divided by the square of the person’s height in inches and this result is then multiplied by 703. Then, the BMI-for-age and gender specific is put on a growth chart and the person’s condition is determined. BMI over the 95th percentile is considered overweight or obese (“Childhood Obesity: The Effects”).

As more and more children join the BMI percentile considered obese, the statistics increase. Thirty percent of adults who are categorized as obese got this way from problems in childhood. Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6 to 11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7 percent in 1980 to nearly 18 percent in 2012. In the same time period, obese adolescents aged 12 to 19 years have increased from 5 percent to 21 percent (“Childhood Obesity Facts”). In 2005 a study showed that 12.5 million U.S. children and adolescents are considered obese, and with this number the average lifespan of all children could be lowered by up to five years (Manning). Although obesity is one of the easiest medical conditions to detect, it is one of the most difficult conditions to treat as obesity numbers grow to epidemic proportions.

There is no single factor or behavior that causes obesity. Two of the most common factors that can be linked with the cause of obesity are genetic factors and lack of physical activity (“Obesity in Children”). Genetic factors affect obese children when the child’s parents are obese or there is history of obesity in their family. However, genetics are not the only cause of obesity, and other factors must take place (“Causes”). Lack of physical activity is becoming a more common factor as children are spending more time inside, and less time outside, or being active. Since technology is becoming a huge part of modern children’s lives, activities such as watching television, gaming, texting, and playing on the computer, all of which require very little energy, replace the physical activities which the children should be taking part in. Also, when children watch television, they often see commercials for unhealthy high-calorie snacks, and thus crave these foods. Another source for obesity is medical conditions, and although it is rare, it does sometimes occur. Hormone disorders or low thyroid function, and certain medications, can cause a child’s appetite to increase, which in time can increase their risk for obesity (“Causes”). Also, if a child has a medical illness such as neurological problems, they can become obese (“Obesity in Children And Teens”).

Unhealthy eating habits are a prominent cause of obesity in children. When children are at young ages, their parents will tell them to finish everything on their plate, which forces the children to ignore their fullness. When this behavior is repeated over many years, it becomes a habit, and can cause a person to eat whether they are hungry or full, and the habit is often very hard to break. Also, when parents have less time to plan and prepare healthy meals, their child usually ends up eating more processed and fast foods that are less healthy than home-cooked meals. If a child’s parents or siblings are overweight and have poor diet and exercise habits, the child is most likely to adopt these same habits (“Causes”). When stressful life events or changes, such as divorce, moves or deaths occur in a child’s life, they often seek food for comfort (“Obesity in Children And Teens”).

As well as in the home and family, school and community resources also influence a child’s habits regarding diet. Vending machines and convenience stores rarely sell healthy foods, however they make it easy to grab a quick snack that is usually high in calories or fat. Restaurants reinforce the unhealthy habit by advertising high-calorie foods and large portion sizes. Schools have an important role in teaching students about healthy food choices and exercise, however not all schools offer these healthy choices or time for physical activity (“Causes”).

These causes, which lead to obesity, have many immediate and long-term effects. Some of the immediate effects include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, prediabetes, bone and joint problems, and skin conditions such as fungal infections and acne (“Obesity in Children”). Children and adolescents who are obese are likely to be obese as adults, which puts them at greater risk for adult health problems. A few of these long-term effects include heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, cancer, and osteoathritis (“Child Obesity Facts”). However, some diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, which are thought of to be long-term effects, have increased dramatically in overweight children and adolescents (“Childhood Obesity: The Effects”).

Childhood and adolescent obesity also has many mental health effects, and is associated with increased risk of emotional problems. The most immediate consequence of being overweight is social discrimination and low-self-esteem. In 2003 a study asked 106 children between the ages of 5 and 18 to rate their quality of life based on things like their ability to walk more than one block, play sports, sleep well, get along with others, and keep up in school. The study showed that obese children would often rate themselves with scores as low as those of a young cancer patient on chemotherapy. The results showed that teasing at school, difficulties playing sports, fatigue, sleep apnea and other problems severely affected the children’s well-being (“Childhood Obesity: The Effects”). Low-self-esteem leads to many cases of depression, anxiety, and obsessive compulsive disorder found in obese children (“Obesity in Children And Teens”).

