Essay on Onam

500+ words essay on onam.

Onam is the festival that brings together all communities in Kerela. On this day, religion , caste or creed is not of importance. One of the most popular festivals of India, people celebrate it with great zeal. Similarly, activities of this festival are famous all over India for their grand scale and delicious food. We will take a look at the various festivities and celebrations like Onam Pookalam and more.

onam

The Story Behind Onam

The harvest festival of Onam generally begins between August end and the start of September. In other words, during the Malayalam month of Chingam. We celebrate the festival to welcome the mythical King Mahabali.

It is believed that his spirit visits the state in the duration of Onam. The festival originates from the ancient times of Lord Vishnu. One day, he transformed himself into a dwarf Brahmin, Vamana.

In this avatar, he went to attend the Yaagam which King Mahabali was hosting. Thus, Vamana made a request for three feet of land. King Mahabali obliged for the same. However, then the dwarf started to grow bigger in size claiming the Earth and heaven.

As the dwarf covered the whole land, sparing nothing, King Mahabali made an offer of his own head to keep his word. However, he kept a condition that he would be allowed to visit people’s homes every year once. Thus, we celebrate it as King Mahabali’s homecoming.

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Festivities of Onam

People all over Kerala celebrate this festival for ten days. Each day of this festival carries unique importance. Thus, people celebrate each of them uniquely. The celebrations reflect the rich culture and history of Kerala. In other words, this festival is no less than a carnival of 10 days in the state.

The Onam dance is quite popular throughout the country. Some of the traditional ones that people perform are Kathakali, Pulikali/Kaduvakali, Kummatti Kali, Kaikotti Kali and more.

Similarly, the traditional snake boat race is also a major attraction during the festival. We refer to it as Vallamkali. There are 100 men on each boat who do the rowing. The race occurs at the River Pampa. Other popular races include Nehru Trophy Boat Race and the Uthrattathi Boat Race.

Another important aspect of this festival is the Onam Sadhya. It is basically a feast containing all types of vegetarian dishes. It is quite lavish and is served on the last day of the festival. A huge variety of dishes are prepared and people serve them on banana leaves.

Further, there is Onam Pookalam that is basically flower carpets. People make the flower decorations in front of their houses for welcoming King Mahabali.

All in all, Onam is a festival that unites all the people of Kerala. It is a festival that erases all the boundaries we have created. People celebrate it with joy and zeal and enjoy the days to the fullest each year.

FAQ of Essay on Onam

Question 1: Why do we celebrate Onam?

Answer 1: The harvest festival generally begins between August end and the start of September. In other words, during the Malayalam month of Chingam. We celebrate the festival to welcome the mythical King Mahabali.

Question 2: How do educational institutions celebrate Onam?

Answer 2: The educational institutions plan a lot of activities for this festival. Their aim is to make students familiar with the festival and culture. They conduct speeches, essays, flower decoration competitions making during the festival.

Question 3: What is Onam Pookalam ?

Answer 3: Pookalam is basically flower carpets. People make the flower decorations in front of their houses for welcoming King Mahabali.

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50, 100, 200, 250, 300, 350, & 500 Word Onam Essay in English

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Onam Short Essay in English

Onam, the vibrant harvest festival of Kerala, is a joyous occasion celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm. It marks King Mahabali’s homecoming, who visits his subjects at this time. The entire state comes alive with colorful decorations, traditional music, and dance performances. The air is filled with the aroma of delicious delicacies prepared with fresh ingredients like coconut, banana, and jackfruit. The highlight of Onam is the grand feast, known as Onam Sadhya. This is where a variety of mouthwatering vegetarian dishes are served on a banana leaf People of all ages dress up in traditional attire, and children indulge in various games and activities. Onam truly showcases the cultural richness and unity of Kerala.

Onam Essay in English 10 lines

Onam is a vibrant and joyous festival celebrated in Kerala. It is a ten-day harvest festival that brings together people of all ages and backgrounds. Onam is known for its grand celebrations, cultural performances, and traditional rituals. In this essay, we will explore ten lines describing Onam’s essence.

Onam is a time when Kerala becomes adorned with colorful decorations and floral arrangements. The streets come alive with festivities, and every home is beautifully decorated to welcome the beloved King Mahabali.

The festival commemorates the homecoming of King Mahabali, who visits Kerala during Onam to ensure the welfare and prosperity of his people. It is a time to honor him and cherish unity, equality, and benevolence.

One of the highlights of Onam is the intricate floral carpet known as “Pookalam” created using vibrant flower petals. It symbolizes the spirit of unity and harmony that resonates during the festival.

The captivating Snake Boat Race, known as “Vallamkali,” is a major attraction during Onam. Hundreds of rowers compete in long snake-shaped boats on serene backwaters, showcasing their strength, coordination, and traditional values.

Onam is incomplete without delicious traditional delicacies. The grand feast, known as “Onasadya,” is a lavish spread of vegetarian dishes served on a banana leaf. It is believed that King Mahabali visits every household during Onam to partake in this sumptuous meal.

Dance forms like Kathakali and Thiruvathirakali are integral parts of cultural performances during Onam. Kathakali, with its elaborate costumes and makeup, depicts mythical stories through dance and expressions. Thiruvathirakali, a graceful women’s dance, is performed in a circle around a lamp to celebrate womanhood.

Onam also witnesses various traditional games and sports competitions like Elephant Processions, Pulikkali (tiger dance), and Tug of War. These activities bring people closer, fostering camaraderie and enthusiasm.

The traditional attire worn during Onam is the stunning white and gold-bordered saree called “Kasavu.” Men wear a traditional dhoti called “Mundu,” paired with a shirt known as “Mundum Neriyathum.”

The festival is an opportunity for families and friends to come together, exchange gifts, and share joy and laughter. The celebrations create lasting memories and strengthen the bond between loved ones.

On the final day of Onam, people bid farewell to King Mahabali with a grand procession and spectacular fireworks display. It is a poignant moment as the people express their gratitude to the benevolent king for his visit.

In conclusion, Onam is not just a festival; it is a celebration of life, culture, and traditions. The ten-day extravaganza brings happiness, togetherness, and pride to Kerala. It serves as a reminder of age-old values that still hold significance in our modern lives. Onam truly showcases Kerala’s colorful cultural heritage.

5 Sentences About Onam in English

Onam is a vibrant and enchanting festival celebrated in Kerala, India. The festival marks the homecoming of King Mahabali and is celebrated with much fanfare and enthusiasm.

One of the most remarkable aspects of Onam is the grand feast known as Onam Sadya. This elaborate vegetarian meal is served on banana leaves and consists of numerous delicious dishes like avial, olan, and payasam. The Sadya is a true feast for the senses, with the aromatic blend of various spices and flavors tantalizing the taste buds.

Another integral part of Onam is the traditional dance Thiruvathira. This graceful dance form is performed by women in beautiful Kerala sarees. They move in a circular pattern, their hands gracefully swaying to the rhythm of traditional songs. The Thiruvathira dance showcases Kerala’s rich cultural heritage.

Onam is also known for its vibrant and colorful floral decorations, with intricately designed flower carpets called Pookalam adorning home entrances. These floral arrangements are made with a variety of flowers, meticulously arranged in striking patterns. Witnessing the creation of Pookalam is a sight to behold, as it involves immense creativity and skill.

The Vallam Kali, or boat race, is another highlight of Onam festivities. Hundreds of rowers gather to compete in various boat races, showcasing their strength and agility. The snake boat races, in particular, are a spectacle to behold as the long, snake-like boats glide swiftly through the waters, amidst cheers and encouragement from spectators.

In conclusion, Onam is a festival that celebrates Kerala’s rich cultural heritage and traditions. From the mouth-watering Onam Sadya to the graceful Thiruvathira dance, vibrant Pookalams, and thrilling boat races, every aspect of Onam is filled with beauty and excitement. It is a time of joy and unity, bringing together people from all walks of life to celebrate the spirit of togetherness and abundance.

Essay on Onam in 100 words

Onam is also famous for its boat races, known as Vallam Kali, held on Kerala’s grand backwaters. These boat races attract countless spectators who cheer on the teams as they row their boats with tremendous energy and enthusiasm.

Another prominent aspect of Onam is the delicious feast known as Onam Sadhya. It consists of a wide variety of vegetarian dishes served on banana leaves and is a treat for the taste buds.

Onam is a celebration of tradition, culture, and togetherness. It brings people from all walks of life together, fostering harmony and unity. The festival embodies Kerala’s rich heritage and leaves a lasting impression on anyone who experiences its grandeur.

Essay on Onam 250 words

Onam is one of the most awaited festivals celebrated with immense joy and enthusiasm in Kerala, India. It is a ten-day festival, filled with vibrant festivities and rich cultural traditions. Onam marks the return home of the mythical king Mahabali, whose reign was believed to be the golden period in Kerala’s history.

The festival starts with Atham, the first day of Chingam in the Malayalam calendar. Each day, different rituals and celebrations take place. The highlight of Onam is the grand parade known as Thiruvonam, held on the final day. The streets are filled with people dressed in traditional attire, carrying colorful umbrellas, and dancing to traditional instruments.

Pookalam arrangements are an essential part of Onam. Intricate designs from fresh flowers are created outside homes. The designs become bigger and more elaborate as the festival progresses. The aroma of different flowers fills the air, adding to the festive atmosphere.

Another significant element of Onam is the Onam Sadya, a grand feast served on banana leaves. It consists of a variety of dishes, including sambar, rasam, avial, olan, and payasam. People come together with their families and friends to enjoy this sumptuous meal, symbolizing unity and harmony.

Onam also showcases various cultural performances like Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, and Pulikali. Kathakali, a traditional dance drama, depicts mythological stories through intricate facial expressions and gestures. Mohiniyattam, a graceful dance form, is performed by women, while Pulikali involves men painted as tigers, enacting an intriguing performance.

Onam festivities create an atmosphere of joy and togetherness. People decorate their homes with flowers, exchange gifts, and indulge in traditional games and sports like Vallamkali (boat race) and Puli Kali (tiger play). Onam’s spirit extends beyond religious boundaries, bringing people from diverse backgrounds together.

Essay on Onam 300 words

Onam is a vibrant and joyous festival observance in Kerala, India. It is a ten-day harvest festival that falls in the Malayalam month of Chingam, which usually begins in August or September. Onam is the most celebrated and widely celebrated festival in Kerala, bringing people together to honor their rich cultural heritage and offer gratitude to bountiful nature.

The festival commemorates the legendary golden era of King Mahabali, who visits his people during this auspicious time. Onam’s main highlight is the grand feast, known as Onasadya, served on banana leaves. The feast usually includes traditional vegetarian dishes, curated with love and care. People dress up in their traditional attire called ‘kasavu mundu’ and women adorn their hair with flowers to enhance the overall festive ambiance.

Onam celebrations are incomplete without the famous dance form Thiruvathira Kali. Performed by women in a circle, this dance reflects unity and sisterhood. The graceful movements and synchronized clasps create a mesmerizing atmosphere filled with joy and devotion. Along with Thiruvathira Kali, Kathakali, a classical dance-drama, and Pulikali, a traditional folk art form, are also performed during the festival to showcase Kerala’s rich cultural heritage.

