কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা | Computer Essay in Assamese

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কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা | Computer Essay in Assamese 1

computer essay assamese

কম্পিউটাৰ আধুনিক প্ৰযুক্তিগত উন্নতিৰ মূল শিলাস্তম্ভ হিচাপে থিয় দিছে, সমাজৰ তন্ত্ৰটোক পুনৰ গঢ় দিছে আৰু আমি বিশ্বৰ সৈতে যোগাযোগৰ ধৰণত বৈপ্লৱিক পৰিৱৰ্তন আনিছে। এই ৰচনাখনে কম্পিউটাৰৰ ঐতিহাসিক শিপা, জটিল উপাদান আৰু বৈচিত্ৰময় প্ৰয়োগৰ বিষয়ে গভীৰভাৱে অধ্যয়ন কৰি সমসাময়িক জীৱনৰ প্ৰতিটো দিশতে ইয়াৰ গভীৰ প্ৰভাৱ প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰে।

ঐতিহাসিক বিৱৰ্তন:

কম্পিউটাৰৰ যাত্ৰা চাৰ্লছ বেবেজৰ দৰে অগ্ৰগামীসকলৰ দূৰদৰ্শী ধাৰণাসমূহৰ পৰাই আৰম্ভ হয় আৰু আজি আমি নিৰ্ভৰশীল ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক আশ্চৰ্য্যসমূহৰ দ্বাৰা শিখৰত উপনীত হয়। বিশ্লেষণাত্মক ইঞ্জিনৰ যান্ত্ৰিক কৌশলৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি ইএনআইএক আৰু ইয়াৰ বাহিৰৰ যুগান্তকাৰী উদ্ভাৱনলৈকে কম্পিউটাৰ ইতিহাসৰ প্ৰতিটো মাইলৰ খুঁটিয়ে আমাক অভূতপূৰ্ব ক্ষমতা আৰু সম্ভাৱনাৰ দ্বাৰা সংজ্ঞায়িত ডিজিটেল যুগৰ দিশে আগুৱাই লৈ গৈছে।

মৌলিক উপাদানসমূহ:

প্ৰতিটো কম্পিউটাৰৰ মূলতে আছে অত্যাৱশ্যকীয় উপাদানসমূহৰ এক জটিল আন্তঃক্ৰিয়া যিয়ে ইয়াৰ কাৰ্য্যক্ষমতাক অৰ্কেষ্ট্ৰেট কৰে। কেন্দ্ৰীয় প্ৰচেছিং ইউনিটে (CPU) গণনামূলক শক্তিকেন্দ্ৰ হিচাপে কাম কৰে, বিজুলীৰ গতিৰে নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ এক্সিকিউট কৰে। ৰেণ্ডম অভিগম মেমৰি (RAM) ৰ দৰে মেমৰি মডিউলে তথ্য আৰু নিৰ্দেশসমূহৰ বাবে অস্থায়ী সংৰক্ষণ প্ৰদান কৰে, যেতিয়া সংৰক্ষণ ডিভাইচসমূহ যেনে হাৰ্ড ড্ৰাইভসমূহে দীৰ্ঘম্যাদী তথ্য ধৰি ৰখা সুনিশ্চিত কৰে। ইনপুট/আউটপুট ডিভাইচসমূহে মানুহ-কম্পিউটাৰৰ পাৰস্পৰিক ক্ৰিয়াৰ সুবিধা প্ৰদান কৰে, ব্যৱহাৰকাৰী আৰু মেচিনৰ মাজৰ ব্যৱধান দূৰ কৰে, আনহাতে চফ্টৱেৰে প্ৰতিটো কাৰ্য্যৰ আঁৰৰ পথ প্ৰদৰ্শক শক্তি হিচাপে কাম কৰে।

বৈচিত্ৰময় প্ৰয়োগ:

কম্পিউটাৰৰ বহুমুখীতাই সীমা অতিক্ৰম কৰি ব্যৱসায় আৰু শিক্ষাৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি স্বাস্থ্যসেৱা আৰু মনোৰঞ্জনলৈকে অসংখ্য ক্ষেত্ৰত প্ৰয়োগ বিচাৰি পায়। ব্যৱসায়ত, কম্পিউটাৰে কাৰ্য্যকলাপসমূহ সুশৃংখলিত কৰে, উৎপাদনশীলতা বৃদ্ধি কৰে, আৰু তথ্য-চালিত সিদ্ধান্ত গ্ৰহণ সক্ষম কৰে। শিক্ষানুষ্ঠানসমূহে গৱেষণা, সহযোগিতা, আৰু পাৰস্পৰিক শিক্ষণ অভিজ্ঞতাৰ বাবে কম্পিউটাৰৰ সহায় লয়। স্বাস্থ্যসেৱাৰ পৰিৱেশত কম্পিউটাৰে ৰোগীৰ যত্ন, চিকিৎসা গৱেষণা আৰু নিদান পদ্ধতিৰ সুবিধা প্ৰদান কৰে। ঘৰত কম্পিউটাৰে মনোৰঞ্জন, যোগাযোগ আৰু ব্যক্তিগত সংগঠনৰ কেন্দ্ৰ হিচাপে কাম কৰে।

ভৱিষ্যতৰ সম্ভাৱনা:

প্ৰযুক্তিৰ বিকাশ ঘাতক গতিত অব্যাহত থকাৰ লগে লগে কম্পিউটিঙৰ ভৱিষ্যতত উদ্ভাৱন আৰু ৰূপান্তৰৰ সীমাহীন সম্ভাৱনা আছে। কৃত্ৰিম বুদ্ধিমত্তা, কোৱাণ্টাম কম্পিউটিং, আৰু ইণ্টাৰনেট অৱ থিংছ (IoT)ৰ দৰে উদীয়মান ধাৰাসমূহে এনে সম্ভাৱনাৰ নতুন যুগৰ আগজাননী দিয়ে যিয়ে উদ্যোগসমূহক পুনৰ গঢ় দিয়াৰ প্ৰতিশ্ৰুতি দিয়ে, মানৱ সামৰ্থ্যক পুনৰ সংজ্ঞায়িত কৰে আৰু সমাজৰ অগ্ৰগতিৰ সূচনা কৰে।

সামৰণিত কম্পিউটাৰে মানুহৰ কৌশল আৰু প্ৰযুক্তিগত দক্ষতাৰ প্ৰমাণ হিচাপে থিয় দিছে, আমাৰ বৰ্তমানৰ বাস্তৱতাক গঢ় দিছে আৰু ক্ৰমান্বয়ে আন্তঃসংযোগী ভৱিষ্যতৰ দিশত এক পথ নিৰ্ধাৰণ কৰিছে। কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা মূৰ্ত আধুনিক প্ৰযুক্তিৰ আশ্চৰ্য্যক আকোৱালি লোৱাটোৱে উদ্ভাৱনৰ দ্বাৰা পৰিচালিত পৃথিৱীখনত বৃদ্ধি, আৱিষ্কাৰ আৰু উন্নতিৰ অন্তহীন সুযোগৰ দুৱাৰ মুকলি কৰে।

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা Computer Essay in Assamese 2

computer essay assamese

কম্পিউটাৰ আধুনিক সমাজৰ এক অবিচ্ছেদ্য অংগ হৈ পৰিছে, আমাৰ কাম, যোগাযোগ আৰু জীৱন যাপনৰ ধৰণত বৈপ্লৱিক পৰিৱৰ্তন আনিছে। কম্পিউটাৰ হৈছে এটা ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক যন্ত্ৰ যিয়ে সৰল গণনাৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি জটিল অনুকৰণ আৰু তথ্য বিশ্লেষণলৈকে বহুতো কাম কৰিব পাৰে। এই ৰচনাখনত আমি কম্পিউটাৰৰ ইতিহাস, উপাদান আৰু প্ৰয়োগৰ বিষয়ে অন্বেষণ কৰিম।

কম্পিউটাৰৰ ইতিহাস ১৯ শতিকাৰ পৰাই আৰম্ভ হয়, যেতিয়া গণিতজ্ঞ চাৰ্লছ বেবেজে প্ৰথম যান্ত্ৰিক কম্পিউটাৰ এনালাইটিকেল ইঞ্জিনৰ ডিজাইন কৰিছিল। কিন্তু ২০ শতিকাৰ মাজভাগতহে ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক কম্পিউটাৰৰ বিকাশ ঘটিছিল, ১৯৪৫ চনত প্ৰথম ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক কম্পিউটাৰ ENIAC নিৰ্মাণ কৰা হৈছিল।তেতিয়াৰ পৰা কম্পিউটাৰৰ বিকাশ দ্ৰুতগতিত হৈছে, প্ৰতিটো পাৰ হোৱাৰ লগে লগে সৰু, দ্ৰুত আৰু শক্তিশালী হৈ আহিছে বছৰ.

এটা কম্পিউটাৰত কেইবাটাও মূল উপাদান থাকে, য’ত কেন্দ্ৰীয় প্ৰচেছিং ইউনিট (CPU), মেমৰি, সংৰক্ষণ, ইনপুট/আউটপুট ডিভাইচ, আৰু চফ্টৱেৰ অন্তৰ্ভুক্ত। চিপিইউ হৈছে কম্পিউটাৰৰ মগজু, যিয়ে নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ এক্সিকিউট কৰা আৰু গণনা কৰাৰ বাবে দায়বদ্ধ। মেমৰি, যাক ৰেম বুলিও কোৱা হয়, কম্পিউটাৰ চলি থকাৰ সময়ত তথ্য আৰু নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ সাময়িকভাৱে সংৰক্ষণ কৰে। সংৰক্ষণ ডিভাইচসমূহে, যেনে হাৰ্ড ড্ৰাইভসমূহ আৰু কঠিন-অৱস্থাৰ ড্ৰাইভসমূহে, তথ্য স্থায়ীভাৱে সংৰক্ষণ কৰে। ইনপুট/আউটপুট ডিভাইচসমূহ, যেনে কিবৰ্ড, মাউছ, আৰু মনিটৰসমূহে ব্যৱহাৰকাৰীসকলক কমপিউটাৰৰ সৈতে পাৰস্পৰিক ক্ৰিয়া কৰাৰ অনুমতি দিয়ে। শেষত, চফট্ ৱেৰ, যেনে অপাৰেটিং চিষ্টেম আৰু এপ্লিকেচনে কম্পিউটাৰে এক্সিকিউট কৰা নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ প্ৰদান কৰে।

আজিৰ পৃথিৱীত কম্পিউটাৰৰ অগণন প্ৰয়োগ আছে। ব্যৱসায়িক প্ৰতিষ্ঠান, বিদ্যালয়, চিকিৎসালয়, ঘৰত বিভিন্ন কামত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়। ব্যৱসায়িক জগতত কম্পিউটাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয় একাউণ্টিং, ইনভেণ্টৰী মেনেজমেণ্ট, আৰু গ্ৰাহকৰ সম্পৰ্ক ব্যৱস্থাপনাৰ বাবে। বিদ্যালয়ত কম্পিউটাৰৰ ব্যৱহাৰ গৱেষণা, লিখা, অনলাইন শিক্ষাৰ বাবে কৰা হয়। চিকিৎসালয়ত ৰোগীৰ ৰেকৰ্ড, মেডিকেল ইমেজিং, গৱেষণাৰ বাবে কম্পিউটাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়। আৰু ঘৰত কম্পিউটাৰক মনোৰঞ্জন, যোগাযোগ আৰু উৎপাদনশীলতাৰ বাবে ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়।

সামৰণিত কম্পিউটাৰে আধুনিক সমাজত গভীৰ প্ৰভাৱ পেলাইছে, আমাৰ জীৱন-যাপন, কাম-কাজ আৰু যোগাযোগৰ ধৰণক ৰূপান্তৰিত কৰিছে। যান্ত্ৰিক কেলকুলেটৰ হিচাপে নম্ৰ আৰম্ভণিৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি শক্তিশালী ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক যন্ত্ৰ হিচাপে বৰ্তমানৰ অৱস্থালৈকে তুলনামূলকভাৱে কম সময়ৰ ভিতৰতে কম্পিউটাৰে বহুখিনি আগবাঢ়িছে। প্ৰযুক্তিৰ উন্নতি অব্যাহত থকাৰ লগে লগে কম্পিউটাৰে আমাৰ জীৱনত ক্ৰমান্বয়ে গুৰুত্বপূৰ্ণ ভূমিকা গ্ৰহণ কৰাৰ সম্ভাৱনা আছে।