Although obesity greatly affects a person’s well being, there are many ways to prevent obesity from becoming worse and to help obese children get on the right path for adulthood. Children and adolescent’s dietary and physical behaviors are influenced by many parts of society, including families, communities, schools, child care settings, medical care providers, faith-based institutions, government agencies, the media, and the food, beverage, and entertainment industries (“Childhood Obesity Facts”). One of the most successful ways to help an obese child is through his or her family, by providing support and helping to make lifestyle changes. Family members can plan activities such as walking, biking, or swimming, and can reduce the amount of sedentary activities (“Obesity in Children”).

Parents can lower the amount of fatty and sugary foods the child is eating, and can emphasize healthy eating by having fruits, vegetables and low-fat snacks available (“Childhood Obesity: The Effects”). Schools also play a crucial role in establishing a supportive environment, by providing the children with opportunities to learn about and practice a healthy eating and physical lifestyle (“Childhood Obesity Facts”). Children can also attend support groups, which are helpful because the others around them are dealing with the same issue. When a child or adolescent also has emotional problems, a psychiatrist can work with the family’s physician to develop a treatment plan, that would include weight loss goals, dietary and physical activity management, behavior modification, and family involvement. Obesity often becomes a lifelong issue, so by learning at a younger age to eat and enjoy healthy foods in moderate amounts and to exercise regularly can prevent the child from ever becoming obese (“Obesity in Children And Teens”).

As the importance of prevention spreads, more and more communities nationwide are taking steps to fight against childhood obesity. Many foundations have been started, such as the Robert Johnson Wood Foundation, which declared a goal of reversing childhood obesity by 2015 and has put millions of dollars into the effort. The Wood foundation partnered with the YMCA of the USA to bring together activists, government officials, school administrators and parents, the medical community, and other leaders to broadcast a possible attack on the problem. The foundation funded efforts in 6 states and 32 communities. They have created policy changes in communities, such as purchase of healthier food and serving it in schools, the availability of fresh fruit and vegetables at corner stores, and increasing physical activity in school and after school programs and in the community through better transportation systems such as bicycle and walking trails (“Communities”). Foundations are attempting to make the purpose of physical activity and following a healthy diet a use of the opportunities children have to be active and healthy, rather than being a chore (“Obesity in Children”).

Obesity is an ongoing epidemic that is affecting a bounteous number of children every day. There are lots of causes for obesity in youth that can expose them to disease and other problems during their early childhood and adolescence, as well as later in life. However, these immediate and long-term effects are being noticed and are starting to be prevented. People across the nation are becoming involved in foundations that are trying to hinder childhood obesity and take steps toward healthier lifestyles for children. Although childhood obesity has a profuse count of causes and effects, and the statistics show an intimidating growth in numbers, prevention of childhood obesity can make for a healthier society and a decrease in the amount of people who are impacted by this malady.

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Childhood obesity research paper

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60 Unique and easy Childhood Obesity research paper Topics

Childhood Obesity research paper topics

Childhood Obesity research paper topics

Childhood obesity is a common topic for most research papers in college, and selecting one question to research can be hectic. Topic selection is one of the main ways to start writing a research paper and you need to get it right.

To help you make a better selection, we have explained and listed 60 research paper topics that a student can write research papers about childhood obesity. Each of these topics is wide enough to write a long paper , either an essay or a research paper.

Obesity can be described as the abnormal, excessive accumulation of fats in one’s body that puts the individual’s health at risk. The condition is common in children and the childhood obesity research paper topics we present in this write up can be used in conducting research.

Need Help with your Homework or Essays?

60 childhood obesity research paper topics to make your homework unique.

Here, is an extensive list of childhood obesity topic for your research paper and can make your paper unique and impressive among the rest. We briefly discuss 20 of them and list 40 other topics for the topic.

1. Discuss the main causes of obesity among children in your state.

Obesity in children is said to be mostly caused by eating habits that are not healthy, lack of involvement in physical activities and a variety of genetic factors.