The ten-day festival is marked by various activities and competitions, including boat races, tiger dances, and rangoli making. The Vallamkali, or snake boat race, is a spectacular event where teams of men row traditional boats to the rhythm of drums. They cheer from spectators lining the riverbanks. The air is filled with excitement and energy as the boats compete against each other, displaying unity and teamwork.

Onam is not just about celebrations, food, and vibrant customs; it is also a time for introspection and self-reflection. People make their homes beautiful with floral decorations called pookalam, showcasing their creativity and artistic skills. The atmosphere is filled with joy, laughter, and the aroma of sweets and delicacies prepared in every household.

In conclusion, Onam is a cultural extravaganza that brings people closer and fills their hearts with happiness and gratitude. It is a time for feasting, dancing, and embracing Kerala’s rich cultural heritage. The spirit of unity, joy, and devotion that surrounds this festival is truly captivating and continues to enchant people year after year. Onam is a celebration of love, brotherhood, and harmony, and it reminds us all of the importance of cherishing our traditions and values.

Essay on Onam in 350 words

Onam, the vibrant festival of Kerala, holds a special place in its people’s hearts. Celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy, it marks the homecoming of King Mahabali, the mythical ruler who visits his subjects at this auspicious time. Onam is a grand spectacle of traditions, culture, and art, reflecting the state’s essence.

Onam preparation begins weeks in advance. Homes are cleaned and beautified with intricate floral decorations known as pookalams. These vibrant designs, made with colorful flowers, symbolize prosperity and welcome King Mahabali. The aroma of freshly cooked delicacies, mainly traditional Sadhya, fills the air. This sumptuous feast served on banana leaves consists of a variety of vegetarian dishes that tantalize the taste buds.

Onam highlights the Vallamkali, the snake boat race. Crowded with boat enthusiasts, the backwaters come alive as snake boats glide through the water, rowed by skilled oarsmen. The synchronized movement of the oars and the distinct rhythm of the boat songs create a captivating experience for spectators.

Cultural performances add charm to the festivities. Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, and Pulikali are some of the art forms showcased during Onam. Kathakali, a traditional dance-drama, depicts mythological stories through elaborate make-up and costumes. Mohiniyattam, a graceful dance form, enthralled the audience with its delicate movements. Pulikali, an unusual street dance, stands out with performers painted like tigers, showcasing their wild side.

Onam is a time when families come together and reunite. People dress in traditional attire and engage in various activities such as playing games, bursting fireworks, and participating in cultural competitions. The spirit of unity and harmony prevails as people join hands to celebrate the festival irrespective of caste, creed, or religion.

In conclusion, Onam is a kaleidoscope of festivities, traditions, and joy. It is a time when Kerala showcases its rich heritage and cultural diversity. The festival serves as a reminder of the values of love, unity, and prosperity in the hearts of its people. Onam is not just a celebration; it is a feeling that engulfs everyone in the magic of togetherness and creates memories to be cherished forever.

550 Onam Festival Essay for class 4th

Onam, the vibrant and joyous festival of Kerala, is celebrated by people of all ages and classes with heightened enthusiasm and zeal. It is a time when the entire state comes alive with vibrant colors, joyful songs, and mouth-watering feasts. The festival, which marks the homecoming of King Mahabali, is celebrated over ten days. During these days, people indulge in various activities, performances, and rituals that showcase Kerala’s rich cultural heritage. In this essay, we will explore the different aspects of Onam, focusing on its significance and the various traditions associated with it.

The first class of Onam celebrations is called Atham, which marks the beginning of the festival. On this day, people clean their homes and decorate them with beautiful flower arrangements known as Pookkalams. Kathakali performances and traditional music filled the air, creating an atmosphere of joy and anticipation. People also take part in traditional games, like Vallamkali (snake boat race) and tug of war, which adds excitement to the festival.

The second class of Onam celebrations is Chithira. During this time, preparations for the grand feast, known as Onasadya, begin in full swing. Traditional Malayali cuisine is a delight for the taste buds, with dishes like avial, olan, sambar, and payasam served. Every household prepares a sumptuous meal, which is a feast for the senses. It is also an expression of love and unity among family members.

The third class of Onam celebrations, called Chodhi, is when excitement peaks. The most notable event during this period is Puli Kali, a vibrant folk art form performed by trained artists. In this performance, men paint themselves as tigers and dance to traditional drums. The spectacle of these brightly-colored tigers prancing through the streets is truly a sight to behold. People also shop and buy stylish clothes, jewelry, and other items, adding to the festive spirit.

The fourth and final class of Onam celebrations is called Thiruvonam, which is the most important day of the festival. It is believed that on this day, King Mahabali visits his people’s homes, bringing prosperity and happiness. Families wake up early and participate in rituals like offering prayers, making floral carpets (Pookalam), and lighting lamps. Onasadya, the grand feast, is the highlight of the day. People gather with their loved ones to enjoy an elaborate meal, served on a traditional banana leaf. The Onasadya consists of 26 different dishes, including rice, curries, pickles, and desserts.

Onam is not only a festival but also a time for people to come together, forget their differences, and celebrate Kerala’s cultural unity. It embodies the spirit of love, harmony, and hospitality synonymous with the state. Whether it be the mesmerizing Kathakali performances, the thrilling Puli Kali, or the delicious Onasadya, Onam provides a feast for the senses. It uplifts the spirits of all who partake in its celebrations.

In conclusion, Onam is a festival that brings people together, showcases Kerala’s rich cultural heritage, and spreads joy and happiness in the hearts of everyone who participates. It is a time to pay homage to the famous King Mahabali and celebrate the abundance and prosperity he brought to the land. Onam truly captures the essence of Kerala, and its celebrations remind us of the state’s rich traditions and the importance of unity and love.

500 Onam Festival Essay for class 5th

Onam, the most vibrant and grand festival of the beautiful state of Kerala, is celebrated with immense joy and devotion by its people. It marks the homecoming of the legendary King Mahabali, who visits his subjects every year during this festival. Onam is a time of celebration with enthusiasm and merriment as Keralites engage in various traditional activities and decorations to celebrate this auspicious occasion.

Onam is about vibrant and colorful festivities across the state. One of the significant aspects of Onam is the intricate floral carpet called Pookalam. During the ten-day festival, households create stunning designs using flowers arranged in intricate patterns. The Pookalam is a symbol of prosperity and unity, as it brings together family members and neighbors to participate in its creation. The competition for the most mesmerizing Pookalam brings out people’s creative side, and the display of these beautiful designs fills the air with excitement and anticipation.

Onam also showcases Kerala’s rich cultural heritage through its traditional dance forms, such as Kathakali and Mohiniyattam. Classical dance performances, with their elaborate costumes and graceful movements, capture the audience and transport them into art and mythology. The rhythm of traditional percussion instruments, such as the Chenda and Maddalam, adds to the enchanting atmosphere. People from all walks of life come together to witness these performances, which depict epic tales and folklore passed down from generations.

Feasting is an integral part of Onam celebrations, as people indulge in lavish spreads of traditional delicacies. The grand feast, known as Onasadya, is served on banana leaves and consists of numerous vegetarian dishes. From mouth-watering aviyal to delectable payasam, the feast is a true feast for the senses. The harmony and unity that come with the shared meal reflect the spirit of Onam, where all barriers are broken and people come together in joyful celebration.

Another highlight of Onam is the thrilling boat race known as Vallamkali. This water sport takes place in Kerala’s backwaters, where beautifully decorated snake boats compete against each other. The synchronized rowing of the oarsmen, the cheers of the spectators, and the adrenaline rush as the boats speed along the water make this event a spectacle to behold. Snake boats symbolize the state’s rich maritime history and unity.

Onam is not just a festival, but a celebration of Kerala’s unique cultural identity and deep-rooted traditions. It brings together communities, families, and friends, fostering togetherness and harmony. The enthusiasm and participation of everyone during Onam exemplify Kerala’s inclusiveness and hospitality.

In conclusion, Onam is a festival that inspires joy and festivity in Keralite hearts. The grandness and splendor of the celebrations reflect the cultural richness and unity that define this vibrant state. From the mesmerizing Pookalams to the enchanting dance performances, from the sumptuous feast to the thrilling boat races, Onam truly captures the essence of Kerala’s traditions and heritage. It is a time of love, happiness, and goodwill, where Keralaans embrace their past and look forward to a prosperous future. Onam is a celebration that truly embodies Kerala’s spirit, making it an unforgettable experience for all who partake in its festivities

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  • Onam 2023: The Traditional Ways of Celebration

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What is the Onam 2023 Date?

The Onam festival celebration is famous in Kerala. During this time, Kerala is known for its happiness, excitement, and enjoyment among all the communities. It is an outcome of mythological reasons as well as old agrarian practices. The harvest festival of Kerala, also known as the festival of rain flowers, is a ten-day-long festival celebrated with enthusiasm. It is in the month of Chingam as per the Malayalam calendar, usually starting in mid-August and lasting until mid-September. 

In 2023, the Thiruvonam celebration will be on 29th August 2023 . In honour of King Mahabali, who visits Kerala at the time of Onam, the festival celebration takes place. During this time, Kerala opens up with an entirely new world of exotic taste, exquisite fragrances, and an enchanting display of beauty for tourists. The festivities and celebration at the festival lighten up the soul of individuals and make their body dance with exciting beats of music.

It is a harvest festival, and celebrations in Kerala include Sadhya, Thiruvathira Kali, Pookalam, Ona-thallus, Pulikali, Onavillu, and welcome songs for King Mahabali . The ten days of the festival represent a remarkable display of the culture and beauty of Kerala.

The prominent features of the festival are the intricate design of Pookalam, aromatic Onasadya , spectacular snake-boat race, and enticing folk dance.

Onam Celebrations in Kerala

The celebrations have a traditional touch to all the festivity and rituals. Here are some of the essential features of the festival:

Onam Pookalam

Flower beds and floral decorations are known as Pookalam. It is the first thing that comes to mind when talking about the legend of Mahabali and Onam. The traditional Pookalam consists of ten rings which indicate the ten-day rituals performed during Onam starting from Atham and ending on Thiruonam in the month of Chingam.

It stands as a sign of secularism. It symbolises the spirit of unity and teamwork as all the members of the family together complete it. Different kinds of beautiful flowers are used to complete the intricate design of Pookalam. The design starts on the day of Atham and ends on Thiruvonam, signifying the good old days during King Mahabali’s reign. 

The harvest festival of Kerala is celebrated with a colourful feast served on a banana leaf featuring over 25 dishes called “Onam Sadhya.” Onasadhya is a famous traditional meal of Kerala and is served on a banana leaf on the last day of the festival, Thiruonam. It means Onam food feast, which is a symbol of prosperity that existed during the rule of Mahabali. The people of Kerala try to ensure that their King Mahabali sees them with the grandest meal on this auspicious day. All the people across all regions in Kerala prepare grand Onasadhya on this day. 

The traditional food is served on a big, properly washed, green banana leaf with a Pappad on the left. Sarkaravaratti, banana wafers, salt, and fries are served on the right side of the pappad, next to which lies the ginger lime and mango pickles. Vegetarian items like pavakka, ullikitchadi, and kitchadi are placed next. Thoran is served after these items, and after the meal payasam is served as a dessert.

