417 Business Topics & Research Titles about Business

The corporate world is the world of the future – there’s no doubt about that. And education in ABM will help you conquer it!

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What is ABM strand, exactly?

ABM stands for Accountancy, Business, and Management. Future leaders and entrepreneurs pursue education in this field to learn the skills essential for their careers. They study how to run a business. How to talk to clients. And, of course, how to come up with strategies to earn money.

Looking for exciting business topics to write about in a paper or dissertation? Here you’ll find a list of research titles about business, as well as ABM qualitative and quantitative research ideas collected by Custom-writing.org experts. We hope that these business and management research topics will inspire you for your own project or for a heated discussion.

❣️ Choosing an ABM Qualitative or Quantitative Research Topic

👔 business topics to write about, 💸 business topics on marketing, 📈 accounting research titles about business, 💫 business management research topics, 👷 business topics on hr, 🤔 abm strand research faq, 🔍 references.

The key part of acquiring any education is writing a research paper . Why do it? First, it’s a test of a student’s analytical, writing, and research skills. Second, being able to conduct business research is paramount to its success.

  • It helps you communicate with customers.
  • It helps you scan the marketplace for threats and opportunities.
  • It helps you understand how to minimize risks.
  • It helps you plan your investments effectively.
  • It helps you keep your hand on the pulse of the current trends in the market.

The obtained skills will guide you through the entirety of your professional career. It’s an experience that can’t be skipped. We’ve hand-picked 417 research topics related to the ABM strand, just for you. Here, you will find the best ideas for your future ABM research paper masterpiece.

The first step in writing an ABM research paper is choosing a topic. With the abundance of ABM research topics ideas on the Internet, it’s not an easy task. Simply picking one won’t do the trick. You will need to juggle relevance, applicability, and your own personal interest in the subject.

There are two main types of AMB research methods: qualitative and quantitative.

  • Qualitative research answers the why and the how questions. It tests customers’ reaction to new products and studies consumer behaviors. Case studies, interviews, and focus groups are the common methods of collecting such data.
  • Quantitative research collects numerical data and analyzes stats. The common methods include various surveys in target groups.

What ABM fields to explore are out there?

  • Financial accounting (aka accountancy) is creating financial statements to be distributed within and outside of a company.
  • Management accounting is creating operational reports to be distributed only within a company.
  • Banking and finance are all about financial services provided to customers, and the laws of investment.
  • Business administration is supervising and overseeing various business operations.
  • Marketing is all about the promotion of buying and selling services and products.
  • Entrepreneurship is all about the process of coming up with, starting and managing a new business.
  • Human resource development management is all about reaching the top potential of the employees.
  • Hospitality management is overseeing and supervising various administrative tasks of a resort or hotel.
  • Tourism is all about attracting, housing, and entertaining tourists, and organizing tours for them.

ABM Research Fields.

Getting lost in this embarrassment of riches? Let’s single out the five of the trendiest areas of ABM research. They are: business, marketing, accounting, project management, and human resources. Want to see more examples of research titles about ABM strand? More on them down below!

Decided to go with a business-related topic for your ABM research paper? 

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Here are some of the freshest ideas for a relevant business research paper. Enjoy our selection of business research topics and research titles for ABM students. Choose one and prove that your finger is on the pulse of the modern market world!

  • Is poverty a concern of a corporation? How can corporations contribute to social development? Should they concern themselves with it in the first place, and to what degree? How can corporate social responsibility result in the betterment of the market? How can a corporation’s perceived awareness produce a positive image for the customers? 
  • Labor relations : the latest tendencies and the predictions for the future. Analyze the contemporary trends in the labor-corporate relationship. What issues are likely to emerge in 2025-2030? Back up your conclusion with real-life examples. 
  • Diversity as a contemporary working reality. Due to globalization, people of various backgrounds tend to work together, more and more so. Does it influence the working process at all? Does the difference between genders, ages, and ethnicities hinder or facilitate business? Should the companies ensure that there’s diversity among their employees , and why? How should the work environments be organized to maximize efficiency? 
  • Personal networking : labor-corporate communication tool. How does the number of people you know correlate with the chances of finding the best partners, workers, and customers? Is it an exponential or a sine curve? Produce real-life examples. 
  • E-business: the world-wide globalization process. Some of the most successful modern businesses operate almost exclusively online. What are the examples? Assess the role of integration in their workflow. What are the overall perspectives of SCM (supply-chain management) in the realities of e-business? 
  • Leadership and business in the modern world. Is there a significant difference in the styles and strategies implemented by the leaders in the 21 century as compared to the earlier eras? How do modern leaders adjust to contemporary business realia? What are the challenges and opportunities? What are the global trends? Produce real-life examples. 
  • Copyright law : is it on the side of the artist or the company representing them? How has copyright law evolved through the times? What drove it so? To what extent does it protect modern artists? How can a copyright corporation exploit it, and to what degree? Produce real-life examples. Are there any court precedents? 
  • Advertisement and consumer behavior . What types of advertisements prove to be the most effective? Back up your data with research results. What are the latest trends in the world of advertisement? What are the advantages and disadvantages of online and offline advertising? What mistakes can be made by a brand that is trying to produce a positive image through advertisement? 
  • Apple : how to turn your brand into a religion. What are the factors behind the success of the Apple corporation? Is it just clever advertising, or is there something more to that? How does Apple build a following of brand loyalists? Does Apple face any difficulties in the realities of the modern harsh brand competition? What are your predictions for the nearest future of Apple corporation? 
  • Word of mouth: a fossil or a gem? Who usually relies on this form of advertisement the most? How can an already well-established corporation benefit from it? How does word of mouth differ from other types of advertisement? What are the advantages and disadvantages? Produce real-life examples of a brand’s or organization’s success due to word of mouth. 
  • Facebook and business . How can Facebook be used as a modern platform for conducting business? Does it have any advantages as compared to other online platforms? What are the disadvantages? What successful companies use Facebook as a business platform? 

Social media mobile.

  • Pay for performance: a source of loyalty or displeasure ? What’s the best strategy for an employer to link pay and performance? Should pay increases be dependent on just the performance of an employee, or should other factors also be considered? Back up your reasoning with research results. 
  • Local customization vs. global standardization. What are the pros and cons of each of the approaches? What companies are known to implement both strategies successfully? Give examples. 
  • External recruiting vs. Internal promotions . What are the pros and cons of each of the approaches? How can a company implement both strategies successfully? Which is a more cost-effective approach? Why is it impossible to stick to just one of the strategies? 
  • Does a multinational corporation have a motherland? Is it obligatory for a multinational corporation to have a strong presence in its home country? What are the economic benefits or downsides of it? Produce real-life examples. 
  • Management by walking around (MBWA). What is the reasoning behind it, and how is it implemented? Is it a boost for productivity or a stress for employees? Who needs it more – the employees or the manager? Is it effective? Illustrate your point with research results. 
  • The AIDA formula in advertising. What exactly is the AIDA formula? Why is it popular nowadays, and how does it compare to the other formulas for creating advertisements? Is it the key to a successful message broadcasting or a hindrance to creativity? 
  • Free market : an achievable goal or a utopia? What exactly is the concept of a free market? What are the advantages of such a system? What are the disadvantages? Are there any real-life examples, and what can be learned from them? 
  • Family business : pros and cons. Are there any modern examples of a successful family business? What might be the downsides of such a business model? What are the advantages? What can be learned from the examples of exercising interpersonal relations in business? 
  • Franchises vs. “from scratch” businesses. Why having a franchise is a go-to option for a lot of corporations? What benefits does it produce? Are there any downsides? Which business model is easier to maintain? Which business model is more cost-effective? 
  • Marijuana business in the US: state law vs. federal law. What is the current stand of federal law on the issue? What about state law? What is your prediction for the marijuana-based businesses for the nearest future? 
  • Governments vs. private businesses. How does the government manage private businesses in your country? What is the best strategy for a government-private business relationship? How does this relationship reflect on the economy of the country? 
  • The Internet and consumer behavior . How does the Internet shape consumer behavior in modern days? Are there any drastic changes in consumer behavior as compared to ten years ago? Is the Internet just a new platform for advertising, or is there more to that? Produce real-life examples. 
  • The culture of consumerism . What exactly is this phenomenon? Is it really a thing or just a popular penny dreadful? Is it a natural occurrence or an artificial design created by the major companies for increasing profit? What proofs of the latter can be produced? 
  • The best countries to invest into in 2020. How can a country be invested into? Why would some corporations choose to do it? What are the criteria? Is it cost-effective? What are the real-life examples? 

Here are some more business research topics to explore:

  • Outsourcing: its advantages and disadvantages for a business. Is it ethical? 
  • Authors and copyright: which works better, legal names or nom de plumes? 
  • Negotiation tactics : understanding authority. 
  • Oil prices impacts on consumer behavior in Turkey . 
  • Corruption cases: do state officials have a higher chance of succeeding with a request for dismissal? 
  • Juicy Fruit: business strategies and product promotion . 
  • Insider trading : how the nature of the offence and the punishment for it has changed through the decades. 
  • American Airlines: the secret of success . 
  • Alcohol: the advantages of the sale and consumption laws for the society’s well-being. 
  • Organizational change capacity concept . 
  • Death penalty : should it apply for the most severe corporate crimes? 
  • The correlation between wages and employee productivity. 
  • The correlation between strategic management and employee productivity . 
  • The impact of staff motivation on employee productivity. 
  • Managing employee retention . 
  • Low-cost economy: companies benefits and drawbacks . 
  • Sales letter vs. waste bin: how to avoid spam folder? 
  • Startups: how to.  
  • L’Oreal and Procter & Gamble: financial analysis . 
  • Teenagers vs. business: the phenomenon of teenage business. 
  • Logistical system: private and public warehouses combining . 
  • Small business : the basis of economics. 
  • Coca-Cola and PepsiCo: Comparative Analysis . 
  • Third-world countries: how is business done there? 
  • Taxes : types and uses. 
  • The role of corporate lobbyists in American future . 
  • Business ethics: is there a difference from general ethics? What are the laws? 
  • What are the cultural differences of doing business in different countries? 
  • Roadrunner Sport: social and digital media strategies . 
  • The target audience : how to define it and how to attract it? 
  • Crisis management in business.  
  • Call centers outside the US: pros & cons . 
  • Risks: how to calculate them in your business endeavor.  
  • Monopolies : how do they impact the market? 
  • Business dynasties: how does family business operate? 
  • Copyright law : how does it operate? 
  • A gaming lounge: business plan . 
  • Services: what are the most and least popular in the market? 
  • Dell Company: global strategies . 
  • Charity: is it a good advertisement strategy for a business? 
  • How to balance ecology and increasing production. 
  • SunTrust: business strategies in banking industry . 
  • Corporate culture : what company rituals are common in business? 
  • Negotiation and diplomacy in business. 
  • TransGlobal Airlines as a monopoly . 
  • A healthy working environment and its importance in business 
  • Google’s success: a case study . 
  • Brands: what’s their place in the modern market? 
  • American Airlines’ and US Airways merger . 
  • Military crisis: a hindrance or a boost for business? 
  • Small enterprises: what are the challenges? 
  • British Petroleum: the corruption case . 
  • Internet advertisement: is it overtaking the world of advertising? 

Richard Branson quote.