2. Does obesity influence the academic performance of a child

Obesity can cause a deterioration in the academic performance of school-going children if they are subjected to social pathways such as stigma and discrimination. Children feel alone because they are not involved in any interactions.

3. Are children raised by single parents more likely to suffer obesity?

Many researchers identify that single-mother raised children are at a ahigher risk of becoming obese because they carry dangerous amounts of weight as they grow due to lack of energetic and boisterous play from their fathers.

4. Explain how exercise can be encouraged among children to reduce risks of obesity

In order to encourage your kids to exercise motivate them and invite their friends to help them in exercise. Do the right timing and mix it with a little play.

5. How can institutions such as high schools reduce rates of obesity?

Schools can reduce the level of obesity by changing the school meals to healthier ones, providing water throughout and making physical exercise lessons for the whole school mandatory.

6. How are new-borns affected by the mother’s obesity?

Genetic studies have proved that it is possible that obese pregnant women are at risk of passing obesity to their unborn children who may also experience metabolic diseases in the future.

7. Can obesity be termed as a mental illness?

Obesity causes diabetic disease type 2 and cardiovascular disease which affects the child psychologically.  Several studies also prove that most people with mental illnesses are obese.

8. Can obesity in children be fought through surgery?

A surgery known as bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery can be significant in helping obese individuals lose large amounts of weight and is accompanied by life style changes and like exercise and diet change.

9. Can obesity in children be considered an international illness?

According to the World Health Organization obesity is one of the visible and most neglected health problem around the world and it recommends that action be taken to prevent a global health crisis.

diets prevent childhood obesity research topics

10. Do vegetable diets prevent obesity?

Vegetables must be included in a healthy diet. They have low levels of sugar, fats, and salt that plays a role in making sure you don’t gain weight.

11. Effects of obesity on the self-development of the child and self-esteem.

Despite being subjected to discrimination that lowers self-esteem children that are obese develop conditions such as hypertension, sleep disorders, Dyslopodemia and type 2 diabetes which affects their early development.

12. How does advertising affect obesity rates in the United States

Most junk foods and drinks adverts target children and youths and influence them more to increased junk consumption therefore rising the rates of obesity. These adverts overshadow nutrition adverts.

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13. Describe whether obesity in children is a chronic or a non-chronic disease

Due the factors that obesity is wide spread and it can lead to serious health problems such as the cardiovascular disease, the American Medical Association termed it as a chronic disease.

14. Is the fast-food industry causing an increase in obesity rates in the U.S

Fast food restaurants play a huge role in causing obesity. This is because many home diets don’t include fast foods, leaving the restaurants as the number one source where fast foods are acquired.

15. Are female children at a high risk of obesity than male children.

Many researchers have established that girls are more likely to be obese than boys as they grow due to the biological high percentage of body fats in the bodies of girls.

16. Do children in urban areas have more chances of experiencing obesity than those in rural areas.

Trends in cities of consumption of unhealthy foods have spread widely in rural areas and people view them as a way of becoming diverse. Developments also scrapped duties that were a form of exercise hence making obesity more rapid in rural areas.

17. Explain the life expectancy of children suffering from obesity.

To write this paper, you will need life expectancy data to back up your arguments. Obesity in children has proved incurable. It may cause between two to five years of decrease in life expectancy of children as compared to their parents according to multiple studies.

18. Should the government focus on reducing obesity among children?

The government should be involved in fighting obesity because it is not one individual’s task. Increasing taxation on production of junks foods and promoting healthy habits are some activities the government can be involved in.

19. How are insulin resistance and obesity connected among children?

Due to the factor that obesity causes type 2 diabetes, it has been proved that obesity can develop insulin resistance. This development is caused by release of fatty acids, hormones, and glycerol. 

20. How obese parents risk their children being obese.

If parents are not involved in obese preventative activities, then there is a likelihood of the children being obese. This includes parents not controlling the consumption of fast foods by their children and low involvement in physical exercise activities.

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Childhood Obesity Research Paper

child obesity research paper

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Childhood obesity analysis.