Snake Boat Races

Another important and prominent festivity is the ‘Snake Boat Race’ held in ‘Aranmula Parthasarathy Temple.’ The famous harvest festival of Kerala is celebrated in the month of Chingam, which is in August and September. It is the best time to visit Kerala and experience the traditions of the state. Kerala is full of magnificence during Onam. One can also enjoy the exotic taste of Onasadhya, participate in decorating Pookalam, and witness the true beauty of Kerala during this festival.

Similar to any other traditional and cultural event, this also includes a lot of dancing and singing associated with Onam celebrations. Pulikali, also known as Kaduvakali, is a beautiful folk art that is skillfully performed by well-trained dancers to amuse and entertain the people at the festival. The artists dance excitedly and perform the hunting moves with the beat of the musical instruments.

In Malayali, Pulikali means ‘play of the tigers.’ On the fourth day of Onam, known as Nalaam Onam, performers paint themselves as hunters and tigers with yellow, black, and red paints and dance to the sound of thrilling music like Thakil and Udukku. The theme of the performance is based on ‘tiger hunting.’ 

The dance is famous in the ‘Thrissur District’ of Kerala. The best place to witness the dance is ‘Swaraj Round,’ where Pulikali performing groups from the entire district gather to perform folk art. This humongous festival attracts a lot of attention from around the world during this season. 

Onam, the harvest festival of the state of Kerala, is famous for its culture and tradition. It attracts a lot of tourist attention during this period from across the world. The ten-day festival is famous for different cultural activities, including the Pookalam, Onasdhya, Pulikali, and the snake boat race. The traditional art forms attract people, and through these cultural festivities, the story of King Mahabali is narrated to the audience. The ten-day period is significant for the Malyali community not only in Kerala but all across the world.

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FAQs on Onam 2023: The Traditional Ways of Celebration

1. What is Onam Ashamsakal?

Onam Ashamsakal is people giving Onam wishes to each other. It is a way of saying “Happy Onam.”

2. What is the ritual of the Onam festival?

This festival has a lot of rituals, including folk dance, family gatherings, and, most importantly, snake boat races.

3. Onam is celebrated in which state

Onam is common in Kerala, but it is a secular festival celebrated, so it is celebrated all across the world.

4. When is Onam 2023?

In 2023, the Thiruvonam celebration will be on 29th August 2023.

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Essay on Onam 500+ Words

The Onam Festival is a time of joy and celebration in the beautiful state of Kerala, India. This grand harvest festival, marked by vibrant traditions and cultural significance, holds a special place in the hearts of Keralites. In this essay, we will explore the magnificence of Onam, providing evidence, examples, and expert opinions to illuminate why it is cherished by the people of Kerala.

The Essence of Onam

Onam is not just a festival; it is an expression of gratitude for a bountiful harvest. It marks the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali, who is believed to visit Kerala during this time to see the prosperity of his land.

The Ten-Day Celebration

Onam is not a one-day affair; it is a ten-day extravaganza. Each day has unique rituals and customs. From Atham, the first day, to Thiruonam, the grand finale, the festival crescendos into a jubilant culmination.

Pookalam: The Floral Art

One of the most captivating aspects of Onam is the creation of Pookalam, intricate floral carpets made by women. These stunning designs, filled with colorful flowers, adorn the courtyards of homes as a symbol of welcome.

Traditional Attire

During Onam, people adorn themselves in traditional Kerala attire. Women wear the elegant Kasavu saree, while men don the Mundu. This attire reflects the cultural richness of the festival.

Onasadya: The Grand Feast

The heart of Onam lies in the grand feast known as Onasadya. It’s a vegetarian delight comprising numerous dishes served on a banana leaf. Onasadya showcases Kerala’s culinary excellence.

Expert Opinions

Cultural historians like Dr. M.G.S. Narayanan emphasize Onam’s role in preserving Kerala’s traditions. They believe that the festival helps pass down cultural practices from one generation to the next.

Social Harmony

Onam is celebrated by people of all backgrounds in Kerala, transcending religious and cultural boundaries. It fosters a sense of unity and togetherness, exemplifying the spirit of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ (the world is one family).

Economic Impact

The festival also has a positive economic impact. It boosts tourism, as visitors from across the world come to witness the grandeur of Onam. This influx of tourists benefits local businesses and creates jobs.

The Spirit of Giving

Onam is a time for acts of kindness and charity. Many people use this occasion to help the less fortunate, promoting the values of sharing and caring.

Cultural Performances

Onam is filled with cultural performances, including traditional dances like Kathakali and Mohiniyattam, as well as music, drama, and boat races. These performances showcase Kerala’s artistic brilliance.

Conclusion of Essay on Onam

In conclusion, the Onam Festival is more than just a harvest celebration; it is a manifestation of Kerala’s rich cultural heritage and the spirit of its people. The festival’s essence lies in its traditions, rituals, and the warmth of its celebrations. Through Pookalam, traditional attire, Onasadya, and cultural performances, Onam encapsulates the beauty of Kerala’s culture. Moreover, its ability to bring people together, irrespective of their backgrounds, makes it a unique and cherished festival. As we continue to celebrate Onam, let us remember the values it represents: gratitude, unity, and the joy of sharing. Onam is not just a festival; it is a reflection of Kerala’s soul and a testament to the enduring spirit of its people.

Also Check: Simple Guide on How To Write An Essay

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Essay on Onam Festival

Students are often asked to write an essay on Onam Festival in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Onam Festival

Introduction.

Onam is a significant harvest festival celebrated in Kerala, India. This ten-day event is a colorful, joyous occasion.

Significance

Onam is believed to be the homecoming of King Mahabali, a benevolent demon king who is still loved by his people.

Celebrations

The festival is marked by feasts, boat races, flower decorations, and traditional dances.

Onam brings people together, regardless of religion or caste. It is a festival of unity, love, and respect.

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  • 10 Lines on Onam Festival

250 Words Essay on Onam Festival

Introduction to onam.

Onam, celebrated predominantly in the southern state of Kerala, India, is a vibrant and rich cultural festival. It marks the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali, whose reign was considered a golden era in Keralite history. The festival is a testament to the state’s agrarian past, coinciding with the harvest season.

The Significance of Onam

Onam is a celebration of unity, prosperity, and cultural heritage. It represents the egalitarian ethos of Kerala, as people from all walks of life, irrespective of their religion or class, participate in the festivities. It underlines the idea of an ideal society, where people lived harmoniously during King Mahabali’s reign.

Festivities and Rituals

The ten-day festival is marked by an array of activities. The most prominent among these is the ‘Pookalam,’ an intricate floral carpet designed and created in the front yard of every house. The ‘Onasadya,’ a grand feast served on banana leaves, featuring an array of traditional dishes, is another highlight. Cultural art forms like ‘Pulikali’ (tiger dance) and ‘Vallamkali’ (snake boat race) add to the festival’s vibrancy.

Onam and Modern Society

In the contemporary context, Onam has transcended geographical boundaries and is celebrated globally by Malayalee diaspora. It’s a time for family reunions, reminiscent of shared histories and collective memory. Moreover, Onam serves as a platform for cultural exchange, fostering a sense of unity and mutual respect.

In conclusion, Onam is a festival that embodies the spirit of harmony, equality, and prosperity. It is a celebration that transcends the barriers of religion and class, providing a glimpse into the rich cultural tapestry of Kerala. It is not just a festival, but a philosophy that emphasizes the values of an ideal society.

500 Words Essay on Onam Festival

Introduction to onam festival.

Onam is a vibrant and joyous festival celebrated predominantly in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is a harvest festival that marks the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali, whose reign was considered a golden era of prosperity, justice, and harmony. The festival, celebrated in the Malayalam month of Chingam (August-September), brings people from all walks of life together, transcending religious and social barriers.

Historical Significance of Onam

The history of Onam is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology. King Mahabali, a benevolent Asura king, was known for his righteousness and justice. His popularity threatened the Devas, leading Lord Vishnu to incarnate as Vamana, a dwarf Brahmin, to curb his powers. Vamana asked Mahabali for three paces of land, which the king readily agreed to. Suddenly, Vamana grew in size and covered the earth and the heavens in two paces. With nowhere else to go for the third pace, Mahabali offered his head. Touched by his humility, Lord Vishnu granted him a boon to visit his people once a year. This annual visit is celebrated as Onam.

The Ten-Day Celebration

Onam festivities span ten days, each with its unique customs and rituals. The first day, Atham, marks the start of the festival with a grand procession in Thripunithura, near Kochi. The ten days are filled with various activities such as Pookkalam (floral carpet) competitions, Snake Boat races, Pulikali (tiger dances), and Onathallu (martial arts).

Cultural Significance of Onam

Onam is a cultural extravaganza that showcases the rich heritage of Kerala. The festival is known for its sumptuous Onasadya, a nine-course meal consisting of 26 dishes, served on banana leaves. Traditional music and dance forms like Thiruvathira, Kathakali, and Mohiniyattam add color to the festivities. The festival also promotes social cohesion as people of all religions, castes, and communities come together to celebrate.

Onam in the Modern Context

In the contemporary world, Onam has taken on a global dimension. The festival is celebrated not only in Kerala but also by Malayali diaspora worldwide. It has become a significant cultural ambassador, promoting Kerala’s traditions and culture on a global stage.

Onam also has an economic aspect. It is a time for brisk business in Kerala as people indulge in shopping, home decorations, and gift-giving. The tourism sector also sees a surge during this period as ‘God’s Own Country’ transforms into a cultural spectacle.

Onam, with its all-encompassing spirit of unity, prosperity, and cultural richness, stands as a testament to the vibrant cultural fabric of India. It is a festival that beautifully blends mythology, history, social harmony, and cultural extravaganza. As we move towards a globalized world, festivals like Onam remind us of the importance of preserving and celebrating our unique cultural identities.

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Short Essay on Onam in English 100, 200, 300 & 500 Words PDF

Essay on onam festival.

Short and Long Essay on Onam Festival – The paragraph and essay on Onam have been written in simple English and easy words for children and students. This English Essay on Onam mentions about Onam festival, why Onam is celebrated? What is the story behind the celebration of Onam? Why everyone should know about it. Students are often asked to write essay on Onam in their schools and colleges. If you are also looking for the same, then we have given an essay and paragraph on the Onam topic in 100 – words, 200 – words, 300 – words, and 500 – words.

Short and Long Essay on Onam Festival

Essay – (100 words).

Onam is a festival of joy celebrated in Kerala. People decorate their houses with flowers and rangoli to welcome Lord Mahabali. During Onam people celebrate this festival with unity and remove their boundaries of caste, and religious biases.

Celebrate this festival with various activities which include music, dance, boat races, Kummatti Kali, Kathakali, Katikatti Kali, etc., elephant parade, and drum beats, winners are awarded prizes.

During Onam celebrations, large quantities of traditional food are cooked by communities and served to people on banana leaves. People enjoy the festival and all the activities to the fullest. Onam festival is celebrated with great joy and happiness by the communities of Kerala.

Essay – (200 Words)

Onam is a celebration of joy that brings together all communities in Kerala. It is one of the most popular festivals in South India. People celebrate it with great enthusiasm. Caste and religion have no importance on this day.