  • The psychology behind people’s decision to buy a more expensive product or a higher quantity of it. 
  • Feminism: how does it influence the way women consume? 
  • Hilton’s investments into the Italian tourism sector: causes and effects . 
  • Teenagers and brands: what brands are the most popular among modern teenagers? 
  • Mandatory recycling: how would it affect the prices? Would it be cost-effective in the long term? 
  • Advertising in schools: is it acceptable? 
  • Social media: what marketing strategies are used there? Does it influence offline advertisement? 
  • Tariffs on car imports in Ukraine . 
  • Employee stress : does every company need to offer services of a psychologist? 
  • Sports and art: do corporate extracurricular classes enhance employees’ creativity and result in a healthy work environment? 
  • Walmart company: environmental sustainability . 
  • Eco-friendliness: how can more eco-friendly policies be encouraged in companies and businesses? 
  • The concept of perfect competition . 
  • Personal guns: does the successful handgun production industry depend on their free distribution? 
  • BMW group sustainability plan . 
  • Minimum wage : should it be canceled? Why? 
  • Starbucks, Toyota and Google: missions comparison . 
  • Commerce and retail: what is the future? Will shopping activity move completely to the Internet? 
  • Toyota and Plexus: pricing strategies . 
  • Internet advertising: is it more effective than other types of advertisement? 
  • Tobacco production: should higher taxes apply to the tobacco companies? Should they be obliged to donate to cancer treatment centers? 
  • Alcohol production: should higher taxes apply to alcohol companies? Should they be obliged to donate to alcohol treatment centers? 
  • Xerox: company profile and overview . 
  • Business ethics: how does it influence important decisions made by a company? 
  • Ethics and morality in a business-oriented world. 
  • The rise and fall of Eastman Kodak . 
  • A museum exhibition: how can it be made marketable? 
  • The business guide to sustainability . 
  • Mobile phones: what has facilitated their high sales rates in recent years? 
  • Under Armour: company analysis and strategic alternatives . 
  • International human resources : what are the major challenges and pitfalls? 
  • Corporate rituals: what are the oldest and most rigid ones that are still practiced in companies? 
  • Brainstorming: how effective is it in producing ideas and business solutions? 
  • Healthy work environment: what does it look like, and how can it be created? 
  • Financial crisis: how does it affect business in the US and worldwide? 
  • Famous brands: what are the associated advantages of owning a product of a recognizable and respectable brand? Why are consumers  often willing to pay for it more than for a less well-known alternative? 
  • Image: how does it affect the modern business culture and consumer behavior? 
  • Gender: does it influence the ability to manage small and large teams? 
  • Hiring youth: why certain niche companies prefer to employ young people? What are the examples? 
  • Differences in ethnic cultures: how do they influence team-building? 
  • Differences in ages: do they create difficulties in departmental cross-functional cooperation? 
  • Gender: why certain companies prefer to employ more women than men and vice versa? Are efficiency stereotypes empirically and numerically confirmed? 
  • Fitness franchises : why are they more and more popular? 
  • Franchise models: what types are out there? Which would you choose for a coffee house? Other examples are welcome. 
  • Franchise promotion: is it the responsibility of the franchisee or of the franchise holder? 
  • Franchise agreement: which items should be included to save from excessive spending with no reward? 
  • What factors must be considered when choosing the market for business expansion ? 
  • Globalization and consumer behavior: how does one affect the other? 
  • Chinese market: how does it benefit from globalization? 
  • Globalization: will it continue to spread, or will it cease to decrease? 
  • Business clusters: how do they move globalization? 
  • Bank mergers : a wise strategy or a result of failure? When should a bank consider this move? 
  • Bankruptcy : what are the most common reasons for it? Does it necessarily spell the end for a business? 
  • Big-box stores : how to ensure the success of a big-box retailer? 
  • Brand awareness: how to make people remember and recognize your brand? 
  • Competitive intelligence : what are the best ways to gather and analyze information about the business environment? 
  • Consumer loyalty: how to make a consumer develop a behavioral tendency of favoring one brand’s products over the other? 
  • Consumer risk management: what are the best ways to minimize the potential risk of a product not meeting quality standards entering the marketplace? How to make it cost-effective? 
  • Copycat products: why do they enter the market so easily, and what are the ways for a brand to fight for its copyright? 
  • Corporate crime : how is it best for a company to redeem its reputation after being compromised? 
  • Corporate social responsibility : how does this business model help make a company be socially accountable? 
  • People Water: corporate social responsibility . 
  • Customer competencies: how to enable your customers to learn and engage in an active dialogue? 
  • Data security : how to protect data from unauthorized access and data corruption? 
  • Downtown revitalization: how can it be beneficial for a business? 
  • Ruth’s Chris restaurants: SWOT analysis . 
  • Employee coaching: how is it different from managing? How is it best to organize employee coaching in a big / small company? 
  • The “Do no harm” ethical principle in business. 
  • Green products : are they good for a business? How can a company use less packaging, and reduce the amount of disposed toxics? 
  • Industry disruptor: what is a disruptive innovation in business? 
  • Intellectual capital: what are the components and what is the best way to unlock their potential? 
  • Job sculpting: what is the best way to match a person to a job that unlocks their potential to the fullest degree? 
  • Marketing ethics : what are the moral principles behind the regulation and operation of marketing in your country? 
  • Mergers : what are the types, and why do businesses do it? 
  • Organigraphs: how to graphically represent a company’s structure and processes? How are organigraphs different from a traditional organizational chart? 
  • Philanthropy: what are the competitive advantages of corporate philanthropy? 
  • Quality circles: how does it influence business positively? 
  • Regional planning: how to place infrastructure across a large area of land efficiently? 
  • Customer service initiatives: how to learn what your customers dislike, tolerate, and actively appreciate? 
  • Bagel Store vs. Subway: comparative analysis . 
  • Shared services model: why are they cost-efficient? 
  • Short-term financing: in what types of businesses does it apply best? 
  • Starbucks Effect: how does a Starbucks store affect home and property values? 
  • Groupon: daily deal or lasting success ? 
  • Strategic planning : how to establish the direction of a small business? 
  • IBM Corporation: business strategies . 
  • Labour strikes: what causes them? What are the consequences for a business in particular and for the economy in general? 
  • Companies’ ethics: concepts and cases . 
  • Subliminal advertising: how do they work? 
  • Telemarketing: a thing from the past or a relevant method of advertising? 
  • Underage workers: how does employment of minors work? 
  • Underwriting: who provides underwriting services and who receives them? 
  • Undocumented workers: do they have rights, and what are the risks? 
  • Unions: what is their stand in your country? 
  • Whistle blowing: is it regarded ethical in modern business practice?  
  • Work ethic : what kind of belief system is that? Does it have any downsides? 
  • Work-life balance : what are the ways of encouraging and maintaining it? 
  • Business leadership: is it a skill that can be learned?  
  • Stakeholders : what is their impact on the success of a business? 
  • Global unemployment: why is it a worldwide phenomenon? What are the solutions to the problem? 
  • International investment : why is it important to educate the public on its benefits? 
  • International competition: what are the strategic measures of survival for local companies? 
  • Job creation : how can big and small businesses create jobs? 
  • Businesses and oceans: why is it crucial to institute and implement environmentally-friendly approaches? 
  • Ethical conflicts: how to avoid cultural, religious, and political arguments at work? 
  • Organizational environmental pollution: how does it affect consumer trust levels? 
  • Business negotiation: what are the styles of intercultural dialogue? 
  • Excessive work: what are the consequences of overworking ? 

Marketing is one of the most prominent entities that govern our world. It’s the cornerstone of business, serving to identify and satisfy customers’ wants and needs. Without marketing, there is no business!

Here are some of the most relevant marketing research paper topics and ideas. Choose one, and you are bound to impress your professor!

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  • Coronavirus: a case study. How has COVID-19 affected consumer behavior worldwide ? What about your own country? Are there any glaring examples of inadequate consumer behavior? What are the reasons behind them? How do different businesses deal with the consequences of quarantine? Produce examples of marketing centered around Coronavirus. 
  • Zoom: a case study. How did Zoom manage to become a go-to platform during the Coronavirus outbreak ? Was it the brand’s clever marketing, or did something else influence the consumer choice? How did Zoom manage to outperform the dozens of rival video conferencing services? What are the numbers? Make your predictions on whether the company will be able to sustain its success after quarantine is over. 
  • Gillette #MeToo commercial: a case study. How did the brand express its political stand on a pressing social subject? Did the campaign ultimately succeed in its goal? Did the backlash harm Gillette’s reputation, or was it a sign of successful branding? How did it ultimately reflect on sales? What can be learned from the data? 
  • Xbox Series X: a case study. The Xbox Series X is the successor of the popular Xbox One home video game console. It is scheduled for release in late 2020. How is it advertised? How does its marketing campaign impact user behavior? Is it a fast process? Analyze the concept and the marketing campaign of the product. 
  • Colin Kaepernick in a Nike commercial: a case study. How did the brand use an existing political situation to its advantage? Did the campaign ultimately succeed in its goal, or did it merely taint Nike’s reputation? Was it marketing genius or brand failure? What do the numbers say? What can be learned from the data? 
  • Brexit and consumer behavior. How has Brexit affected consumer buying behavior in the UK? What about the EU? How did it impact currency exchange rate? What businesses benefited from it? What can be learned from the data? 
  • Same product, different branding: a comparison. Two companies are selling the same product – only branding and packaging are different. What influences customers’ choice? Is the price relevant in this equation? What can be learned from the data? 
  • Addictive consumer behavior. What brands are known to inspire addictive consumer behavior? What marketing tools do they employ? Are there any downsides for a business? Should companies be held liable for maniacal consumer behavior? 
  • Corporate social responsibility as a brand marketing tool. How effective is it? Produce examples of brands whose sales increased after a charity or awareness campaign. What can be learned from the data? What are the pitfalls of the CPR approach? 
  • The ROI in athletics. What exactly is return on investment? How is it calculated? Why is there close public attention to the ROI factor in athletics? How can ROI be used as a marketing tool? Produce real-life examples. 

Marketing is.

  • Slack: a case study. How popular is Slack as compared to rival platforms offering similar services? How much of its success can be attributed to marketing? Is its success currently on the rise or on the decline? 
  • Uber : a case study. How has Uber become the leading company in its field? Analyze its history. What role did marketing play in its success? Analyze the company’s exit from the Chinese, Russian, and South Asian markets. Why did the company choose to do it? What benefits did it gain by doing so? What’s the current stand of the company? 
  • Facebook : a case study. Facebook has faced a lot of backlash in recent years. How did the company manage it? What are the examples of Facebook’s different takes on marketing influenced by the company’s negative publicity? 
  • Marketing in recession : a case study. The 2008 global financial crisis took a great toll on the markets worldwide. Nevertheless, there are stories of success for new products introduced to the market at the time. What companies managed to successfully roll out a product in the time following the 2008 global financial crisis? Give a case study of such a company. 
  • Microsoft : a case study. How does Microsoft advertise its products? How are traditional storefronts doing market-wise as compared to the recent advertising trend, mobile phone marketing? What choices does the IT giant make concerning mobile ad targeting? Is it successful? 
  • Black Friday : what’s the secret behind the phenomenon? Does it offer real value for money or is it simply a psychological trick of clever marketing? 
  • Digital transformation: how to create an effective digital marketing budget? 
  • Production expenditure: how does marketing affect it? 
  • Jeep company’s marketing . 
  • The Internet of things : what exactly is IoT? What are the examples? How can marketing be incorporated into it? 
  • Volkswagen company’s information technology . 
  • Volkswagen in America: managing IT priorities . 
  • Relationship banking: how has it been influenced by digital promotion and mobile money accessibility? How is mobile banking redefining the customer-bank relationship? 
  • Apple Computer Inc.: maintaining the music business . 
  • Credit card responsibility: how to limit compulsive buying behaviors for credit card holders? 
  • Corporate social responsibility: how do organizations use CSR to reinforce brand equity? 
  • Servus Credit Union Ltd: marketing strategies . 
  • Marketing manipulation tactics: what do brands do to get more customers? 
  • Herfy’s marketing strategy in India . 
  • Social media marketing as an image builder: different ways of communicating your brand image on the YouTube, Tik Tok, Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram platforms. 
  • Consumer motivation on the BevCo example . 
  • Influencers: how can Internet-famous people impact the buying choices of consumers ? 

Marketing strategy connting digital devices.

  • A Coffee shop marketing strategy . 
  • Direct marketing strategies: are consumers equipped enough to shield themselves from it? 
  • The “Do no harm” ethical principle in business . 
  • Maternity: what is the best way to market baby products? 
  • Family orientation: how does it affect marketing in general? 
  • Online shopping : what do buyers look for when shopping online? What attributes do they compare when choosing the product? 
  • Harley Davidson, Naked Juice, and Tropicana Juice: brand perception analysis . 
  • Global marketing: how does it incorporate standardization?  
  • Social class differentiation: how do financial institutions market their products and services differently on the basis of social class? 
  • Snapple Juice: marketing strategies . 
  • Internet marketing: what trends can be expected to dominate the online world in the future? 
  • Marketing and culture : how do advertising strategies vary across different cultures? 
  • The Green Motor Car Company: marketing strategy . 
  • Political campaigns : how can they impact advertising? Produce real-life examples. 
  • Impulsive buying : how does it occur, and how do brands exploit it? 
  • American Marketing Association: promotion strategy . 
  • Loyalty cards: do they boost sales and encourage customer loyalty? 
  • Brand trust: is it possible for well-marketed brands to get away with selling products of substandard quality? 
  • Trust as the way to develop proper company-clients relationships . 
  • Globalization : what is its impact on consumer behavior? 
  • Customer loyalty : what brand attributes result in it? 
  • Market monopoly: what are some of the successful marketing approaches that can help break through it? 
  • Cause marketing : how does it impact a brand’s affinity with its target audience? 
  • Brand equity : what is the effect of discount offerings and consumer promotions on it? 
  • The outcomes of advertising in a recession 
  • Top-of-mind awareness: how is it best achieved in modern times? Produce real-life data. 
  • Event sponsorships and customer perceptions: how to? 
  • Mobile ad targeting: pros and cons of mobile ad targeting based on users’ browser and app history. 
  • Mortgage marketing: how to make customers be able to differentiate between various mortgage options offered by competing banks? 
  • Drones production company marketing plan . 
  • Click baiting: a promising novelty in sponsored posts promotion or a brand-compromising nuisance, best to be avoided for fear of bad associations with the brand? 
  • Who are the consumers of Nivea?  
  • Celebrity endorsement : what’s its impact on ROI for CPG brands? 
  • Comparison advertising: is it effective in building brand equity? 
  • Do consumers prefer purchasing routine grocery products online? 
  • Is earned media perceived to be as important as it appears to be? 
  • Word of mouth: what makes people want to forward content to their friends? 
  • Viral content: how to? 
  • Evolving family structures: what has changed and how to address it with marketing? 
  • Augmented reality : how is it enhancing marketing experiences? 
  • Artificial intelligence: what role does it play in modern marketing? 
  • Advertising to children : how to? What are the pitfalls? 
  • Brand salience: how to? 
  • Humour in advertising: what’s the impact, and what’s the customer response? 

As you are very well aware, accounting is all about numbers and measurements. It’s even been called the language of business! That’s why writing a research paper on one of the accounting research paper topics is such a good idea. You are going to master it in no time!

What are the main fields of accounting?

  • Financial Accounting 
  • Management Accounting 
  • Accounting Information Systems 
  • Tax Accounting 

There are carefully selected topics down below that explore each of those fields. Just go there and choose one – it’s that easy!

