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Essays on Memories

Memories of happiness and accomplishments in my life, the role of memorable memories in our lives, made-to-order essay as fast as you need it.

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Memories: The Only Real Treasure in One’s Head

The value of memory in human life, my personal experience: encounter with death, my happiest childhood memories: playing golf with my father, let us write you an essay from scratch.

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Bad Memories of Old that Should Be Locked Up

My most memorable experiences in life, the importance of memories in our life, my favorite memories with my father, get a personalized essay in under 3 hours.

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The Creation of Our Memories

Effect of good and bad memories on attitude and emotion, worst thing i have ever done, my trip to miami shores, florida, how a driving accident affected on my life, necessity and importance of memories for growth, the most memorable moments of fifa world cup 2018, making memories count: kids photography, post-memory and layered memories of vietnamese americans, art and memory, a theme of memories in eternal sunshine of the spotless mind, the process of recollection of memories in nabokov's speak, memory, a hometown acceptance at different periods of life, the effects of the memories of the civil war and the reconstruction on americans, discussion if there any worth of possibility to erase bad memories, the use of own memories in the poems of sylvia plath and ted hughes, the possible ways to strengthen lost memories, a long way gone: uncovering the true fiction behind ishmael beah’s recount of his life story, my emotions from my third first day of school, talking about your life: my move to another continent, relevant topics.

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essays based on memories we lost

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Memories Essay – Prompts And Examples To Get You Covered!

memories essay

What would life be without memories? I guess it wouldn’t even exist, right? Both happy and worse are memories to keep. There is always a lesson to pick up from any memory that you have.

Guess what?

The brain, as small as it may seem, accumulates thousands and thousands of memories. Imagine the big servers stored in a data center – that is nothing compared to your brain.

A childhood memories essay is one most student enjoys when presented with to write. They quickly rush to recounting some of their experiences but forget one crucial aspect. When the deal is too good, then think twice.

Now let’s get down to some writing prompts.

30 Great Memories Essay Writing Prompts

My Childhood Memories Essay

  • What was your favorite game with your siblings
  • Can you recall a scary childhood memory?
  • How was your first walking experience like
  • Describe your first day in school experience
  • What was your best childhood snack?
  • Do you recall your first childhood friend? How did you meet?
  • Describe your first toy
  • What was your best childhood color?
  • Do you remember your first pet?
  • Describe your first school bag

My High School Memories Essay

  • What life lessons did you learn in high school?
  • How was your first experience in high school? Did you find it amusing?
  • What new things did you discover and learn in high school?
  • Did you send letters to your crush from other schools?
  • How was it like attending classes? Did you cut some lessons with your friends?
  • What did you feel about high school field trips?
  • How or what was your high school farewell song? Do you miss it?
  • What capabilities and talents were you able to discover in high school?
  • How was it like staying up late to study for exams?
  • How did high school change your perception of people and life in general?

Episodic Memories Essay

  • Describe your first job experience
  • How did you feel when you first visited the beach during summer
  • How was your first plane experience? Did you enjoy it?
  • Where did you first visit for your valentine’s date with your spouse?
  • How did you feel when you first participated in an election?
  • Where were you when the tragic September attack took place?
  • The movie you saw on your first laptop
  • Who was your first roommate on campus?
  • Which was your first country to visit overseas?
  • How did you feel the first time you moved in all by yourself?

Such memories can be a good start to writing a memories essay of your own. If you think you may not have all the details, don’t torment yourself. You can always ask around from your parents, old friends, teachers, and even neighbors.

An essay on memories should be handled with a lot of caution. Why may you ask? Such an article should be free from biases. It should be objective. And that is where the problem lies.

Luckily, the solution is simple. Learn more.

Structure of a Memories Essay

As of other essays, an essay on memories also has the same structure:

  • Introduction,
  • Conclusion.

Let’s briefly look at each of these sections.

The Introduction

It is the doorway to your essay. You start by establishing the context of your memories essay, which will act as a hook to your readers. A quote can do well in this case.

For example, “Cakes are special. Every birthday, every celebration ends with something sweet, a cake, and people remember. It’s all about the memories.” Buddy Valastro.

The quote above creates an interest in the reader’s mind and provokes them to poke further into the essay. An introduction ends with a thesis statement.

Example: “memories are truly add meaning to life.”

It carries the significant weight of the essay with supporting examples, facts, and even statistics. It is made up of body paragraphs directly relating to your memories essay thesis statement. The standard paragraph structure of a topic sentence, explanation, examples, and illustrations are followed.

Here is an example of a well-defined body paragraph:

“Those high school outings are my most treasured memories. I recall the moments we boarded the school bus and visit interesting places. I remember how amazing it was putting on my best shirt, set aside for that special occasion. Memories of how we would buy goodies in the mall before heading back to school still linger in my mind. That’s the best part of my school life. It never gave me a frown.”

The Conclusion

Here, you restate the thesis statement and make a summary statement of the memories discussed in the body. You can choose to also conclude with a quote such as the one below.

“Childhood is like being drunk. Everyone remembers what you did except you” Noor. H.

Memories Essay – You Need Help With That?

For you to write one of the best childhood memories essay, ensure that you include the most exciting events. Events, where you did funny or creepy things, are easy to recall. Go for such, and you will have a free course of ideas.

Can you recall a childhood memory and write a memory essay now?

In case you still have a challenge coming up with such an essay or would like custom professional writing assistance , our expert writers are here for you.

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Essays on Blossoms of the Savannah, The Pearl, Memories we Lost and other stories and A Doll's House

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2019, JB Publishers

These are comprehensive essays on the novel The Peal by John Steinbeck, the novel Blossoms of the Savanah by Henry Ole Kulet, the play A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen and the collection of short stories, Memories we Lost specifically the story Window Seat, How Much Land Does A Man Need, The Hansdomest Downed Man in the World, No Need to Lie, Folded Leaf, My Father's Head, Hitting Budapest, The President and Light.