Onam is a harvest festival that generally begins between late August and early September. It starts during the Malayalam month of Chingam, this festival is also celebrated to welcome the mythological king Mahabali. It is believed that on this day King Mahabali returns home.

People all over Kerala celebrate the Onam festival for ten days and each day holds a unique significance. This festival reflects the history and rich culture of Kerala.

During the Onam festival, people perform traditional dances which include Kathakali, Pulikali/Kaduvakali, Kummatti Kali, Kaikoti Kali, etc. There is Onam Pookkalam which is basically made from flowers. People decorate flowers in front of their houses to welcome King Mahabali.

Onam is a festival that creates a feeling of unity among all the people of Kerala. It is a festival that erases all the boundaries created by the society. People celebrate it with great joy and enthusiasm and enjoy every day of this festival to the fullest.

Essay – (300 Words)

Introduction

Onam is a popular festival in South India which is celebrated in Kerala. It is one of the most famous festivals in Kerala. This festival is celebrated in the month of August or September according to the modern calendar. This festival is celebrated together by all the communities of Kerala.

During the Onam festival, the people of Kerala forget their caste, religion, color, and discrimination and enjoy this festival together in unity.

Purpose of Celebration

This festival is celebrated by the people of Kerala to welcome King Mahabali. It is believed that King Mahabali is the God for the people of Kerala and comes back on this day and blesses the people of Kerala. They decorate their houses and doors with flowers to welcome the king so that King Mahabali happily blesses them.

Onam is also celebrated as a harvest festival and this festival falls in late August and early September every year.

Way to Celebrate Onam Festival

This festival is celebrated for ten days during which people of Kerala organize various activities and games. In this festival, dance songs, games, and worship are organized with great joy and gaiety.

Activities such as games like boat races are played and prizes are given to the winner. The first and last days of Onam are very important. Delicious food is cooked on the first day to welcome Onam and various activities are done to conclude the festival.

Onaml is a festival of unity which unites all the communities of Kerala. It is a festival that erases all the boundaries of discrimination, caste, religion, and color from the hearts of the people of Kerala. This festival is celebrated with great joy every year.

Essay – (500 Words)

Onam festival, celebrated for ten days is considered to be the most important festival of Kerala. Onam festival is associated with King Mahabali and harvest. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout Kerala. The festival is celebrated at the beginning of Chingam, the first month of the Malayalam calendar, and lasts for ten days.

Ten Days of Onam Festival

This festival lasts for ten days. Each day is celebrated with its own ceremonies and customs. It begins with a spectacular procession on the first day, Atham, at Tripunithura near Kochi, with snake boat races, Pookkalam (flower carpet) competitions, Pulikali (tiger dance), and Onathallu (martial arts) activities scheduled for ten days.

It is believed that on the first day of the festival, King Mahabali prepares to travel to Kerala from the underworld. Preparations to celebrate the Onam festival begin on this day.

On the second day of the Onam festival, the Pookkalam gets two more layers of yellow and orange flowers. Malayalees from all over the world visit the temples of Chithira.

The third day is Chodhi, on this day four to five different varieties of flowers are made in Pookkalam.

On the fourth day, people start preparing for Onasadya by furnishing their houses with the first harvest of the season and preparing a variety of dishes.

The fifth day is Anizham when preparations for the boat race begin.

On the sixth day of the festival, people shift to different areas and celebrate with their loved ones. They also give and receive gifts to each other.

Seventh Day

On this day the Pookkalam becomes bigger and as per the mythology Mahabali is invited to visit every residence.

The eighth day is Purnadam, on this day idols of Mahabali and Vaman are placed in the house.

On this day, festive preparations are at their peak, and as per tradition, King Mahabali arrives in Kerala.

This is the last day of the festival when people wear new clothes and folk music and dance will be presented in many districts of Kerala.

Modern Onam

In modern times, Onam has gained worldwide importance. It is celebrated by Malayalees not only in Kerala but all over the world. Onam festival represents the culture and traditions of Kerala internationally. During Onam, people buy things, decorate their homes, and distribute gifts. The tourism industry grows during this festival.

Onam festival is famous for its culture and tradition. This festival attracts the attention of tourists from all over the world. This ten-day festival is famous for its various cultural activities, including Onasadhya, Pookalam, Pulikali, and snake boat races. The story of King Mahabali is told to the audience through these cultural festivals by organizing traditional arts. This festival is important for the Malayali community not only in Kerala but all over the world.

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Onam festival essay

Onam Festival Essay – Onam Essay in English for Students

Are you looking for an Onam festival essay in English, few lines on Onam, or want to write a letter to a friend about Onam, you are in the right place.

Onam festival essay

India is a country with many colourful festivals that occur throughout the year. Festivals are always a great subject for essays at school. Be it Ganesh Chaturthi Essay or Janamashtami Essay, Independence Day Essay or an Onam festival essay . Are you looking for information to write your Onam essay in English ? Then you are in the right place, read on to know all about Onam and how it is celebrated.

Table of Contents

Onam festival essay

If you are looking for an Onam Festival essay, you can choose from the below option. So whether you are looking for a short paragraph on Onam Festival, or want to write a letter to a friend about Onam in English, you will find what you are looking for here.

  • Onam Festival essay – Short version
  • Onam Festival essay – Longer version
  • Few lines on Onam

Short essay on Onam Festival of Kerala/Short Essay on Onam in 150 Words

Onam Festival Essay-Pookkalam

Onam is a grand festival celebrated in the state of Kerala in India. It is a festival that is spread over 10 days. The festival is celebrated in honour of the King Mahabali, also known as Bali. Bali was given a boon by the God Vishnu according to which his spirit could visit his kingdom once in a year. Hence it is believed that the king visits his kingdom which is the region of Kerala every year during Onam.

Onam is celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm by Malayalees not only in Kerala but across the world. Some of the highlights of Onam are boat races called Vallam Kali, dances by people dressed as tigers known as Pulikali, beautiful decorations with flowers which is called Pookkalam. One of the important aspects of Onam is the Onam Sadya. This is a feast of many vegetarian dishes served on a banana leaf.

Onam Festival essay – Long Version/Onam Festival – Celebration, Essay, Story, History

Onam Festival Essay-Pulikali

Onam is one of the many important festivals that are celebrated in India. It is a harvest festival that is celebrated in the southern state of India, Kerala. Onam falls in the Chingam month of the Malayalam calendar which is usually in the month of August-September.

Onam is a festival that is associated with God Vishnu as well as King Mahabali. The origin of Onam is related to Hindu mythology. King Mahabali or Bali was the grandson of Prahalad and was a powerful King who even defeated the Devas or Gods, and ruled over the three worlds. The defeated Devas approached Lord Vishnu for his help.

Vishnu assumed the form of a dwarf brahmin, Vamana, and went to King Mahabali. At that time King Mahabali was performing a Yajna to celebrated his victory. He had declared that he would donate anything to Brahmins on that day. Vamana asked him for just the land that he could cover with three paces. King Mahabali agreed to this strange request.

Vamana immediately assumed a huge form and with only two paces covered all of the lands that King Mahabali ruled over. There was no place for the third pace. King Mahabali by then had realized that Vamana was none other than Vishnu, and asked him to take the last pace and keep his foot on his head. Vishnu did so, and also gave him a boon that his spirit would visit his kingdom once a year. Onam is the celebration of the annual visit of King Mahabali. Lord Vishnu is also worshipped during Onam.

Onam celebrations stretch over 10 days. On the last day, a feast is prepared with many items served on a banana leaf. this feast is famous as Onasadya or Onam Sadya. The feast consists of rice and different varieties of curries, Payasam, and sweet dishes like Appam and others.

The celebrations of Onam involve many rituals and events. Some of the important events are Vallam Kali which is a boat racing competition, Pulikali which are dances by men dressed as tigers. Another important feature of Onam is Pookkalam in which houses and temples are decorated with beautiful decorations with flowers. Other celebrations include dances by women, events like Tug of War, mask dance, and musical performances.

The Onam festival is an important religious and cultural event of Kerala. It is not only celebrated by Hindus in Kerala, but by people of other religions also.

10 Lines on Onam in English

  • One of my favourite festival Onam is celebrated in the state of Kerala
  • Onam festival is celebrated in August-September, in the month of Chingam according to Malayalam calendar
  • Onam is celebrated by Malayalees in Kerala and all over the world
  • Onam is a Hindu festival, but it is also celebrated by Christians in Kerala as it is a part of the state’s culture
  • Onam is also celebrated as a harvest festival
  • Onam is an annual celebration which is dedicated to the King Mahabali
  • It is believed that every year the spirit of King Mahabali or Bali visits Kerala during Onam
  • Onam is celebrated for 10 days in Kerala
  • Celebrations during Onam include Boat race known as Vallam Kali and tiger dance known as Pulikali
  • One of the highlights of Onam is the Onam Sadya which is a vegetarian feast served as lunch with many dishes

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Essay on Onam Festival for Students in English [500+ Words]

January 2, 2021 by Sandeep

Essay on Onam Festival: Onam is the famous festival of South India, which is celebrated for ten days long in Kerala. The festival celebrates the legendary king Mahabali. The main attraction of Onam is boat races, dance forms & folk songs. It is a heart-warming & enjoyable festival, especially among Malayalees.

Essay on Onam Festival 500 Words in English

Below we have provided Onam festival Essay in English, suitable for class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.

Onam is one of the most famous festivals of Kerala. People irrespective of their religion, age, or community celebrate Onam with a lot of zest and enthusiasm. The celebration of this colourful festival has been going on for quite long, and it continues even in this modern era. The word Onam originated from the Sanskrit word Shravanam. This word implies one of the twenty-seven constellations (Nakshatra). There are some other words for this festival like Thiru-Onam or Thiruvonam. Thiru refers to something related to Lord Vishnu, and Thiruvonam refers to the Nakshatra of Lord Vishnu. Onam is usually celebrated at the end of August and the beginning of September. According to the Malayalam calendar, this month is known at Chingam. This annual harvest festival lasts for as long as ten days. These ten days serve to be the most delightful days for the people in Kerala.

Major Attractions of Onam Festival

The ten days of Onam is similar to a carnival. To witness these enthusiastic celebrations, tourists (both domestic and foreign) line up in Kerala. Some of the best features of the celebrations have been mentioned below:

  • Pookalam: This refers to a colourful and complex design which is made by using different kinds of flowers. It is usually made in front of the gate of your house. With the progression of the days of Onam, a new layer of flowers gets added to the Pookalam
  • Onam Dance: Out of all the highlighted features of Onam, the folk dance stands out the most. Performed by women, these dance forms are certainly the major attraction of the festival. Some of the traditional dances include Kathakali, Pulikali, Kaikotti Kali, and Thumbi Thullal.
  • Onam Sadhya: This is the lavish feast which is prepared on the tenth day of the festival. This grand meal consists of a variety of vegetarian dishes. It is mostly served on a banana leaf. Households prepare at least nine to eleven dishes for Onam Sadhya. Temples and restaurants can have as many as thirty dishes for the same.
  • Vallamkali Boat Race: This is the traditional snake boat race that serves to be the most fun event of Onam. This race takes place in river Pampa. Each boat is decorated beautifully and contains about a hundred men. People from all around the state come to the spot and witness this remarkable race.
  • Elephant Procession: This is one of the most awaited events of the celebration of Onam. Elephants are decorated with flowers and other precious metals. These majestic creatures are adorned with gold. The procession starts in Thrissur where they are made to take a whole round. Their small gestures entertain the crowd.