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা Computer Essay in Assamese 3

computer essay assamese

কম্পিউটাৰ হৈছে সৰ্বব্যাপী ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক যন্ত্ৰ যিয়ে আমাৰ জীৱন-যাপন, কাম কৰা আৰু যোগাযোগৰ ধৰণত বৈপ্লৱিক পৰিৱৰ্তন আনিছে। সৰল গণনাৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি জটিল অনুকৰণ আৰু তথ্য বিশ্লেষণলৈকে বহুতো কাম সম্পন্ন কৰি আধুনিক জীৱনৰ এক অপৰিহাৰ্য অংশ হৈ পৰিছে।

কম্পিউটাৰৰ ইতিহাস ১৯ শতিকাৰ পৰাই আৰম্ভ হয় যেতিয়া প্ৰথম যান্ত্ৰিক কম্পিউটাৰ এনালাইটিকেল ইঞ্জিনৰ ডিজাইন চাৰ্লছ বেবেজে কৰিছিল। কিন্তু ২০ শতিকাৰ মাজভাগতহে ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক কম্পিউটাৰৰ বিকাশ ঘটিছিল, ১৯৪৫ চনত প্ৰথম ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক কম্পিউটাৰ ENIAC নিৰ্মাণ কৰা হৈছিল।তেতিয়াৰ পৰা কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্ৰুত বিৱৰ্তন ঘটিছে, সৰু, দ্ৰুত আৰু শক্তিশালী হৈ পৰিছে প্ৰতিটো বছৰে পাৰ হৈ যোৱা।

কম্পিউটাৰত কেইবাটাও মূল উপাদান থাকে, য’ত কেন্দ্ৰীয় প্ৰচেছিং ইউনিট (CPU), মেমৰি, সংৰক্ষণ, ইনপুট/আউটপুট ডিভাইচ, আৰু চফ্টৱেৰ অন্তৰ্ভুক্ত। চিপিইউ হৈছে কম্পিউটাৰৰ মগজু, যিয়ে নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ এক্সিকিউট কৰা আৰু গণনা কৰাৰ বাবে দায়বদ্ধ। মেমৰি, যাক ৰেম বুলিও কোৱা হয়, কম্পিউটাৰ চলি থকাৰ সময়ত তথ্য আৰু নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ সাময়িকভাৱে সংৰক্ষণ কৰে। সংৰক্ষণ ডিভাইচসমূহে, যেনে হাৰ্ড ড্ৰাইভসমূহ আৰু কঠিন-অৱস্থাৰ ড্ৰাইভসমূহে, তথ্য স্থায়ীভাৱে সংৰক্ষণ কৰে। ইনপুট/আউটপুট ডিভাইচসমূহ, যেনে কিবৰ্ড, মাউছ, আৰু মনিটৰসমূহে ব্যৱহাৰকাৰীসকলক কমপিউটাৰৰ সৈতে পাৰস্পৰিক ক্ৰিয়া কৰাৰ অনুমতি দিয়ে। শেষত, চফট্ ৱেৰ, যেনে অপাৰেটিং চিষ্টেম আৰু এপ্লিকেচনে কম্পিউটাৰে এক্সিকিউট কৰা নিৰ্দেশনাসমূহ প্ৰদান কৰে।

আজিৰ পৃথিৱীত কম্পিউটাৰৰ বহুতো প্ৰয়োগ আছে। ব্যৱসায়িক প্ৰতিষ্ঠান, বিদ্যালয়, চিকিৎসালয়, ঘৰত বিভিন্ন কামত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়। ব্যৱসায়িক জগতত কম্পিউটাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয় একাউণ্টিং, ইনভেণ্টৰী মেনেজমেণ্ট, আৰু গ্ৰাহকৰ সম্পৰ্ক ব্যৱস্থাপনাৰ বাবে। বিদ্যালয়ত কম্পিউটাৰৰ ব্যৱহাৰ গৱেষণা, লিখা, অনলাইন শিক্ষাৰ বাবে কৰা হয়। চিকিৎসালয়ত ৰোগীৰ ৰেকৰ্ড, মেডিকেল ইমেজিং, গৱেষণাৰ বাবে কম্পিউটাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়। আৰু ঘৰত কম্পিউটাৰক মনোৰঞ্জন, যোগাযোগ আৰু উৎপাদনশীলতাৰ বাবে ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়।

সামৰণিত কম্পিউটাৰে আমাৰ জীৱন-যাপন, কাম-কাজ আৰু যোগাযোগৰ ধৰণক ৰূপান্তৰিত কৰি আধুনিক সমাজৰ এক অবিচ্ছেদ্য অংগ হৈ পৰিছে। যান্ত্ৰিক কেলকুলেটৰ হিচাপে আৰম্ভণিৰ পৰা শক্তিশালী ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক যন্ত্ৰ হিচাপে বৰ্তমানৰ অৱস্থালৈকে কম্পিউটাৰৰ এক উল্লেখযোগ্য বিৱৰ্তন ঘটিছে। প্ৰযুক্তিৰ উন্নতি অব্যাহত থকাৰ লগে লগে কম্পিউটাৰে আমাৰ জীৱনত ক্ৰমান্বয়ে গুৰুত্বপূৰ্ণ ভূমিকা পালন কৰি থাকিব, মানৱতাৰ ভৱিষ্যত গঢ়ি তুলিব।

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা Computer Essay in Assamese 4

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা

এসময়ত কল্পবিজ্ঞানৰ ক্ষেত্ৰখনত আৱদ্ধ হৈ থকা কম্পিউটাৰে এতিয়া আধুনিক সভ্যতাৰ শিলাস্তৰ গঠন কৰি উদ্ভাৱনক আগুৱাই লৈ গৈছে আৰু আমাৰ সামূহিক ভাগ্যক গঢ় দিছে। এই ৰচনাখনে কম্পিউটাৰৰ ঐতিহাসিক ভেটি, গাঁথনিগত গঠন আৰু বহুবিধ প্ৰয়োগ উন্মোচন কৰাৰ প্ৰয়াস কৰিছে, বিশ্ব সমাজত ইয়াৰ গভীৰ প্ৰভাৱৰ ওপৰত আলোকপাত কৰিছে।

ঐতিহাসিক উৎপত্তি

কম্পিউটাৰৰ কাহিনী আৰম্ভ হয় চাৰ্লছ বেবেজৰ কল্পনাপ্ৰসূত চিন্তাধাৰাৰ পৰা, যিয়ে বিশ্লেষণাত্মক ইঞ্জিনৰ কল্পনা কৰিছিল—আধুনিক কম্পিউটাৰৰ পূৰ্বসূৰী। যদিও তেওঁৰ উদ্ভাৱন কেতিয়াও বাস্তৱায়িত নহ’ল, পৰৱৰ্তী বিকাশৰ ফলত ইলেক্ট্ৰনিক কম্পিউটাৰৰ জন্ম হয়, বিশেষকৈ ইএনিয়াক, যিয়ে ডিজিটেল যুগৰ আৰম্ভণি ঘটায়।

গাঁথনিগত উপাদান

প্ৰতিটো কম্পিউটাৰত আদেশ নিষ্পাদন আৰু তথ্য প্ৰক্ৰিয়াকৰণৰ বাবে সুসমভাৱে কাম কৰা গুৰুত্বপূৰ্ণ উপাদানসমূহৰ এটা চিম্ফনী থাকে। ইয়াৰ ভিতৰত আছে কেন্দ্ৰীয় প্ৰচেছিং একক (CPU), যিয়ে গণনা কৰে; ৰেণ্ডম এক্সেছ মেমৰি (RAM), যি তথ্য অস্থায়ীভাৱে সংৰক্ষণ কৰে; সংৰক্ষণ ডিভাইচসমূহ, যেনে হাৰ্ড ড্ৰাইভসমূহ আৰু কঠিন-অৱস্থাৰ ড্ৰাইভসমূহ, যি তথ্য স্থায়ীভাৱে ধৰি ৰাখে; ইনপুট/আউটপুট ডিভাইচসমূহ, যি ব্যৱহাৰকাৰীৰ পাৰস্পৰিক ক্ৰিয়াৰ সুবিধা কৰে; আৰু চফ্টৱেৰ, যিয়ে নিষ্পাদনৰ বাবে প্ৰয়োজনীয় নিৰ্দেশনা প্ৰদান কৰে।

বিভিন্ন ব্যৱহাৰ

কৰ্পৰেট ব’ৰ্ডৰুমৰ পৰা আৰম্ভ কৰি শ্ৰেণীকোঠা, পৰীক্ষাগাৰ আৰু বহা কোঠালৈকে কম্পিউটাৰে দৈনন্দিন জীৱনৰ প্ৰায় সকলো দিশতে নিজকে অপৰিহাৰ্য আহিলা হিচাপে বিচাৰি পায়। ব্যৱসায়ত, তেওঁলোকে প্ৰক্ৰিয়াসমূহক অনুকূল কৰে, দক্ষতা বৃদ্ধি কৰে, আৰু তথ্য-চালিত সিদ্ধান্তসমূহক শক্তিশালী কৰে। গৱেষণা, নিৰ্দেশনা আৰু দূৰৱৰ্তী শিক্ষণৰ বাবে শিক্ষা কম্পিউটাৰৰ ওপৰত নিৰ্ভৰশীল। স্বাস্থ্যসেৱাই ৰোগীৰ ৰেকৰ্ড, নিদান, আৰু অত্যাধুনিক গৱেষণাৰ বাবে কম্পিউটাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰে। ঘৰত কম্পিউটাৰে মনোৰঞ্জন, যোগাযোগ আৰু সাংগঠনিক সমাধান আগবঢ়ায়।

প্ৰযুক্তিগত উন্নতি

প্ৰযুক্তিৰ সূচকীয় বিকাশ অব্যাহত থকাৰ লগে লগে সম্ভাৱনাৰ দিগন্তই কৃত্ৰিম বুদ্ধিমত্তা, কোৱাণ্টাম কম্পিউটিং, আৰু IoTৰ দৰে উদীয়মান ধাৰাসমূহৰ ইংগিত দিয়ে। প্ৰত্যেকেই প্ৰতিষ্ঠিত আৰ্হিসমূহক বিঘ্নিত কৰাৰ, মানৱ সামৰ্থ্য সম্প্ৰসাৰণ কৰা, আৰু সামাজিক অগ্ৰগতি ত্বৰান্বিত কৰাৰ প্ৰতিশ্ৰুতি দিয়ে।

সামৰণিত কম্পিউটাৰে মানুহৰ কল্পনা আৰু অভিযান্ত্ৰিক দক্ষতাৰ জয়ক প্ৰতিনিধিত্ব কৰে, পৰিৱৰ্তনৰ অনুঘটক আৰু উদ্ভাৱনৰ চালক হিচাপে কাম কৰে। ইয়াৰ ঐতিহাসিক বিকাশ, গাঁথনিগত জটিলতা আৰু বিভিন্ন প্ৰয়োগৰ সন্ধান কৰি কোনোবাই বিশ্ব সমাজত কম্পিউটাৰৰ গভীৰ প্ৰভাৱ আৰু অদূৰ ভৱিষ্যতে আমাৰ বাবে অপেক্ষা কৰি থকা ৰোমাঞ্চকৰ সম্ভাৱনাৰ বিষয়ে অন্তৰ্দৃষ্টি লাভ কৰে।

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কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা | Computer Essay in Assamese

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা  Computer Essay in Assamese

বৰ্তমান যুগটো হৈছে বিজ্ঞানৰ যুগ। আজি বিজ্ঞানে মানৱ সভ্যতালৈ যি যি বৰঙণি  আগবঢ়াইছে, সেইবোৰৰ  ভিতৰত আটাইতকৈ বেছি বিষ্ময়কৰ আৱিষ্কাৰটো  হৈছে কম্পিউটাৰ । কম্পিউটাৰ এনে এটি যন্ত্ৰ যাৰ দ্বাৰা গণনা কৰিব পাৰি, তথ্য সংগ্ৰহ কৰিব পাৰি আৰু নিৰ্দেশ দিয়া মতে কামত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিব পাৰি। আধুনিক সভ্যতাত কম্পিউটাৰ কাৰ্য্য পৰিসৰ যথেষ্ট বৃদ্ধি পাইছে।