Obesity in America is literally a growing problem, affecting every age group. Children are the most venerable group because they have no control over where they have dinner or how often they have fast food. Parents and guardians make decisions about food and are responsible for the health of children. Childhood obesity has more than doubled in the last twenty years. This is concerning because Type Two diabetes is a horrible, crippling disease that is affecting children and teens dramatically whereas the disease was primarily seen in adults. Children are said to have a shorter life span than their parents for the first time ever. In the United States sixty-six percent of adults are overweight and one in three adults are overweight. Children that are overweight usually become overweight teens and possible obese adults. With an increase in processed food and fast food chains springing up everywhere everyone must be very cautious of what they eat and how often the eat fast food. Parents must be especially careful with deciding upon what their children will eat for dinner and other meals away from school. Fast food restaurants are convenient and an obvious choice when parents are short on time getting children from one place to the other. While time may sometimes be short compromising children’s health for the sake of a few minutes is not worth it. It is critical that healthy meals are provided for children to ensure their future health.…

Childhood Obesity Essay

The damaging effects on a child’s physical and mental health are two of the main aspects that are associated with childhood obesity. This condition is at epidemic proportions in the United States. (Henry and Martin, 13-6) Childhood obesity is a condition where a child weights more than the normal weight for a child their age. There are several factors that cause this condition such as food choices, lack of physical activities, and genetic factors. These factors will in turn lead to the different effects on a child’s physical, social, and emotional well-being. Childhood obesity is a rising epidemic that affects all cultures. In order to fight this epidemic, a better understanding of the causes and effects of childhood obesity is needed.…

Prevent Childhood Obesity Research Paper

Childhood obesity is when a child is overweight and has or will have many serious health risks. Ji Li and Neal H. Hooker, in “Childhood Obesity and Schools,” explains that “childhood obesity is more than a problem in children; it is linked to adult obesity” (97). If a child is obese, she will stay obese in her adulthood. Helping children to stay healthy with the support of their parents and the school can prevent this problem. Jane E. Brody, in “ ‘Diabesity,’ a Crisis in an Expanding Country,” points out “two recent clinical trials showed that type 2 diabetes could be prevented by changes in diet and exercise” (207). The parents and the school can help children with their eating habit and to motivate them to do physical activities. They need to pay attention to this situation because children will have health problems and suffer with the consequences in their adulthood.…

HCA 240 Final Public Awareness and Human Disease: The Rising Epidemic of Obesity in American Schoolchildren

Are you aware that one out of every five (5) children in the United States considered either overweight or obese (BusinessWeek, 2005)? Alternatively, those on average of one in every three adults are also considered obese (Mayo Clinic, 1998-2009)? Obesity has risen dramatically and at an alarming rate within the past few decades, almost tripling since the 1960’s. An average of 25 to 30% of children are affected by obesity and overweight each year and yet, this condition remains to be under diagnosed and untreated (Moran, 1999). In order to reverse this devastating epidemic one must better understand the causes, affects, and the ways of preventing obesity before it is too late. Obesity can and should be prevented to better the lives of our, children and, ourselves; obesity not only affects ones health but mental and physical well-being as well.…

Affects of School Lunch Programs on Childhood Obesity

In today 's society it is so easy to get caught up in the day to day duties of life; people often forget that their eating habits could be the death of them. The children of today are the children of the future, therefore raising them to make healthy eating choices in their childhood could prevent them from becoming part of the 20 percent of children that are obese. Over the past 30 years childhood obesity has more than tripled in the United States. According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, obesity in children is one of the easiest medical conditions to recognize but most difficult to treat. Due to a poor diet and lack of exercise children can run the dangerous risk of heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes which go hand and hand with severely overweight children. Kids who are unhappy with their weight may also be more likely to develop eating disorders. Diagnosing and treating overweight and obesity in children as early as possible may reduce the risk of developing serious medical conditions. In the United States alone, over 300,000 deaths each year can be attributed to this disease (American Academy of Child, 2008). In 2005 a study found that children today may lead shorter lives by two to five years than their parents due to obesity (USA Today, 2011). Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise both at home and in school. Schools are a major cause of child obesity becoming an epidemic and it is time to take a closer look at how childhood obesity and the school system can be directly related. Removing nutrition in school lunches, lack of education toward…