Why is Onam Celebrated?

There is a story behind the celebration of this great festival. Onam marks the homecoming of King Mahabali. Ancient history references mention that Lord Vishnu disguised as a dwarf Brahmin (Vamana). He then attended a Yaagam arranged by the King. The King had promised to fulfil all the wishes of the people who were present in the Yaagam. Hearing this, Vamana declared his wish. He wanted to place three footsteps on the land and own those areas. Mahabali agreed to his wish. Suddenly Vamana grew to be a giant. With just two footsteps, he claimed both Earth and heaven.

As there was no more land left for him, Mahabali sacrificed something to protect his promise. The great King offered his head for the piece of land. However, he had one condition. He wished to return to his home and be welcomed by his people once every year. It is believed that Mahabali rules the underworld (Paatal). Every year, he visits his subjects and blesses them. The ten days of festivities imply the time taken for him to travel back and forth between the two realms. Hence, Onam is celebrated with a lot of extravaganzas to welcome the much revered King.

Ten Days of Onam Festival

Each day of this festival has its significance. These ten days are both unique in their names and the way they are celebrated. Here we have mentioned a few points on the same:

  • Atham: This is the auspicious first day of Onam. King Mahabali starts preparing for his journey to the Earth. People start designing Pookalam with bright yellow flowers. Idols of Vamana and Mahabali are placed in every household.
  • Chithira: This is the second day of the celebration. People start cleaning their houses. And another layer of flowers is added to the Pookalam.
  • Chodhi: Designs in the Pookalam get increased on this day. People also go for shopping.
  • Vishakam: This is the day filled with a lot of activities. Numerous competitions are organized on this day of the Onam celebration.
  • Anizham: The Vallamkali boat race starts in different parts of Kerala.
  • Thriketa: By this sixth day, all educational institutes are closed. People start to devote more time to the celebration. They visit each other’s homes in the get-together.
  • Moolam: This day is all about glee and joy. At many places, Onam Sadhya and other dance programs are organized. By this time, the entire state gets decorated and looks beautiful.
  • Pooradam: Devotees prepare the clay idols of Vamana and Mahabali. These idols are then installed in the center of the Pookalam.
  • Uthradam: This is the ninth day of Onam, and it holds a lot of value. Fresh vegetables are bought, and traditional meals are prepared using these items. It is believed Mahabali reaches the land of Kerala on this day.
  • Thiruvonam: The big day of this entire festival leads to the peak of celebrations. People wake up early and visit the temples. Special prayer sessions go on every temple on this final day. Several gifts get distributed. The special meal of Onam, Thiruona Sadya, is enjoyed by everyone.

EssayBanyan.com – Collections of Essay for Students of all Class in English

Essay on Onam Festival

Kerala is a famous state situated in the southern part of India. It captivates hearts with its breath taking beauty, making it a paradise for tourists. The beautiful state has many things that attract people towards it. However, the beauty of Kerala can truly be experienced during the world-renowned Onam festival, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor. Onam is a vibrant celebration of Kerala’s rich cultural heritage, showcasing the colorful traditions, art forms, and culinary delights of the state. To know more about this famous festival, let us discuss Onam festival in detail.

Onam Festival Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Onam in English for students underword limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful forstudents of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will also be helpful for students to write essay, speech, or paragraphs on this topic.

10 Lines Essay on Onam Festival (100-120 Words)

1) Onam is a harvest festival celebrated in the state of Kerala, India.

2) It is considered the most important festival for Malayalis, the native people of Kerala.

3) Onam falls during the Malayalam month of Chingam, usually in August or September.

4) The festival lasts for ten days and is marked by various festivities and activities.

5) The highlight of Onam is the elaborate feast known as the Onam Sadhya.

6) People decorate their homes by arranging colorful flower petals in beautiful patterns.

7) Onam is a festival that honours Mahabali’s return to his homeland.

8) Various games and sports competitions are organized during Onam.

9) Traditional songs and dances are performed during the celebrations.

10) Onam is a time when families come together and celebrate the cultural events.

Essay on Onam (250-300 Words)

Introduction

Onam is one of the most vibrant and colorful festivals celebrated in the South Indian state of Kerala. It is a harvest festival that falls in the Malayalam month of Chingam (August-September) and is celebrated with great zest and fervor by the people of Kerala.

Onam Celebration

The ten-day long celebration of Onam is marked by various cultural events and traditional activities. The most prominent feature of the festival is the grand floral carpet called Pookkalam, which is created using a variety of flowers. People also indulge in traditional dance forms likeThiruvathira Kali and Pulikali.The festival also includes boat races known as Vallamkali, where beautifully decorated boats compete against each other in various categories. Another important aspect of Onam is the elaborate feast known as Onam sadhya. This feast consists of a variety of vegetarian dishes served on a banana leaf.

Significance of Onam

Onam holds great cultural and historical significance for the people of Kerala. It is celebrated to honor the mythical King Mahabali, who was believed to be a generous ruler. Onam is also a time for families to come together and celebrate. It is a time of reunion and bonding with loved ones. Onam is also a time for forgiveness and letting go of past grievances. It is a festival that promotes love, harmony, and unity among the people of Kerala.

Conclusion Onam is a joyous festival that brings together people from various communities and backgrounds. The festival teaches us the values of love, generosity, and unity, which are essential for a harmonious society. Onam truly embodies the spirit of Kerala and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal.

Long Essay on Onam Festival (500 Words)

Every month in India is marked by a different festival. Festivals are an important part of India’s rich cultural history, and Onam is one of them. Onam is a festival in Kerala that gets people from all over the state together. Kerala has a very rich culture and past, and the celebrations show that. Onam is a time when people indulge in festivities, feasts, and cultural activities.

Onam: The festival of Joy

Onam is a harvest festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy by the people of Kerala.It is a ten-day festival that usually falls in the month of August or September. The festival marks the return of King Mahabali, a mythical king who is believed to have ruled Kerala in ancient times.Atham, Chithira, Vishakam, Anizham, Thriketa, Moolam, Pooradam, Uthradom, and Thiruvonam are the names given to each of the 10 days that make up the festival.

Onam Celebration and Festivities

Onam is celebrated for ten day and festival begins with the installation of a floral decoration called ‘Athapookalam’ in the entrance of homes. Another highlight of Onam is the snake boat race called ‘Vallamkali.’ Thousands of spectators gather along the banks of the river to witness this thrilling race.The traditional feast called ‘Onam sadhya’ is prepared, which consists of a wide variety of vegetarian dishes served on a banana leaf.People in Kerala assume that their Mahabali king would come to this event and make everyone happy and joyful. On this day, people in Kerala forget their caste, religion, and come together to enjoy this festival.

History behind Onam Festival

Onam is believed to be celebrated in honor of King Mahabali, who was known for his generosity. The king was a legendary ruler of Kerala, and his people were happy with his rule. But his success made the gods angry, so they sent Lord Vishnu to Earth to take care of the problem.Lord Vishnu went to Mahabali in the form of a brahmin man and asked for three feet of land. Mahabali, being the kind master that he is, let him have what he wanted. Lord Vishnu then made himself so big that he covered the whole world with one foot, and he put the other foot in the sky.Then he asked Mahabali where his third step should go, and Mahabali gave him his head. Then, Lord Vishnu kicked Mahabali into hell. There, Mahabali asked him to let him see his people once a year. This annual visit is celebrated as Onam, where people decorate their homes, prepare elaborate feasts, and perform traditional dances to welcome their beloved king.

Onam is a festival that brings people together and strengthens the sense of community and cultural identity among the people of Kerala. It is a time to celebrate the rich cultural heritage of the state and pay homage to their beloved king Mahabali. Even though the Malayalees only celebrate Onam once a year, the joy they feel throughout the holiday always stays with them.

I hope the above provided essay on Onam will be helpful for you to understand the significance and rituals of this important festival.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Onam Festival

Ans. The national festival of Kerala is Onam. This harvest festival is celebrated with great joy and excitement by the people of Kerala. It is a ten-day festival that commemorates the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali.

Ans. Onam Pookalam, also known as Athapookalam or floral carpet, is a traditional and significant art form created during the festival of Onam in the Indian state of Kerala. Pookalam is made by arranging colourful flowers and foliage in beautiful and intricate designs on the ground.

Ans. During rice harvest, Onam is celebrated in Kerala. This festival is celebrated to welcome their demon king Mahabali. It is marked by various cultural events, dance performances, boat races, and feasts.

Ans. The famous boat racing during the Onam festival takes place in Aranmula on the banks of the river Pampa. Races employ Palliyodam, which are snake boats, exclusively navigated by male villagers.

Ans. In India, Onam is listed as an optional holiday. Although some individuals may decide to take the day off, the majority of offices and businesses operate as usual. However, in Kerala, Onam is a holiday for few days.

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How To Write An Essay On Onam Festival For Kids

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Key Points to Remember When Writing An Essay on Onam Festival For Lower Primary Classes

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Just like Diwali, Eid, and Christmas, people celebrate several festivals across India. India has rich and diverse cultures and traditions followed by people of various parts of the country. Children will come across the names of some of these festivals like Pongal, Onam, and Ugadi, which are commonly celebrated in South India. Whether it is someone in the neighbourhood who celebrates the festivals with gusto, or some classmates who belong to the culture, children might know about many of these festivals through community interactions. However, since some festivals are celebrated only regionally, not all children would know about Onam and its significance. However, as we live in a culturally diverse country, it is important to be aware of and appreciate all the traditions that are followed throughout the country. Teachers often ask children to write an essay on various festivals. Onam is one such important festival. Let’s help your child write an essay on Onam in English.

To help your child learn to write creatively would require some preparation and guidance. A few things to remember when writing an essay on Onam are listed below:

  • Discuss the importance of celebrating festivals.
  • List down some interesting facts about the Onam.
  • Discuss how the festival is celebrated.
  • Write a conclusion about the significance of the festival.

Children in lower primary classes are required to write just a few lines on Onam as a topic. To help kids write an essay for classes 1 and 2, follow the below sample as a guideline that will make writing about the subject a breeze.

  • Onam is a major festival celebrated in Kerala in August or September.
  • People celebrate the festival to remember the generosity and prosperity of King Mahabali.
  • According to mythology, Mahabali was a loved and revered king in Kerala due to his courage, character and leadership. In his kingdom, all were happy and leading a good life. To test his character, Lord Vishnu took the avatar of a tiny Brahmin and approached Mahabali and asked for three yards of land. He further demanded that he wanted only those pieces of land that can be covered with his footsteps. Mahabali sincerely agreed to this. Much to everyone’s surprise, the tiny brahmin grew his body to a galactic size. After that, he took one step and covered the entire earth. He took another step and covered the entire sky. Mahabali recognised the power of Lord Vishnu and bowed before him, offering himself for Vishnu’s third step. As Lord Vishnu stepped on Mahabali’s head, he attained Moksha. 
  • Mahabali requested the Lords to let him return to his homeland once every year. This homecoming of the great King Mahabali is celebrated annually as Onam.
  • The celebration of Onam is in the first month of Chingam as per the Malayalam calendar.
  • It is also a harvest festival and people celebrate it by enjoying a great feast.
  • People decorate their houses with flowers for Onam and make rangoli.
  • The festival is a celebration of ten days, with the first and the last day being very special.
  • Women perform a traditional folk dance called Kaikotikali.
  • Onam is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Kerala and is a beautiful festival.