কম্পিউটাৰ কোনো এজন ব্যক্তিৰ নিজস্ব আৱিষ্কাৰ নহয়। কম্পিউটাৰ আৱিষ্কাৰকসকলৰ ভিতৰত মেণ্ডেলি নামৰ বৈজ্ঞানিক এজনৰ নাম যুক্ত হৈ আছে। তেওঁ পোন প্ৰথমে ১৯৪০ চনত প্ৰাথমিক পৰ্য্যায়ৰ কম্পিউটাৰ আৱিষ্কাৰ কৰে। তেওঁৰ সেই আৱিষ্কাৰৰ লগত পিছত অন্যান্য বহুতো বৈজ্ঞানিকে নতুন প্ৰযুক্তি সংযোগ কৰি বৰ্তমানৰ সৰ্বাধুনিক কম্পিউটাৰলৈ ক্ৰম বিকশিত কৰে।

প্ৰাথমিক অৱস্থাত কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা সাধাৰণ গণনা আৰু দুই এটা সৰু সৰু তথ্য যোগানৰ কাম সাধন কৰিব পৰা হৈছিল যদিও বৰ্তমান ইয়াক ইমান বহুধা-বিবিধ কামত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয় যে কম্পিউটাৰৰ ব্যৱহাৰৰ দিশেবাৰৰ বিষয়ে বৰ্ণাই অন্ত পেলাব নোৱাৰি। প্ৰতি দিনে ইয়াৰ কাৰ্য্য পৰিসৰ বৃদ্ধি পাই আছে। আমাৰ ভাৰতবৰ্ষত তলত দিয়া কাৰ্যক্ষেত্ৰত ইয়াক ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়।

প্ৰথমতে, ইয়াক গণনা কৰা কামত ব্যবহাৰ কৰা  হয়। দ্বিতীয়তে ইয়াৰ জৰিয়তে বেংক, অফিচ, আদালত, দোকান  আদিত হিচাপ ৰখা হয়। তৃতীয়তে, যান বাহন নিয়ন্ত্ৰন , কল-কাৰখানাত  দূৰূহ  কাম-কাজসমূহ কম্পিউটাৰ ৰূপী ৰবটৰ দ্বাৰা সম্পাদন কৰা হয়। বৰ্তমান কম্পিউটাৰৰ যোগেদি বা-বাতৰি প্ৰেৰণ, কিতাপ মুদ্ৰণ, ছপাকৰণ আদি প্ৰায় নিত্য-নৈমিত্তিক প্ৰায়বোৰ কাম কৰা হয়। বিজ্ঞানৰ বিভিন্ন শাখাতো বিভিন্ন পৰীক্ষা-নিৰীক্ষা তথা মহাকাশ বিজ্ঞানতো ইয়াক প্ৰয়োগ কৰি বহিঃবিশ্বতো মানৱ সভ্যতাৰ ধবজা উৰুৱাইছে। ইয়াৰ দ্বাৰা আজি কালি মানুহৰ ৰোগ নিৰ্ণয় আৰু চিকিৎসা বিধানো দিয়া হৈছে। মুঠতে কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা আজি প্ৰায় সকলো জটিল কাম কাজ সম্পাদন কৰা হৈ আছে।

কম্পিউটাৰৰ যিমান সুবিধা থাকক, ইয়াৰ অসুবিধাও নথকা নহয়। কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা আজিকালি তথ্য চুৰি কাৰ্য্যও হৈ থাকে। মানুহৰ কাম আজি কম্পিউটাৰে সম্পাদন কৰিবলৈ লোৱাত অফিচ আদালতত অতিৰিক্ত কামৰ বাবে নিয়োগ কৰা কেৰাণী, মহৰী, পিয়ন আদি পদৰ প্ৰয়োজন নোহোৱা হৈ আহিছে। ফলত নিৱনুৱা সমস্যাৰ সৃষ্টি হৈছে। আধুনিক সামৰিক বিভাগতো যুদ্ধ বিগ্ৰহৰ কাম কাজত কম্পিউটাৰ বা ৰবট ব্যৱহাৰ হৈ আছে। ফলত পৃথিৱীৰ শান্তি বিনষ্ট হোৱাৰ আশংকা  আছে।

কম্পিউটাৰে মানুহৰ শ্ৰম লাঘব কৰি আৰু সময়ৰ সদ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰাত যথেষ্ট অৱদান যোগাই  মানৱ সমাজলৈ প্ৰযুক্তিৰ দিশত বিপ্লৱৰ সূচনা কৰিছে যদিও ইয়াৰ সুবিধা আজিও গাঁৱে- ভূৱে সৰ্বসাধাৰণ নাগৰিকে লাভ কৰিব পৰা নাই। ইয়াৰ কাৰণ ইয়াৰ দাম আজিলৈ সুলভ হোৱাহি নাই। দেখা যায় ইয়াক এচাম মানুহে বিলাসীতাৰ সামগ্ৰী হিচােপ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিছে। ফলত সমাজত বৈষম্যৰ  সৃষ্টি হৈ আছে।

আজি কম্পিউটাৰৰ সুপ্ৰয়োগৰ দ্বাৰা বিশ্ব সভ্যতালৈ উন্নয়ন আৰু শান্তি  প্ৰতিষ্ঠা  হওঁক। লগতে ইয়াৰ মূল্য সুলভ হৈ সৰ্বসাধাৰণ মানুহৰ ওচৰ পাওঁক। কামনা এয়ে। ০ ০ ০

বি. দ্র. উক্ত ‘কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা | Computer Essay in Assamese’ ৰচনাটি ৰাব্বি মছৰুৰ ৰচিত ‘ অসমীয়া ৰচনা শিক্ষা ‘ গ্রন্থৰ অন্তর্গত।

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা

ৰাব্বি মছৰুৰ  ৰচিত  কেইখনমান  গ্রন্থ:

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  • বিশ্ব ব্যক্তি পৰিচয়
  • অসমীয়া ৰচনা শিক্ষা
  • অসমীয়া ভাব সম্প্রসাৰণ
  • এক গুচ্ছ জীৱনী
  • অসমীয়া অনুবাদত বিশ্ব চুটি গল্প
  • অসমীয়া অনুবাদত বিশ্ব কবিতা
  • অসমীয়া অনুবাদত বিদেশী কবিতা
  • পৃথিৱীৰ আৰু মোৰ ( কাব্য সংকলন)
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  • তুমি কেমন প্রেমিক (বাংলা কাব্য সংকলন)
  • তোমাকে বলছি (বাংলা কবিতা সংকলন)
  • ফণী শৰ্মাৰ নাটক ‘চিৰাজ’-এক সমালোচনা
  • হীৰেন ভট্টাচাৰ্যৰ কবিতা -এক বিশ্লেষণাত্মক অধ্যয়ন
  • ইছমাইল হোছেইনৰ কবিতা : এক বৈশিষ্ট্যমূলক আলোচনা  
  • ইছমাইল হোছেইনৰ কবিতা: এক বিশ্লেষণাত্মক অধ্যয়
  • অসমীয়া উপন্যাস সমালোচনা
  • অসমীয়া চুটি গল্প সমালোচনা
  • মৌলানা আবুল কালাম আজাদ (চমু জীবনী)
  • অসমীয়া কবি প্রতিভা (সাহিত্য সমালোচনা)
  • নির্বাচিত অসমীয়া কবিতা সমালোচনা
  • অসমীয়া ব্যাকৰণ ক অংশ
  • অসমীয়া ব্যাকৰণ খ অংশ
  • নির্বাচিত অসমীয়া কবিতাৰ মূলভাব
  • আৰবী সাহিত্যৰ ইতিহাস:প্রাক-ইসলামী যুগ (৫০০-৬২২ খৃ:)
  • আৰবী সাহিত্যৰ ইতিহাস:প্রাথমিক ইসলামী যুগ (৬২২-৬৬১)…

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Essay on Computer and its Uses for School Students and Children

500+ words essay on computer.

In this essay on computer, we are going to discuss some useful things about computers. The modern-day computer has become an important part of our daily life. Also, their usage has increased much fold during the last decade. Nowadays, they use the computer in every office whether private or government. Mankind is using computers for over many decades now. Also, they are used in many fields like agriculture, designing, machinery making, defense and many more. Above all, they have revolutionized the whole world.

essay on computer

History of Computers

It is very difficult to find the exact origin of computers. But according to some experts computer exists at the time of world war-II. Also, at that time they were used for keeping data. But, it was for only government use and not for public use. Above all, in the beginning, the computer was a very large and heavy machine.

Working of a Computer 

The computer runs on a three-step cycle namely input, process, and output. Also, the computer follows this cycle in every process it was asked to do. In simple words, the process can be explained in this way. The data which we feed into the computer is input, the work CPU do is process and the result which the computer give is output.

Components and Types of Computer

The simple computer basically consists of CPU, monitor, mouse, and keyboard . Also, there are hundreds of other computer parts that can be attached to it. These other parts include a printer, laser pen, scanner , etc.

The computer is categorized into many different types like supercomputers, mainframes, personal computers (desktop), PDAs, laptop, etc. The mobile phone is also a type of computer because it fulfills all the criteria of being a computer.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Uses of Computer in Various Fields

As the usage of computer increased it became a necessity for almost every field to use computers for their operations. Also, they have made working and sorting things easier. Below we are mentioning some of the important fields that use a computer in their daily operation.

Medical Field

They use computers to diagnose diseases, run tests and for finding the cure for deadly diseases . Also, they are able to find a cure for many diseases because of computers.

Whether it’s scientific research, space research or any social research computers help in all of them. Also, due to them, we are able to keep a check on the environment , space, and society. Space research helped us to explore the galaxies. While scientific research has helped us to locate resources and various other useful resources from the earth.

For any country, his defence is most important for the safety and security of its people. Also, computer in this field helps the country’s security agencies to detect a threat which can be harmful in the future. Above all the defense industry use them to keep surveillance on our enemy.

Threats from a Computer

Computers have become a necessity also, they have become a threat too. This is due to hackers who steal your private data and leak them on internet. Also, anyone can access this data. Apart from that, there are other threats like viruses, spams, bug and many other problems.

computer essay assamese

The computer is a very important machine that has become a useful part of our life. Also, the computers have twin-faces on one side it’s a boon and on the other side, it’s a bane. Its uses completely depend upon you. Apart from that, a day in the future will come when human civilization won’t be able to survive without computers as we depend on them too much. Till now it is a great discovery of mankind that has helped in saving thousands and millions of lives.

Frequently Asked Questions on Computer

Q.1  What is a computer?

A.1 A computer is an electronic device or machine that makes our work easier. Also, they help us in many ways.

Q.2 Mention various fields where computers are used?

A.2  Computers are majorly used in defense, medicine, and for research purposes.

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Science and technology has a major role to play in modern life of mankind. It has shown miracles in the world from the days of communications with pigeons, the time has ripen where the information floats. Scientists and technologists have made many achievements in recent past. We have developed methods of communication, calculation, transportation and other domestic appliances. Among all these achievements computer has its own place. The invention of the computer is the result of constant and laborious efforts of the scientists and all this credit goes to Charles Babbage. The first automatic electronic computer was made in Pennsylvania in 1946 and known as ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator). Since then it has changed the pattern of doing work easily and quickly. It has also revolutionized the whole world. 

The computers vary tremendously in size, from laptop and desktop models to huge machines occupying an entire room or even more, but they all contain the same components which came under the heading of hardware and software. Hardware is the term given to all the machines that make up a computer and the collection of machines is called a computer configuration. Software refers to the programmes that instruct the machine. 

There are two basic types of computers—digital and analog. Both types are highly complex systems of electrical circuits to carry out complicated calculations or to solve difficult problems. The hybrid is a third type which consists of a combination of the other two. The digital computer is basically a counting machine. A small digital computer is able to multiply, divide, substract and add, all at high speed, which are electrically powered and operated by hand like typewriters. Larger digital computer receive data or information on punched-card or magnetic tape. This data is read by the unit called the reader, which converts it into a form useable by computer. The analog computers are specially designed to deal with particular problems such as guiding Moon rockets. 

Today the computer permeates the whole world of work, in homes, in factories, in schools, in hospitals, in offices, in hotels etc. because it is an enormously flexible tool that can be used in a wide variety of ways; depending on needs and available resources. The computers are effective in individualizing education, in simplifying the extensive record keeping. Therefore familiarity with the computer is considered a strong vocational advantage and saleable skill. The computers are here to stay in the modern world and the more we understand them, the better will be the days ahead of us. For with their help and one's skills, the present can be utilised to predict what is sure to come and be well prepared to meet the challenge. 

Today the computer makes us aware of an earthquake, an accident in air or water. Weather forecasts are done by computers. The use of computer is expanding day by day. It collects its data and selects correct answers. It can do figure work on a large scale. All the big concerns and government offices use computers for their pay rolls and other figure work. The Indian railways and air traffic departments have computerised their function in various divisions. All the big and developed countries use computer to solve their climatic, industrial and commercial problems. Many countries control the traffic with the help of computers. 