Related Papers

International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature

GIDEON Uzoma Umezurike

Despite the century and three-decade gap between them, Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s Houseand Zainabu Jallo’s Onions Make Us Cry have often been studied for their indebtedness to two movements that have shaped human history and conditioned contemporary thoughts: the former as a play that inaugurates the modernist discuss in literature and pioneered the feminist subject, and the latter expressively reflecting this gender-based discourse. However, the position of this study is that aside the woman question, the texts share some other important elements. They both provoke the question of being and existence: the being of human reality and of truth. In Ibsen and Jallo, we witness Nora’s and Malinda’s experience of existential structures, their perspectival grappling with the perceptual realities of their existence, the psychological alteration that comes with this ontic awareness, and how the perception of ‘what is’ moves one to revolt against ‘what has been’. The plays are seen as capturing ...

essays based on memories we lost

Abhishek Chowdhury

American Literature

Mimi Reisel Gladstein

Ayushi Sharma

Orbis Litterarum

TaMrin El-zHyrazy

A Doll's House is a controversial play written by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. It premiered at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 21 December 1879, having been published earlier that month. The play is about a Norwegian town around 1879. The play is critical and controversial for the way it deals with the fate of a wife, who at the time in Norway lacked reasonable opportunities for self-fulfilment during a male-dominated world. Though Ibsen denies he had intended to write down a feminist play, it aroused an excellent sensational response at the time and caused a "storm of outraged controversy" that went beyond the theatre to the media and society. Once the topic of public controversy, defended only by the avant-garde theatre critics of the nineteenth century, Ibsen's prose dramas now are famous as successful television plays and are an important part of the repertory theatre everywhere. They no more invite inflaming audience reactions and now acceptable fare to the foremost conservative theatre-goer. The basic objective of this paper is to make learners aware of the play 'A Doll's House' and to discuss about the author, the period, and the text, This paper also discusses the character sketch of the major characters, the significance of the title of the play, and also provides the critical analysis of the play.

International journal of applied research

KUMAR MADAR

In Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, the central conflict revolves around Torvald’s controlling; demeaning treatment of his wife Nora. The tragedy of the story is not only to superiority of the husband over his wife but also the dehumanizing of the children, who are never given a voice or allowed the possibility of bettering their position. They begin the story under an institution that has marginalized them, and they remain confined to subhuman status throughout the play. In this way, Ibsen’s work; as he claims goes beyond being a work about woman’s rights and becomes instead a work dealing with the rights of all human struggling under an oppressive, patriarchal society.

Lauren Kavanagh

This research paper attempts to give a feminist analysis of Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House based on the Anglo-American approach to feminist literary theory. It will first explain the feminist literary theory as a term as well as a practice and its function in literary criticism, followed by an explanation of the Anglo-American approach and some of its prominent writers. The paper will also explore how and to what degree (if at all) Henrik Ibsen, who is mostly famous for his realist dramas but has also been credited for his feminist characters and content, is involved with the women's cause by referring to some of his speeches, letters and acquaintances. It will then attempt a feminist analysis of the play based on the Anglo-American approach and Showalter's feminist critique, using quotes from and references to the three acts of the play as a justification to show how Henrik Ibsen challenged the stereotypi-cal representation of women in literature with his female characters .

This thesis examines the experience of loss in Anne Landsman’s novels The Devil’s Chimney (1997) and The Rowing Lesson (2008), and Rachel Zadok’s Gem Squash Tokoloshe (2005). Positing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) as an impetus for emerging literary traditions within contemporary South African fiction, the argument begins by evaluating the reasons for the TRC’s widespread impact, and considers the role that the individual author may play within a culture which is undergoing dramatic socio-political upheavals. Through theoretical explication, close reading, and textual comparison, the argument initiates a dialogue between psychoanalysis and literary analysis, differentiating between two primary modes of experiencing loss, namely traumatic and nostalgic memory. Out of these sets of concerns, the thesis seeks to understand the inextricability of body, memory and landscape, and interrogates the deployment of these tropes within the contexts of traumatic and nostalgic loss, examining each author’s nuanced invocation. A central tenet of the argument is a consideration, moreover, of how the dialogic imagination has shaped storytelling, and whether or not narrative may provide therapeutic affect for either author or reader. The study concludes with an interpretation of the changing shape of literary expression within South Africa.

Daniyal Wali

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KCSE SET BOOKS ESSAY QUESTIONS and ANSWERS

Enjoy free KCSE revision materials on imaginative compositions, essay questions and answers and comprehensive analysis (episodic approach) of the set books including Fathers of Nations by Paul B. Vitta, The Samaritan by John Lara, A Silent Song, An Artist of the Floating World by Kazuo Ishiguro and Parliament of Owls by Adipo Sidang'. This blog is useful to Kenyan students preparing for KCSE; and their teachers.

Tuesday 4 February 2020

[pdf] memories we lost analysis for kcse candidates, memories we lost guide pdf download, lidudumalingani mqombothi .

·        Challenges faced by the sick (mentally ill) and their families. ·        Caring/Showing compassion and love for the sick in our midst.
·        Running out to the fields in the middle of the night (P 10) ·        The head injury (P 11) ·        The hot porridge (P 12) ·        The incident in class (P 13) ·        Games in the rain (P 14) ·        The ritual (P 14) ·        Father’s departure (P 15) ·        Milking the goat (P 15) ·        The escape (P 17)

The twelve year old narrator gives us insights of living with a patient struggling with schizophrenia-a mental disorder without cure. We should accept challenges and offer compassion and care for the patient

The story is set in South Africa where the villagers wallow in ignorance. They refer to the illness as “the thing”. It appears and disappears like ghosts. The narrator prays to God and ancestors to help her sister.

Schizophrenia impairs the speech and memory of the patient.

One day the patient runs away from home. All the villagers wake up in the middle of the night to help look for her. They organize disoriented search parties that comb the murky village in search for her. After a long unfruitful search, they return feeling defeated. The narrator’s mother does not return until she finds her daughter.

“She would scream at intervals as is to taunt me” (pg 11)

At other times, she would inflict injury on herself. She bangs her head against a wall until she bleeds. The narrator wishes she would inflict injury on herself. The narrator wishes she would stop this thing with horns, spikes and oversized head. She imagines the pain of knowing a monster is coming for you but you can’t run. The patient bangs her head until she cracks the old mud wall and leaves blood on it. A ‘sangoma’ (traditional healer) is called to cleanse the spot.

In November it was worse. It causes the patient to drop out of school and disrupts the narrator’s education. One day at school the patient smashes a window using a desk and breaks a chair against a wall. She also screams bringing learning activities to a standstill. The sight of her sister calms her down.

She is forced to drop out of school. Her sister feigns illness in order to skip school and be with her. She stays at home until her sick sister begs her to go to school.

Since people are ignorant about schizophrenia. The patient is given tons of needless medication, taken to sangomas and churches for impotent healing and prayers.

The patient stays away from school for very long time that her sister who is three years younger than her catches up with her and goes two classes above.