Children in classes 1 and 2 will have to write a paragraph about the given topic. The below template could help as a good guide:

Onam is a festival celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm in Kerala. This festival is celebrated in August and September every year. The festival signifies the annual homecoming of the great ruler King Mahabali to his homeland to celebrate his kingdom’s prosperity. The king had attained Moksha from Lord Vishnu when visited the king in the form of a tiny Brahmin to test his character, but the king requested the Lord to let him return to his homeland once every year. This is the legend behind Onam. The months of August and September are also a period of harvest in Kerala. Thus, people from the state celebrate Onam to thank the Lord for the abundance of crops. People make rangolis with flowers and perform their traditional dance in colourful attires. Onam is a bright and colourful festival.

An essay for classes 1, 2 and 3 would require students to write elaborately on a topic, streamline their thoughts into a structure, and put them in words engagingly. If you wish to guide your child to write a paragraph in 150-200 words on Onam, go through the template below:

Onam is a grand festival in the Malayalam and Malayalee culture. The festival is a 10-day celebration with many cultural activities like KaikotiKalli, Pulikali, Kummatikali, boat races and tug of war across Kerala. The festival is celebrated in August and September to mark the homecoming of King Mahabali to revisit his prosperous homeland. King Mahabali received Moksha from Lord Vishnu when he visited the kind in the avatar of a tiny Brahmin. Happy with his strong character and generosity, the Lord granted him the request of letting him return to his homeland once every year. It is this event that is celebrated as Onam in Kerala. The most interesting part of the Onam festival is the grand feast that is prepared. This elaborate meal, called Sadya, is served on a plantain leaf. People also decorate their courtyards with rangolis made from flowers. The festival’s first and last days are the most important. Onam is also known as the harvest festival as crops grow in abundance during this month. A host of colours and traditions, Onam is a unique festival celebrated once a year in Kerala with enthusiasm.

For writing a long essay, children need to cover many thoughts and ideas along with factually accurate details to make a good composition which is fun to read. Here is a sample that may help your child:

Onam is an important festival celebrated in Kerala. The festival has a lot of significance in the Malayali culture and an interesting legend behind the celebrations.

History And Significance Of Onam

Onam is a festival that celebrates the homecoming of King Mahabali. He was known for his generosity and strong character. He was very proud of his acquisitions and the prosperity of his kingdom. Lord Vishnu visited his court in the form of a tiny Brahmin. The tiny Brahmin asked the king for three pieces of land that his feet could cover. Seeing the tiny form, the king immediately agreed to this request. It was then that the Lord expanded his form to large proportions. With his first step, he covered the entire Earth; with the second step, he covered the whole sky. When he had no more space left for his third step, King Mahabali recognised the power of the Lord, stepped down and bowed below the Lord, offering his own head for Lord Vishnu’s third step. The great ruler attained Moksha and asked permission to visit his kingdom once a year to enjoy looking at the country’s prosperity. To celebrate this homecoming of King Mahabali, people celebrate Onam. In some parts of Kerala, some people dress up as King Mahabali to help children understand the festival’s significance. Kerala comes alive during the festival of Onam with celebrations spreading over ten days and families enjoying elaborate meals, making rangolis with flowers, and other festivities like dance, races, and cultural events all over the state. 

The 10 Days Of Onam

Onam is celebrated for over ten days with cultural programmes, dance performances and floral arrangements like rangoli. Below are the main festival traditions:

  • Day 1 – Atham:  On this day, people take an early bath, offer prayers and make rangoli with flowers called pookalam in front of their homes to welcome the king.
  • Day 2 – Chithira:  On the second day, people add two more layers of orange and yellow flowers to the pookalam
  • Day 3 – Chodhi:  People add another layer of flowers, and buy new clothes and jewellery.
  • Day 4 – Vishakam:  This day marks the beginning of the feast called Onam Sadhya. A traditional nine-course meal comprising 11-26 items is served on a banana leaf.
  • Day 5 – Anizham:  The traditional snake race called Vallamkali is held on this day.
  • Day 6 – Thriketa:  People migrated to other places to visit their ancestral homes.
  • Day 7 – Moolam:  Families visit each other, and Pulikali takes place.
  • Day 8 – Pooradam:  People add fresh flowers to the pookalam and exchange gifts.
  • Day 9 – Uthradam:  Celebrations peak on this day as King Mahabali arrives
  • Day 10 – Thiruvonam:  On the last day, people make rangolis on the entrances of their homes with rice batter, and people light fireworks in the evening.

Major Attractions And Festivities

Onam celebrations are like a carnival spread over days. Some major attractions and festivities celebrate togetherness apart from the religious ceremonies. A few festivals are:

  • Pookalam:  Rangoli is made with flowers by laying down ten flowers. With time, people have started adding more flowers, too.
  • Dance:  Pulikali, Kathakali, and Kaikotikali are some popular dances performed by men and women.
  • Onam Sadhya:  A lavish feast is prepared and served on a plantain leaf. People prepare more than 20 dishes with the harvest of the year.
  • Vallamkali Boat Race:  A traditional race is organised in the river Pampa. Boats are decorated and rowed by hundreds of men.
  • Elephant Procession:  Elephants are decorated with flowers and ornaments and paraded in temples.

A composition on Onam will teach your child about the unique culture of Kerala and the importance of one of the ten avatars of Vishnu. The Lord took this avatar to tell people to remain grounded and not let their success ride in their heads.

1. What is Pookalam?

Pookalam is a rangoli with flowers made to welcome King Mahabali with a riot of colours.

2. What Message Does Onam Festival Give?

The festival marks the celebration of a glorious past and teaches us that to realise a dream, we need to put in the effort. Giving, loving, sharing and celebrating together is the essence of Onam.

Children will love creative writing if it is streamlined and taught to them with the proper guidance. We hope these samples help your child in their essay-writing assignment.

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Onam 2021: From preparation to plating, some interesting facts about Onam sadya

Onam 2021: sadyas are traditional banquets in kerala. food is cooked in giant urlis and served on a banana leaf..

Onam 2021: Onam is a grand celebration of the seasonal harvest and on this day the elaborate feasts play a major role in the festivities. Chef Ranveer Brar is a true aficionado of food, culture and the stories that come with great meals and most recently the renowned celebrity chef took to his Instagram feed and shared his experience of his most enjoyable experience of indulging in Onam sadya in Kochi. Sharing an image of the vibrant and mouth-watering meal to his feed, the chef shared his experience with the delectable festive meal, writing, "I recall this amazing Onasadya I had in Kochi some years ago. Sadyas are traditional banquets in Kerala. Food is cooked in Giant urlis and served on a banana leaf."

Sadya(Chef Ranveer Brar)

Sharing some of the interesting protocols associated with the meal, the chef wrote, "The banana leaf is placed so that its narrow part always points to the left side. Sadya is served from the top left corner of the leaf, on which is placed, in order, a small yellow banana, sarkara upperi (shakkar paras) and papad."

Continuing, "Then the mango pickle, injipuli (a thick ginger tamarind curry), lime pickle, thoran, olan, avial, pachadi, kichadi, Erissery (a pumpkin chori bean combination like no other) and salt are placed in order."

He went on to add, "Being a texture and contrast lover I was super intrigued by the combination of payasam and crushed papad (Apallam) -an amazing combination because it gives you the sweet and salty balance (and it soaks up the milk so that you can eat payasam with your fingers just like the pros)."

The chef also shared a little bit of 'gyaan' sharing, "Almost all our festivals accompany change of seasons and hence a change of produce. All our traditional festive fare is based food being essential to how we feel & having a certain effect on our mind and body, whether it’s the gajak and til laddu for Lohri, to warm our body or the Thandai in Holi to cool it down, food is meant to sync the change outside with what’s happening inside us."

He summed up the 'gyaan' sharing that we must eat seasonal food and also local produce as the festive season may lead to a very healthy phase in our lives. He concluded with Onam wishes and, "Eat traditional because that’s what will sync with you. Try and remember what your grandmother used to cook as special festive dishes, dig out those “well-being” recipes this festive season, cook them (and please share them with me)."

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Paragraph on Onam

The southern part of India is rich in culture and tradition. Among all other states, Kerala is known for its backwater and the grand celebration of the Onam festival. Image of Boat race, Elephant procession, and beautiful Kathakali faces depict the colorful festival of Onam. For a better understanding of readers, we have created some of the important paragraphs on Onam. Kindly read it as per your need.

Short and Long Paragraphs on Onam

Paragraph 1 – 100 words.

Onam is the popular festival of Kerala. It is also denoted as the harvest festival of Kerala. Malayalee communities celebrate it with zeal. Onam is a ten-day-long festival. As per the Malayalam calendar, Onam is celebrated at the beginning of Chingam month. According to the Gregorian calendar, Onam is celebrated in the month of August-September.

It is believed that during the fest of Onam the King Mahabali’s Holy Spirit is lives in Kerala. Onam celebration is one of the grand celebrations of Kerala. People decorate their homes with flowers and draw Rangoli with flowers and rice flour. They cook various traditional Kerala dishes, visit temples, and wish each other.

Paragraph 2 – 120 Words

Onam is celebrated with zeal in Kerala. As per the Mythological stories, King Mahabali was the most respected King of Kerala and he was famous for his generous behavior towards his kingdom. His legacy was spread everywhere slowly gods became jealous of his glory. The gods requested Lord Vishnu to visit King Mahabali.

Lord Vishnu took a Vaman (Dwarf) form and visited the King, asked him for 3 feet of Land. His first step covered the whole earth, second covered the skies. In the third step, Lord Vishnu placed his last step on the king’s head and take him to the netherworld. Then, King Mahabali requested Lord Vishnu to allow him to visit his kingdom once a year from the netherworld. Thus, people believe that King Mahabali visits once in the year in Kerala. They celebrate it as Onam.

Paragraph on Onam

Paragraph 3 – 150 Words

Onam is one of the foremost popular festivals of Kerala. In 1960, Kerala state government declared it as the state festival of Kerala. All Malayalee communities of Kerala celebrate this fest. Cultural unity and harmony are seen in Onam. Regardless of caste, creed, religion, and community, all Malayalee community celebrates Onam with the same enthusiasm. People organize Onam Parties and Cultural events at their homes and public places.

People put new clothes and purchase sweets for celebrating Onam. They dedicate the celebrations of this fest to their respected King Mahabali. The Onam feast is called “Sadhya”. Folk Songs, Traditional Kerala Dance, Sports, Boat Race, Elephants procession are the part of Onam celebrations. At some places, people organize short plays and skits and portray the Story of King Mahabali and Lord Vishnu.

Boat race or Vallam Kali is the state-level competition of Kerala. People from various places come to participate in the Boat race. Famous political figures also join and cheer the participants.