  • Taxes and politics. How do organizations fight for the reduction of the taxes they have to pay? How can politicians influence the tax rate in different spheres? Are there any real-life examples of that? How can this situation be curbed? 
  • Financial markets . What are commodities and stocks? What is the role of financial markets in the global economy? Why are there few people who understand financial markets? What issues does it raise? What can be done about it? 
  • Accounting information systems . What are the most popular accounting systems used by businesses nowadays? What are the most modern ones? How rapid is the flow of information today? How does it influence modern accounting? What can be done to advance it even further? 
  • Managing and accounting. How can managerial accounting help a company make better decisions? How does it work? What are the possible examples of successful and unsuccessful decisions made in a company based on the managerial accounting reports? 
  • Personal finances . Why should individuals hire personal accountants? How can this practice be systematized? What are the alternatives? Produce examples of modern mobile accounting applications and free online services. What are the pitfalls to be aware of? 
  • Debt management. Why does such a serious issue exist in the modern world? Produce the current numbers of people for whom debt is a life-governing factor. What is the reason behind the prevalence of this problem? Who may benefit from this situation? How can this be fixed? 
  • Auditing collusion. What is employee / auditing collusion? How can it result in an unfair marketing advantage? Why is it illegal? Produce real-life examples of auditing collusion disrupting marketing equilibrium. What can be done to anticipate and prevent such occurrences in companies? 

Below are some other accounting research topics to explore:

  • Accounting decisions: what are the criteria for making them correctly? 
  • General principles of accounting . 

Accounting: Main Fields.

  • Forensic accounting : how does the investigation process go? What are the role and essential skills of forensic accountants? 
  • Accounting theory: how is it influenced by culture? 
  • Tax assessment: how to correctly assess the tax on organizational earnings? 
  • The 2008 global financial crisis : what factors were the primary cause? 
  • What are the steps on the way to becoming a certified accountant ? 
  • Accounting ethics: what are the modern dilemmas? 
  • Accounting history : what are the historical prospects for the best accounting practices? 
  • Accounting systems: what are the risks in the process of developing their design? 
  • Earnings management: what are the perspectives?  
  • Tax reduction : what are the most effective ways of doing it for organizations? 
  • Managerial accounting: what are the effects of financial markets on management accounting? 
  • Financial fraud : what are the ways to escape it? 
  • Accounting theories: what is their meaning for business? 
  • Nortel Networks Corporation Accounting Theory . 
  • Normative theories: what are the issues with normative theorizing in accounting? 
  • Theoretical concepts: how to implement them in practical accounting? 
  • Earnings management: how to best organize it in a company? 
  • Cash flow: what is the effect of external factors on cash flow in an organization? 
  • Online accounting: can accountancy be effectively based on the Internet? 
  • Offshore accounting: how does it work? What are the pros and cons? 
  • Accounting systems: which are the most effective for accountants? 
  • Tax code: how to? 
  • Islamic banking : how is it different from the European approach? 
  • Financial markets: what are the known commodities? 
  • Financial markets: what is their role in the global economy?  
  • Financial transparency: what are the strategies to make organizational finances transparent? 
  • Cloud computing : what is its role in data management for accounting information systems? 
  • Personal investment: important factors . 
  • The ideal framework for AIS: what does an ideal framework for an accounting information system in multinational cooperatives look like? 
  • Food production company: a financial plan . 
  • Decision-making process: what is the role of AIS in the decision making process for medium / large economic enterprises? 
  • Accounting frauds: analyze three major accounting frauds of the last decade in detail. Why is ethical judgment needed in accounting at all times? 
  • Intellectual capital: how do two major business companies (of your choice) build a relationship between their financial statements and their intellectual capital? 
  • Education for senior executives: how can business education for senior executives influence hedging behavior? 
  • Non-profit accounting: what are its financial reporting requirements?

Project management is the cornerstone of doing business. After all, how can you do anything without organizing it first? You may think, “Oh, but that’s easy… I just do it!” But that’s not how it works in modern business.

In big corporations, the way you organize a project is often synonymous with its eventual success or failure. Project managers need all of their knowledge, skills, and techniques to make projects meet the requirements. Want to look deeper into the processes and secrets behind project management? The idea for your perfect project management research paper is waiting for you down below!

  • Project management software . Which project management tools dominate the market today? Are they cost-effective? What do they primarily focus on (e.g., cost, scheduling time, etc.)? Analyze different project management software and find out whether they really lead to project success and increase productivity or not. 
  • Humanitarian logistics. How do system dynamics and project management principles affect logistics operations? The need for humanitarian logistics has increased around the world due to the rise in environmental disasters (earthquakes, tsunamis, etc.). How can the sustained damages be reduced? Analyze the collaboration between system dynamics and humanitarian logistics. How does it impact flows in the supply chain, stakeholders, and responses? What are the best adaptations of project management theories? 
  • Project delay causes. Identify the leading symptoms and causes of project delays. How does it impact the project life cycle? How do global construction companies cope with it? What strategies have they devised to deal with the issue? 
  • Factors of project selection. What are the primary factors that affect selecting a project? Analyze the shift of project benefits approach towards customer-centricity. What is the reason for it? What is the difference between the two approaches? Which is more effective in modern business? 
  • IT industry and agile project management . What is the impact of agile project management on productivity in IT companies? Analyze it using quantitative research techniques. Measure improvement of productivity, customer satisfaction, and employee satisfaction. Analyze and report the outputs of the data using empirical hypothesis testing methods. 
  • Implementation of project management practices . What is the impact of an organization on how project management practices are implemented? Analyze the more informal and people-focused project management practices that are used in small and medium-sized enterprises. Use mixed methods research techniques such as interviews and surveys. Choose companies from a specific sphere to collect data. Examine the size of the company and how it impacts project management practices. 
  • Communication and quality. How significant is communication in maintaining timely delivery and quality of project activities? Analyze the importance of communication between the organization of a project and its stakeholders (external and internal). How does efficient communication help an organization meet the expectations? 
  • Team conflict dynamics model: what conflict types and team conflict profiles are there? How can they produce resolutions that can lead a project to success? 
  • Culture and conflict management: how different cultures of project managers may influence the methods of conflict resolution they implement? How does a project manager’s background affect the way they identify misdeeds and the way they try to deal with conflicts that arise in their project? 
  • Project misalignment with business objectives: how does it affect the overall project performance? 
  • Project management soft skills : how important are they in the context of project success rates? What is the cost of training, and what are the benefits? How do they help the project achieve the desired outcome? 
  • Psychosocial stressors: how do they impact project manager performance? What types of psychosocial stressors are there? Does organizational culture have any mediating effect? Use real-life data. 

Anthony Robbins quote.

  • Project management research trends: how do they influence project success? What is the relationship between project management research trends and social-economic trends? 
  • Project management maturity factors: how do they influence project success in large enterprises? How come the role of projects has increased worldwide, but the overall number of successful projects hasn’t changed? What is the relationship between project performance factors and organizational project management maturity? 
  • Agile-scrum beyond IT: how can it bring managerial benefits to other sectors? Analyze its potential for the healthcare industry. Illustrate how it may be applied to develop frameworks for quality and timeliness improvement. How can it help deliver healthcare in a large-scale patient setting? 
  • Project completion rate: how do organizational characteristics influence it in the construction industry? Analyze data on project performance using key performance indicators (KPIs). Use social network analysis tools to document organizational characteristics. 
  • Leadership style as a mediator: how to connect collaboration satisfaction and emotional intelligence? What leadership styles are there? What are their roles as mediators between emotional intelligence and collaboration satisfaction? 
  • Effective project scheduling system: what are the effects of the application of this planning and scheduling style in construction projects? Use the critical path method (CPM) in the analysis of drafting and subsequent implementation of an effective project scheduling system for manufacturing renewable energy plants. 
  • Effective project manager appointment guidelines: how to design and implement them for construction companies in XYZ? How do two types of leadership styles, person-centered and team-centered, differ when used by project managers? How can one balance them? What does Archer say on the topic in her Realist social theory? Use the data from your analysis for designing effective project manager appointment guidelines to be implemented in XYZ construction companies. 
  • Controlling costs in project management: a systems approach. Analyze the work of the research and development departments for a US-based consumer goods manufacturer. 
  • Management: power, authority, and influence . 
  • Culture, project performance, and IT industry: what might be the causes of delay and failure due to cultural factors? 
  • CISCO Systems Inc: strategies and management . 
  • Initiation stage of a project: a review. Analyze the work of the US medicine sector. 
  • Similar but different: review the similarities and differences in how people practice project management across the world. 
  • Effective teamwork role for organizations performance . 
  • Competitive advantage: does a company gain a competitive advantage by implementing expert management in a project? 
  • Canbide Corporation: operations management tools . 
  • Critical path analysis: how do project managers plan for it and assess it?  
  • Diversity: management practices and principles . 
  • The uncertainty: how valid is it in lengthy and difficult projects in the US construction industry? 
  • Transformational and transactional leadership models . 
  • The history: investigate and analyze the development and evolution of project management across the past 20 years. 
  • The qualities of an efficient leader . 
  • Understanding the intricacies: how important is the grasp of the project’s intricate nature for its effective management? 
  • McDonalds: management effectiveness . 
  • Benchmarking project management maturity: analyze the benchmark standard of measuring maturity in project management. 
  • Shangri-La Hotels: company management . 
  • Agile project management: how does academic literature help develop its understanding? 
  • The organization of international business . 
  • The PMBOK guidelines: do they prepare managers for handling project risks successfully? 
  • Information management system: practical solutions . 
  • Project management methodologies: how do various prevailing project management methodologies correspond with efficacy? Review the US market. 
  • Subway in the US: management strategies in food industry . 
  • Software development methodologies: how do organizations justify their choices? 
  • Teamwork on project management : how important is it in the US healthcare system? 
  • The concept of change in management . 
  • Software tools: how do different project management software tools correspond with efficacy in the developed world? 
  • Establishment of Ruth’s Chris Steak House in London: how to make a restaurant chain international?  
  • Attitude towards risk: how does project management handle possible risks in the US oil and gas sector? 

Communication flat.

  • Package role in design and planning process . 
  • Public procurement: what are the associated challenges for project management in the US IT sector? 
  • Humility and its impact in leadership . 
  • The stakeholder approach: how does a global perspective picture its overall success in adoption and completion of projects? 
  • Management: Holistic Response to Client Issues . 
  • Captiva Conglomerate: management strategies . 
  • Best project management practices: what does the European financial sector tell us about them? 
  • Hewlett-Packard: global supply chain management . 
  • Leadership qualities: does successful project management need them? 

Human resource management is one of the most interesting spheres of business. After all, it’s all about people!

There are three major areas of a human resource manager’s responsibilities. They are: staffing, allocating compensation and benefits for employees, and administrating work.

There’s so much you can do as an HR specialist. It’s as people-oriented as a profession can get. It’s always a continuous process, too. You’ll never get bored!

There are a number of questions an HR specialist needs to know the answer to. How to select the best recruits? How to encourage team spirit and teamwork among the employees? How to motivate people? How to appraise and how to punish? All of those questions and more are raised in our selection of human resources research topics!

  • Training of employees as a performance enhancer. How does training of employees correspond with their performance? Produce real-life data. Use a questionnaire to identify and determine the workforce needs in an organization. Analyze the data by calculating a simple percentage analysis. How much did employee training influence their performance? Was it cost-effective? 
  • Performance evaluation and its impact on productivity. How does performance evaluation impact employee productivity? What is its purpose? What is the difference between formal and informal evaluations? How should a performance evaluation be carried out? Describe each of the steps. What is the influence of a poor evaluation on an employee’s morale and their absenteeism rate? Produce real-life data. 
  • Motivation and its impact on morale. What motivation theories are there? Which are the most popular to utilize in organizations today? What does the process of staff motivation look like? Does it influence employee performance? Produce real-life data. Analyze the data by calculating a simple percentage analysis. 
  • Performance appraisal and its impact on productivity. What is performance appraisal, and how is it different from performance evaluation / employee motivation? Why is it considered to be crucial for the growth and survival of an organization? What is the role of performance appraisal as a strategic factor? Describe what performance appraisal techniques are used in an organization. How does it impact employee productivity? Produce real-life data. 
  • Human resource and its relevance in modern business. Why are the effective acquisition, utilization, and maintenance of human resources considered to be central to the growth of an organization? How can executive initiative utilize human resources profitably for an organization? What are the techniques of sustaining and developing human resources in an organization? How to achieve maximum cooperation between staff and management? 
  • Stress and its impact on the employee performance. What is the effect of stress on workers’ performance? Produce real-life data. Collect data using questionnaires and descriptive survey research design. Present the collected data in tables. Analyze it using simple percentages and frequencies. 
  • Staff training in business organizations. How to identify the training needs of an organization? What is the role of management in staff training and development? What types of training methods are there? What are the effects of training on employee performance? Produce real-life data. 

Here are some of the simpler human resources topics to explore:

  • Employee loyalty: what are the main factors that can increase it? 
  • The cost of prejudice and discrimination on the wprkplace . 
  • Conflicts in the workplace : how to resolve them? What are the most typical ones? 
  • Cultural differences: how can human resource managers work around cultural differences in an international company?  

G.K. Chesterton quote.