Today even class room teaching is being done through computers in many schools.

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computer essay in assamese language

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Rabbi Masrur

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা | Computer Essay in Assamese

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা

কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা  Computer Essay in Assamese

বৰ্তমান যুগটো হৈছে বিজ্ঞানৰ যুগ। আজি বিজ্ঞানে মানৱ সভ্যতালৈ যি যি বৰঙণি  আগবঢ়াইছে, সেইবোৰৰ  ভিতৰত আটাইতকৈ বেছি বিষ্ময়কৰ আৱিষ্কাৰটো  হৈছে কম্পিউটাৰ । কম্পিউটাৰ এনে এটি যন্ত্ৰ যাৰ দ্বাৰা গণনা কৰিব পাৰি, তথ্য সংগ্ৰহ কৰিব পাৰি আৰু নিৰ্দেশ দিয়া মতে কামত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিব পাৰি। আধুনিক সভ্যতাত কম্পিউটাৰ কাৰ্য্য পৰিসৰ যথেষ্ট বৃদ্ধি পাইছে।

কম্পিউটাৰ কোনো এজন ব্যক্তিৰ নিজস্ব আৱিষ্কাৰ নহয়। কম্পিউটাৰ আৱিষ্কাৰকসকলৰ ভিতৰত মেণ্ডেলি নামৰ বৈজ্ঞানিক এজনৰ নাম যুক্ত হৈ আছে। তেওঁ পোন প্ৰথমে ১৯৪০ চনত প্ৰাথমিক পৰ্য্যায়ৰ কম্পিউটাৰ আৱিষ্কাৰ কৰে। তেওঁৰ সেই আৱিষ্কাৰৰ লগত পিছত অন্যান্য বহুতো বৈজ্ঞানিকে নতুন প্ৰযুক্তি সংযোগ কৰি বৰ্তমানৰ সৰ্বাধুনিক কম্পিউটাৰলৈ ক্ৰম বিকশিত কৰে।

প্ৰাথমিক অৱস্থাত কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা সাধাৰণ গণনা আৰু দুই এটা সৰু সৰু তথ্য যোগানৰ কাম সাধন কৰিব পৰা হৈছিল যদিও বৰ্তমান ইয়াক ইমান বহুধা-বিবিধ কামত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয় যে কম্পিউটাৰৰ ব্যৱহাৰৰ দিশেবাৰৰ বিষয়ে বৰ্ণাই অন্ত পেলাব নোৱাৰি। প্ৰতি দিনে ইয়াৰ কাৰ্য্য পৰিসৰ বৃদ্ধি পাই আছে। আমাৰ ভাৰতবৰ্ষত তলত দিয়া কাৰ্যক্ষেত্ৰত ইয়াক ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়।

প্ৰথমতে, ইয়াক গণনা কৰা কামত ব্যবহাৰ কৰা  হয়। দ্বিতীয়তে ইয়াৰ জৰিয়তে বেংক, অফিচ, আদালত, দোকান  আদিত হিচাপ ৰখা হয়। তৃতীয়তে, যান বাহন নিয়ন্ত্ৰন , কল-কাৰখানাত  দূৰূহ  কাম-কাজসমূহ কম্পিউটাৰ ৰূপী ৰবটৰ দ্বাৰা সম্পাদন কৰা হয়। বৰ্তমান কম্পিউটাৰৰ যোগেদি বা-বাতৰি প্ৰেৰণ, কিতাপ মুদ্ৰণ, ছপাকৰণ আদি প্ৰায় নিত্য-নৈমিত্তিক প্ৰায়বোৰ কাম কৰা হয়। বিজ্ঞানৰ বিভিন্ন শাখাতো বিভিন্ন পৰীক্ষা-নিৰীক্ষা তথা মহাকাশ বিজ্ঞানতো ইয়াক প্ৰয়োগ কৰি বহিঃবিশ্বতো মানৱ সভ্যতাৰ ধবজা উৰুৱাইছে। ইয়াৰ দ্বাৰা আজি কালি মানুহৰ ৰোগ নিৰ্ণয় আৰু চিকিৎসা বিধানো দিয়া হৈছে। মুঠতে কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা আজি প্ৰায় সকলো জটিল কাম কাজ সম্পাদন কৰা হৈ আছে।

কম্পিউটাৰৰ যিমান সুবিধা থাকক, ইয়াৰ অসুবিধাও নথকা নহয়। কম্পিউটাৰৰ দ্বাৰা আজিকালি তথ্য চুৰি কাৰ্য্যও হৈ থাকে। মানুহৰ কাম আজি কম্পিউটাৰে সম্পাদন কৰিবলৈ লোৱাত অফিচ আদালতত অতিৰিক্ত কামৰ বাবে নিয়োগ কৰা কেৰাণী, মহৰী, পিয়ন আদি পদৰ প্ৰয়োজন নোহোৱা হৈ আহিছে। ফলত নিৱনুৱা সমস্যাৰ সৃষ্টি হৈছে। আধুনিক সামৰিক বিভাগতো যুদ্ধ বিগ্ৰহৰ কাম কাজত কম্পিউটাৰ বা ৰবট ব্যৱহাৰ হৈ আছে। ফলত পৃথিৱীৰ শান্তি বিনষ্ট হোৱাৰ আশংকা  আছে।

কম্পিউটাৰে মানুহৰ শ্ৰম লাঘব কৰি আৰু সময়ৰ সদ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰাত যথেষ্ট অৱদান যোগাই  মানৱ সমাজলৈ প্ৰযুক্তিৰ দিশত বিপ্লৱৰ সূচনা কৰিছে যদিও ইয়াৰ সুবিধা আজিও গাঁৱে- ভূৱে সৰ্বসাধাৰণ নাগৰিকে লাভ কৰিব পৰা নাই। ইয়াৰ কাৰণ ইয়াৰ দাম আজিলৈ সুলভ হোৱাহি নাই। দেখা যায় ইয়াক এচাম মানুহে বিলাসীতাৰ সামগ্ৰী হিচােপ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিছে। ফলত সমাজত বৈষম্যৰ  সৃষ্টি হৈ আছে।

আজি কম্পিউটাৰৰ সুপ্ৰয়োগৰ দ্বাৰা বিশ্ব সভ্যতালৈ উন্নয়ন আৰু শান্তি  প্ৰতিষ্ঠা  হওঁক। লগতে ইয়াৰ মূল্য সুলভ হৈ সৰ্বসাধাৰণ মানুহৰ ওচৰ পাওঁক। কামনা এয়ে। ০ ০ ০

বি. দ্র. উক্ত ‘কম্পিউটাৰ ৰচনা | Computer Essay in Assamese’ ৰচনাটি ৰাব্বি মছৰুৰ ৰচিত ‘ অসমীয়া ৰচনা শিক্ষা ‘ গ্রন্থৰ অন্তর্গত।

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IJLL

Linguistic Imperialism: A Study of its Impact on the Assamese Language in the Greater Sivasagar District of Assam

computer essay in assamese language

  • Baishalee Rajkhowa + −
  • Arup Kumar Nath + −

Iftikar Ali Ahmed

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Iftikar Ali Ahmed is a research scholar in the Department of English, Royal School of Languages, The Assam Royal Global University, Guwahati, Assam, and India. He pursued his M.A. in Linguistics from Tezpur University, Assam, India. His thrust areas and research interests include Sociolinguistics, Language Endangerment, Linguistic Imperialism, Language Documentation, Language Maintenance, Language Revitalization and Language Morphology. The increased dominance of languages like English, Hindi and Bengali over the Assamese language led him to conduct this research on the Assamese language in the Greater Sivasagar district of Assam to study the present status scenario of the Assamese language from the language usage point of view.

Baishalee Rajkhowa

Baishalee Rajkhowa is an Associate Professor in the Department of English, Royal School of Languages, The Assam Royal Global University, Assam, and India. Her research interests lie in the areas of Language Studies, Linguistics, English Language Teaching, and Interdisciplinary Studies. She has presented many papers in International Conferences and has published papers related to her field.

Arup Kumar Nath

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Arup Kumar Nath is currently working as an Assistant Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Linguistics and Language Technology, Tezpur University, Assam. Dr Nath’s areas of interest include theoretical linguistics of Morphology, Language Typology, and Multilingualism, Indian Grammatical Tradition to applied linguistics such as Lexicography, Language Documentation, and Language Revitalization, etc. He has been teaching Linguistics to both Postgraduate and PhD students at Tezpur University, Assam since 2012 to till date. Dr Nath is also an awardee of the prestigious DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst: German Academic Exchange Service) Fellowship to carry out research works in Germany. Accordingly, he conducted collaborative research works at the University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, and Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany in 2014.

Plum Analytics

The state of Assam in India is the home to the people who speak Assamese, an Indo-Aryan language. Assamese is the native tongue of the people of Assam and the official language of the state of Assam. Based on linguistic standards and conventions, Assamese is a vital language for writing. However, when we attempt to see the language from the viewpoint of native speakers' attitudes towards the language, we find that the language is steadily deteriorating among the linguistic community. This deterioration is caused by Linguistic Imperialism. Linguistic Imperialism is a phenomenon in which a dominant language attempts to weaken other languages both socially and politically and in a theoretically founded way. The impact of the dominance is increasing day by day due to which a negative attitude has increased significantly among the native speakers of Assamese who considers English as superior to their mother tongue. Negative attitude is one of the reasons of language endangerment and we cannot deny the possibility of endangerment of the Assamese language in the far future if the dominance of English goes on increasing. History is evident that languages with a huge literature and population got extinct because of the reasons like negative attitude, dominance of other languages, decreasing rate of fluent native speakers, examples of such languages are Sanskrit, Hebrew, etc. This paper tries to analyse the negative attitude which is gradually increasing in the Assamese language and ways to strengthen it by reverting the dominance of Linguistic Imperialism by languages like English and Hindi.

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  • Sonowal, D. (2022). The Article on Assamese Language Affairs Published in ‘Bahi’ and its Historical Significance. International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts (IJCRT), 10 (4), a268-a270.
  • Sourabh, K., & Vibhakar, M. (2012, March). An Experimental Analysis on the Influence of English on Hindi Language Information Retrieval. International Journal of Computer Applications (0975-8887), Vol. 41(No. 11), pp. 30-35.
  • Unganer, T. (2014). First Language loss; Why should we care?. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 158(19), 351-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.099

Article Details

Vol. 4 No. 2 (2023): Volume 4, Number 2, Year 2023

DOI: 10.54392/ijll2322

Published 2023-06-16

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Essay on Computer and its Uses for School Students and Children

500+ words essay on computer.

In this essay on computer, we are going to discuss some useful things about computers. The modern-day computer has become an important part of our daily life. Also, their usage has increased much fold during the last decade. Nowadays, they use the computer in every office whether private or government. Mankind is using computers for over many decades now. Also, they are used in many fields like agriculture, designing, machinery making, defense and many more. Above all, they have revolutionized the whole world.

essay on computer

History of Computers

It is very difficult to find the exact origin of computers. But according to some experts computer exists at the time of world war-II. Also, at that time they were used for keeping data. But, it was for only government use and not for public use. Above all, in the beginning, the computer was a very large and heavy machine.

Working of a Computer 

The computer runs on a three-step cycle namely input, process, and output. Also, the computer follows this cycle in every process it was asked to do. In simple words, the process can be explained in this way. The data which we feed into the computer is input, the work CPU do is process and the result which the computer give is output.

Components and Types of Computer

The simple computer basically consists of CPU, monitor, mouse, and keyboard . Also, there are hundreds of other computer parts that can be attached to it. These other parts include a printer, laser pen, scanner , etc.

The computer is categorized into many different types like supercomputers, mainframes, personal computers (desktop), PDAs, laptop, etc. The mobile phone is also a type of computer because it fulfills all the criteria of being a computer.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Uses of Computer in Various Fields

As the usage of computer increased it became a necessity for almost every field to use computers for their operations. Also, they have made working and sorting things easier. Below we are mentioning some of the important fields that use a computer in their daily operation.

Medical Field

They use computers to diagnose diseases, run tests and for finding the cure for deadly diseases . Also, they are able to find a cure for many diseases because of computers.

Whether it’s scientific research, space research or any social research computers help in all of them. Also, due to them, we are able to keep a check on the environment , space, and society. Space research helped us to explore the galaxies. While scientific research has helped us to locate resources and various other useful resources from the earth.