Luckily her sister learns some facts about her condition- schizophrenia; a mental illness that has no cure. Since she cares for her sister, she insists that she deserves to feel something. The first step she takes is dumping the medicine and asking her sister to only pretend to take it.

The medication and other ignorant ‘remedies’ combined with the illness and has resulted to loss of speech. The patient is forced to use gestures and insert a few words while trying to communicate with her sister. She realizes that her sister needs love and compassion.

“I need no words”

Without the needless medication the patient could feel again. They even play in the rain; they began forming new childhood memories, filling the void left by the ones that had been wiped out. They laugh and jump but this worries their guileless mother.

The patient is subjected to many rituals that bear no fruit. Church sermons sangomas promise healing in a matter of time but these miracles have proven elusive. They even offer the ancestors sacrifice in terms of tobacco meat and matches which are only stolen by thieves. They stab a goat for blood and meat the villagers curse “the thing” and refer to it as the devils work and demons. They don’t ,however, care about the sick girl.

The girl’s father also had schizophrenia. He disappeared from home on a horse. His condition was kept a secret. The mystery surrounding this condition has made it difficult to control.

One morning, the narrator eavesdrops and overhears her mother telling her uncle that she (together with Smellyfoot) were making plans to take her sister to a Sangoma called Nkunzi who uses callous means to “cure" demon possessed people like her sister. He would make fire from cow dung and wood and ties a patient section of zinc roofing then would potentially kill the patient. The caring girl couldn’t allow this to happen to her sister.

That evening they run away from home. She tells her they are going to see a sick aunt. They go past a village (maybe philoni) and walk all night until they come to a hospital.

Surely such a patient only needs love, compassion and professional care by a doctor. 

Main issues in Memories we Lost

·         Problems/trials/obstacles of schizophrenia (mental illness) ·         Love, hope and care for the patient make life more bearable

Challenges experienced by schizophrenic patients

a)     Loss of speech

·         The first thing this thing took from us was speech; unfamiliar language, trembling words, relaying unthinkable revelations from the gods (p10) ·         Screaming words I did not understand, talking our own language, she only nodded and shook her head (p13) ·         She & I began to communicate again, we invented our own language, she had stopped talking, simply gestured to each other, inserted a few words here and there, connected by laughing, crying, holding hands (p14)

b)     Loss of memory, consciousness, reality

·         And then it took our memories; the memories faded one after the other until our past was a blur (p10) ·         she had transformed into someone else, she was not here, when she gained consciousness she was shocked and devastated,  she began to recognise herself (p12)

c)      Running away from home

·           Screaming and running away from home, waking my mother and me, abducting the entire village, men, women and children (p10) ·         searched for hours, mother searched all night, returned the next day (p11) ·         The medications and rituals did not work, my mother said, my sister needed to go see Nkuzi, Nkuzi was a sangoma, baked people like my sister, tie demon-possessed person and placed them on a fire (p17) ·         I could not allow this to happen to my sister, after sunrise we left together, we were going to see a sick aunt (p17) ·         We had no idea where we were going to sleep, eat live; won’t return home, until mother dies, we were running away from home, the real story would destroy her, she had a mental disorder, walked all night – morning was close, could see modern buildings – hospital 

d)     Injury

·           My sister banged her head against the wall until she bled (p11)

·         always hoped that I could stop it (desperation), hitting the back of her head against the wall, tried to grab her, to make her stop, cracked the wall open with her head, left blood on the wall (p12)

·         She threw hot porridge on me; abducted her, she flung the pot across the room, my chest was not that fortunate, the pain was unbearable, she was shocked & devastated when she regained consciousness, told her I had poured hot water on myself by mistake, she would never forgive herself (p12)

e)      Education is interrupted

·         It followed her to school & she had to drop out (p12);

·         she was so strong, out of control, flung a desk, smashed a window, broke a chair against a wall, screaming words I did not understand, eyes turned red, entire body was shaking, I could see this thing leave, could see my sister returning, missed so much school over the years, I caught up with her, went two grades above her (p13)

·         I went truant from school; every morning I threw up, convinced my mother I was sick, she asked a schoolmate to tell the class teacher I was sick, I want to be in the same class as you; mother, the teachers, the principal will never allow it, yes they will, spent a week doing sketches; she could sketch me, another me, more happy, less torn, existing elsewhere, she begged & begged me to go to school, my week of absence had gone unreported, this bothered neither my class teacher or me (p13)

f)       The treatment

·         My mother took my sister to more sangomas , more churches, gave her more bottles of medication, became unresponsive, only nodded & shook her head, the teacher told us about schizophrenia, this is what my sister had, medication she had been taking would never help her, it was destroying her (p13) ·         there was no cure, my sister deserved to feel something, got rid of her arsenal of medication, this is going to be our secret, we dug holes and buried the roots (p13) ·         Get rid of the medication drink, take an empty sip, throw it out the back window, poured her medication, took an empty sip, it was our game (p14) ·          she began to recognise herself, we began to communicate again, we invented our own language, she had stopped talking, we began to love each other again, we connected again;  staring into the landscape, mountains, horizons, laughing, crying, holding hands (p14) ·         We jumped in the rain, my sister returned, she jumped, she laughed, we began to form new childhood memories, we lay on the wet ground, felt free (p14) ·         The medications and rituals did not work, my mother said (p17)

g)      The rituals

·         Village gathered outside our house, yet another ritual meant to cure my sister, been through many rituals & church sermons, nothing changed, sangomas and pastors promised that she would be healed within days, sangomas healing worked, tobacco, matches, meat left out for ancestors wasn’t there in the morning, they believed ancestors had healed her, this came again, the sacrifices had been stolen by thieves, women chatter and sing, men come in silence, children run around playing, everyone moved in a chaotic choreography (p14) ·         women gossiping about my sister, emotionless, tears rolled down our cheeks, goat stabbed in the stomach to summon ancestors, we came out of the house, hugged tightly, wiped tears, holding hands, fingers intertwined (p15) ·          villagers shouted insults at the thing, elders called it the devil's work & demons, none of them knew my sister, non of them cared (pg 15) ·          The medications and rituals did not work, my mother said (p17)  

h)     Ignorance

·         Led to more suffering ·         There was never a forewarning that this thing was coming, came out of nowhere as ghosts, mumbled 2 short prayers; to God and ancestors, every time this thing took her she returned altered, unrecognisable,  two people were trapped inside her (p10) ·         with horns, spikes, an oversized head – how I imagined it looked, a monster, a sangoma came and cleansed the spot (p12) ·         My mother took my sister to more sangomas , more churches, gave her more bottles of medication, became unresponsive, only nodded & shook her head, the teacher told us about schizophrenia, this is what my sister had, medication she had been taking would never help her, it was destroying her, there was no cure (p13) ·         She had been through all rituals, church sermons, sangomas , pastors, nothing changed (p14) ·         villagers shouted insults at the 'thing’, it remained unknown to them, elders called it the devil's work & demons, none of them knew my sister, none of them cared (pg 15) ·         The medications and rituals did not work, my mother said, my sister needed to go see Nkuzi, Nkuzi was a sangoma, baked people like my sister, tie demon-possessed person and placed them on a fire (p17)  

i)        Father disappeared, family separation

·         Mother torn defeated, why God gave this thing to my sister and my father, father disappeared, it was a buried secret, left one day on a horse, never came back, it has been 20 years (p15)