  • Recruiting students: what are the pros and cons? 
  • Compensation and benefits are the parts of employment relationship . 
  • Employees’ education : should a company pay for it? 
  • Harmful outsourcing of United States jobs . 
  • Outsourcing and freelance workers: what are the pros and cons? 
  • Recruitment : what are the opportunities and risks of recruiting new team members? 
  • How to motivate employees effectively?  
  • HR managers: how to select, recruit, hire, and educate human resource managers?  
  • Legal aspects of human resource management . 
  • Overqualified employees: how should an HR manager deal with an overqualified employee? 
  • Google company: workforce diversity policy . 
  • Talent hunting and management: what’s the human resource manager’s role in this process? 
  • Character types: what character types are there, and how do they affect the team-building process in a company? 
  • Workplace harassment and bullying: how should a human resource manager deal with such challenges? What strategies of prevention are to be employed? 
  • Diversity : how can a company encourage it? What is its impact on the dynamics in the workplace? 
  • Communication: how to make it effective? How does it affect a company’s success? 
  • Wages : do they affect employee productivity? How to increase employees’ motivation and make it cost-effective? 
  • Assessing employee performance : what are the best ways to do it? What tools and criteria are there? 
  • The role of diversity in the workplace . 
  • Labor laws : what are the most critical issues to be resolved? 
  • Company data : how to protect it in the age of technology? 
  • Equal pay : are staff members paid equally, and how can HR managers address this issue? 
  • Leadership styles . 
  • Health problems: how can they affect employees’ productivity, and how can HR managers address this issue? 
  • Riordan Manufacturing: HR marketing services . 
  • Workplace motivation: what motivates people to work more? 
  • Mergers and acquisitions : what is the role of an HR specialist in these processes? 
  • Managing a diverse workforce . 
  • Employee loyalty: how can HR specialists encourage employee loyalty through developing the job satisfaction factor? 
  • Organizational burnout of employees . 
  • Employee retention: which factors contribute to it? 
  • Salary bonuses: what are their additional benefits? How can an HR specialist identify who is eligible for getting them? 
  • Strategic human resources : is there global competitiveness on it, and why? 
  • Human resources market: describe its demand and supply circle. 
  • Daily childcare: how can it enhance the performance of employees in the company? 
  • Compensation packages : what are they and what is their function? How can an HR specialist identify who is eligible for getting them? 
  • Career planning : should it be more people-oriented, or is it to be centered around companies? 
  • Professional qualities vs. fitting personality: which is more important? 
  • Performance tests: how are they to be conducted? 
  • Do remote interviews match in their effectiveness with personal ones? 

The Accountancy , Business , and Management (ABM) research focuses on the basic concepts of financial, marketing, and business management. ABM research explores various strategies employed in the business, marketing, and accounting spheres. It helps specialists in the sphere discern which business theories work best when put to practice.

Qualitative research gathers non-numerical data used to uncover customers’ opinions, thoughts, and trends. ABM qualitative studies use focus groups, observations, and interviews. The importance of the qualitative method have been increasingly recognized in the ABM field as a rich in detail and insightful way of analyzing the current market situation.

The nature of business research is the collection, study, and analysis of various business-related data to acquire detailed information and use it to maximize sales and profit of a business. The employed research methods include qualitative and quantitative types. The importance and benefits of business research can’t be overrated.

A marketing research topic is an issue that a researcher is investigating in their marketing research paper. The topic needs to be specific and well-defined to ensure the success of a research project on market and marketing. Selecting a topic is a challenging part of the marketing research.

Learn more on this topic:

  • 280 Good Nursing Research Topics & Questions
  • 256 Research Topics on Criminal Justice & Criminology
  • 224 Research Topics on Technology & Computer Science
  • 178 Best Research Titles about Cookery & Food
  • 507 Interesting History Topics to Research
  • 193 Best Education Research Topics & Ideas
  • 120+ Micro- & Macroeconomics Research Topics
  • 201 Research Topics on Psychology & Communication
  • 512 Research Topics on HumSS
  • 301 Best Health & Medical Research Topics
  • 521 Research Questions & Titles about Science
  • A List of Research Topics for Students. Unique and Interesting
  • Good Research Topics, Titles and Ideas for Your Paper
  • Gale Databases: Gale
  • Writing a Research Paper: Purdue OWL
  • What are the Topics used in Research Starters – Business? EBSCO Connect
  • What should be a good topic for research related to Accountancy, Business, and Management? Quora
  • The difference between quantitative vs. qualitative research: SurveyMonkey
  • Understanding Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research: Medium.com
  • PhDs in Business & Management: Five Hot Research Topics (TopUniversities)
  • All Topics: Harvard Business Review
  • Research topics and projects: QUIT Business School
  • Browse All Topics: Harvard Business School
  • Market Research: Entrepreneur
  • Management Accounting Research: Elsevier
  • Accounting Research Tutorial: UF Libraries
  • What Is Management Research Actually Good For? Harvard Business Review
  • What is Management Research? University of Toronto
  • The value of management research to managers: The Conversation
  • Human Resources: Harvard Business School
  • Research & Surveys: SHRM
  • Human Resources in Research: UOttawa
  • BA (Hons) Business Studies: University of Stirling
  • BA Research: University of Newcastle
  • Education Studies BA: UCL Institute of Education
  • Areas of Research: PhD in Management, Michigan State University
  • Research focus areas in business and government: Victoria University of Wellington
  • PhD Subject Groups: Business School, University of Edinburgh
  • Research areas: The University of Sydney Business School
  • Research topics: Leeds University Business School
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Original Business Research Topics for Academic Success

Updated Aug 2021 ​Business research papers are vital for aspiring business leaders and entrepreneurs pursuing a business degree. They can help you better understand basic economic principles, various markets, financial management, operational logistics, worldwide events and their effects on the global economy, and more.

However, writing a business research paper can be a cumbersome process, as there’s a whole universe of business fields and topics. There are so many different business operations in various areas, such as finance, communications, administration, and IT, that picking a single topic may seem challenging.

business research paper topics

Leave your worries behind, because here you’ll find an extensive list of top business research topics for your next writing assignment. They’re sure to inspire you to develop a unique and exciting topic, but you can also use many of them as your main headline. Some of them may seem a bit general, but you can narrow them down further.

What Are Some Good Business Research Topics?

When it comes to business, every topic is important. There’s not a single subject or topic that doesn’t carry great significance for proper business management.

Still, certain topics may be more interesting to read and learn about, which is one of the essential factors for getting a high grade. You want to wow your professor and showcase your knowledge and understanding of the subject.

So, what can you write about? It comes down to your expertise, interests, and preferences, but here are some ideas that present the most opportunities for business research.

Anything pertaining to the global economy is always a hot business research topic. It allows you to include international research and address many different organizations, from startups, small and medium-sized businesses to large enterprises and conglomerates.

Other exciting topics are political science research topics , including international relations, public policy, comparative politics, public administration, government research, and much more.

Social entrepreneurship, corporate social responsibility, business ethics, sustainable development, resources management, and technology and innovation management are other notable topics you could use for your business research paper. They’re some of the hottest and most in-demand areas of business research these days.

How to Find Business Research Topics?

Finding a good business research topic takes time and effort since there are so many areas to choose from. Following these tips will expedite the process and help you make the right choice:

  • Explore recent trends and developments - Look into the latest business reports, news, articles, presentations, and other relevant sources within your chosen business field to get an idea of the hottest trends, issues, challenges, and opportunities.
  • Make a list of engaging topics - Select several options that you’re interested in and that allow you to highlight your strengths. Then, focus on the one you’re most passionate about, ensuring it’s not too broad or narrow. For instance, if you’re into accounting research paper topics , you could narrow your focus to electronic personal accountancy services or manage in-house and outsourced accounting teams.
  • Conduct research - If there’s not enough information about a specific topic, you may not be able to produce a high-quality research paper. So, make sure the one you choose comes with numerous credible sources, including recent statistical data, to support your claims.

Interesting Business Topics for Research Paper

We’ve compiled a list of the most interesting ideas you could cover in your research paper. Before choosing a topic, read your assignment to make sure you properly understand the requirements, then select from our examples a topic that is directly related to your studies.

  • Business in the digital era
  • Remote employees – challenges
  • Why franchising is a smart business solution
  • Internet advertising and its popularity
  • Cheapest countries to invest in
  • Differences in business ethics laws
  • Latest changes in leadership
  • Social media presence for companies
  • International business languages
  • Making profits from war

Business Research Topics for College Students

For college students faced with business research papers to write, these are our best ideas for topics.

  • Business differences in developing countries
  • Impact of startups on local economies
  • Management approaches in different cultural places
  • Business risks calculation
  • Family-owned companies
  • Monopolies on a market
  • Differences in international copyright laws
  • Internet versus offline advertising
  • Consumer behavior changes in critical times
  • Outsourcing workforce – pros and cons

Business Research Topics for MBA Students

As a successful MBA student, you need to impress your professors with your knowledge. Choose a topic from below, and you will accomplish this easily.

  • Current trends in consumer behavior
  • Innovative management
  • Company rituals and corporate culture
  • Negotiation and diplomacy
  • Effective advertising
  • International trade trends in the USA
  • Geo-arbitrage and business success
  • Advantages of increasing brand awareness
  • Social media as a new market
  • Healthy work environment and employee diversity

Economics Research Topics

research topic about business for senior high school

For undergraduates in any economic field, writing college papers is difficult. To help out students like you who want to buy research paper online , we worked on this list of ideas good for a proper research assignment.

  • Property rights comparison
  • Tax brackets versus the fixed tax rate
  • Demand versus production
  • Analyzing consumer behavior
  • Labor unions legislation changes
  • History of economic thought
  • Trade embargo and sanctions
  • Profit maximization principles
  • Agricultural business
  • Real-estate economics

International Economics Paper Topics

When it comes to international economics, you can write about almost anything. For a compelling research paper, you can refer to one of the following trends.

  • The European Union economic model
  • International trade sanctions and restrictions
  • World economics development
  • Changes in business models due to wildlife protection laws
  • How cultural differences affect economic models
  • Economic power according to race and ethnicity
  • Energy markets potential
  • Foreign investments and their impact on the local economy
  • Correlation between immigration and unemployment rate
  • Impact of tourism growth on local economies

Econometrics Research Topics for Undergraduates

Econometrics involves math, measurements, and statistics, but that does not mean it has to be boring. These topics below use econometrics to refer to important real-life issues.

  • Income versus life insurance
  • Income inequality and poverty correlation
  • Trade impact on economic growth
  • A cross country analysis of minimum wage laws
  • Effects of inflation on national savings
  • Barriers on trade – pros and cons
  • Economic factors affecting homelessness
  • Variation in housing prices across cities
  • Youth unemployment – historical variations
  • Education expenditure and average income correlation

Business Management and Administration Research Topics

research topic about business for senior high school

Are management or administration your business specialties? If you are going to write a paper to cover these areas of research, you can take your inspiration from our list of topics.

  • Smart practices to increase motivation among employees
  • Women leadership
  • Managing conflict in a team
  • Networking between business and companies
  • Organizational crisis management
  • Social entrepreneurship
  • Causes of low employee retention rate
  • Management in startups versus multinational companies
  • Strategies for team-building
  • The relation between wages and employee productivity

Strategic Management Topics for Research

To find a focused, narrow topic for your paper on strategic management, look at our well-researched examples.

  • Strategic management practices in retail
  • Management practices in family-owned companies
  • Non-profit organizations leadership styles
  • Limitations of strategic management
  • Public-sector strategic management
  • Challenges of effective strategic management
  • Technological innovations and their role in management practices
  • Women in top strategic management positions
  • Impact of the social media era
  • Financial versus strategic management

Project Management Research Topics

Project management relies on human psychology, productivity rules, and other interesting aspects. You can surely find a passionate topic to delve deeper into our list of ideas.

  • Defining project leadership
  • Effective management practices
  • Managing innovation in entrepreneurship
  • Project scheduling and control
  • Contemporary approaches in project management
  • Work organization systems
  • Global leadership
  • Project risk management
  • Information value in project management
  • Effective organization changes

Finance Research Topics

This is our list of finance research topics for excellent papers on financial concepts.

  • Role of corporate investments in local economic development
  • Microfinance companies fighting poverty
  • Financial developments in Asian countries
  • Comparison of banking systems
  • Financial challenges of companies in emerging economies
  • What causes financial crises
  • Why mutual funds are popular
  • Cryptocurrency trends
  • Private equity investment – pros and cons
  • Security for online banking and transactions

Marketing Research Topics

For marketing students looking to learn how to analyze a market, we prepared a list of ideas for writing engaging college papers.

  • Is pharmaceutical marketing ethical
  • Purchase behavior – gender differences
  • Impulse buying and effective advertising
  • Social media marketing
  • Black Friday analysis
  • Social media influencers and brand awareness
  • Telemarketing success rate
  • Customer loyalty programs
  • Cultural differences affecting advertising
  • Ecological awareness in advertising

International Business Topics

Create an original research paper on an international business starting from one of these excellent topics.

  • Internet marketing for global companies
  • Causes of failure on the international market
  • Small companies with global appeal
  • International business leadership
  • The impact of cultural differences on business
  • How war affects companies’ profits
  • Most successful international brands – case studies
  • Top business languages
  • Changes in international trade
  • Global monetary environments

Business Ethics Research Paper Topics

Business ethics is a challenging but rewarding study field to cover in your research paper because it allows you to ask some important questions about morality and responsibility.

  • Ethics and social responsibility in entrepreneurship
  • Role of moral principles in business decision making
  • Unethical business environments
  • Honesty as a company policy
  • Ethical codes in successful companies
  • Ethical mistakes that led to business bankruptcy
  • Sexual harassment in the workplace
  • Moral judgments with negative business impact
  • Ethics for management versus staff
  • History of business ethics

Business Law Topics for Research Paper

To find topics that can motivate and inspire you, we put together a list of the most interesting research directions in business law today.

  • Benefits of non-disclosure agreements
  • How copyright law affects various business enterprises
  • Negotiation laws in international trade
  • Stopping employees from joining rival companies
  • Laws regarding marijuana-based businesses
  • Business corruption cases
  • Comparison of alcohol consumption and sale laws
  • Government officials’ direct involvement in business
  • Environmental protection laws that affect business
  • Offshore companies and taxation laws

Managerial Economics Topics for Paper

Learn all the intricacies of managerial economics by exploring this list of intriguing topics of research.