Paragraph 4 – 200 Words

Onam is widely celebrated by Malayalee communities. The traditional culture of Kerala is reflected in the Onam festival. The decorative Elephant procession, Cultural song, Dance of Kerala, Rangoli decoration, and Boat race competition are the major attraction of this fest. In schools and colleges, Cultural competitions are organized along with energetic sports competitions.

Students and teachers also take part in traditional Onam-based competitions. People remind their beloved King Mahabali. Young girls wear traditional Kerala Saree and visit neighbors. The happy faces can be seen everywhere in Kerala on the fest of Onam. King Mahabali is remembered for bringing prosperity and happiness to Kerala. As per mythological facts, it is said that on the eve of Onam King Mahabali come to Kerala and bless people.

Onam is celebrated for ten days in Kerala. People enjoy the fest with great joy. Entire Kerala involves in the festive activities. Here are the ten days of Onam: Atham, Chithira, Chodhi, Vishakam, Anizham, Thriketa, Moolam, Pooradam, Uthradam, and Thiruvonam. The first day of Onam is celebrated with a grand event. People wear traditional Kerala dresses and cook Payasam and other Kerala traditional sweets. Floral decoration can be seen everywhere in Kerala.

Paragraph 5 – 250 Words

Onam is the auspicious festival of Malayalee communities. During this fest, the entire Kerala can be seen in festive mode. Kerala is rich in culture, the religious diversity of the state can be seen unite in this festival. Onam is celebrated in the loving memory of King Mahabali. It is believed that during this festival the King visits Kerala and offers blessings.

In Trichur, the Elephant procession is taken out. Displays of fireworks are one of the major attractions of this festival. The Trikkakkara temple is beautifully decorated and a huge crowd collects on the eve of Onam. The Kathakali Dancers wear gorgeous costumes and portray the tales of legends. In Kovavalai a fair is organized. People narrate folk tales and organize traditional events.

Onam is one of the colorful festivals, people celebrate it with joy. The glory of King Mahabali is portrayed in the fest. People clean their home decorates it with flowers and draw Rangoli at the entrance of their homes.

Temples are decorated with flowers, flags, and Rangoli. Traditional Kerala Payasam is also cooked as Prasadam and in the household too. The best part of the fest is the communal harmony showed in the fest, people irrespective of their age, religion, caste, creed, gender celebrate the fest.

It is said that When King Mahabali ruled over Kerala it was considered as the golden period of Kerala. The floral decorations are said as the homecoming of King Mahabali. Rangoli at the entrance of the homes symbolizes the welcome of their beloved King Mahabali.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Ans. In the state of Kerala, the Onam festival is celebrated.

Ans. In the year 1960, the government of India declared Onam as a state festival.

Ans. The name of the feast offered in the festival of Onam is ‘sandhya’.

Ans. Onam is a ten-day-long harvest festival of Kerala which is celebrated in the month of August-September.

Ans. Boat Race is a famous festival done on Onam.

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Onam — The Harvest Festival

Home / Non Fiction for Kids / Features for Kids / Onam — The Harvest Festival

Bindu Mishra

The harvest festival of Kerala, Onam, falls on Shravan day in the month of August or September. After a lush harvest, Onam is the time for the farmers to celebrate the bounties of nature and make merry. Like most festivals of India, Onam too has a legend associated with it.

The story goes: A long time ago an Asura king named Mahabali ruled Kerala. He was dearly loved by his subjects and was known to be a just and wise ruler. His popularity soon spread far and wide. Mahabali, however, incurred the wrath of the gods when, besides earth, he extended his rule to the heavens and the nether world. Indra, the king of gods, did not appreciate the growing power of the asura king. The gods approached Lord Vishnu the preserver in the Hindu trinity — to help them out of the situation and to curb the growing power of the asura king. Lord Vishnu in the guise of Vamana (a brahmin dwarf) approached Mahabali for alms. Now Mahabali was a very generous man. He told Vamana to ask for anything. The Vamana asked for three paces of land and the king agreed to it.

Immediately the Vamana increased his size, till he grew as big as the universe. And with one step he covered the earth. With the second step he covered the heaven and the nether world. He did not have any land to place the third step. Mahabali, who was a man of principles, offered his head as the third step. And the Vamana placed the third step on Mahabali’s head and sent him to nether world. However before placing the final step, Mahabali was granted a boon. Mahabali was allowed to return to his country once a year and visit his people. And Onam is the day when Mahabali comes to visit his people. In memory of the happy days of Mahabali’s rule, a grateful Kerala celebrates his annual home-coming with all the pomp and grandeur it can command.

The glory of those ancient times is recaptured in a popular folk song, which is sung all over Kerala:

When Mahabali ruled the land Everyone was equal Happily they lived Danger befell none There was no falsehood, or fraud And no untruth

Onam basically celebrates the mythical king Mahabali, his golden rule and his sacrifice. It welcomes the spirit of King Mahabali and assures him that his people are happy and wish him well.

Ten days of feasting, boat races, songs and dance are part of the festivities. Pookalam or floral decoration at the entrance of each house marks each day. Earthen mounds, which look like square pyramids, representing Mahabali and Vishnu are also placed in the dung-plastered courtyards. After traditional prayers and worship, the head of the household presents new clothes to the family and friends. This is followed by a lavish feast.

Dancing and sports also takes precedence this week. Certain dances like Kaikotikalli, are traditionally associated with Onam. Caparisoned elephants in spectacular procession, fireworks are also an integral part of the festivities. The Vallamkalli or the boat race is another event that is synonymous with Onam and is best seen at Aranmulla and Kottayam. About 100 oarsmen row huge and graceful snake boats and men and women come from far and near to watch the snake boats skim through the water.

This festival is also important because of its secular character. It is celebrated with equal fervour by the Hindus, Muslims and Christians.

586 words | 6 minutes Readability: Grade 8 ( 13-14 year old children ) Based on Flesch–Kincaid readability scores

Filed under: features Tags: #snakes , #festivals , #harvest , #kerala

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Essay on Onam 2023

Essay on Onam 2023 | Essay on Onam Festival

Table of Contents

Essay About Onam festival in English

Essay on Onam 2023

Introduction

Onam is a captivating and lively festival celebrated with great zeal in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It holds immense cultural and historical significance, making it one of the most cherished festivals in the region. The festival marks the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali and showcases the rich cultural heritage of Kerala. The festivities last for ten days, during which the entire state comes alive with vibrant colors , traditional dances, melodious music, boat races, and sumptuous feasts.

Mythological Background

King Mahabali

The origins of Onam can be traced back to a fascinating mythological tale. According to legend, Kerala was once ruled by King Mahabali, who was known for his benevolence and generosity. His reign was marked by prosperity, harmony, and equality. However, the gods became envious of his power and sought to humble him. Lord Vishnu took the form of a dwarf Brahmin named Vamana and approached Mahabali. Vamana requested three steps of land, and the king, true to his nature, granted the request. To everyone’s surprise, Vamana grew into a colossal figure and covered the entire universe with his first two steps. For the third step, Mahabali offered his head, and Vamana placed his foot on it, banishing the king to the netherworld. However, recognizing Mahabali’s virtuous nature, Vamana granted him the privilege of visiting his people in Kerala once a year during Onam, thus symbolizing the king’s homecoming and the people’s reverence for him.

Duration and Celebrations

Onam is a ten-day-long festival filled with festivities and merriment. The celebration typically takes place in the months of August or September, coinciding with the Malayalam month of Chingam. Each day of Onam has its own significance and unique traditions. The festival commences with Atham, the first day, when people begin the preparations for the grand celebrations. As the days progress, the excitement builds up, and the entire state becomes immersed in the spirit of Onam. Homes are adorned with intricate flower rangolis called pookalams, made with vibrant flowers like marigold and jasmine. The fragrance of these floral designs permeates the air, creating a joyous and festive atmosphere.

People dress in new clothes, mostly traditional attire like the kasavu saree for women and the mundu for men, adding to the visual splendor of the festivities. Special prayers and rituals are performed at temples, and people visit their loved ones to exchange greetings and gifts. Cultural programs, music concerts, and dance performances are organized throughout Kerala to showcase the state’s artistic heritage. The streets come alive with processions, featuring traditional music bands, folk dances, and stunning displays of traditional art forms like Kathakali and Mohiniyattam. The evenings are filled with the melodious beats of drums, as people gather for cultural events and performances. The grand finale of Onam is Thiruvonam, the most important day, when families gather to offer prayers, indulge in the grand feast known as Onam Sadya, and engage in various recreational activities.

Traditional Dances and Music

Onam is synonymous with vibrant dances and enchanting music, which play a significant role in expressing the cultural heritage of Kerala. One of the most popular traditional dance forms performed during Onam is Thiruvathirakali. It is a graceful dance performed by groups of women in a circular formation, showcasing synchronized movements and elegant hand gestures. The dancers, dressed in traditional attire, adorn themselves with exquisite jewelry and sing melodious songs that narrate stories of love and devotion.

Another prominent dance form during Onam is Kathakali, a classical dance-drama that combines intricate footwork, facial expressions, and elaborate costumes. Kathakali performances portray mythical tales and epics, captivating the audience with their visual splendor and dramatic storytelling. The music accompanying these dances is equally mesmerizing. The sound of the flute, the rhythmic beats of the mridangam (a percussion instrument), and the chiming of cymbals create a harmonious symphony that adds to the festive ambiance of Onam.

Boat Races (Vallamkali)

The boat races, also known as Vallamkali , are among the most thrilling and eagerly anticipated events during Onam. These races are a testament to Kerala’s strong bond with its backwaters and waterways. The highlight of Vallam kali is the snake boat race, where long and sleek boats called snake boats or Chundan Vallams compete against each other. Each boat accommodates over a hundred rowers, who paddle in perfect synchronization to the rhythm of the boat song or Vanchipattu. The sight of these magnificent boats gliding through the water, propelled by the synchronized efforts of rowers, is truly awe-inspiring. Thousands of spectators gather along the riverbanks to witness this exhilarating spectacle and cheer for their favorite teams. The atmosphere is electrifying, with the cheers and shouts of the audience reverberating through the air. The boat races not only display the spirit of competition but also serve as a symbol of Kerala’s rich maritime heritage and the unity and teamwork of its people.

Onam Sadya (Feast)

Onam Sadya (Feast)

No description of Onam is complete without mentioning the grand feast known as Onam Sadya. It is a vegetarian banquet served on fresh banana leaves and is an integral part of the festival. The Sadya consists of a wide array of dishes, meticulously prepared with traditional ingredients and spices. The feast typically includes a variety of mouth-watering delicacies such as avial (a mixed vegetable dish), olan (a curry made with ash gourd and coconut milk), sambar (a lentil-based soup), rasam (a tangy soup), and thoran (a stir-fried vegetable dish). These dishes are served along with rice and accompanied by an assortment of pickles, papadam (crispy lentil wafers), and curd (yogurt). To end the feast on a sweet note, a delectable assortment of desserts, including payasam (a sweet pudding), is served. The Onam Sadya is not only a culinary delight but also a symbol of unity, as people from all walks of life come together to relish the traditional flavors and bond over food.