Physical Activity and Childhood Obesity

There are several factors that may contribute to childhood obesity. In an article on Children’s Physical Activity and Obesity it states that; “[…] the effects of parenting, the home environment, and developmental and psychological factors on diet, obesity, and physical activity have received significant attention” (Luisa Franzini, PhD, 2oo9). From this attention, new research and developments are achieved. The number of children who experience overweight is growing at an alarming rate in recent times. According to an article on overweight and obesity, 1 out of 3 children are considered overweight or obese (Kids Health, 2009). Research has shown that overweight and obesity leads to health issues, some of which can be fatal. Moreover, the CDC states; “Obese youth are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure. In a population-based sample of 5- to 17-year-olds, 70% of obese youth had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease” (Healthy Youth, 2010). Further, experiencing overweight in childhood presents a greater possibility of experiencing overweight in adulthood. According to the CDC, obese youth are more likely to…

Childhood Obesity: a Growing Epidemic

How can childhood obesity be dealt with in current children and prevented in future children?…

Childhood Obesity In America

Childhood obesity is becoming a problem across the globe and has been declared an epidemic in America. Children are consuming more calories than ever and many are not as active as earlier generations. For the first time in the history of this country, young people are less healthy and less prepared to take their places in society than were their parents. Diabetes is on the rise, American kids are getting sicker, becoming sadder and getting fatter. (W. Sears, M.D., M. Sears, R.N., J. Sears, M.D., R. Sears, M.D., 2006)…

Child Obesity Is Epidemic

Obesity is defined as an abnormal amount of body fat that causes health problems such as; diabetes, heart disease, and cancer (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Obesity can be determined measuring the child’s body mass index (BMI) is calculated by the child’s height, weight, and age to determine if you have excess fat. It is known that children who are obese have a greater chance to become obese in adulthood. National surveys have come to the conclusion that children are consuming more than 100 calories per day than ever before. The cause of child obesity does not have only one cause. Obesity happens when people in general are not eating healthy foods and are not physically active. Foods that are high in calories and have no healthy nutrition value are foods that will be stored as fat and will make you gain weight (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011; Elfellahi, Dallèle, Verlhac, Camille, Verma, Arpita; 2006; Paxson, Christina, and Donahue, Elizabeth, and Grisso, Jeanne Ann & Orleans, C. Tracy, 2006; U.S. Department of Health & Human Services). Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic in America because the rates of child obesity are high, in every three children one is overweight or obese ages 2-19. These rates have been rising over the last three decades because in the 1970s children who were overweight or obese were at a 15 percent and today it has doubled to 30 percent (Paxson, Donahue, Grisso, & Orleans, 2006). At the rate child obesity is rising in America children are having more health problems that will cause premature death; according to (Liquid Candy, 2005) “this may be the first generation of children who live shorter lives than their parents.” Studies indicate that child obesity in America is a growing epidemic because of parents, television and media, and insufficient exercise. Parents…

Li, Ji, and Neal H. Hooker. "Childhood Obesity and Schools: Evidence From the National Survey of Children 's Health." Journal of School Health 80.2 (2010): 96-103. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 1 Mar. 2011.…

Does Advertising Unhealthy Food to Children in America Cause Obesity?

The problem of obesity is a huge problem in America, but what is even more of a problem is the alarming rate of childhood obesity. Over the years reports have show that our children’s weight has tripled, and in some cases quadrupled. As stated in a journal by Desrochers and Holt (2007) “In ten years from 1994 to 2004, overweight increase from 7.2% to 13.9% among children aged 2 to 5, from 11% to 19% among children aged 6 to 11, and from 11% to 17% among adolescents aged 12 to 19” (p. 1). The issue is clear, but the cause of this is still uncertain.…

Child Obesity in America

Since 1980, obese children in America have more than tripled in rate. Approximately one out of three American children is affected by obesity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Many factors contribute to this epidemic outcome. The following paragraphs will explore these factors such as how the disease is caused and what causes the disease in American children. This research paper will also present how to prevent and control obesity in children, the rise of cost of medical bills, and how being obese can affect the human body mentally and physically.…