·          mother replaced our father and us with Smellyfoot (p17)

j)        Nkuzi-sangoma

·         “baking” people like my sister, Fire from cow dung and firewood, Tie down demon-possessed person to zinc roofing, placed on fire, no one lived after that, I couldn’t let this happen to my sister, ran away from home

Ignorance results is suffering

The sick girl suffers more because of the people’s lack of knowledge rather than her condition. The incomprehension about schizophrenia makes the patient suffer since the perceived remedies only compound her situation.

“ This thing” ·        The patient's sister calls the disease “this thing” ·        It came out of nowhere like ghosts do ·        Her primitive solution is mumbling two short prayers to God and the ancestors (Pg10) ·        She hopes she could see the thing, with a view of stopping it ·        She deems it a monster with horns, spikes and an oversized head (Pg12) ·        Villagers shout insults at the “thing” – it remains   unknown to them ·        Elders erroneously refer to it as the devil’s work and demons   Sangomas and Pastors ·        The people put too much faith in sangomas and pastors ·        A sangoma comes to cleanse the blood-stained spot where the patient had bludgeoned her head (Pg12) ·        The girl is taken to more sangomas and more churches (Pg13) ·        Sangomas and pastors promise she would be healed within days (Pg14)   Medication ·        Apart from the visits to the sangomas and pastors, the patient is given many bottles of medication ·        This impuissant remedy makes her unresponsive ·        Her sister learns that she has schizophrenia – a condition without a cure ·        The medication would never help her – it is destroying her ·        Gets rid of the medication (Pg13) ·        She begins to recognise herself. The girls begin to communicate again (Pg14) ·        The medication does not work (Pg 17)   Rituals ·        Conduct rituals supposedly to cure the girl ·        She has been through all rituals and church sermons but nothing had changes ·        Sangomas and pastors promise she would be healed within days ·        The elders once triumphantly hail sangoma's healing – the meat, tobacco and matches left out for the ancestors was not there in the morning. We later learn they were stolen by thieves when the thing returns ·        The rituals involve men, women and children (Pg14) ·        Women stand gossiping about the girl ·        The patient’s face becomes emotionless ·        The girl's mother tells a visiting uncle that the medication and rituals do not work (Pg17)   Nkunzi ·        Mother plans to take the patient to Nkunzi, a sangoma from remote village, famous for “baking” people like the sick girl – claiming to cure them ·        He tied the demon-possessed person to a zinc roofing and placed it on a fire made from cow dung and wood ·        Claimed to be baking demons the demons – the patient would recover from the burns after a week ·        This callous procedure is potentially fatal (Pg17) ·        “I could not allow this to happen to my sister” ·        They run away from home

27 comments:

essays based on memories we lost

Thanks for the feedback.

Thank you for your great work

Welcome. Thanks for the feedback.

essays based on memories we lost

Very elaborate, it shows all the features of a good written work

Thanks for the feedback mwalimu.

I'm always looking forward to your analysis of these stories. They're quite helpful in teaching

Thanks for the feedback

Excellent work brother. Always looking forward to your works on literature

Thanks for the kind words brother.

I really appreciate and love your work Thank you so much God bless you mwalimu

Thanks for the warm message

I just love your works ..be it literature ,oral literature ...its amazing..it's really helping in my revision for KCSE.

Thanks for your feedback.

can you give an update on this question? "people with mental issues need love and support"

I will post a similiar question and answers soon.

Thank you so much Wekati for this guides I have benefited so much

Thanks for your comment

It is very clear...thanks for the good work

Excellent piece

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Memories We Lost and Other Stories Summary Notes

Memories We Lost and Other Stories is an anthology of short stories compiled by Chris Wanjala. It is an optional English Set Book in Kenya. The book features many literary works done by different Authors from different Countries across the World hence a wider setting.

The most featured work is ‘Memories We Lost’ by a South African Author, Lidudumalingani. The short story was nominated for and won The Caine Prize for African Fiction 2016. It is about challenges brought by mental illness to the victim and those around them. The mental illness is schizophrenia. Other issues it addresses superstition, ignorance, love, a few but to mention.

‘Memories We Lost’ is a biography. The life of a sister seen by a younger sister who acts as protector of her sister, whose serious mental health problems cause consternation in a South African village. The illnesses is first described as this thing that takes the narrator’s younger sister. Over time it robs the sister of the ability to speak and remember hence the title Memories We lost. The title is a reflection of loss and regret.

The narrator shows sisterly love and cares for the sick sister really well. They always played and worked together in all circumstances. Their mother too demonstrated love and she did whatever she can to have her daughter healed of “the thing”. Like any good mother, she had made many attempts to have the girl cured.. She had used herbs, modern medication, prayers and even consulted local medicine men – witchdoctors. An example is Nkunzi, a local man who employed traditional techniques to rid people of their demons. But the sick sister situation deteriorated as her care is entrusted to Nkunzi.The narrator opposed the practices of Nkunzi and for that sake the two decided to escape from their home village in the middle of the of one night.

The work is inspired by the writers real life experience. ‘Of Memories We Lost ’ he says, ‘I am fascinated by mental illnesses, and having seen my own extended relatives deal with it – a sort of ongoing journey – I was trying to find ways or invent ways that could help me write about how one family is dealing with it.’