Other Activities and Games

In addition to the traditional dances, boat races, and feasts, Onam brings forth a host of other activities and games that add to the festive spirit. These activities cater to people of all ages, ensuring that everyone can actively participate and enjoy the celebrations. For children, there are various competitions such as tug-of-war, sack races, and running races organized in schools and local communities.

Cultural programs and talent shows provide a platform for individuals to showcase their artistic abilities. Traditional games like Uriyadi, where blindfolded participants attempt to break a suspended pot filled with goodies, and Kummattikali, a mask dance performed by artists wearing colorful and intricately designed masks, bring joy and excitement to the festival. Furthermore, Puli Kali, also known as the Tiger Dance, is a unique and entertaining activity during Onam. Artists paint themselves as tigers, wearing elaborate costumes and masks, and perform lively dance routines that captivate the audience. These activities and games create an atmosphere of fun and camaraderie, fostering a sense of unity and togetherness among the participants.

Pulikali (Tiger Dance)

Pulikali, or the Tiger Dance, is an enthralling and distinct dance form that adds a vibrant touch to the Onam festivities. It is a folk art form performed by trained artists, who dress up as tigers in bright and vivid colors. The performers paint their bodies to resemble tigers, complete with intricate designs and patterns. They wear traditional tiger masks and adorn themselves with colorful and eye-catching costumes. The dance movements of Pulikali imitate the agile and playful nature of tigers, with performers showcasing their energy, flexibility, and acrobatic skills. The rhythmic beats of traditional percussion instruments like chenda (a cylindrical drum) and thakil (cymbals) set the tempo for the dance. Pulikali performances are a visual treat, with the performers leaping, prancing, and playfully interacting with the audience. The lively and spirited atmosphere created by Pulikali is contagious, spreading joy and laughter among both participants and spectators alike. The Tiger Dance is a unique tradition that not only entertains but also highlights the cultural richness and artistic talents of Kerala.

In conclusion, Onam is a festival that encapsulates the essence of Kerala’s vibrant culture and heritage. The ten-day extravaganza is filled with a myriad of festivities that bring people together, fostering a sense of unity and celebration. The mythological background of King Mahabali’s homecoming adds a touch of mysticism to the festival, symbolizing the deep-rooted respect and reverence the people of Kerala hold for their beloved king. The colorful traditional dances, soul-stirring music, exhilarating boat races, and mouth-watering feasts create an atmosphere of joy, excitement, and togetherness. Onam is a time when Kerala showcases its artistic talents, with various cultural programs and performances highlighting the state’s rich artistic heritage.

The activities and games organized during Onam provide an opportunity for people of all ages to actively participate and revel in the festivities. Whether it’s the captivating Tiger Dance or the camaraderie found in traditional games and competitions, Onam brings forth a sense of merriment and enjoyment. As the festival draws to a close, the memories and experiences shared during Onam leave an indelible mark on the hearts of all who partake in its celebrations. Onam serves as a reminder of the cultural richness, unity, and cherished traditions of Kerala, and it continues to be a source of joy and pride for the people of the state.

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Guest Essay

Do Not Make Survival Even More Difficult for People on the Streets

A photo of a cardboard box broken down to form a sleeping pad.

By Laura Riley

Ms. Riley is the director of the clinical program at the School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, and the author of “Homeless Advocacy.”

In 2013, Grants Pass, Ore., came up with a strategy to deal with a growing homeless population in the city of roughly 40,000, one that might best be described as kicking the can down the road.

Through a series of ordinances, the city essentially made it illegal to sleep outside in public. In particular, anyone sleeping anywhere in public with bedding, a blanket or a sleeping bag would be breaking the law.

“The point,” the City Council president explained at the time, “is to make it uncomfortable enough for them in our city so they will want to move on down the road.”

Unhoused individuals wouldn’t have much choice. There are no homeless shelters in Grants Pass. At least 600 people in the city were unhoused in 2018 and 2019, according to counts by a local nonprofit that serves the unhoused.

Now the United States Supreme Court is being asked whether the enforcement of the city’s camping regulations, which apply to all of the city’s residents but affect them in vastly different ways, violate the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Oral arguments are scheduled for Monday.

Of course, weighing the legality of camping obscures the real issue, which is how, in a nation with roughly 650,000 unhoused people, the federal, state and local governments can make sure there are enough beds for people to sleep in. Forcing unhoused people to the next town does not create housing that is affordable or available.

The case is an appeal to a ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit that prohibited Grants Pass from using citations to enforce its public camping ordinance. The Ninth Circuit had earlier prohibited cities from enforcing criminal restrictions on public camping unless there was access to adequate temporary shelter.

In the decision being challenged by Grants Pass, the Ninth Circuit concluded that the city “cannot, consistent with the Eighth Amendment, enforce its anti-camping ordinances against homeless persons for the mere act of sleeping outside with rudimentary protection from the elements, or for sleeping in their car at night, when there is no other place in the city for them to go.”

Which there rarely is, in Grants Pass or elsewhere, and which is why people often have no choice but to sleep outside.

In a friend of the court brief, the National Homelessness Law Center argued that Grants Pass had “rejected” its obligation to care for unhoused residents and that vulnerable groups would continue to be marginalized unless the court decides once and for all that those ordinances are cruel. In its brief to the court, the Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund noted that the laws disproportionately affect people with disabilities and don’t serve any rehabilitative or deterrent interest.

If nothing else, one thing this case has done is unite many officials on the left and the right of the political spectrum, from San Francisco to Arizona. They have complained in briefs to the court that the Ninth Circuit has hamstrung their communities in dealing with homeless encampments.

But homelessness arises from policy decisions, not from a ruling by an appellate court. The Supreme Court should uphold the Ninth Circuit’s ruling. Otherwise it will open the door for communities to pass local laws that effectively punish unhoused people for existing within their borders, making what is clearly cruel permissible.

It would not be unexpected for the Supreme Court’s conservative majority to give the green light for the kind of camping bans at issue. Unhoused people would be pushed further to the margins, increasingly out of sight and mind. They will still be out there, parked in cars in rural areas or subsisting on urban streets, perhaps after being fined or jailed for the crime of trying to survive without a roof over their heads.

This case shines a light on the abdication of responsibility by governments at all levels to their unhoused residents. Instead of arguing about the legality of bans on sleeping in public, we should be asking: Why move people down the road to another community, one that is likely also short on shelter beds?

There is no doubt that the path to creating permanent housing (and more temporary shelter) is politically challenging and expensive. But there are many solutions along this path that go beyond what lawyers and the courts, even our highest one, can accomplish, and that the public should be demanding.

Governments at all levels should invest in homelessness prevention programs and strategies. Those include providing housing subsidies to people who otherwise could lose their housing and supportive transitional services for those leaving mental health treatment and correctional centers.

People on the brink of homelessness should have a right to counsel in eviction proceedings and should be offered the possibility of mediation in housing courts to give them a chance to remain in their houses or apartments.

Businesses should be increasing employment opportunities by not requiring a permanent address in job applications. Lawmakers should create more pathways for people to clear their criminal records, some that arise from targeted enforcement of low-level, nonviolent offenses, because those records can make it much more difficult to get a job.

For populations with unique needs, such as young people and veterans, social service agencies should pursue particularized interventions that address the underlying reasons that pushed individuals into homelessness.

And, of course, we should be building more housing, plain and simple, and we should be providing affordable housing incentives in areas with grocery stores and medical care nearby.

The Supreme Court should not further criminalize homelessness. But whether it does or not, this case should put governments at all levels on notice that humane policies can help to reduce homelessness. We don’t have to let this crisis continue.

Laura Riley is the director of the clinical program at the School of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, and the author of “Homeless Advocacy.”

The Times is committed to publishing a diversity of letters to the editor. We’d like to hear what you think about this or any of our articles. Here are some tips . And here’s our email: [email protected] .

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  5. സൗജന്യ ഓണ ഭക്ഷ്യക്കിറ്റ് എത്തി ഇതാണ് കിറ്റ് കിറ്റ് 14 സാധനങ്ങൾ ഏവരും കാണുക. Onam free ration kit

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  1. Essay on Onam for Students and Children

    500+ Words Essay on Onam. Onam is the festival that brings together all communities in Kerela. On this day, religion, caste or creed is not of importance. One of the most popular festivals of India, people celebrate it with great zeal. Similarly, activities of this festival are famous all over India for their grand scale and delicious food.

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    Onam Festival Essay in English: Onam is a festival celebrated in Kerala, India. It is a festival celebrating the harvest. It is one of the most celebrated festivals in India. Onam festival 2020 falls between the 22nd of August and 2nd September. It's during the Malayalam month Chingam. It has been celebrated since the year 1960 […]

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    Onam (IPA:) is an annual harvest and cultural festival related to Hinduism that is celebrated mostly by the people of Kerala. A major annual event for Keralites, it is the official festival of the state and includes a spectrum of cultural events.. Onam commemorates Vamana (the fifth avatar of Hindu deity Vishnu) and the generous but egotistical daitya king Mahabali.

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    Onam Essay in English 10 lines. Onam is a vibrant and joyous festival celebrated in Kerala. It is a ten-day harvest festival that brings together people of all ages and backgrounds. Onam is known for its grand celebrations, cultural performances, and traditional rituals. In this essay, we will explore ten lines describing Onam's essence.

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    In 2023, the Thiruvonam celebration will be on 29th August 2023. In honour of King Mahabali, who visits Kerala at the time of Onam, the festival celebration takes place. During this time, Kerala opens up with an entirely new world of exotic taste, exquisite fragrances, and an enchanting display of beauty for tourists.

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  14. 1000 Words Essay on Onam Festival

    Published: Tuesday, August 1, 2023, 13:11 [IST] Onam is a festival of Kerala, which is an important component of India's rich cultural legacy. It is a harvest festival that commemorates the return of the fabled King Mahabali. Malayalis all over the world celebrate this event during the month of Chingam, the first month of the calendar.

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    Essay on Onam (250-300 Words) Introduction. Onam is one of the most vibrant and colorful festivals celebrated in the South Indian state of Kerala. It is a harvest festival that falls in the Malayalam month of Chingam (August-September) and is celebrated with great zest and fervor by the people of Kerala. Onam Celebration

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    Short Essay On Onam Festival For Kids. An essay for classes 1, 2 and 3 would require students to write elaborately on a topic, streamline their thoughts into a structure, and put them in words engagingly. If you wish to guide your child to write a paragraph in 150-200 words on Onam, go through the template below:

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    Paragraph 5 - 250 Words. Onam is the auspicious festival of Malayalee communities. During this fest, the entire Kerala can be seen in festive mode. Kerala is rich in culture, the religious diversity of the state can be seen unite in this festival. Onam is celebrated in the loving memory of King Mahabali.

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    Three small-sized statues made of red sand are placed on the verandahs of homes by families as part of the Maveli Puja performed during Onam. Onam, like Ganesh Chaturthi, is a ten-day celebration with the first and end days being the most important. Also Read: Onam Festival Essay 2021: Why Students Should Include Onam Celebrations In Their Report

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    The harvest festival of Kerala, Onam, falls on Shravan day in the month of August or September. After a lush harvest, Onam is the time for the farmers to celebrate the bounties of nature and make merry. Like most festivals of India, Onam too has a legend associated with it. The story goes: A long time ago an Asura king named Mahabali ruled Kerala.

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