  • Understanding managerial economics for global managers
  • Managerial economics for self-educated entrepreneurs
  • Real-world business solutions contrasted to theoretical managerial economics
  • Developing business strategies based on managerial economics
  • Management styles – impact on decision making
  • Implications of managerial economics for the agriculture industry
  • Gender impact on business strategies for top performance
  • Organizational hierarchies
  • Effective managerial economics models for service industries
  • Managerial economics – recent theories

Organizational Behavior Topics For Research Paper

Who can write a research paper for me ? If your subject is organizational behavior, check our list to find a topic, and professional service can help you write the paper.

  • Artificial intelligence and its ability to reduce recruitment bias
  • Outsourcing tasks to freelancers and contractors
  • How to design an office for high productivity
  • Changes in corporate culture due to globalization
  • Job performance analysis
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Handling employee misconduct
  • Time management
  • Organizational behavior management
  • Workplace scenarios

Business Communication Topics

Business communication is one of the most important processes handling sharing information, whether it has to do with employees, customers, or other people outside a company. That’s why business communication ideas are some of the most interesting to tackle.

  • Interpersonal communication
  • The role of communication in business negotiations
  • Interactive online communication
  • The impact of internal business communication on reputation
  • Intercultural communication in global business ventures
  • Internal business communication vs. external business communication
  • Effective channels and mediums for business communication
  • Business communication vs. general communication
  • Business communication: basic elements, strategies, and practices
  • Business communication through documentation

Argumentative Business Topics

When writing an argumentative business research paper, you have an opportunity to address a topic from a unique standpoint and present your own opinion on the matter. You need to make a strong argument and present hard evidence to support your claims.

That’s one of the most exciting ways to write a research paper, especially when it’s about something you’re passionate about (as it should be). Here are some of the best argumentative business topics to choose from.

  • Just-in-time manufacturing: should the system be avoided?
  • Mergers vs. acquisitions: what strategic alliance is better?
  • Employee performance and motivation: monetary incentives vs. fringe benefits
  • Can you teach leadership? Learning from best practices
  • Engaging consumers through social media campaigns
  • Labor market: monopolistic exploitation to maximize profits
  • Should businesses be market-focused or product-focused?
  • The negative implications of animal testing for businesses
  • How entrepreneurs help build democracy in service-oriented businesses
  • Performance-based pay: an effective motivator or stress inducer?

We hope that our list of business research topics has helped you find inspiration for your paper so that you can get down to business right away. If you need any research, writing, editing, or formatting assistance, we’re available 24/7 for all your needs.

Here at StudyClerk, we have a brilliant team of qualified and experienced writers who can help you write a well-researched, organized, unique, and compelling paper. You have the freedom to choose a writer and request unlimited revisions to ensure you get superior content. Your satisfaction is our top priority.

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research topic about business for senior high school

100 Qualitative Research Paper Topics for Senior High School - ABM & STEM Students (2024)

Published by Ellie Cross at November 1st, 2021 , Revised On May 12, 2022

Selecting an interesting research topic is a very daunting task. And it becomes even more daunting when students are required to pick a topic that is:

  • Highly specific
  • Useful to the larger research community
  • Has a lot of material present on it to start with
  • Can be supported by enough facts and figures
  • Instrumental in closing the ‘research gap’ that already exists around it or within the same field of study.
  • Tries to explain the what , why , how , when , where and/or who behind a phenomenon or an event.

Because of all these factors, institutions—schools, colleges and universities alike—pay so much attention to the kind of topics their students will be researching on.

Qualitative research involves describing or explaining an event or a phenomenon without heavily relying on statistical or mathematical practices. Even though some qualitative research papers do make use of such practices to collect data, in the end, they generally rely on summarising and interpreting that data qualitatively.

Did yod know that an eclectic method or mixed-methods approach is a research method that uses both quantitative and qualitative means of data collection and interpretation?

How to choose the correct qualitative research paper topic

Settling on the right qualitative research topic for one’s study depends on answers to some questions and personal student reflections, such as: :

  • Can I research this topic in the time I have been given by my school/college/university?
  • Is there a research gap that my research will be able to fill?
  • Is this topic highly necessary; if I don’t research this topic, will the research community be affected?
  • Has this topic been researched before?
  • Does this topic support doable, practical research objectives and questions?
  • Does my topic lean more towards the quantitative side than the qualitative side?

Such questions, if brainstormed before selecting a topic, will greatly help make the right decision about what kind of research needs to be done.

Still having difficulty choosing the perfect qualitative research topic? Below is a list of 100 qualitative research topics for different types of students.

Qualitative research paper topics for senior high school students

In most countries around the world, high school generally comprises grades from 9th or 10th to 12th grade. The courses taught to students in high school mostly include the ones listed below, along with some unique qualitative research topics for each subject.

  • What are the main cultural elements in Charlotte Brontë’s novels? OR How do they reflect modern cultures?
  • How does literary language differ from the non-literary language in writing?
  • What are the differences between poetry and drama?
  • Which Shakespearean play/drama is most relevant to present times and why/how?
  • How do Charles Dickens’ writings portray the pre-industrial revolution era?
  • Why are Charles Bukowski’s writings negatively criticised?


  • Why are coral reefs so important in marine life?
  • How do bones in the human body ossify?
  • Flora and fauna in deserts: truth or fiction?
  • When is exposure to the sun beneficial and harmful to the human body?
  • What is mercury poisoning in humans?
  • What is the world’s oldest plant/animal species?
  • What are the effects and causes of prolonged humidity or lack of rain on land?
  • Is global warming getting worse or is it just a myth?
  • Why do some plants need water and some don’t?
  • Are there any physical benefits of having pets?
  • What are ferrofluids?
  • How do aluminium and mercury react together? What happens/doesn’t happen?
  • What are the properties of aerogel?
  • Can metal be smelled? If not, why, and if so, how?
  • How can old jewellery be turned into gold bars?
  • When does milk become lactose-free?
  • Why are some gases odourless and others aren’t?
  • How are black holes evolving?
  • What is so special about Jupiter’s rings?
  • What is the Fermi Paradox and what are the Five Solutions to it?
  • Where can the law of entropy be witnessed in action?
  • Does the soul have weight? How can it be measured?
  • How does the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) work?
  • What kind of environments would fission and fusion reactions not hold in?
  • What are the major implications of the Civil War in today’s world?
  • How did the age of piracy end?
  • Which civilisation was advanced and why (Roman, Greek, Incan, etc)?
  • What would modern society be like without the two World Wars?
  • Which ancient cultures have survived/are still practiced today? How?
  • What is the Nova Effect?
  • Will AI be the end of humankind?
  • Nihilism: good or bad?
  • Why is Arthur Schopenhauer considered the ‘darkest’ philosopher of all time?
  • Stoicism, Taoism, or Absurdism: which leads to a happier life?
  • How does the Amara Effect work in real life?

Arts and design

  • Do students learn better in a ‘colourful’ and architecturally rich environment?
  • What is the importance of the golden ratio in modern-day design?
  • Lefties are more artistic: myth or fact?
  • What is the importance of birth order according to Adler’s theory?
  • Alcoholism and drug abuse is common in teenagers: why or why not?
  • How do the ID, EGO and SUPEREGO shape an adult’s personality according to Freud?
  • Why is gratitude considered a sign of happiness in young adults?
  • Where do the effects of childhood abuse affect one’s mental well-being in later life stages?
  • Bullied children go on to bully others: fact or fiction?
  • Why is Bach’s classical music given so much importance?
  • Are music and memory connected? How?
  • What are Beethoven’s contributions to present-day orchestral music?

Qualitative research paper topics for ABM students

This group of students comprises those who belong to the field of accountancy, business and management. Even though the following topics have been mentioned for each field separately, some of them can be mixed and matched. Because each field in ABM might make use of other, surrounding fields during its research process. This is all because of a simple fact: such fields are very inter-connected.


  • Will Blockchain improve the future of accounting? Why or why not?
  • How has the COVID-19 situation affected accountancy firms globally?
  • Is cryptocurrency the solution to all the financial issues of today’s consumerist society? Why/why not or how?
  • What are some important ethical considerations involved in discretionary accruals?
  • What will an accounting firm be like without interest rates?
  • Do international firms like Coke or Nestle have a better accountancy workforce than local vendors? Why or why not?
  • How can someone launch their own business during the current COVID-19 pandemic? How is it different than launching a business any other time of the year?
  • Is the AI business model the most integrated business approach model out there right now? Why/why not or how?
  • What is the importance of language in communicating business goals, reaching the target audience, etc.?
  • Which business ethics’ theories are followed most rigorously by contemporary businesses and why?
  • When do businesses like Amazon or Shopify least benefit or affect the general public or other businesses?
  • What is the relation between career and talent management?
  • Which affects management more: process planning or project planning? Why or how?
  • Does organisational leadership affect management in small companies? How?
  • Where is construction management most useful?
  • How will an organisation be affected without brand management?

Qualitative research paper topics for STEM students

STEM students belong to the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Same as ABM, STEM research topics can also be mixed and matched with one another. Since the STEM fields are also highly intertwined with each one, it becomes difficult to tell sometimes what kind of topics are solely for one field or the other.

For instance, a topic related to global warming can be considered merely scientific. But then again, fields like technology, engineering and mathematics are all different faces of science. So, while discussing the effects of global warming, a student might find themselves discussing how technological advancements can help prevent excessive damage caused by global warming worldwide.

Similarly, mathematics is heavily used in the field of engineering. So, research from one field doesn’t necessarily have to rely on that field alone. It can go on to join with other related fields, too.

The following topics, therefore, might be combined with others to create a whole new topic. Or they can also be used as they are.

  • Is terraforming on Mars (and possibly on other planets too) a good or bad move? Why?
  • How do black holes affect supernovas?
  • Can ice caps melting from global warming be artificially preserved to stop the spread of viruses living under the snow?
  • How has the earth changed in the last 100 years?
  • What is the relation between climate change and flora and fauna growth?
  • Are science and religion two sides of the same coin? Why or why not?
  • The scientific inquiry leads to more questions than answers: fact or fiction?
  • Scientific inventions have destroyed more than created. Is that so? Why or why not?
  • What is the most likely future of energy, be it solar or otherwise?
  • What is the importance of dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) in helping patients?
  • What are the negative implications of machine learning in today’s world?
  • How has information technology (IT) revolutionised the medical world in the last couple of years?
  • Wireless technology or AI: which is better and why?
  • What is blockchain technology? Or Why is it important?
  • Should nanotechnology be adopted in different spheres of life? Why or why not?
  • How has Python revolutionised the world of technology in contemporary society?


  • What are some important future trends in industrial robotics?
  • How has aerospace engineering helped scientists and engineers discover all they have about space?
  • Where does civil engineering play an important part in construction?
  • Where are industrial pneumatics used mostly these days and how?
  • Why is mechanical design so important in a product’s development process?
  • Which household use engineering products run on thermodynamics and how?
  • What are the fundamentals of submarine engineering?
  • How do hydroelectric power plants function?


  • How do modern construction workers and/or designers make use of the Fibonacci sequence?
  • How do mathematical calculations help determine the endpoint of the universe?
  • How do spacecraft make use of basic math in their construction and working?
  • What is the role of maths in data science?
  • Where are mathematical computations used in game development?
  • Is contemporary mathematical knowledge and practices etc. based on Vedic math? Why/why not or how?
  • Can architects work without the use of geometry? Why or why not?

Explore further: Check out the top 10 tips every emerging qualitative researcher ought to know about before beginning their research.

Selecting a research topic is the first and therefore, perhaps the hardest step in the research process. Qualitative research involves using more descriptive, non-statistical and/or non-mathematical practices to collect and interpret data.

There are a couple of important things that should be considered before finalising a research topic, such as whether it’s practical, doable within the assigned time, etc.

There are many different types of qualitative research topics that high school students, ABM (accountancy, business, management) and STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) students can uptake these days, especially with new knowledge being published each day in different fields. However, there is still always more to be discovered, explored and explained.

Selecting a qualitative research topic for senior high school, ABM, or STEM students is made easier when the close relationship between these fields is considered. Since they’re all so interconnected, a topic from one field is bound to include elements of another, closely related field. Such topics can therefore be mixed and matched to create a whole new topic!

What are the research topic related to ABM Strand? ›

Let's single out the five of the trendiest areas of ABM research. They are: business, marketing, accounting, project management, and human resources .

  • Observation Notes. Observation is an important method of qualitative data collection. ...
  • Semi-structured interviews. ...
  • Open-ended survey. ...
  • Participant diaries or journals. ...
  • Portfolios of evidence. ...
  • Concept Maps. ...
  • Case Studies. ...
  • Focus Groups.

We have chosen the following topics so that you can develop your research easily; Drug addiction, the technological age, young entrepreneurs, smoking, sexually transmitted diseases, eating disorders, the environment, pregnancy in adolescence, causes of death in young people, bullying and finally the methods of ...

Interviews, for example, are common in both modes of research. An interview with students that features open-ended questions intended to reveal ideas and beliefs around attendance will provide qualitative data.

  • Current trends in consumer behavior.
  • Innovative management.
  • Company rituals and corporate culture.
  • Negotiation and diplomacy.
  • Effective advertising.
  • International trade trends in the USA.
  • Geo-arbitrage and business success.
  • Advantages of increasing brand awareness.

Qualitative research in Accounting and Business Management It provides insight into the problem or helps to develop hypotheses for potential quantitative research . Qualitative Research is also used to uncover trends in thought and opinions, and dive deeper into the problem.

It was found out that the difficulties faced by ABM students are time management, problem-solving and school works. Furthermore, this study revealed that students suffered from difficulties as caused by anxiety on the subject topics, and lack of knowledge and solutions to counteract are the problem.

Quantitative research gives busy entrepreneurs the ability to collect large volumes of data quickly and efficiently, providing a generalised view of your target demographic beyond your survey participants . The analysis and result of a survey can also be processed with speed too.