Other works are:

1. ‘How Much Land Does Man Need’ By Leo Tolstoy. 2. ‘Light ’ By Lesley Nneka Arimah. 3. ‘My Father’s Head’ By Okwiri Oduor 4. ‘The umbrella Man’ By Sipphar Thagigoo

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MEMORIES WE LOST by Lidudumalingani Mqombofhi - Memories we Lost and Other Stories Study Guide

Next Topic » HOW MUCH LAND DOES MAN NEED by Leo Tolstoy - Memories we Lost and Other Stories Study Guide

About the Author

The setting, the narrator, the sick sister, effects of mental illness, mental illness, love and empathy, ignorance and superstition, use of symbolism, use of satire.

essays based on memories we lost

The author Lidudumalingani was born in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa in a village called Zikhovane.

Lidudumalingani is a writer, filmmaker and a photographer. He grew up herding cattle and moulding goats from clay and later grew fond of words and images.

He writes about music, art, culture and films for the Mail, Guardian and Africa is my country.

He has published in literature journals Chimurenga chronic and pufrock and the second short, sharp story collection Adults only.

He currently lives in Cape Town.

Memories we lost is a biography. The life of a sister seen by a younger sister.

The story is about mental illness and its effect.

It is first described as this thing that takes the narrator's younger sister. Over time it robs the sister of the ability to speak and remember hence the title Memories we lost. The title is a reflection of loss and regret.

The story is set in South Africa, indeed the author Lidudumalingani is a South African. A number of South African indigenous words are used in the story.

The story Memories we lost is about challenges brought by mental illness to the victim and those around them.

The mental illness is schizophrenia. It is a mental disorder characterized by many symptoms. It causes a breakdown in the relationship between thoughts, feelings and actions. There are many causes of the disease and hereditary is one of them. It's no wonder the disease runs in the narrator's family. The narrator's father was a scherophrene.

Events and actions in the story rotate around a sick sister. The sickness is terrifying and attacks without warning.

The narrator tells us that after the attack is over she would mumble a prayer and would embrace the sister for a long time. This suggests to the reader that the illness is horrific and painful. In one of these attacks the sick sister screams and disappears into, the night. All men and boys go out in search of her. The men or boys disoriented and peered shuffled in the dark and split into some groups as instructed by a man " Hours later they return but without the sister. It is the mother who returns the following day carrying the daughter.

In a different episode as the narrator is telling her sister a story, she is seized by an attack and knocks her head on the wall so much one so hard that she bleed profusely. An effort to shield her from doing this fails because of the abnormal strength that the sister has during an attack. The episode is so memorable to the mind of the narrator and says, "The smell of blood lingered after many sunsets had come; even after the rain had come "

The disease makes the sister violent and destructive. This is evident in a case where she flung a desk across a room smashing the glass window. In yet another moment of attack the ill sister pours hot porridge on the sister's chest causing her a lot of pain and harm. It is due to the disease that the narrator's sister drops out of school and cannot continue with her schooling 'This thing, this thing that took over her followed her to school and had to drop out ' This makes the narrator who loves the sister so much to absent himself from school. Eventually suffering the same fate The narrator spends much time with the sister playing eg drawing sketches. It is while narrator is in school that she learns about schizophrenia. She comes to understand that it is what the sister was suffering from. She further learns that there is not medication for the disease and has no cure. The medicine she was taking was of no help. The sisters secretly decide not to take the medicine anymore "The first thing my sister and I got rid of was her arsenal of medication "

Henceforth they buried all the herbs and the narrator demonstrated to the sister how to fake taking medication drinks.

Like any good mother, the mother has made many attempts to have the girl cured. She has used herbs, modern medication, prayers and even consulted.

The younger sister tries as much as possible to bring the sister to be her old self. In one such episode the sisters are playing in the rain. They are happy and the disease appears to have 'left' the sister " We jumped in the rain in that moment, my sister returned; she smiled and laughed. That day we began to form new childhood memories, filling the void left by one that had been wiped out "

The mother sees them in this state and she imagines that the disease was going to come again. She organizes for another ritual to cure the daughter. This time round she organizes for a Nkunzi (witchdoctor) from another village famous for baking people on a fire from cow dung and wood. The narrator is aware that effects of ritual is unknown as dangerous ritual and says "l had not heard anyone who had survived either " She could not allow this to happen to the sister. The both ran away to the unknown place. Just like the father before them the two sisters are escaping from their village and the people. The want to put enough distance between themselves and the home memories and secrets that stamp them as belonging to a family known for mental illness.

But at the end hope is on sight, for after walking the whole night they reached a town and a hospital in sight. They knowingly fifteen each other grip.

Characterization

She is a sister to the mentally ill sister. The narrator and the sister have no names because they symbolize or represent others like them who love and live with mentally ill relatives.

The narrator is loving or affectionate . She loves the mentally ill sister despite her state. This is unlike many families where the mentally ill have no one to take care of them. When the sister 'comes out' of an attack she is always there for her "The embraces I remember, were always tight and long as if she hoped the moment would last forever " There seem to be a very strong bond of love between the two sisters. 

The sibling's relation is loving and cordial. They even discuss their physical growth including the emergence of the sister's growth.

The narrator is curious inquisitive when she hears the mother and the uncle discussing the sister's illness in the morning she crouches near them to hear what they are saying. She is quite protective and protects the sister from the wrath of

Nkunzi a sangoma who 'bakes' patients with mental illness. They run away to another village. The narrator emphasizes with the sister. When called by an old aunt from the house, the narrator says, "we hugged tightly, my sister and I wiped each other's tears " She is inseparable from her sister, "the only way to have me turn away from her would be to cut us apart "

The narrator is courageous because she walks throughout the night with the sister alone in the villages as they are fleeing even with the dogs barking. She is religious and prayful. When the sister came out of an attack from mental attack she says "I stretched my arms out in all directions, mumbled two short prayers "

Most of the things we know about her are told by the sister.

She is mentally ill and because of this she is violent . She hauls a desk breaking the window in a class. She also violently harms herself by hitting her head against tree trump until she bleed. She pours hot porridge on her sister.

But she also loves and her relation to the sister is cordial and loving.

She is also secretive and emotional because she cries the whole night of the ritual but does not want the brother to know "...and she sunk her teeth in the pillow so that she would not cry.

She is determined . Her determination to have the daughter healed of the mental illness is admirable. She tries all forms of remedies including prayers, herbs, witchdoctors etc. We also see this determination when the daughter has a seize illness and runs away at night. All the men and boys return with the girl hopeless.

The mother comes far much later the following day after finding the daughter "...only returned home when the sun was up in the sky the next day, carrying my sister on her back.