For any country, his defence is most important for the safety and security of its people. Also, computer in this field helps the country’s security agencies to detect a threat which can be harmful in the future. Above all the defense industry use them to keep surveillance on our enemy.

Threats from a Computer

Computers have become a necessity also, they have become a threat too. This is due to hackers who steal your private data and leak them on internet. Also, anyone can access this data. Apart from that, there are other threats like viruses, spams, bug and many other problems.

computer essay in assamese language

The computer is a very important machine that has become a useful part of our life. Also, the computers have twin-faces on one side it’s a boon and on the other side, it’s a bane. Its uses completely depend upon you. Apart from that, a day in the future will come when human civilization won’t be able to survive without computers as we depend on them too much. Till now it is a great discovery of mankind that has helped in saving thousands and millions of lives.

Frequently Asked Questions on Computer

Q.1  What is a computer?

A.1 A computer is an electronic device or machine that makes our work easier. Also, they help us in many ways.

Q.2 Mention various fields where computers are used?

A.2  Computers are majorly used in defense, medicine, and for research purposes.

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Learning English: Phonological Problems for Assamese Medium Learners

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Assamese is the medium of instruction in the Assamese medium schools of Assam. The learners’ first language is basically Assamese. They learn the English language from their primary level stage of their formal education. However, a very little exposure of English in almost all the skills of the language has been clearly noticed at this level. Hence, a good number of errors have been sustained by Assamese medium learners as a result of interference from their mother tongue while speaking English. Both English and Assamese belong to the common Indo-European language family. This makes us feel that some features are bound to be common to both the languages. Yet, because of the fact that there is a gap of thousands of years after the separation of Sanskrit (from which Assamese descended) and primitive Germanic (from which English descended), some features of differences are also bound to happen. Though both the languages belong to the same Indo-European family, they developed differentl...

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The Sylheti Bangla, a variety of Bangla language is primarily spoken in the Sylhet District of Bangladesh, Barak Valley of Assam, Tripura, especially in North Tripura. The systematic perusal of English spoken by Sylheti Bangla speakers demonstrates that it carries a huge difference with English (RP) especially with respect to pronunciation, syllable structure, stress, intonation. The disparities between Sylheti English and English (RP) are because of a number of divergent variances between Sylheti Bangla and English which often makes the acquisition of English an arduous job for the Sylheti speakers. The errors committed by Sylheti speakers during their speaking in English can be attributed to the interference of the rule of the mother tongue in learning the second language. This interference can be of phonological, morphological and sentence structure. However, the domain of this paper is exclusive to phonological interference of L1 on L2 through the contrastive analysis of the phonological aspects of Sylheti Bangla and English (RP). This paper intends to improve the status of English teaching-learning process compared to contemporary practices. Thus, it aspires to contribute to the theory of second language acquisition with a particular focus on learning English by Sylheti speakers.

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Pronunciation is the most challenging aspect of the Indian speakers when communicating in English. In the context of many Indian language class rooms, grammar and vocabulary are given due importance but there is no conscious effort on practicing pronunciation. Poor pronunciation not only leads to misunderstanding but also creates negative impression and confusion. Learners with bad pronunciation are judged as lack of knowledge, incompetent and they will be misunderstood. There are several factors that influence pronunciation such as native language interference, amount of exposure, phonetic ability, cultural and educational back ground and motivation. Of all the influences the influence of native language is the most inhibiting and inherent factor that manifest in the form of mis pronunciation. When we learn English in childhood we learn to speak English fluently without mother tongue influence. When we learn English in later stage, we are unlikely to attain native like English accent. The first section of the paper emphasizes the importance of pronunciation with reference to some research and reviews. The second section analyses various reasons for mother tongue influence in English communication and how to overcome the problem.

Shakuntala Mahanta

Abstract This dissertation establishes the pattern of prominence in Assamese and Assamese English. It shows for the first time that Assamese exemplifies a left–to–right trochaic system with an iterative binary rhythm. However, this rhythmic profile is disturbed by the occurrence of closed syllables deemed to be heavy.

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The present study aims to look into the problems faced by Burushaski speakers while learning English. The study particularly focuses on the English consonants that are not found in Burushaski language and also on the role of native language in learning these consonants. The study proves that five English consonant phonemes; the post-0 2 9 2 alveolar voiced fricative / /, the dental voiceless fricative /θ/, the dental voiced fricative /ð/, the labio-dental voiceless fricative /f/, the labiodentals voiced fricative / v/ are problematic for Burushaski speakers, and are replaced with possible resembled Burushaski sounds / 0 2 9 2 0 3 2 A 0 3 2 A

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চন্দ্ৰয়ান-৩ বিষয়ে ৰচনা ।। Chandrayaan 3 Essay in Assamese for School Students in 500 Words

August 24, 2023 by Souvik Leave a Comment

চন্দ্ৰয়ান-৩ বিষয়ে ৰচনা ।। Chandrayaan 3 Essay in Assamese for School Students in 500 Words – চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ হৈছে ভাৰতীয় মহাকাশ গৱেষণা সংস্থা (ISRO)ৰ দ্বাৰা পৰিচালিত ভাৰতৰ তৃতীয় চন্দ্ৰ অভিযান। ২০২৩ চনৰ ১৪ জুলাইত, সতীশ ধাৱন মহাকাশ কেন্দ্ৰৰ পৰা উৎক্ষেপণ কৰা হৈছিল।

Chandrayaan 3 Essay in Assamese for School Students in 200 Words : চন্দ্ৰযান ৩ সফলতাৰে চন্দ্ৰত অৱতৰণ কৰা হয়। ইয়াত চাওক ভাৰতৰ শেহতীয়া চন্দ্ৰ অভিযান চন্দ্ৰযানৰ ওপৰত ১০০, ২০০ শব্দৰ ৰচনা। আমি মিছনৰ বিষয়ে অতিৰিক্ত তথ্যও আগবঢ়াইছো যাতে ছাত্ৰ-ছাত্ৰীসকলে সহজেই উপাদানসমূহ সম্পাদনা কৰিব পাৰে আৰু তেওঁলোকৰ প্ৰয়োজন অনুসৰি ৰচনাখন দীঘলীয়া কৰিব পাৰে।

চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ হৈছে ভাৰতৰ অভিলাষী আৰু সফল চন্দ্ৰ অভিযান। ইয়াৰ পূৰ্বৰ চন্দ্ৰযান-১ আৰু চন্দ্ৰযান-২ৰ পদাংক অনুসৰণ কৰি। চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ হৈছে ভাৰতৰ চন্দ্ৰপৃষ্ঠত কোমল অৱতৰণ লাভৰ সফল প্ৰয়াস। ই ভাৰতীয় মহাকাশ গৱেষণা সংস্থাই চন্দ্ৰপৃষ্ঠত সফল অৱতৰণ সাধন কৰি পৰীক্ষা-নিৰীক্ষা চলাবলৈ আৰু মূল্যৱান তথ্য সংগ্ৰহৰ বাবে ৰভাৰ নিয়োগ কৰাৰ বাবে গ্ৰহণ কৰা এক প্ৰকল্প। চন্দ্ৰৰ ভূতত্ত্ব, খনিজ বিজ্ঞান, বহিঃমণ্ডল অধ্যয়নৰ ওপৰত গুৰুত্ব আৰোপ কৰা এই অভিযানে চন্দ্ৰৰ উৎপত্তি আৰু বিৱৰ্তনৰ বিষয়ে আমাৰ বুজাবুজিত অৰিহণা যোগাব।

চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ৰ অভিযানৰ লক্ষ্য হৈছে চন্দ্ৰপৃষ্ঠত নিৰাপদ আৰু কোমল অৱতৰণ প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰা, চন্দ্ৰত ৰভাৰ ৰভিং প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰা আৰু স্থানীয়ভাৱে বৈজ্ঞানিক পৰীক্ষা কৰা। মিছনৰ লক্ষ্যত উপনীত হ’বলৈ লেণ্ডাৰত কেইবাটাও উন্নত প্ৰযুক্তি যেনে লেজাৰ আৰু আৰ এফ ভিত্তিক এলটিমিটাৰ, ভেলোচিমিটাৰ, প্ৰপালচন চিষ্টেম আদি উপস্থিত আছে।পৃথিৱীৰ অৱস্থাত এনে উন্নত প্ৰযুক্তি সফলতাৰে প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰিবলৈ কেইবাটাও লেণ্ডাৰ বিশেষ পৰীক্ষা, যেনে ইন্টিগ্ৰেটেড কল্ড টেষ্ট, ইন্টিগ্ৰেটেড হট টেষ্ট আৰু লেণ্ডাৰ লেগ মেকানিজম পাৰফৰমেন্স টেষ্ট, পৰিকল্পনা কৰা হৈছে আৰু সফলতাৰে সম্পন্ন কৰা হৈছে।

চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ৰ জৰিয়তে ভাৰতে নিজৰ প্ৰযুক্তিগত দক্ষতা, বৈজ্ঞানিক ক্ষমতা, আৰু মহাকাশ অন্বেষণৰ প্ৰতি নিজৰ দায়বদ্ধতা প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰাৰ লক্ষ্য লৈছে। চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ যদি সফল হয়, তেন্তে ই বিশ্ব মহাকাশ সম্প্ৰদায়ত ভাৰতৰ স্থান আৰু অধিক শক্তিশালী কৰিব। এই অভিযানে নৱ প্ৰজন্মক বিজ্ঞান, প্ৰযুক্তি, অভিযান্ত্ৰিক, আৰু গণিতত কেৰিয়াৰ গঢ়িবলৈ অনুপ্ৰাণিত কৰিব | চন্দ্ৰয়ান-৩ বিষয়ে ৰচনা ।। Chandrayaan 3 Essay in Assamese for School Students in 500 Words

computer essay in assamese language

চন্দ্ৰযান ৩ৰ ওপৰত দীঘলীয়া ৰচনা (৫০০ শব্দ) || Long Essay on Chandrayaan 3 (500 Words)

পাতনি || Introduction “চন্দ্ৰযান” য়ে হিন্দীত “চন্দ্ৰ যান” বুজায়। চন্দ্ৰযান হৈছে ভাৰতৰ আটাইতকৈ স্মৰণীয় চন্দ্ৰ অনুসন্ধান অভিযান। ভাৰতৰ বাবে ই এক বৃহৎ সাফল্য আছিল কাৰণ ভাৰতে আমেৰিকা, ৰাছিয়া, চীনৰ পিছত চন্দ্ৰত উপস্থিত হোৱা চতুৰ্থখন দেশ হিচাপে গঢ়ি তুলিছিল। এই অভিযানে মহাকাশ উদ্ভাৱনৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত ভাৰতৰ ক্ষমতা প্ৰদৰ্শন কৰিছিল আৰু অতিৰিক্ত মহাকাশ অনুসন্ধানৰ বাবে নতুন প্ৰৱেশদ্বাৰ মুকলি কৰিছিল।

চন্দ্ৰযান অভিযান || The Chandrayaan Mission ২০০৮ চনত ইণ্ডিয়ান স্পেচ এক্সপ্ল’ৰেশ্যন এছ’চিয়েশ্যনে (ইছৰো) চন্দ্ৰযানক পঠিয়াইছিল।২০০৮ চনৰ ২২ অক্টোবৰত চন্দ্ৰযান-১ক শ্ৰীহৰিকোটাৰ পৰা ৰেহাই দিয়া হৈছিল। ই আমাক চন্দ্ৰৰ খনিজ পদাৰ্থৰ সম্পৰ্কে উচ্চ মাত্ৰাৰ অন্তৰ্দৃষ্টিৰ সৈতে ৰেঞ্জৰ তথ্য দিছে। অৱশেষত ২০০৯ চনৰ ২৯ আগষ্টত এই অভিযান আৰম্ভ হোৱাৰ প্ৰায় ১২ মাহৰ পিছত শেষ হৈছিল। এইটো আছিল বিশেষ বিষয় আৰু যোগাযোগৰ অভাৱৰ প্ৰত্যক্ষ ফল। চন্দ্ৰযানে ব্যৱস্থা কৰা দুবছৰতকৈ ৩১২ দিন চলিছিল যদিও ৯৫% লক্ষ্য পূৰণ কৰাৰ পোহৰত ই ফলপ্ৰসূ আছিল।