The Pros and Cons to Physical Education

Obesity is a huge concern in America today. We see more children, teens and adults eating unhealthy foods and not receiving enough exercise than any other point in history. According to the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry website, in 2008 between 16% and 33% of children and teens were considered obese . That is approximately one in four children who is over the suggested body fat limit for their age. What causes these children and adolescents to become overweight? Lack of exercise and a healthy diet are the main reasons. “In the 2009 edition of America’s Health Rankings™, it is estimated that obesity will cost the United States about $344 billion in medical-related expenses by 2018, eating up about 21 percent of the nation’s health-care spending. ” (National Association for Sport and Physical Education. 2009) Though school system cannot control what these children do and eat at home but they can control the food they eat at school . The school system can also provide the minimum amount of exercise needed in a child’s life. By…

Obesity In America

Obesity in America is not new and in many cases, obesity tends to strike younger aged children. Obesity among young children often starts from unhealthy eating habits. What parents put on their children’s plate is significant and essential to their health. It is important to develop healthy eating habits when a child is young so that those skills can stick with them throughout their lifetime. Unfortunately, obesity in America is out of hand and the problem is only getting worse. There are health issues associated with obesity such as cancer, heart disease, and even diabetes. It is important to stop the problem while people are young so that these health risks are limited and not life threatening. For many years, schools have been trying to…

If you were to take a walk through the neighborhood park twenty years ago you would see happy, healthy children running all around. If you were to walk in that same park now, you would more than most likely find half the number of children and a good number of them would be considered overweight. Childhood obesity is a very dangerous epidemic with potential catastrophic effects on the health of our future. This report will analyze what causes childhood obesity and what can be done by schools, parents, and communities to help our children grow up happy and healthy.…

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  1. Childhood Obesity: An Evidence-Based Approach to Family ...

    Childhood Obesity: An Evidence-Based Approach to Family-Centered Advice and Support - Tara K. Kaufman, Brian A. Lynch, John M. Wilkinson, 2020 Browse by discipline Information for Journal of Primary Care & Community Health Journal indexing and metrics JOURNAL HOMEPAGE SUBMIT PAPER Open access Review article First published online June 5, 2020

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    Evaluation of children with obesity is aimed at determining the cause of weight gain and assessing for comorbidities resulting from excess weight. Family-based lifestyle interventions, including dietary modifications and increased physical activity, are the cornerstone of weight management in children.

  3. Running head: Childhood Obesity 1

    Childhood Obesity 2 Abstract Obesity is a chronic health condition that is increasing at alarming rates in the United States, particularly among low-income children. This literature review examines several of the factors that place low-income children at risk for developing obesity: environmental (i.e., lack of access


    Disease Control and Prevention). Basically, having a “…BMI in the obesity range is equivalent to aging twenty years in terms of chronic conditions you face” (Orszag, 2010). Because this trend in childhood obesity is relatively new, it is unclear whether the health effects later in life will be more severe than anticipated.

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    It is the duty ofmothers and fathers to prevent and find solutions to child and adolescent obesity. Thispaper will seek to explain the many causes and current results which parents can execute.Child and adolescent obesity comprises of several likely causes such as poor diet and lowphysical activity including numerous adverse effects.

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    Studies show that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80 percent chance of becoming obese when he or she enters adulthood (“Obesity in Children And Teens”). One of the most important ways to decide whether someone is obese or not is based on BMI or Body Mass Index.

  7. 60 Unique and easy Childhood Obesity research paper Topics

    Here, is an extensive list of childhood obesity topic for your research paper and can make your paper unique and impressive among the rest. We briefly discuss 20 of them and list 40 other topics for the topic. 1. Discuss the main causes of obesity among children in your state.

  8. Childhood Obesity Research Paper - 565 Words | Studymode

    Child Obesity Kailey O’Brien Position I Paper English Composition II Increase in Child Obesity Childhood obesity has become a significant problem affecting children ages 6-19 years old. It is the most prevalent current medical problem in the U.S. and other developed countries.