She is a loving mother and her love is illustrated by the efforts she makes to make her daughter cured. She trys prayers, herbal medicine, modern medicine and witchcraft

She is paranoid fearful . On seeing her two daughters play in the rain she fears the disease might come back again, she calls the entire village for another ritual

There is only a mention of the father. He was a schizophrenia just like the daughter is but nobody mentions it. He left one day never to come back.

He was this mysterious and escapist because he was running away from the village and the people.

The author looks at mental illness and especially the effect on the victim and those living with a mentally ill person.

The mentally ill sister first loses her speech "The first thing that this took from us was speech " Pg 8. The sister is not coherent and speaks in a language that was unfamiliar, her words trembling as if trying to relay unthinkable revelations from the gods.

The disease has affected the thinking or the mental faulty of the sister in such a way that she cannot remember. Thus the disease takes away all her ability to remember "memories faded one after the other until our past was a blur"

Mental illness appears to have horrifying and dehumanizing effect on the victim. The attacks tear her apart so that when she regains herself she is totally different "Every time this nothing took her she returned altered, unrecognizable as if two people were trapped inside her.

The whole community is affected by mental illness. When the sister runs away due to the disease attack everybody is concerned and men.

The ritual to be performed by the Sangoma is attended by all the villagers showing it is a concern for everybody.

When the writer writes about mental illness the description is so vivid, It is as if you are right there with the victim. He describes this illnes, that the nameless protagonist calls this thing. Mental illness is a harrowing mindless and violent disease. It's not only the disease but the cure for the illness "The next day my sister would be taken to Nkunzi to be 'baked'. had heard of how Nkunzi baked people. He would make a fire from cow dung and wood and once the fire burnt red he would tie the demon possessed person into a section of the zinc rooting then place it on fire. He claimed to be baking the demons and that the person would recover from the burns a week later. I had not heard of anyone who died but I had not heard of anyone who lived either "The reader is saddened by the fate of those African countries who suffer fro mental illness, how they are caught in violent superstition.

The story brings out the reality in any African countries where ther are no facilities for the mentally ill. What serves as cure is often times cruel beyond telling of it. The mother does not understand why the same disease that afflicted her husband now afflicts her daughter. She doesn't know the disease is hereditary. People had come to believe that baking people from a fire by cow dung and wood would release them off demons. This leads death of patients rather than cure them "I had not heard of anyneo who had died but I had not heard of anyone who had lived either "

Memories we lost is a troubling piece depicting the great love between two siblings in a beautifully drawn landscape. Memories we lost is more than a story about mental illness. It between siblings who show great love and feeling toward other despite their faults. The narrator organizes for her and her sister to flee not only she cannot allow her sister to be 'baked' but helps her to run from the village to escape the embarrassment as shame of the ritual.

The elders refer to the disease as this thing and say it is the work of the devil and demons. Narrator says, "None of them knew my sister; none of them cared " The villagers are ignorant of the fact that the disease as a medical condition and should be treated as such.

Stylistic devices

The writer uses powerful images with the writings that are inspiring. The mental illness is not called by the name but this thing to show how embarrassed and shameful it is but also to portray ignorance of a community. The team returning from the search is described as 'morphed into defeated men' and 'their bodies slouched as if they had carried a heavy load 'to show the fatigue and frustration after the search from the sick girl. The modern building and a hospital that the narrator and the girl see after a sign of hope that finally the sister might be cured of her disease. After the sister hits her head on a tree continuously and she bleeds, the narrator says the bloodstain remained visible on the wall long after my mother scrubbed it off; long after she had applied three layers of mud and new water paint. The writer shows how horrible the incident was and that it will never be scrubbed in the narrator's memory.

The disease symbolizes a nation that once suffered schizophrenia of apartheid and just like the sister the country is trying to understand it and cure it. The nation is trying to understand and heal a national disorder. After the night's sleep, the sister will wake up once the sun is up and walk again to somewhere. This symbolizes a better South Africa.

Both the community and the religion are satirized for instead looking for a cure the community goes for medication that is very dangerous like calling the Nkunzi to 'bake' a living person. This endanger the girl more than cure her.

Religion is also satirized because even after much prayer it is providing a solution.

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essays based on memories we lost

Summary Notes of Memories We Lost and Other Stories

Memories we lost and other stories summary notes.

Memories We Lost and Other Stories is an anthology of short stories compiled by Chris Wanjala. It is an optional English Set Book in Kenya . The book features many literary works done by different Authors from different Countries across the World hence a wider setting.

The most featured work is ‘Memories We Lost’ by a South African Author, Lidudumalingani. The short story was nominated for and won The Caine Prize for African Fiction 2016. It is about challenges brought by mental illness to the victim and those around them. The mental illness is schizophrenia. Other issues it addresses superstition, ignorance, love, a few but to mention.

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‘Memories We Lost’ is a biography. The life of a sister seen by a younger sister who acts as protector of her sister, whose serious mental health problems cause consternation in a South African village. The illnesses is first described as this thing that takes the narrator’s younger sister. Over time it robs the sister of the ability to speak and remember hence the title Memories We lost. The title is a reflection of loss and regret.

The narrator shows sisterly love and cares for the sick sister really well. They always played and worked together in all circumstances. Their mother too demonstrated love and she did whatever she can to have her daughter healed of “the thing”. Like any good mother, she had made many attempts to have the girl cured.. She had used herbs, modern medication, prayers and even consulted local medicine men – witchdoctors. An example is Nkunzi, a local man who employed traditional techniques to rid people of their demons. But the sick sister situation deteriorated as her care is entrusted to Nkunzi.The narrator opposed the practices of Nkunzi and for that sake the two decided to escape from their home village in the middle of the of one night.

The work is inspired by the writers real life experience. ‘Of Memories We Lost ’ he says, ‘I am fascinated by mental illnesses, and having seen my own extended relatives deal with it – a sort of ongoing journey – I was trying to find ways or invent ways that could help me write about how one family is dealing with it.’

Other works are:

1. ‘How Much Land Does Man Need’ By Leo Tolstoy. 2. ‘Light ’ By Lesley Nneka Arimah. 3. ‘My Father’s Head’ By Okwiri Oduor 4. ‘The umbrella Man’ By Sipphar Thagigoo

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essays based on memories we lost

Explore African Literature

Book Reviews • Features

#CainePrize2016 | Ikhide Ikheloa Reviews Lidudumalingani’s Memories We Lost

by Ainehi Edoro

June 01, 2016

Hey Brittlers! Welcome to our 2016 Caine Prize Blog-a-thon. In the next two weeks, we will post reviews of the five stories shortlisted for the 17th edition of the Caine Prize for African Writing.