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Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 113 great research paper topics.

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One of the hardest parts of writing a research paper can be just finding a good topic to write about. Fortunately we've done the hard work for you and have compiled a list of 113 interesting research paper topics. They've been organized into ten categories and cover a wide range of subjects so you can easily find the best topic for you.

In addition to the list of good research topics, we've included advice on what makes a good research paper topic and how you can use your topic to start writing a great paper.

What Makes a Good Research Paper Topic?

Not all research paper topics are created equal, and you want to make sure you choose a great topic before you start writing. Below are the three most important factors to consider to make sure you choose the best research paper topics.

#1: It's Something You're Interested In

A paper is always easier to write if you're interested in the topic, and you'll be more motivated to do in-depth research and write a paper that really covers the entire subject. Even if a certain research paper topic is getting a lot of buzz right now or other people seem interested in writing about it, don't feel tempted to make it your topic unless you genuinely have some sort of interest in it as well.

#2: There's Enough Information to Write a Paper

Even if you come up with the absolute best research paper topic and you're so excited to write about it, you won't be able to produce a good paper if there isn't enough research about the topic. This can happen for very specific or specialized topics, as well as topics that are too new to have enough research done on them at the moment. Easy research paper topics will always be topics with enough information to write a full-length paper.

Trying to write a research paper on a topic that doesn't have much research on it is incredibly hard, so before you decide on a topic, do a bit of preliminary searching and make sure you'll have all the information you need to write your paper.

#3: It Fits Your Teacher's Guidelines

Don't get so carried away looking at lists of research paper topics that you forget any requirements or restrictions your teacher may have put on research topic ideas. If you're writing a research paper on a health-related topic, deciding to write about the impact of rap on the music scene probably won't be allowed, but there may be some sort of leeway. For example, if you're really interested in current events but your teacher wants you to write a research paper on a history topic, you may be able to choose a topic that fits both categories, like exploring the relationship between the US and North Korea. No matter what, always get your research paper topic approved by your teacher first before you begin writing.

113 Good Research Paper Topics

Below are 113 good research topics to help you get you started on your paper. We've organized them into ten categories to make it easier to find the type of research paper topics you're looking for.


  • Discuss the main differences in art from the Italian Renaissance and the Northern Renaissance .
  • Analyze the impact a famous artist had on the world.
  • How is sexism portrayed in different types of media (music, film, video games, etc.)? Has the amount/type of sexism changed over the years?
  • How has the music of slaves brought over from Africa shaped modern American music?
  • How has rap music evolved in the past decade?
  • How has the portrayal of minorities in the media changed?


Current Events

  • What have been the impacts of China's one child policy?
  • How have the goals of feminists changed over the decades?
  • How has the Trump presidency changed international relations?
  • Analyze the history of the relationship between the United States and North Korea.
  • What factors contributed to the current decline in the rate of unemployment?
  • What have been the impacts of states which have increased their minimum wage?
  • How do US immigration laws compare to immigration laws of other countries?
  • How have the US's immigration laws changed in the past few years/decades?
  • How has the Black Lives Matter movement affected discussions and view about racism in the US?
  • What impact has the Affordable Care Act had on healthcare in the US?
  • What factors contributed to the UK deciding to leave the EU (Brexit)?
  • What factors contributed to China becoming an economic power?
  • Discuss the history of Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies  (some of which tokenize the S&P 500 Index on the blockchain) .
  • Do students in schools that eliminate grades do better in college and their careers?
  • Do students from wealthier backgrounds score higher on standardized tests?
  • Do students who receive free meals at school get higher grades compared to when they weren't receiving a free meal?
  • Do students who attend charter schools score higher on standardized tests than students in public schools?
  • Do students learn better in same-sex classrooms?
  • How does giving each student access to an iPad or laptop affect their studies?
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks of the Montessori Method ?
  • Do children who attend preschool do better in school later on?
  • What was the impact of the No Child Left Behind act?
  • How does the US education system compare to education systems in other countries?
  • What impact does mandatory physical education classes have on students' health?
  • Which methods are most effective at reducing bullying in schools?
  • Do homeschoolers who attend college do as well as students who attended traditional schools?
  • Does offering tenure increase or decrease quality of teaching?
  • How does college debt affect future life choices of students?
  • Should graduate students be able to form unions?


  • What are different ways to lower gun-related deaths in the US?
  • How and why have divorce rates changed over time?
  • Is affirmative action still necessary in education and/or the workplace?
  • Should physician-assisted suicide be legal?
  • How has stem cell research impacted the medical field?
  • How can human trafficking be reduced in the United States/world?
  • Should people be able to donate organs in exchange for money?
  • Which types of juvenile punishment have proven most effective at preventing future crimes?
  • Has the increase in US airport security made passengers safer?
  • Analyze the immigration policies of certain countries and how they are similar and different from one another.
  • Several states have legalized recreational marijuana. What positive and negative impacts have they experienced as a result?
  • Do tariffs increase the number of domestic jobs?
  • Which prison reforms have proven most effective?
  • Should governments be able to censor certain information on the internet?
  • Which methods/programs have been most effective at reducing teen pregnancy?
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks of the Keto diet?
  • How effective are different exercise regimes for losing weight and maintaining weight loss?
  • How do the healthcare plans of various countries differ from each other?
  • What are the most effective ways to treat depression ?
  • What are the pros and cons of genetically modified foods?
  • Which methods are most effective for improving memory?
  • What can be done to lower healthcare costs in the US?
  • What factors contributed to the current opioid crisis?
  • Analyze the history and impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic .
  • Are low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets more effective for weight loss?
  • How much exercise should the average adult be getting each week?
  • Which methods are most effective to get parents to vaccinate their children?
  • What are the pros and cons of clean needle programs?
  • How does stress affect the body?
  • Discuss the history of the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.
  • What were the causes and effects of the Salem Witch Trials?
  • Who was responsible for the Iran-Contra situation?
  • How has New Orleans and the government's response to natural disasters changed since Hurricane Katrina?
  • What events led to the fall of the Roman Empire?
  • What were the impacts of British rule in India ?
  • Was the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki necessary?
  • What were the successes and failures of the women's suffrage movement in the United States?
  • What were the causes of the Civil War?
  • How did Abraham Lincoln's assassination impact the country and reconstruction after the Civil War?
  • Which factors contributed to the colonies winning the American Revolution?
  • What caused Hitler's rise to power?
  • Discuss how a specific invention impacted history.
  • What led to Cleopatra's fall as ruler of Egypt?
  • How has Japan changed and evolved over the centuries?
  • What were the causes of the Rwandan genocide ?


  • Why did Martin Luther decide to split with the Catholic Church?
  • Analyze the history and impact of a well-known cult (Jonestown, Manson family, etc.)
  • How did the sexual abuse scandal impact how people view the Catholic Church?
  • How has the Catholic church's power changed over the past decades/centuries?
  • What are the causes behind the rise in atheism/ agnosticism in the United States?
  • What were the influences in Siddhartha's life resulted in him becoming the Buddha?
  • How has media portrayal of Islam/Muslims changed since September 11th?


  • How has the earth's climate changed in the past few decades?
  • How has the use and elimination of DDT affected bird populations in the US?
  • Analyze how the number and severity of natural disasters have increased in the past few decades.
  • Analyze deforestation rates in a certain area or globally over a period of time.
  • How have past oil spills changed regulations and cleanup methods?
  • How has the Flint water crisis changed water regulation safety?
  • What are the pros and cons of fracking?
  • What impact has the Paris Climate Agreement had so far?
  • What have NASA's biggest successes and failures been?
  • How can we improve access to clean water around the world?
  • Does ecotourism actually have a positive impact on the environment?
  • Should the US rely on nuclear energy more?
  • What can be done to save amphibian species currently at risk of extinction?
  • What impact has climate change had on coral reefs?
  • How are black holes created?
  • Are teens who spend more time on social media more likely to suffer anxiety and/or depression?
  • How will the loss of net neutrality affect internet users?
  • Analyze the history and progress of self-driving vehicles.
  • How has the use of drones changed surveillance and warfare methods?
  • Has social media made people more or less connected?
  • What progress has currently been made with artificial intelligence ?
  • Do smartphones increase or decrease workplace productivity?
  • What are the most effective ways to use technology in the classroom?
  • How is Google search affecting our intelligence?
  • When is the best age for a child to begin owning a smartphone?
  • Has frequent texting reduced teen literacy rates?


How to Write a Great Research Paper

Even great research paper topics won't give you a great research paper if you don't hone your topic before and during the writing process. Follow these three tips to turn good research paper topics into great papers.

#1: Figure Out Your Thesis Early

Before you start writing a single word of your paper, you first need to know what your thesis will be. Your thesis is a statement that explains what you intend to prove/show in your paper. Every sentence in your research paper will relate back to your thesis, so you don't want to start writing without it!

As some examples, if you're writing a research paper on if students learn better in same-sex classrooms, your thesis might be "Research has shown that elementary-age students in same-sex classrooms score higher on standardized tests and report feeling more comfortable in the classroom."

If you're writing a paper on the causes of the Civil War, your thesis might be "While the dispute between the North and South over slavery is the most well-known cause of the Civil War, other key causes include differences in the economies of the North and South, states' rights, and territorial expansion."

#2: Back Every Statement Up With Research

Remember, this is a research paper you're writing, so you'll need to use lots of research to make your points. Every statement you give must be backed up with research, properly cited the way your teacher requested. You're allowed to include opinions of your own, but they must also be supported by the research you give.

#3: Do Your Research Before You Begin Writing

You don't want to start writing your research paper and then learn that there isn't enough research to back up the points you're making, or, even worse, that the research contradicts the points you're trying to make!

Get most of your research on your good research topics done before you begin writing. Then use the research you've collected to create a rough outline of what your paper will cover and the key points you're going to make. This will help keep your paper clear and organized, and it'll ensure you have enough research to produce a strong paper.

What's Next?

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Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.

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  • Published: 02 December 2020

Enhancing senior high school student engagement and academic performance using an inclusive and scalable inquiry-based program

  • Locke Davenport Huyer   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0003-1526-7122 1 , 2   na1 ,
  • Neal I. Callaghan   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0001-8214-3395 1 , 3   na1 ,
  • Sara Dicks 4 ,
  • Edward Scherer 4 ,
  • Andrey I. Shukalyuk 1 ,
  • Margaret Jou 4 &
  • Dawn M. Kilkenny   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-3899-9767 1 , 5  

npj Science of Learning volume  5 , Article number:  17 ( 2020 ) Cite this article

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The multi-disciplinary nature of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) careers often renders difficulty for high school students navigating from classroom knowledge to post-secondary pursuits. Discrepancies between the knowledge-based high school learning approach and the experiential approach of future studies leaves some students disillusioned by STEM. We present Discovery , a term-long inquiry-focused learning model delivered by STEM graduate students in collaboration with high school teachers, in the context of biomedical engineering. Entire classes of high school STEM students representing diverse cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds engaged in iterative, problem-based learning designed to emphasize critical thinking concomitantly within the secondary school and university environments. Assessment of grades and survey data suggested positive impact of this learning model on students’ STEM interests and engagement, notably in under-performing cohorts, as well as repeating cohorts that engage in the program on more than one occasion. Discovery presents a scalable platform that stimulates persistence in STEM learning, providing valuable learning opportunities and capturing cohorts of students that might otherwise be under-engaged in STEM.


High school students with diverse STEM interests often struggle to understand the STEM experience outside the classroom 1 . The multi-disciplinary nature of many career fields can foster a challenge for students in their decision to enroll in appropriate high school courses while maintaining persistence in study, particularly when these courses are not mandatory 2 . Furthermore, this challenge is amplified by the known discrepancy between the knowledge-based learning approach common in high schools and the experiential, mastery-based approaches afforded by the subsequent undergraduate model 3 . In the latter, focused classes, interdisciplinary concepts, and laboratory experiences allow for the application of accumulated knowledge, practice in problem solving, and development of both general and technical skills 4 . Such immersive cooperative learning environments are difficult to establish in the secondary school setting and high school teachers often struggle to implement within their classroom 5 . As such, high school students may become disillusioned before graduation and never experience an enriched learning environment, despite their inherent interests in STEM 6 .

It cannot be argued that early introduction to varied math and science disciplines throughout high school is vital if students are to pursue STEM fields, especially within engineering 7 . However, the majority of literature focused on student interest and retention in STEM highlights outcomes in US high school learning environments, where the sciences are often subject-specific from the onset of enrollment 8 . In contrast, students in the Ontario (Canada) high school system are required to complete Level 1 and 2 core courses in science and math during Grades 9 and 10; these courses are offered as ‘applied’ or ‘academic’ versions and present broad topics of content 9 . It is not until Levels 3 and 4 (generally Grades 11 and 12, respectively) that STEM classes become subject-specific (i.e., Biology, Chemistry, and/or Physics) and are offered as “university”, “college”, or “mixed” versions, designed to best prepare students for their desired post-secondary pursuits 9 . Given that Levels 3 and 4 science courses are not mandatory for graduation, enrollment identifies an innate student interest in continued learning. Furthermore, engagement in these post-secondary preparatory courses is also dependent upon achieving successful grades in preceding courses, but as curriculum becomes more subject-specific, students often yield lower degrees of success in achieving course credit 2 . Therefore, it is imperative that learning supports are best focused on ensuring that those students with an innate interest are able to achieve success in learning.