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২০১৯ চনৰ ২২ জুলাইৰ কথা, চন্দ্ৰযান-২ক ৰেড অফ কৰা হৈছিল। চন্দ্ৰযান ২ ৰ প্ৰধান উদ্দেশ্য আছিল চন্দ্ৰৰ বাহিৰৰ স্তৰত ক’ত আৰু কিমান পানী আছে সেইটো জানিব পৰাটো। ২০১৯ চনৰ ৬ ছেপ্টেম্বৰত চন্দ্ৰযান-২ৰ লেণ্ডাৰ আৰু ৱাণ্ডাৰাৰখন চন্দ্ৰৰ পৃষ্ঠত দুৰ্ঘটনাগ্ৰস্ত হৈছিল কাৰণ ভ্ৰমণৰ শেষৰ অংশটোৰ সময়ত সমস্যাৰ সৃষ্টি হৈছিল। বিক্ৰম নামৰ বিচৰণকাৰীজনে আশা কৰা ধৰণে ত্ৰুটিহীনভাৱে অৱতৰণ নকৰাৰ পিছতো মিছনৰ বাকী অংশটো আছিল এক জয়। বিগত অভিযানসমূহৰ পিছত চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ ২০২৩ চনৰ ১৪ জুলাইত শ্ৰীহৰিকোটাৰ পৰা প্ৰেৰণ কৰা হয়।

চন্দ্ৰযান-৩: এটা আভাস || Chandrayaan-3: A Glimpse চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ হৈছে ইছৰোৰ চেষ্টা কৰা তৃতীয় চন্দ্ৰ অনুসন্ধান অভিযান। ভাৰতৰ আগ্ৰাসী মহাকাশ কাৰ্যসূচীৰ বাবে চন্দ্ৰৰ গোপনীয়তাৰ অতিৰিক্ত অনুসন্ধান কৰাটো অতি প্ৰয়োজনীয়। অন্ধ্ৰ প্ৰদেশৰ শ্ৰীহৰিকোটাৰ সতীশ ধৱন মহাকাশ কেন্দ্ৰৰ পৰা চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ টাস্ক মহাকাশলৈ প্ৰেৰণ কৰিব চেণ্ড অফ ভেহিকেল ইম্প্ৰিণ্ট III (LVM-III) য়ে। চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ত এটা লেণ্ডাৰ, এটা মেইণ্ডাৰ, আৰু আগবাঢ়ি যোৱাৰ বাবে এটা মডিউল আছে। চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ৰ বাবে লেণ্ডাৰটো এই লক্ষ্যৰে নিৰ্মাণ কৰা হৈছে যে ই চন্দ্ৰত সুক্ষ্মভাৱে অৱতৰণ কৰিব পাৰে। চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ মহাকাশযানখনৰ সমগ্ৰ বোজা ৩৯০০ কিলোগ্ৰাম। ২৩ বা ২৪ আগষ্টত এই আগমন হ’ব, তথাপিও চন্দ্ৰৰ ভোৰৰ ওপৰত নিৰ্ভৰ কৰি সেইটো সলনি হ’ব পাৰে। চন্দ্ৰয়ান-৩ বিষয়ে ৰচনা ।। Chandrayaan 3 Essay in Assamese for School Students in 500 Words

চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ৰ উদ্দেশ্য || Objectives of Chandrayaan-3 চন্দ্ৰযান-১ আৰু চন্দ্ৰযান-২ৰ ফলপ্ৰসূ অভিযানৰ পিছত চন্দ্ৰযান-৩-এ ভাৰতৰ মহাকাশ তদন্তৰ প্ৰচেষ্টাক যথেষ্ট আৰু অধিক নিৰ্মাণ কৰাৰ পৰিকল্পনা কৰিছে। ইছৰ’ই ইংগিত দিয়াৰ দৰে চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ৰ তিনিটা মৌলিক উদ্দেশ্য থাকিব। এটা হ’ল চন্দ্ৰৰ পৃষ্ঠত উপস্থিত হোৱাটো সুৰক্ষিত আৰু সহজ বুলি দেখুৱাবলৈ। পৰৱৰ্তী উদ্দেশ্য হ’ল চন্দ্ৰত মেইণ্ডাৰ ব্যৱহাৰ কৰাৰ সৰ্বোত্তম উপায় কোৱা। লগতে তৃতীয় উদ্দেশ্য হ’ল চন্দ্ৰৰ বাহিৰৰ স্তৰৰ ওপৰত যুক্তিসংগত পৰীক্ষা কৰা। চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ চন্দ্ৰৰ বিপদজনক দক্ষিণ মেৰুৰ ওচৰত অৱতৰণ কৰিব, যিটো এই মুহূৰ্তত তদন্ত কৰা হোৱা নাই। যদিহে সকলো আশা কৰা ধৰণে হয়, তেন্তে চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ অভিযানে চন্দ্ৰৰ দক্ষিণ মেৰুৰ ওচৰত সুক্ষ্মভাৱে আগমন কৰাটো দ্ৰুতভাৱে কৰিব।

Chandrayaan 3 Long Essay In English – click here

উপসংহাৰ || Conclusion ভাৰতৰ মহাকাশ তদন্ত কাৰ্যসূচীৰ বাবে চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ সঠিক দিশত এক বৃহৎ পদক্ষেপ। চন্দ্ৰযানৰ সমৃদ্ধি কেৱল যুক্তিসংগত প্ৰকাশৰ মাজতে সীমাবদ্ধ নহয় যদিও অতিৰিক্তভাৱে দেশৰ বাবে আৰ্থিক সুবিধা আছে। ইয়াৰ উপৰিও ই একেদৰেই অধিক যৌৱন বয়সক বিজ্ঞান আৰু উদ্ভাৱনৰ দিশত চোৱাৰ বাবে জগাই তুলিব আৰু প্ৰেৰণা দিব। চন্দ্ৰযানৰ ওপৰত ওপৰত দিয়া বৰ্ণনাটো আপোনালোকৰ বাবে চন্দ্ৰযান অভিযানৰ বিষয়ে জানিবলৈ উপযোগী হ’ব বুলি মোৰ বিশ্বাস।

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Updates on Chandrayaan 3

  • August 23, 2023:  India’s lunar mission Chandrayaan 3 has successfully landed on the south pole of the moon.
  • August 20, 2023:  The Lander Module is in 25 km x 134 km orbit. Powered descent is expected to commence on August 23, 2023, around 1745 Hrs. IST
  • August 19, 2023:  The Lander Module is in 113 km x 157 km orbit around the moon. Second de-boosting is planned for August 20, 2023
  • August 17, 2023:  Lander Module is successfully separated from the Propulsion Module. Deboosting planned for August 18, 2023
  • August 16, 2023:  The spacecraft is in an orbit of 153 km x 163 km after the firing on August 16, 2023
  • August 14, 2023:  The mission is in the orbit circularisation phase. The spacecraft is in 151 km x 179 km orbit
  • August 09, 2023:  Chandrayaan-3’s orbit is reduced to 174 km x 1437 km following a manuevre performed on August 9, 2023
  • July 06, 2023:  The launch is scheduled for July 14, 2023, at 14:35 Hrs. IST from the Second Launch Pad, SDSC-SHAR, Sriharikota.

Chandrayaan 3 Essay In English FAQ’

Who is the project director of chandrayaan-3.

P Veeramuthuvel is the project director of Chandrayaan-3 and its goal to make a soft landing on the moon. In 2019, he also worked on the Chandrayaan 2 mission.

When was Chandrayaan 3 launched?

The mission took off from the Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC) in Sriharikota on July 14, 2023, at 2:35 pm.

What is Chandrayaan 3?

Chandrayaan 3 is a lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is the third mission in the Chandrayaan series, and its primary objective is to soft-land a rover on the lunar surface.

What will Chandrayaan 3 do?

Chandrayaan 3 will soft-land a rover on the lunar surface. The rover will be equipped with a variety of instruments to study the lunar surface, including a camera, a spectrometer, and a magnetometer.

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computer essay in assamese language

Computer Essay in Assamese Language:- কম্পিউটাৰৰ বিষয়টো শিকিবলৈ আৰু বুজিবলৈ এটা অতি সহজ বক্তৃতা আৰু প্ৰবন্ধৰ দ্বাৰা ইয়াক বুজিব পাৰি। ... Short Assamese Computer Essay (300 Words)

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Assamese or Asamiya (অসমীয়া ⓘ) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the north-eastern Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language.It serves as a lingua franca of the wider region and has over 15 million native speakers according to Ethnologue.. Nefamese, an Assamese-based pidgin in Arunachal Pradesh, was used as the lingua franca till it was replaced by Hindi ...

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This script book is designed especially for the L2 learners in RLCs under CIIL. But, any first language learners can also use this book to learn writing and reading the Assamese language. x Another most important part in this book is the last chapter 'Basic Orthography' which contains Assamese spelling system rules.

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Assamese, an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northeastern state i.e. Assam, is the dominant language of this region and used to be the 'lingua-franca' of this area.

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Assamese is the medium of instruction in the Assamese medium schools of Assam. The learners' first language is basically Assamese. They learn the English language from their primary level stage of their formal education. However, a very little exposure of English in almost all the skills of the language has been clearly noticed at this level.

চন্দ্ৰয়ান-৩ বিষয়ে ৰচনা ।। Chandrayaan 3 Essay in Assamese 2024; চন্দ্ৰযান-৩ ভাৰতীয় মহাকাশ গৱেষণা সংস্থা (ISRO) দ্বাৰা পৰিচালিত ভাৰতৰ তৃতীয়

Assamese Keyboard - অসমীয়া Keyboard

Click or type it... copy it... and paste it... done.

Select All Copy Undo Redo Clear All Save Text - + Send Email Tweet in Assamese Google in Assamese Google Translate

This Assamese Keyboard enables you to easily type Assamese online without installing Assamese keyboard . You can use your computer keyboard or mouse to type Assamese letters with this online keyboard.

Pressing Esc on the Assamese keyboard layout will toggle the mouse input between virtual QWERTY keyboard and virtual Assamese keyboard. The key will also turn on/off your keyboard input conversion. Pressing Esc on your keyboard has the same function.

Press Shift or either Ctrl + Alt or AltGr for additional Assamese letters that are not visible on the keyboard.

For mobile phones and tablets, touch and hold inside the text area to copy the text. You can then paste the text in any app such as Facebook, Twitter, email, or search app.

Translation of "computer" into Assamese

কম্পিউটাৰ is the translation of "computer" into Assamese. Sample translated sentence: Tom won't buy a new computer. ↔ টমে নতুন কম্পিউটাৰ নিকিনে।

(computing) A programmable device that performs mathematical calculations and logical operations, especially one that can process, store and retrieve large amounts of data very quickly. [..]

English-Assamese dictionary

Any device capable of processing information to produce a desired result. No matter how large or small they are, computers typically perform their work in three well-defined steps: (1) accepting input, (2) processing the input according to predefined rules (programs), and (3) producing output. There are several ways to categorize computers, including class (ranging from microcomputers to supercomputers), generation (first through fifth generation), and mode of processing (analog versus digital). [..]

Show algorithmically generated translations

Automatic translations of " computer " into Assamese

Translations with alternative spelling

An item the user can select in the Options dialog box, Phones tab, from the "Select the default device for calling phone numbers" drop-down list. When the user selects Computer as the default device for calling phone numbers, Communicator uses the Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) connection for making a call.

"Computer" in English - Assamese dictionary

Currently we have no translations for Computer in the dictionary, maybe you can add one? Make sure to check automatic translation, translation memory or indirect translations.

Images with "computer"

Phrases similar to "computer" with translations into assamese.

  • computer hardware কম্পিউটাৰ হাৰ্ডৱেৰ
  • computability theory কম্পিউটেবিলিটি থিয়ৰী
  • computer administrator কম্পিউটাৰ ব্যৱস্থাপক
  • computer program কম্পিউটাৰ প্ৰ'গ্ৰাম · কম্পিউটাৰ প্ৰ’গ্ৰাম
  • client computer ক্লায়েণ্ট কম্পিউটাৰ
  • computer science কম্পিউটাৰ বিজ্ঞান
  • My Computer মোৰ কম্পিউটাৰ
  • personal computer hardware কম্পিউটাৰ হাৰ্ডৱেৰ

Translations of "computer" into Assamese in sentences, translation memory

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45 Basic Computer Questions and Answers For Competitive Exams

January 30, 2024 by Souvik 2 Comments

QUESTION No 1. Who is the father of Computer ?