In just about a month, one of the five lucky shortlistees will take home the £10,000 prize. In the meantime, can we all talk about the shortlisted stories? We want to know what stories you liked or hated and why. We’d also love to know what you think these stories tell us about African literature more generally.

To get the conversation off to a productive start, we have assembled a team of five literary critics in the African literary community and asked them to jot down a few remarks about the stories.

Here to kick things off in grand style is the beloved Ikhide Ikheloa.

Scroll down to read his review of Lidudumalingani’s story. Enjoy and be sure to leave a comment!

caine-prize-v1

The 2016 Caine Prize shortlist is out, and it features five interesting stories from writers equally as interesting and eclectic. One of the writers is the South African, Lidudumalingani, a lovely mind born in the Transkei who seems to spend his days roaming the catacombs of South Africa, armed with nothing but his eyes and words, brilliant witness to what the streets see and do not see.

Google him. You will like his portraits. You will like his stories. Google him.

Who is Lidudumalingani? There is a great piece on Brittle Paper here on him and his great skills as a street photographer . He maintains a lively presence at the literary website Africa is a country . Enjoy him riffing on Fela , making you wish you were prancing around on the soccer fields of your childhood . But read this piece, The Art of Suspense , about that wondrous era of the radio when you listened to and imagined soccer through a radio. All his senses, literary and photogenic, come together before your eyes.

With “Memories We Lost ” Lidudumalingani is now smack in the klieg lights of literary history. Read this fascinating story about love and life in the gripping shadow of mental illness and marvel about how a writer can weave pretty and gripping portraits with powerful words. Lidudumalingani is a sensitive soul. His ability to conjure powerful images with just the written word is phenomenal, awe-inspiring even.

“Memories We Lost” is more than a story about mental illness. It is about love between siblings who dote upon each other—and love for the land that houses and nurtures their heart. It is about community. More importantly, it is an unapologetic and respectful portrayal of life in Lidudumalingani’s corner of Africa without a recourse to the pity party of poverty porn. When Lidudumalingani writes about mental illness, the description is so vivid. It is as if you were right there, as he describes this illness that the nameless protagonist calls “this thing.”

“Memories We Lost” is an affecting piece. The reader’s heart warms to the nameless sister as Lidudumalingani expertly sketches the blurred boundary between lunacy and creativity, the creative bleeding into the dark valley of lunacy: “She and I spent that week doing sketches. With a pencil she could sketch me onto the paper such that it appeared as if I was alive on the page, another me, more happy, less torn, existing elsewhere.”

Harrowing is the mindless violence of mental illness, but even more harrowing—and violent—is the community’s “cure” for the illness:

… the next day my sister would be taken to Nkunzi to be baked. This is what they did with people who heard voices or demons, as they called them; they baked them until the demons left them. What was even more terrible than the baking was that people had come to be convinced of it. I had heard of how Nkunzi baked people. He would make a fire from cow dung and wood, and once the fire burned red he would tie the demon-possessed person onto a section of zinc roofing then place it on the fire. He claimed to be baking the demons and that the person would recover from the burns a week later. I had not heard of anyone who had died but I had not heard of anyone who had lived either. I could not allow this to happen to my sister.

As you read “Memories We Lost,” you are taken by the simplicity, grace and power of Lidudumalingani’s prose. The sentences touch you in the heart shyly; aroused, the soul stirs—and smiles at distant memories. Lidudumalingani loves the land and the villages of South Africa come into sharp focus as you read. He knows the land of his ancestors, intimately:

I stared out into the landscape that began in my mother’s garden and stretched far beyond sight. The sun was setting behind the forest and dust was floating everywhere. Where the dust was dense, one could see it sway this way and that way as if in the middle of a dance. A sophisticated dance, the kind that, I imagined, happened in other worlds, very far from the village. The village was settling into repose. The cold summer air had begun to torment the villager’s bare legs and arms. Everything was in silhouette, including the horses that trotted across the veld, the cattle that lowered their heads to graze, and the water that flowed down the cliff. The mountains, ancient but nevertheless still standing, were casting giant shadows over the landscape. The shadows stretched so far from the mountain that they began to exist as if they were solid entities on their own.

These are my favorite lines:

Those without torches or candles walked on even though the next step in such darkness was possibly a plunge down a cliff. This was unlikely, it should be said, as most of them were born in the village, grew up there, got married there, had used that very same field as their toilet for all their lives, and had had in overlapping periods only left the village when they went to work for the white man in large cities. They had a blueprint of the village in their minds; its walking paths, its indentations, its rivers, its mountains, its holes where ghosts lived were imprinted in their blood.

I liked “Memories We Lost.” It is a good thing that the Caine Prize is for African writing , not literature, because, as with most of the entries on the shortlist, there is no serious attempt to provide the structures that are standard for fiction—things like plot, setting, character, conflict, etc., indeed sometimes, it comes across as mere reportage with hints of creative nonfiction.

However, what this piece lacks in orthodoxy and structure, it more than makes up for with innovative approaches to keeping the reader engaged. As Lidudumalingani plots the twists and turns of the story through the eruptions of this “thing” that torments the protagonist’s sister—and the clan—you learn about the sangoma (google it). The reader is saddened by the fate of those in African communities who suffer from mental illness—how they are caught in violent superstitious and an abusive void and subject to despair and crushing loss. This story chronicles the reality: in many African communities, there are no facilities for the mentally ill. What serves as cures is oftentimes cruel beyond the telling of it.

From my perspective, there is a quiet battle raging between Diaspora writers and writers in Africa. The Caine Prize seems to be a proxy for that tension. Of the five shortlisted writers, three live abroad. I respect and admire the works of both sides, and I thank the Caine Prize [for African Writing] for promoting the writing from both sides.

I was taken, however, by the freshness and sincerity of Lidudumalingani’s “Memories We Lost .”  The writing hearkens to a time of innocence, of the works of writers like Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Lenrie Peters, Camara Laye who sought to explain their rich and complex world with the English Language.

I will have a few things to say later about the 2016 Caine Prize shortlist (identity, purpose, etc.) on my blog ( here ), but for now, I salute the Caine Prize for exposing me to Lidudumalingani’s beautiful world. Who knew!

Read Lidudumalingani’s “Memories We Lost”  here.  We are eager to know what you think of the story. Do you think Lidudumalingani stands a chance of winning the 2016 Caine Prize for African Writing? 