When given opportunity and focused support, high school students are capable of successfully completing rigorous programs at STEM-focused schools 10 . Specialized STEM schools have existed in the US for over 100 years; generally, students are admitted after their sophomore year of high school experience (equivalent to Grade 10) based on standardized test scores, essays, portfolios, references, and/or interviews 11 . Common elements to this learning framework include a diverse array of advanced STEM courses, paired with opportunities to engage in and disseminate cutting-edge research 12 . Therein, said research experience is inherently based in the processes of critical thinking, problem solving, and collaboration. This learning framework supports translation of core curricular concepts to practice and is fundamental in allowing students to develop better understanding and appreciation of STEM career fields.

Despite the described positive attributes, many students do not have the ability or resources to engage within STEM-focused schools, particularly given that they are not prevalent across Canada, and other countries across the world. Consequently, many public institutions support the idea that post-secondary led engineering education programs are effective ways to expose high school students to engineering education and relevant career options, and also increase engineering awareness 13 . Although singular class field trips are used extensively to accomplish such programs, these may not allow immersive experiences for application of knowledge and practice of skills that are proven to impact long-term learning and influence career choices 14 , 15 . Longer-term immersive research experiences, such as after-school programs or summer camps, have shown successful at recruiting students into STEM degree programs and careers, where longevity of experience helps foster self-determination and interest-led, inquiry-based projects 4 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 .

Such activities convey the elements that are suggested to make a post-secondary led high school education programs successful: hands-on experience, self-motivated learning, real-life application, immediate feedback, and problem-based projects 20 , 21 . In combination with immersion in university teaching facilities, learning is authentic and relevant, similar to the STEM school-focused framework, and consequently representative of an experience found in actual STEM practice 22 . These outcomes may further be a consequence of student engagement and attitude: Brown et al. studied the relationships between STEM curriculum and student attitudes, and found the latter played a more important role in intention to persist in STEM when compared to self-efficacy 23 . This is interesting given that student self-efficacy has been identified to influence ‘motivation, persistence, and determination’ in overcoming challenges in a career pathway 24 . Taken together, this suggests that creation and delivery of modern, exciting curriculum that supports positive student attitudes is fundamental to engage and retain students in STEM programs.

Supported by the outcomes of identified effective learning strategies, University of Toronto (U of T) graduate trainees created a novel high school education program Discovery , to develop a comfortable yet stimulating environment of inquiry-focused iterative learning for senior high school students (Grades 11 & 12; Levels 3 & 4) at non-specialized schools. Built in strong collaboration with science teachers from George Harvey Collegiate Institute (Toronto District School Board), Discovery stimulates application of STEM concepts within a unique term-long applied curriculum delivered iteratively within both U of T undergraduate teaching facilities and collaborating high school classrooms 25 . Based on the volume of medically-themed news and entertainment that is communicated to the population at large, the rapidly-growing and diverse field of biomedical engineering (BME) were considered an ideal program context 26 . In its definition, BME necessitates cross-disciplinary STEM knowledge focused on the betterment of human health, wherein Discovery facilitates broadening student perspective through engaging inquiry-based projects. Importantly, Discovery allows all students within a class cohort to work together with their classroom teacher, stimulating continued development of a relevant learning community that is deemed essential for meaningful context and important for transforming student perspectives and understandings 27 , 28 . Multiple studies support the concept that relevant learning communities improve student attitudes towards learning, significantly increasing student motivation in STEM courses, and consequently improving the overall learning experience 29 . Learning communities, such as that provided by Discovery , also promote the formation of self-supporting groups, greater active involvement in class, and higher persistence rates for participating students 30 .

The objective of Discovery , through structure and dissemination, is to engage senior high school science students in challenging, inquiry-based practical BME activities as a mechanism to stimulate comprehension of STEM curriculum application to real-world concepts. Consequent focus is placed on critical thinking skill development through an atmosphere of perseverance in ambiguity, something not common in a secondary school knowledge-focused delivery but highly relevant in post-secondary STEM education strategies. Herein, we describe the observed impact of the differential project-based learning environment of Discovery on student performance and engagement. We identify the value of an inquiry-focused learning model that is tangible for students who struggle in a knowledge-focused delivery structure, where engagement in conceptual critical thinking in the relevant subject area stimulates student interest, attitudes, and resulting academic performance. Assessment of study outcomes suggests that when provided with a differential learning opportunity, student performance and interest in STEM increased. Consequently, Discovery provides an effective teaching and learning framework within a non-specialized school that motivates students, provides opportunity for critical thinking and problem-solving practice, and better prepares them for persistence in future STEM programs.

Program delivery

The outcomes of the current study result from execution of Discovery over five independent academic terms as a collaboration between Institute of Biomedical Engineering (graduate students, faculty, and support staff) and George Harvey Collegiate Institute (science teachers and administration) stakeholders. Each term, the program allowed senior secondary STEM students (Grades 11 and 12) opportunity to engage in a novel project-based learning environment. The program structure uses the problem-based engineering capstone framework as a tool of inquiry-focused learning objectives, motivated by a central BME global research topic, with research questions that are inter-related but specific to the curriculum of each STEM course subject (Fig. 1 ). Over each 12-week term, students worked in teams (3–4 students) within their class cohorts to execute projects with the guidance of U of T trainees ( Discovery instructors) and their own high school teacher(s). Student experimental work was conducted in U of T teaching facilities relevant to the research study of interest (i.e., Biology and Chemistry-based projects executed within Undergraduate Teaching Laboratories; Physics projects executed within Undergraduate Design Studios). Students were introduced to relevant techniques and safety procedures in advance of iterative experimentation. Importantly, this experience served as a course term project for students, who were assessed at several points throughout the program for performance in an inquiry-focused environment as well as within the regular classroom (Fig. 1 ). To instill the atmosphere of STEM, student teams delivered their outcomes in research poster format at a final symposium, sharing their results and recommendations with other post-secondary students, faculty, and community in an open environment.

figure 1

The general program concept (blue background; top left ) highlights a global research topic examined through student dissemination of subject-specific research questions, yielding multifaceted student outcomes (orange background; top right ). Each program term (term workflow, yellow background; bottom panel ), students work on program deliverables in class (blue), iterate experimental outcomes within university facilities (orange), and are assessed accordingly at numerous deliverables in an inquiry-focused learning model.

Over the course of five terms there were 268 instances of tracked student participation, representing 170 individual students. Specifically, 94 students participated during only one term of programming, 57 students participated in two terms, 16 students participated in three terms, and 3 students participated in four terms. Multiple instances of participation represent students that enrol in more than one STEM class during their senior years of high school, or who participated in Grade 11 and subsequently Grade 12. Students were surveyed before and after each term to assess program effects on STEM interest and engagement. All grade-based assessments were performed by high school teachers for their respective STEM class cohorts using consistent grading rubrics and assignment structure. Here, we discuss the outcomes of student involvement in this experiential curriculum model.

Student performance and engagement

Student grades were assigned, collected, and anonymized by teachers for each Discovery deliverable (background essay, client meeting, proposal, progress report, poster, and final presentation). Teachers anonymized collective Discovery grades, the component deliverable grades thereof, final course grades, attendance in class and during programming, as well as incomplete classroom assignments, for comparative study purposes. Students performed significantly higher in their cumulative Discovery grade than in their cumulative classroom grade (final course grade less the Discovery contribution; p  < 0.0001). Nevertheless, there was a highly significant correlation ( p  < 0.0001) observed between the grade representing combined Discovery deliverables and the final course grade (Fig. 2a ). Further examination of the full dataset revealed two student cohorts of interest: the “Exceeds Expectations” (EE) subset (defined as those students who achieved ≥1 SD [18.0%] grade differential in Discovery over their final course grade; N  = 99 instances), and the “Multiple Term” (MT) subset (defined as those students who participated in Discovery more than once; 76 individual students that collectively accounted for 174 single terms of assessment out of the 268 total student-terms delivered) (Fig. 2b, c ). These subsets were not unrelated; 46 individual students who had multiple experiences (60.5% of total MTs) exhibited at least one occasion in achieving a ≥18.0% grade differential. As students participated in group work, there was concern that lower-performing students might negatively influence the Discovery grade of higher-performing students (or vice versa). However, students were observed to self-organize into groups where all individuals received similar final overall course grades (Fig. 2d ), thereby alleviating these concerns.

figure 2

a Linear regression of student grades reveals a significant correlation ( p  = 0.0009) between Discovery performance and final course grade less the Discovery contribution to grade, as assessed by teachers. The dashed red line and intervals represent the theoretical 1:1 correlation between Discovery and course grades and standard deviation of the Discovery -course grade differential, respectively. b , c Identification of subgroups of interest, Exceeds Expectations (EE; N  = 99, orange ) who were ≥+1 SD in Discovery -course grade differential and Multi-Term (MT; N  = 174, teal ), of which N  = 65 students were present in both subgroups. d Students tended to self-assemble in working groups according to their final course performance; data presented as mean ± SEM. e For MT students participating at least 3 terms in Discovery , there was no significant correlation between course grade and time, while ( f ) there was a significant correlation between Discovery grade and cumulative terms in the program. Histograms of total absences per student in ( g ) Discovery and ( h ) class (binned by 4 days to be equivalent in time to a single Discovery absence).

The benefits experienced by MT students seemed progressive; MT students that participated in 3 or 4 terms ( N  = 16 and 3, respectively ) showed no significant increase by linear regression in their course grade over time ( p  = 0.15, Fig. 2e ), but did show a significant increase in their Discovery grades ( p  = 0.0011, Fig. 2f ). Finally, students demonstrated excellent Discovery attendance; at least 91% of participants attended all Discovery sessions in a given term (Fig. 2g ). In contrast, class attendance rates reveal a much wider distribution where 60.8% (163 out of 268 students) missed more than 4 classes (equivalent in learning time to one Discovery session) and 14.6% (39 out of 268 students) missed 16 or more classes (equivalent in learning time to an entire program of Discovery ) in a term (Fig. 2h ).

Discovery EE students (Fig. 3 ), roughly by definition, obtained lower course grades ( p  < 0.0001, Fig. 3a ) and higher final Discovery grades ( p  = 0.0004, Fig. 3b ) than non-EE students. This cohort of students exhibited program grades higher than classmates (Fig. 3c–h ); these differences were significant in every category with the exception of essays, where they outperformed to a significantly lesser degree ( p  = 0.097; Fig. 3c ). There was no statistically significant difference in EE vs. non-EE student classroom attendance ( p  = 0.85; Fig. 3i, j ). There were only four single day absences in Discovery within the EE subset; however, this difference was not statistically significant ( p  = 0.074).

figure 3

The “Exceeds Expectations” (EE) subset of students (defined as those who received a combined Discovery grade ≥1 SD (18.0%) higher than their final course grade) performed ( a ) lower on their final course grade and ( b ) higher in the Discovery program as a whole when compared to their classmates. d – h EE students received significantly higher grades on each Discovery deliverable than their classmates, except for their ( c ) introductory essays and ( h ) final presentations. The EE subset also tended ( i ) to have a higher relative rate of attendance during Discovery sessions but no difference in ( j ) classroom attendance. N  = 99 EE students and 169 non-EE students (268 total). Grade data expressed as mean ± SEM.

Discovery MT students (Fig. 4 ), although not receiving significantly higher grades in class than students participating in the program only one time ( p  = 0.29, Fig. 4a ), were observed to obtain higher final Discovery grades than single-term students ( p  = 0.0067, Fig. 4b ). Although trends were less pronounced for individual MT student deliverables (Fig. 4c–h ), this student group performed significantly better on the progress report ( p  = 0.0021; Fig. 4f ). Trends of higher performance were observed for initial proposals and final presentations ( p  = 0.081 and 0.056, respectively; Fig. 4e, h ); all other deliverables were not significantly different between MT and non-MT students (Fig. 4c, d, g ). Attendance in Discovery ( p  = 0.22) was also not significantly different between MT and non-MT students, although MT students did miss significantly less class time ( p  = 0.010) (Fig. 4i, j ). Longitudinal assessment of individual deliverables for MT students that participated in three or more Discovery terms (Fig. 5 ) further highlights trend in improvement (Fig. 2f ). Greater performance over terms of participation was observed for essay ( p  = 0.0295, Fig. 5a ), client meeting ( p  = 0.0003, Fig. 5b ), proposal ( p  = 0.0004, Fig. 5c ), progress report ( p  = 0.16, Fig. 5d ), poster ( p  = 0.0005, Fig. 5e ), and presentation ( p  = 0.0295, Fig. 5f ) deliverable grades; these trends were all significant with the exception of the progress report ( p  = 0.16, Fig. 5d ) owing to strong performance in this deliverable in all terms.

figure 4

The “multi-term” (MT) subset of students (defined as having attended more than one term of Discovery ) demonstrated favorable performance in Discovery , ( a ) showing no difference in course grade compared to single-term students, but ( b outperforming them in final Discovery grade. Independent of the number of times participating in Discovery , MT students did not score significantly differently on their ( c ) essay, ( d ) client meeting, or ( g ) poster. They tended to outperform their single-term classmates on the ( e ) proposal and ( h ) final presentation and scored significantly higher on their ( f ) progress report. MT students showed no statistical difference in ( i ) Discovery attendance but did show ( j ) higher rates of classroom attendance than single-term students. N  = 174 MT instances of student participation (76 individual students) and 94 single-term students. Grade data expressed as mean ± SEM.

figure 5

Longitudinal assessment of a subset of MT student participants that participated in three ( N  = 16) or four ( N  = 3) terms presents a significant trend of improvement in their ( a ) essay, ( b ) client meeting, ( c ) proposal, ( e ) poster, and ( f ) presentation grade. d Progress report grades present a trend in improvement but demonstrate strong performance in all terms, limiting potential for student improvement. Grade data are presented as individual student performance; each student is represented by one color; data is fitted with a linear trendline (black).