Answer : Charles Babbage QUESTION No 2. In a computer , most processing takes place in ? Answer : CPU QUESTION No 3. In which type of computer , data are represented as discrete signals ? Answer : Digital Computer QUESTION No 4. Scientific Name of Computer ? Answer : Sillico sapiens QUESTION No 5. What is the name of the display feature that highlights are of the screen which requires operator attention ? Answer : Reverse Video QUESTION No 6. Computers , combine both measuring and counting , are called Answer : Hybrid Computer QUESTION No 7. What is FORTRAN ? Answer : Formula Translation QUESTION No 8. What translates and executes program at run time line by line ? Answer : Interpreter QUESTION No 9. What converts an entire program into machine . language ? Answer : Compiler QUESTION No 10. Who is the father of personal computer ? Answer : Edward Robert

What is Mutual Fund in Assamese – click here

QUESTION No 11. EEPROM stands for ? Answer : Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

QUESTION No 12. Who developed the first electronic computer ? ANSWER : J.V. Atansoff

QUESTION No 13. Which programming languages are classified as low level languages ? Answer : Assembly Language

QUESTION No 14. What is the name of  first web browser ? Answer : Mosaic

QUESTION No 15. First page of Website is termed as ? Answer : Home Page

QUESTION No 16. Name of 1st electronic computer ? Answer : ENIAC

QUESTION No 17. Office LANS , which are scattered geographically on large scale , can be connected by the use of corporate ? Answer : WAN ( wide area network )

QUESTION No 19. To move a copy of file from one computer to another over a communication channel is called ? Answer : File Transfer

QUESTION No 20. Large transaction processing systems in automated organisations use ? Answer : Batch Processing

APSC Previous Year Questions – click here

QUESTION No 21. MSIC stands for ? Answer : Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

QUESTION No 22. The scrambling of code is known as ? Answer : Encryption

QUESTION No 23. The first computers were programmed using ? Answer : Machine Language

Question No. 24. No. of different characters in ASCII coding system ? Answer : 1024

Question No. 25. MSIC stand for Answer : Medium Scale Integrated Circuits 

Question No. 26. IBM stands for Answer : International Business Machines

Question No. 27. A fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly is known as ? Answer : Bug Question No. 28. Which button makes alphabets / letters in uppercase and lowercase and numbers to symbols ? Answer : Shift Question No. 29. When a computer is switched on , the booting process performs ? Answer : Power on self test Question No. 30. What is the software frequently utilized by end users called ( like Word , PowerPoint ) ? Answer : Application Software

What is G-Mail || How to create a G-Mail – click here Question No. 31. Unit of measurement of the output quality of a printer ? Answer : Dot per sq . inch Question No. 32. Switching device of fifth generation computer known as ? Answer : VLSI Question No. 33. The unit KIPS is used to measure the speed of ? Answer : Processor Question No. 34. DOS stands for Answer : Disk Operating System Question No. 35. What is a joy stick primarily in computers used for ? Answer : Computer Gaming

45  Basic Questions and Answers For Competitive Exams

Question No. 36. In 1999 , the Melissa virus was a widely publicized

Answer : E – mail virus Question No. 37. Which of the following commands is given to reboot the computer ? Answer : Ctrl + Alt + Del Question No. 38. What is correcting errors in a program called ? Answer : Debugging Question No. 39. BCD is ? Answer : Binary Coded Decimal

Question No. 40. Which commend is used to select the whole document ?

Answer : Ctrl+A

Question No. 41. What is the functional key to display save-as box ?

Answer : F12

Question No. 42. Who is known as the FATHER OF COMPUTER MOUSE ? 

Answer : Douglas Engelbart

Question No. 43. Where is the  CPU and  Memory  located ?

Answer : Mother Board

Question No. 44. Who is the Founder of  IBM   company ? 

Answer : Thomas J. Watson

Question No. 45. In which year , The Microsoft Company was founded ?

Answer : 1975

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Assamese Historical Literature

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This paper carries out a critical review of the trends of historical writings in Assam. The historiographical study reveals that the beginning of the historical phase was, in fact, late in the North East region. Moreover, in many of these historical writings, the importance of the local histories of the communities of the region was ignored. The author highlights the fact that a pan-Indian history for the region may not be authentic enough to understand the cultural dynamics of the complex society of the Northeast. The author also focuses on corroborating ‘proper’ historical source material for reconstructing the history of the region rather than deriving inferences from mythology and legends. However, the importance of recent trends in historiography such as selective utilisation of oral traditions, folklores and memory studies has been emphasised. An alternative and more precise periodisation of the historical phase has been provided which does not, however, project any clear marker between periods and eras but emphasises on slow and steady transformations. Importance of archaeological sources and material evidence has been kept in mind while deriving periodical divisions. Relooking at the history of the Koches, Kacharis has been emphasised. Key words: Historiography, Kamarupa, Ahom, Kachari, Archaeology, Periodisation, Chronology

computer essay assamese

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The essay attempts to explore some possibilities of Comparative Literary History with respect to Assamese literature. Writing a literary history is a complex business, and the tenets underlying its conceptualisation and execution have often been determined by factors other than purely ‘literary’ ones. In the essay, the conceptual dimensions of literary historiography are examined in relation to its recently developed nexus with comparative literature and cultural studies. Within this theoretical framework, the essay briefly touches upon the development of literary historiography within the Indian context in the precolonial, colonial and postcolonial periods, and subsequently moves on to discuss its position vis-a-vis Assamese literature, particularly in the latter’s institutionalisation as a subject for graduate and postgraduate study under Gauhati University, Assam, in the post-Independence period. The essay deals specifically with the efforts of Professor Satyendranath Sarma, prominent academician and literary historian of Assam, towards the academic study of Assamese literary history. It explores the possibilities of comparative literary history in Assamese—one that is not based on a linear narrative of succeeding generations of poets and writers recorded and documented under a progressive model of impact and response, but rather a history of literary reception with many complex and multidimensional narratives often at loggerheads with each other. Key words: Literary Historiography, Comparative Literature, Comparative Cultural Studies, Indian Literature, Assamese Literature, Satyendranath Sarma

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Computer Science Essay Examples

Nova A.

Explore 15+ Brilliant Computer Science Essay Examples: Tips Included

Published on: May 5, 2023

Last updated on: Jan 30, 2024

Computer Science Essay Examples

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Do you struggle with writing computer science essays that get you the grades you deserve?

If so, you're not alone!

Crafting a top-notch essay can be a daunting task, but it's crucial to your success in the field of computer science.

For that, CollegeEssay.org has a solution for you!

In this comprehensive guide, we'll provide you with inspiring examples of computer science essays. You'll learn everything you need to know to write effective and compelling essays that impress your professors and get you the grades you deserve.

So, let's dive in and discover the secrets to writing amazing computer science essays!

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Computer Science Essays: Understanding the Basics

A computer science essay is a piece of writing that explores a topic related to computer science. It may take different forms, such as an argumentative essay, a research paper, a case study, or a reflection paper. 

Just like any other essay, it should be well-researched, clear, concise, and effectively communicate the writer's ideas and arguments.

Computer essay examples encompass a wide range of topics and types, providing students with a diverse set of writing opportunities. 

Here, we will explore some common types of computer science essays:

Middle School Computer Science Essay Example

College Essay Example Computer Science

University Computer Science Essay Example

Computer Science Extended Essay Example

Uiuc Computer Science Essay Example [

Computer Science Essay Examples For Different Fields

Computer science is a broad field that encompasses many different areas of study. For that, given below are some examples of computer science essays for some of the most popular fields within the discipline. 

By exploring these examples, you can gain insight into the different types of essays within this field.

College Application Essay Examples Computer Science

The Future of Computers Technology

Historical Development of Computer Science

Young Children and Technology: Building Computer Literacy

Computer Science And Artificial Intelligence

Looking for more examples of computer science essays? Given below are some additional examples of computer science essays for readers to explore and gain further inspiration from. 

Computer Science – My Choice for Future Career

My Motivation to Pursue Undergraduate Studies in Computer Engineering

Abstract Computer Science

Computer Science Personal Statement Example

Sop For Computer Science

Computer Science Essay Topics

There are countless computer science essay topics to choose from, so it can be challenging to narrow down your options. 

However, the key is to choose a topic that you are passionate about and that aligns with your assignment requirements.

Here are ten examples of computer science essay topics to get you started:

  • The impact of artificial intelligence on society: benefits and drawbacks
  • Cybersecurity measures in cloud computing systems
  • The Ethics of big data: privacy, bias, and Transparency
  • The future of quantum computing: possibilities and challenges
  • The Role of computer hardware in Healthcare: current applications and potential innovations
  • Programming languages: a comparative analysis of their strengths and weaknesses
  • The use of machine learning in predicting human behavior
  • The challenges and solutions for developing secure and reliable software
  • The Role of blockchain technology in improving supply chain management
  • The use of data analytics in business decision-making.

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Tips to Write an Effective Computer Science Essay

Writing an effective computer science essay requires a combination of technical expertise and strong writing skills. Here are some tips to help you craft a compelling and well-written essay:

Understand the Requirements: Make sure you understand the assignment requirements, including the essay type, format, and length.

  • Choose a Topic: Select a topic that you are passionate about and that aligns with your assignment requirements.
  • Create an Outline: Develop a clear and organized outline that highlights the main points and subtopics of your essay.
  • Use Appropriate Language and Tone: Use technical terms and language when appropriate. But ensure your writing is clear, concise, and accessible to your target audience.
  • Provide Evidence: Use relevant and credible evidence to support your claims, and ensure you cite your sources correctly.
  • Edit and Proofread Your Essay: Review your essay for clarity, coherence, and accuracy. Check for grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, and formatting issues.

By following these tips, you can improve the quality of your computer science essay and increase your chances of success.

In conclusion, writing a computer science essay can be a challenging yet rewarding experience. 

It allows you to showcase your knowledge and skills within the field and develop your writing and critical thinking abilities. By following the examples provided in this blog, you can create an effective computer science essay, which will meet your requirements.

If you find yourself struggling with the writing process, consider seeking essay writing help online from CollegeEssay.org. 

Our AI essay writer can provide guidance and support in crafting a top-notch computer science essay.

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computer essay assamese

BENTO4D 🏆️ Situs Toto Resmi 4D Terpercaya Dan Situs Togel Terbesar Reputasi Terbaik #1

BENTO4D adalah platform penyedia permainan toto togel 4D dan bandar togel terpercaya yang menawarkan peluang menang besar bagi para pemain di Indonesia, terutama pada Tahun Naga. BENTO4D telah lama hadir dan dikenal sebagai salah satu situs togel online terkemuka yang menyediakan berbagai jenis permainan togel dengan pembayaran dan keamanan terjamin. Platform ini dioperasikan oleh tim profesional yang berpengalaman di bidang judi togel online, sehingga mampu memberikan layanan prima kepada seluruh member.

Apa itu BENTO4D?

BENTO4D adalah sebuah platform penyedia permainan togel online yang telah hadir sejak lama di Indonesia. Didirikan oleh tim profesional di bidang judi togel, BENTO4D menawarkan berbagai jenis permainan togel, seperti Togel 4D, Togel 3D, dan Togel 2D, dengan pembayaran yang kompetitif dan proses transaksi yang aman.

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Dengan keunggulan-keunggulan yang dimiliki, BENTO4D menjadi pilihan bandar togel terpercaya bagi para pemain togel online di Indonesia, khususnya pada Tahun Naga.

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Di BENTO4D, para pemain dapat menikmati berbagai jenis permainan togel yang ditawarkan, di antaranya:

Togel 4D adalah salah satu jenis permainan Toto Togel yang paling populer di kalangan pecinta BENTO4D dan toto togel di Indonesia. Dalam permainan ini, pemain harus memasang angka 4 digit dengan peluang kemenangan yang besar.

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Pertama, kunjungi situs resmi BENTO4D dan klik tombol "Daftar". Isi formulir pendaftaran dengan data diri yang valid, seperti nama, nomor telepon, dan alamat email. Pastikan informasi yang Anda masukkan akurat untuk memudahkan proses verifikasi dan aktivasi akun Anda.