About the Author:

Portrait - Ikhide

  • caine prize 2016
  • caine prize shortlist
  • ikhide ikheloa
  • Lidudumalingani

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COMMENTS ( 3 ) -

Bookforum talks with Lidudumalingani | Khanya Mtshali October 25, 2016 18:16

[…] like an extended monologue, with its lyricism and use of verse. The Nigerian critic Ikhide Ikheloa commented that some of the stories from the 2016 Caine Prize finalists read like “reportage with hints of […]

The first two stories – Once Upon A Time August 01, 2016 13:21

[…] Ikheloa, I. (2016, July 1). #CainePrize2016 | Ikhide Ikheloa reviews Lidudumalingani’s memories we lost. [Online document]. Retrieved from http://brittlepaper.com/2016/06/caineprize2016-ikhide-ikheloa-reviews-lidudumalinganis-memories-lost… […]

Emma Balch July 05, 2016 04:58

Hi Ainehi, would I be able to repost this review of 'Memories We Lost' on www.abookadayinhay.com please? It would be great to be able to link to Brittle Paper and the Caine Prize. Many thanks, Emma Balch

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Memories We Lost Guide [Kcse]

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Memories we lost and other stories guide.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Introduction page

Memories we lost. ……………………………………..1

How much land does mannee…………………….8

Light………………………………………………………..13

My Fathers Head.

The Umbrella Man……………………………………..24

The President……………………………………………31

Window Seat

Almost Home……………………………………………… 45

The Folded Leaf……………………………………………55

Hitting Budapest

Missing Out…………………………………………………68

No need to Lie

The Handsomest Drowned Man In the world. Stones Bounce On Water

SAMPLE ANSWERED QUESTIONS……………………………96

Click here to download whole MEMORIES WE LOST AND OTHER STORIES GUIDE

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COMMENTS

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    Enjoy free KCSE revision materials on imaginative compositions, essay questions and answers and comprehensive analysis (episodic approach) of the set books including Fathers of Nations by Paul B. Vitta, The Samaritan by John Lara, A Silent Song, An Artist of the Floating World by Kazuo Ishiguro and Parliament of Owls by Adipo Sidang'.

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    2. Describe the devastating effects that conflicts have on the innocent children and women in Mariatu Kamara's "The President" in "Memories we Lost and other stories". Conflitcs in society arise as a result of hatred and tribal animosity. This hatred and animosity among citizens leads to unrest and violence. Such violence and ...

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    1 Memories of Happiness and Accomplishments in My Life Essay grade: Poor 3 pages / 1435 words Throughout life, I have many memorable events. The unforgettable moments of my life vary from the worst moment of my life and some are the best because they become milestones to remember forever.

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    30 Great Memories Essay Writing Prompts My Childhood Memories Essay What was your favorite game with your siblings Can you recall a scary childhood memory? How was your first walking experience like Describe your first day in school experience What was your best childhood snack? Do you recall your first childhood friend? How did you meet?

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    These are comprehensive essays on the novel The Peal by John Steinbeck, the novel Blossoms of the Savanah by Henry Ole Kulet, the play A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen and the collection of short stories, Memories we Lost specifically the story Window Seat, How Much Land Does A Man Need, The Hansdomest Downed Man in the World, No Need to Lie, Fold...

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    · Milking the goat (P 15) · The escape (P 17) " Memories we Lost " is a story about the challenges of caring for a mentally challenged patient in the midst of ignorance and superstition. The story is told through the eyes of the patient's sister.

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  9. Memories We Lost and Other Stories Summary Notes

    'Memories We Lost' is a biography. The life of a sister seen by a younger sister who acts as protector of her sister, whose serious mental health problems cause consternation in a South African village. The illnesses is first described as this thing that takes the narrator's younger sister.

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  12. MEMORIES WE LOST by Lidudumalingani Mqombofhi

    Memories we lost is a biography. The life of a sister seen by a younger sister. The story is about mental illness and its effect. It is first described as this thing that takes the narrator's younger sister. Over time it robs the sister of the ability to speak and remember hence the title Memories we lost. The title is a reflection of loss and ...

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    Memories We Lost and Other Stories is an anthology of short stories compiled by Chris Wanjala. It is an optional English Set Book in Kenya. The book features many literary works done by different Authors from different Countries across the World hence a wider setting. The most featured work is 'Memories We Lost' by a South African Author ...

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    "Painful experiences need not lead one to hopelessness." With illustrations from the story, "Mr. President," by Mariatu Kamara, show the validity of this statements. 2) Memories we lost and other stories by Chris Wanjala. Courage in the face of adversity helps the narrator to overcome cancer.

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  16. #CainePrize2016

    As you read "Memories We Lost," you are taken by the simplicity, grace and power of Lidudumalingani's prose. The sentences touch you in the heart shyly; aroused, the soul stirs—and smiles at distant memories. Lidudumalingani loves the land and the villages of South Africa come into sharp focus as you read.

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    1 Comment Wanjala Chris, Memories we lost and other stories. Using Leila Aboulela's story "Missing Out", write an essay on how Majdy's stay in London alienates him from his people. "Majdy's stay in London alienates him fron his people" Read More 1 Comment 'In the short story, How Much Land Does Man Need, the author shows human greed'.

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  19. Memories We Lost by Lidudumalingani

    Lidudumalingani. 4.10. 51 ratings11 reviews. In Lidudumalingani's twelve-page tale of mental illness in the isolated village life of South Africa, siblings are violently afflicted by one's schizophrenia. In the wake of having yet another violent episode, the two decide to escape from their home village in the middle of the night. 12 pages, Audio.

  20. MEMORIES.pdf

    GENERAL ESSAY QUESTIONS ON Memories We Lost And Other Stories 1. Mariatu Kamara, The President a) "Painful experiences need not lead one to hopelessness." With illustrations from the story, "The President," by Mariatu Kamara, show the validity of this statements. b) "Civil wars have devastating consequences" validate with illustrations from Mariatu Kamara's "Mr. President" c ...

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    Sample set book essay question based on Memories we Lost (Light - Lesley Nneka Arimah) Distance between parents and their children can be an obstacle to effective parenting. With reference to Lesley Nneka Arimah's story, "Light", write an essay in support of this statement. ... Her mother attempts to correct her but much is lost in ...

  23. Bertrand Russell's philosophical views

    Russell's views on religion can be found in his book, Why I Am Not a Christian and Other Essays on Religion and Related Subjects. Its title essay was a talk given on 6 March 1927 at Battersea Town Hall, under the auspices of the South London Branch of the National Secular Society, UK, and published later that year as a pamphlet.