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computer essay assamese

Essay on Bihu in Assamese | অসমৰ জাতীয় উৎসৱ: বিহু

computer essay assamese

Writing an Essay on Bihu in Assamese in 500 words. অসমৰ জাতীয় উৎসৱ: বিহুৰ ওপৰত ৫০০ শব্দৰ এখন ৰচনা।

পৰিচয় : বিহু অসমীয়াৰ জাতীয় উৎসৱ। যিটো উৎসৱ এখন ৰাজ্য়ৰ সকলো ধৰ্মৰ, সকলো জাতিৰ আৰু সকলো সম্প্ৰদায়ৰ মানুহে উলহ-মালহেৰে পালন কৰে, সেই উৎসৱটোক জাতীয় উৎসৱ বোলে। বিহু অসমীয়া জাতিৰ উমৈহতীয়া উৎসৱ, জাতি-ধৰ্ম নিৰ্বিশেষে অসমীয়া মাত্ৰই বিহু উৎসৱ পালন কৰে। জাতীয় উৎসৱৰ মাজেৰে জাতিৰ আচাৰ-বিচাৰ, সভ্য়তা-সংস্কৃতিৰ প্ৰতিফলন হয়। এই বিহু উৎসৱ বছৰত তিনিটা হয় – (১) বহাগ বিহু বা ৰঙালী বিহু, (২) কাতি বিহু বা কঙালী বিহু আৰু (৩) মাঘ বিহু বা ভোগালী বিহু।

(১) বহাগ বিহু বা ৰঙালী বিহু : চ’ত আৰু বহাগ মাহৰ সংক্ৰান্তিৰ দিনা বহাগ বিহুৰ আৰম্ভ হয়। বহাগ বিহু সাতদিনলৈ পালন কৰা হয়। ইয়াক ‘সাত বিহু’ বুলি কোৱা হয়। বহাগ বিহুৰ প্ৰথম দিনটোক ‘গৰু বিহু’ বুলি কোৱা হয়। সেইদিনা পুৱাতে সকলোৱে গৰু-মহক মাহ-হালধিৰে গা ধুৱায় আৰু ৰাতি নতুন পঘাৰে বান্ধে। দ্বিতীয় দিনাখন মানুহ বিহু বা বৰ বিহু। সেইদিনাখন সকোলোৱে গা ধুই নতুন কাপোৰ লয় আৰু বয়সীয়ালজনক আৰু মান্য়ৱন্ত লোকক সেৱা-সৎকাৰ কৰে। ডাঙৰে সৰুক আৰ্শীবাদ দিয়ে। সকলোৱে ঘৰে ঘৰে সান্দহ, চিৰা, পিঠা, দৈ আদিৰে জলপান খায়। ডেকা-গাভৰুৱে দল বান্ধি ঢোল, পেঁপা, গগণা আদি লৈ মুকলি পথাৰত বিহুগীত গায় আৰু নাচে। এইদৰে অতি উলহ-মালহেৰে ৰং-ধেমালিৰে বহাগ বিহু উদযাপন কৰা হয় বাবেই ইয়াৰ নাম ৰঙালী বিহু হ’ল।

(২) কাতি বিহু বা কঙালী বিহু : আহিন আৰু কাতি মাহৰ সংক্ৰান্তিৰ দিনা কাতি বিহু পালন কৰা হয়। এই সময়ত খেতিয়কসকলৰ প্ৰায় সকলোৰে ঘৰত খাবলৈ নাথাকে। সেয়েহে সকলোৱে কাতি বিহু উলহ-মালহেৰে পালন কৰিব নোৱাৰে। সেইবাবেই ইয়াক ‘কঙালী বিহু’ বুলিও কোৱা হয়। কাতি বিহুত তুলসীতলত আৰু ধাননি পথাৰত চাকি জ্বলাই লখিমিক আদৰণি জনোৱা হয়।

(৩) মাঘ বিহু বা ভোগালী বিহু : পুহ আৰু মাঘ মাহৰ সংক্ৰান্তিৰ দিনা মাঘ বিহু পালন কৰা হয়। এই সময়ত খেতিয়কসকলে পথাৰৰ শস্য় চপোৱা শেষ হয়। নতুন ফচল ওলাই সমসাময়িকভাৱে দুখীয়াৰো অভাৱ গুচে। সেয়েহে সকলোৱে মাঘ বিহুত সান্দহ, চিৰা, পিঠা, দৈ আদি তৈয়াৰ কৰি নিজে খায় আৰু আনকো খুৱাই আনন্দ উপভোগ কৰে। সেইবাবেই মাঘ বিহুক ‘ভোগালী বিহু’ বুলিও কোৱা হয়। মাঘ বিহুৰ আগদিনা (উৰুকা দিনা) গধূলি ভেলাঘৰ (মেজি) সাজি সকলোৱে ভোজ-ভাত খাই আনন্দ উপভোগ কৰে। মাঘ বিহুৰ দিনা পুৱাই ‘মেজি’ জ্বলাই অগ্নি দেৱতাক সেৱা কৰে।

সামৰণি : বিহু উৎসৱৰ আচাৰ-অনুষ্ঠান, নাচ-গান, সময় আদিলৈ চাই যে মূলতে কৃষি উৎসৱ এই কথাটো সহজে বুজিব পাৰি। এই তিনিওটা বিহুৰে একোটা বৈশিষ্ট্য় আছে। বহাগ বিহু বা ৰঙালী বিহুৰ বৈশিষ্ট্য় – ‘গো সেৱা’, কাতি বিহু বা কঙালী বিহুৰ বৈশিষ্ট্য় – ‘তুলসী সেৱা’ আৰু মাঘ বিহু বা ভোগালী বিহুৰ বৈশিষ্ট্য় – ‘অগ্নি সেৱা’। বিহু অসমীয়াৰ কলা সংস্কৃতিৰ বাহক, একতা আৰু সংহতিৰ প্ৰতীক।

আশা কৰো তোমালোকে আজি কিছু নতুন শিকিব পাৰিলা। এনেদৰে আৰু নতুন নতুন তথ্য অসমীয়া ভাষাত পঢ়িবলৈ আমাৰ ব্লগটোলৈ আকৈ আহিবলৈ নাপাহৰিব। অৱশেষত এটা অনুৰোধ অনুগ্ৰহ কৰি এই ব্লগটো ছচিয়েল ৱেবছাইটত বিয়োপাই দি আমাক উৎসাহ দিয়ে যেন।

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NeurIPS 2024

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How Much Research Is Being Written by Large Language Models?

New studies show a marked spike in LLM usage in academia, especially in computer science. What does this mean for researchers and reviewers?

research papers scroll out of a computer

In March of this year, a  tweet about an academic paper went viral for all the wrong reasons. The introduction section of the paper, published in  Elsevier’s  Surfaces and Interfaces , began with this line:  Certainly, here is a possible introduction for your topic. 

Look familiar? 

It should, if you are a user of ChatGPT and have applied its talents for the purpose of content generation. LLMs are being increasingly used to assist with writing tasks, but examples like this in academia are largely anecdotal and had not been quantified before now. 

“While this is an egregious example,” says  James Zou , associate professor of biomedical data science and, by courtesy, of computer science and of electrical engineering at Stanford, “in many cases, it’s less obvious, and that’s why we need to develop more granular and robust statistical methods to estimate the frequency and magnitude of LLM usage. At this particular moment, people want to know what content around us is written by AI. This is especially important in the context of research, for the papers we author and read and the reviews we get on our papers. That’s why we wanted to study how much of those have been written with the help of AI.”

In two papers looking at LLM use in scientific publishings, Zou and his team* found that 17.5% of computer science papers and 16.9% of peer review text had at least some content drafted by AI. The paper on LLM usage in peer reviews will be presented at the International Conference on Machine Learning.

Read  Mapping the Increasing Use of LLMs in Scientific Papers and  Monitoring AI-Modified Content at Scale: A Case Study on the Impact of ChatGPT on AI Conference Peer Reviews  

Here Zou discusses the findings and implications of this work, which was supported through a Stanford HAI Hoffman Yee Research Grant . 

How did you determine whether AI wrote sections of a paper or a review?

We first saw that there are these specific worlds – like commendable, innovative, meticulous, pivotal, intricate, realm, and showcasing – whose frequency in reviews sharply spiked, coinciding with the release of ChatGPT. Additionally, we know that these words are much more likely to be used by LLMs than by humans. The reason we know this is that we actually did an experiment where we took many papers, used LLMs to write reviews of them, and compared those reviews to reviews written by human reviewers on the same papers. Then we quantified which words are more likely to be used by LLMs vs. humans, and those are exactly the words listed. The fact that they are more likely to be used by an LLM and that they have also seen a sharp spike coinciding with the release of LLMs is strong evidence.

Charts showing significant shift in the frequency of certain adjectives in research journals.

Some journals permit the use of LLMs in academic writing, as long as it’s noted, while others, including  Science and the ICML conference, prohibit it. How are the ethics perceived in academia?

This is an important and timely topic because the policies of various journals are changing very quickly. For example,  Science said in the beginning that they would not allow authors to use language models in their submissions, but they later changed their policy and said that people could use language models, but authors have to explicitly note where the language model is being used. All the journals are struggling with how to define this and what’s the right way going forward.

You observed an increase in usage of LLMs in academic writing, particularly in computer science papers (up to 17.5%). Math and  Nature family papers, meanwhile, used AI text about 6.3% of the time. What do you think accounts for the discrepancy between these disciplines? 

Artificial intelligence and computer science disciplines have seen an explosion in the number of papers submitted to conferences like ICLR and NeurIPS. And I think that’s really caused a strong burden, in many ways, to reviewers and to authors. So now it’s increasingly difficult to find qualified reviewers who have time to review all these papers. And some authors may feel more competition that they need to keep up and keep writing more and faster. 

You analyzed close to a million papers on arXiv, bioRxiv, and  Nature from January 2020 to February 2024. Do any of these journals include humanities papers or anything in the social sciences?  

We mostly wanted to focus more on CS and engineering and biomedical areas and interdisciplinary areas, like  Nature family journals, which also publish some social science papers. Availability mattered in this case. So, it’s relatively easy for us to get data from arXiv, bioRxiv, and  Nature . A lot of AI conferences also make reviews publicly available. That’s not the case for humanities journals.

Did any results surprise you?

A few months after ChatGPT’s launch, we started to see a rapid, linear increase in the usage pattern in academic writing. This tells us how quickly these LLM technologies diffuse into the community and become adopted by researchers. The most surprising finding is the magnitude and speed of the increase in language model usage. Nearly a fifth of papers and peer review text use LLM modification. We also found that peer reviews submitted closer to the deadline and those less likely to engage with author rebuttal were more likely to use LLMs. 

This suggests a couple of things. Perhaps some of these reviewers are not as engaged with reviewing these papers, and that’s why they are offloading some of the work to AI to help. This could be problematic if reviewers are not fully involved. As one of the pillars of the scientific process, it is still necessary to have human experts providing objective and rigorous evaluations. If this is being diluted, that’s not great for the scientific community.

What do your findings mean for the broader research community?

LLMs are transforming how we do research. It’s clear from our work that many papers we read are written with the help of LLMs. There needs to be more transparency, and people should state explicitly how LLMs are used and if they are used substantially. I don’t think it’s always a bad thing for people to use LLMs. In many areas, this can be very useful. For someone who is not a native English speaker, having the model polish their writing can be helpful. There are constructive ways for people to use LLMs in the research process; for example, in earlier stages of their draft. You could get useful feedback from a LLM in real time instead of waiting weeks or months to get external feedback. 

But I think it’s still very important for the human researchers to be accountable for everything that is submitted and presented. They should be able to say, “Yes, I will stand behind the statements that are written in this paper.”

*Collaborators include:  Weixin Liang ,  Yaohui Zhang ,  Zhengxuan Wu ,  Haley Lepp ,  Wenlong Ji ,  Xuandong Zhao ,  Hancheng Cao ,  Sheng Liu ,  Siyu He ,  Zhi Huang ,  Diyi Yang ,  Christopher Potts ,  Christopher D. Manning ,  Zachary Izzo ,  Yaohui Zhang ,  Lingjiao Chen ,  Haotian Ye , and Daniel A. McFarland .

Stanford HAI’s mission is to advance AI research, education, policy and practice to improve the human condition.  Learn more . 

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Title: chameleon: mixed-modal early-fusion foundation models.

Abstract: We present Chameleon, a family of early-fusion token-based mixed-modal models capable of understanding and generating images and text in any arbitrary sequence. We outline a stable training approach from inception, an alignment recipe, and an architectural parameterization tailored for the early-fusion, token-based, mixed-modal setting. The models are evaluated on a comprehensive range of tasks, including visual question answering, image captioning, text generation, image generation, and long-form mixed modal generation. Chameleon demonstrates broad and general capabilities, including state-of-the-art performance in image captioning tasks, outperforms Llama-2 in text-only tasks while being competitive with models such as Mixtral 8x7B and Gemini-Pro, and performs non-trivial image generation, all in a single model. It also matches or exceeds the performance of much larger models, including Gemini Pro and GPT-4V, according to human judgments on a new long-form mixed-modal generation evaluation, where either the prompt or outputs contain mixed sequences of both images and text. Chameleon marks a significant step forward in a unified modeling of full multimodal documents.

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