Finally, the expansion of Discovery to a second school of lower LOI (i.e., nominally higher aggregate SES) allowed for the assessment of program impact in a new population over 2 terms of programming. A significant ( p  = 0.040) divergence in Discovery vs. course grade distribution from the theoretical 1:1 relationship was found in the new cohort (S 1 Appendix , Fig. S 1 ), in keeping with the pattern established in this study.

Teacher perceptions

Qualitative observation in the classroom by high school teachers emphasized the value students independently placed on program participation and deliverables. Throughout the term, students often prioritized Discovery group assignments over other tasks for their STEM courses, regardless of academic weight and/or due date. Comparing within this student population, teachers spoke of difficulties with late and incomplete assignments in the regular curriculum but found very few such instances with respect to Discovery -associated deliverables. Further, teachers speculated on the good behavior and focus of students in Discovery programming in contrast to attentiveness and behavior issues in their school classrooms. Multiple anecdotal examples were shared of renewed perception of student potential; students that exhibited poor academic performance in the classroom often engaged with high performance in this inquiry-focused atmosphere. Students appeared to take a sense of ownership, excitement, and pride in the setting of group projects oriented around scientific inquiry, discovery, and dissemination.

Student perceptions

Students were asked to consider and rank the academic difficulty (scale of 1–5, with 1 = not challenging and 5 = highly challenging) of the work they conducted within the Discovery learning model. Considering individual Discovery terms, at least 91% of students felt the curriculum to be sufficiently challenging with a 3/5 or higher ranking (Term 1: 87.5%, Term 2: 93.4%, Term 3: 85%, Term 4: 93.3%, Term 5: 100%), and a minimum of 58% of students indicating a 4/5 or higher ranking (Term 1: 58.3%, Term 2: 70.5%, Term 3: 67.5%, Term 4: 69.1%, Term 5: 86.4%) (Fig. 6a ).

figure 6

a Histogram of relative frequency of perceived Discovery programming academic difficulty ranked from not challenging (1) to highly challenging (5) for each session demonstrated the consistently perceived high degree of difficulty for Discovery programming (total responses: 223). b Program participation increased student comfort (94.6%) with navigating lab work in a university or college setting (total responses: 220). c Considering participation in Discovery programming, students indicated their increased (72.4%) or decreased (10.1%) likelihood to pursue future experiences in STEM as a measure of program impact (total responses: 217). d Large majority of participating students (84.9%) indicated their interest for future participation in Discovery (total responses: 212). Students were given the opportunity to opt out of individual survey questions, partially completed surveys were included in totals.

The majority of students (94.6%) indicated they felt more comfortable with the idea of performing future work in a university STEM laboratory environment given exposure to university teaching facilities throughout the program (Fig. 6b ). Students were also queried whether they were (i) more likely, (ii) less likely, or (iii) not impacted by their experience in the pursuit of STEM in the future. The majority of participants (>82%) perceived impact on STEM interests, with 72.4% indicating they were more likely to pursue these interests in the future (Fig. 6c ). When surveyed at the end of term, 84.9% of students indicated they would participate in the program again (Fig. 6d ).

We have described an inquiry-based framework for implementing experiential STEM education in a BME setting. Using this model, we engaged 268 instances of student participation (170 individual students who participated 1–4 times) over five terms in project-based learning wherein students worked in peer-based teams under the mentorship of U of T trainees to design and execute the scientific method in answering a relevant research question. Collaboration between high school teachers and Discovery instructors allowed for high school student exposure to cutting-edge BME research topics, participation in facilitated inquiry, and acquisition of knowledge through scientific discovery. All assessments were conducted by high school teachers and constituted a fraction (10–15%) of the overall course grade, instilling academic value for participating students. As such, students exhibited excitement to learn as well as commitment to their studies in the program.

Through our observations and analysis, we suggest there is value in differential learning environments for students that struggle in a knowledge acquisition-focused classroom setting. In general, we observed a high level of academic performance in Discovery programming (Fig. 2a ), which was highlighted exceptionally in EE students who exhibited greater academic performance in Discovery deliverables compared to normal coursework (>18% grade improvement in relevant deliverables). We initially considered whether this was the result of strong students influencing weaker students; however, group organization within each course suggests this is not the case (Fig. 2d ). With the exception of one class in one term (24 participants assigned by their teacher), students were allowed to self-organize into working groups and they chose to work with other students of relatively similar academic performance (as indicated by course grade), a trend observed in other studies 31 , 32 . Remarkably, EE students not only excelled during Discovery when compared to their own performance in class, but this cohort also achieved significantly higher average grades in each of the deliverables throughout the program when compared to the remaining Discovery cohort (Fig. 3 ). This data demonstrates the value of an inquiry-based learning environment compared to knowledge-focused delivery in the classroom in allowing students to excel. We expect that part of this engagement was resultant of student excitement with a novel learning opportunity. It is however a well-supported concept that students who struggle in traditional settings tend to demonstrate improved interest and motivation in STEM when given opportunity to interact in a hands-on fashion, which supports our outcomes 4 , 33 . Furthermore, these outcomes clearly represent variable student learning styles, where some students benefit from a greater exchange of information, knowledge and skills in a cooperative learning environment 34 . The performance of the EE group may not be by itself surprising, as the identification of the subset by definition required high performers in Discovery who did not have exceptionally high course grades; in addition, the final Discovery grade is dependent on the component assignment grades. However, the discrepancies between EE and non-EE groups attendance suggests that students were engaged by Discovery in a way that they were not by regular classroom curriculum.

In addition to quantified engagement in Discovery observed in academic performance, we believe remarkable attendance rates are indicative of the value students place in the differential learning structure. Given the differences in number of Discovery days and implications of missing one day of regular class compared to this immersive program, we acknowledge it is challenging to directly compare attendance data and therefore approximate this comparison with consideration of learning time equivalence. When combined with other subjective data including student focus, requests to work on Discovery during class time, and lack of discipline/behavior issues, the attendance data importantly suggests that students were especially engaged by the Discovery model. Further, we believe the increased commute time to the university campus (students are responsible for independent transit to campus, a much longer endeavour than the normal school commute), early program start time, and students’ lack of familiarity with the location are non-trivial considerations when determining the propensity of students to participate enthusiastically in Discovery . We feel this suggests the students place value on this team-focused learning and find it to be more applicable and meaningful to their interests.

Given post-secondary admission requirements for STEM programs, it would be prudent to think that students participating in multiple STEM classes across terms are the ones with the most inherent interest in post-secondary STEM programs. The MT subset, representing students who participated in Discovery for more than one term, averaged significantly higher final Discovery grades. The increase in the final Discovery grade was observed to result from a general confluence of improved performance over multiple deliverables and a continuous effort to improve in a STEM curriculum. This was reflected in longitudinal tracking of Discovery performance, where we observed a significant trend of improved performance. Interestingly, the high number of MT students who were included in the EE group suggests that students who had a keen interest in science enrolled in more than one course and in general responded well to the inquiry-based teaching method of Discovery , where scientific method was put into action. It stands to reason that students interested in science will continue to take STEM courses and will respond favorably to opportunities to put classroom theory to practical application.

The true value of an inquiry-based program such as Discovery may not be based in inspiring students to perform at a higher standard in STEM within the high school setting, as skills in critical thinking do not necessarily translate to knowledge-based assessment. Notably, students found the programming equally challenging throughout each of the sequential sessions, perhaps somewhat surprising considering the increasing number of repeat attendees in successive sessions (Fig. 6a ). Regardless of sub-discipline, there was an emphasis of perceived value demonstrated through student surveys where we observed indicated interest in STEM and comfort with laboratory work environments, and desire to engage in future iterations given the opportunity. Although non-quantitative, we perceive this as an indicator of significant student engagement, even though some participants did not yield academic success in the program and found it highly challenging given its ambiguity.

Although we observed that students become more certain of their direction in STEM, further longitudinal study is warranted to make claim of this outcome. Additionally, at this point in our assessment we cannot effectively assess the practical outcomes of participation, understanding that the immediate effects observed are subject to a number of factors associated with performance in the high school learning environment. Future studies that track graduates from this program will be prudent, in conjunction with an ever-growing dataset of assessment as well as surveys designed to better elucidate underlying perceptions and attitudes, to continue to understand the expected benefits of this inquiry-focused and partnered approach. Altogether, a multifaceted assessment of our early outcomes suggests significant value of an immersive and iterative interaction with STEM as part of the high school experience. A well-defined divergence from knowledge-based learning, focused on engagement in critical thinking development framed in the cutting-edge of STEM, may be an important step to broadening student perspectives.

In this study, we describe the short-term effects of an inquiry-based STEM educational experience on a cohort of secondary students attending a non-specialized school, and suggest that the framework can be widely applied across virtually all subjects where inquiry-driven and mentored projects can be undertaken. Although we have demonstrated replication in a second cohort of nominally higher SES (S 1 Appendix , Supplementary Fig. 1 ), a larger collection period with more students will be necessary to conclusively determine impact independent of both SES and specific cohort effects. Teachers may also find this framework difficult to implement depending on resources and/or institutional investment and support, particularly if post-secondary collaboration is inaccessible. Offerings to a specific subject (e.g., physics) where experiments yielding empirical data are logistically or financially simpler to perform may be valid routes of adoption as opposed to the current study where all subject cohorts were included.

As we consider Discovery in a bigger picture context, expansion and implementation of this model is translatable. Execution of the scientific method is an important aspect of citizen science, as the concepts of critical thing become ever-more important in a landscape of changing technological landscapes. Giving students critical thinking and problem-solving skills in their primary and secondary education provides value in the context of any career path. Further, we feel that this model is scalable across disciplines, STEM or otherwise, as a means of building the tools of inquiry. We have observed here the value of differential inclusive student engagement and critical thinking through an inquiry-focused model for a subset of students, but further to this an engagement, interest, and excitement across the body of student participants. As we educate the leaders of tomorrow, we suggest that use of an inquiry-focused model such as Discovery could facilitate growth of a data-driven critical thinking framework.

In conclusion, we have presented a model of inquiry-based STEM education for secondary students that emphasizes inclusion, quantitative analysis, and critical thinking. Student grades suggest significant performance benefits, and engagement data suggests positive student attitude despite the perceived challenges of the program. We also note a particular performance benefit to students who repeatedly engage in the program. This framework may carry benefits in a wide variety of settings and disciplines for enhancing student engagement and performance, particularly in non-specialized school environments.

Study design and implementation

Participants in Discovery include all students enrolled in university-stream Grade 11 or 12 biology, chemistry, or physics at the participating school over five consecutive terms (cohort summary shown in Table 1 ). Although student participation in educational content was mandatory, student grades and survey responses (administered by high school teachers) were collected from only those students with parent or guardian consent. Teachers replaced each student name with a unique coded identifier to preserve anonymity but enable individual student tracking over multiple terms. All data collected were analyzed without any exclusions save for missing survey responses; no power analysis was performed prior to data collection.

Ethics statement

This study was approved by the University of Toronto Health Sciences Research Ethics Board (Protocol # 34825) and the Toronto District School Board External Research Review Committee (Protocol # 2017-2018-20). Written informed consent was collected from parents or guardians of participating students prior to the acquisition of student data (both post-hoc academic data and survey administration). Data were anonymized by high school teachers for maintenance of academic confidentiality of individual students prior to release to U of T researchers.

Educational program overview

Students enrolled in university-preparatory STEM classes at the participating school completed a term-long project under the guidance of graduate student instructors and undergraduate student mentors as a mandatory component of their respective course. Project curriculum developed collaboratively between graduate students and participating high school teachers was delivered within U of T Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering (FASE) teaching facilities. Participation allows high school students to garner a better understanding as to how undergraduate learning and career workflows in STEM vary from traditional high school classroom learning, meanwhile reinforcing the benefits of problem solving, perseverance, teamwork, and creative thinking competencies. Given that Discovery was a mandatory component of course curriculum, students participated as class cohorts and addressed questions specific to their course subject knowledge base but related to the defined global health research topic (Fig. 1 ). Assessment of program deliverables was collectively assigned to represent 10–15% of the final course grade for each subject at the discretion of the respective STEM teacher.

The Discovery program framework was developed, prior to initiation of student assessment, in collaboration with one high school selected from the local public school board over a 1.5 year period of time. This partner school consistently scores highly (top decile) in the school board’s Learning Opportunities Index (LOI). The LOI ranks each school based on measures of external challenges affecting its student population therefore schools with the greatest level of external challenge receive a higher ranking 35 . A high LOI ranking is inversely correlated with socioeconomic status (SES); therefore, participating students are identified as having a significant number of external challenges that may affect their academic success. The mandatory nature of program participation was established to reach highly capable students who may be reluctant to engage on their own initiative, as a means of enhancing the inclusivity and impact of the program. The selected school partner is located within a reasonable geographical radius of our campus (i.e., ~40 min transit time from school to campus). This is relevant as participating students are required to independently commute to campus for Discovery hands-on experiences.

Each program term of Discovery corresponds with a five-month high school term. Lead university trainee instructors (3–6 each term) engaged with high school teachers 1–2 months in advance of high school student engagement to discern a relevant overarching global healthcare theme. Each theme was selected with consideration of (a) topics that university faculty identify as cutting-edge biomedical research, (b) expertise that Discovery instructors provide, and (c) capacity to showcase the diversity of BME. Each theme was sub-divided into STEM subject-specific research questions aligning with provincial Ministry of Education curriculum concepts for university-preparatory Biology, Chemistry, and Physics 9 that students worked to address, both on-campus and in-class, during a term-long project. The Discovery framework therefore provides students a problem-based learning experience reflective of an engineering capstone design project, including a motivating scientific problem (i.e., global topic), subject-specific research question, and systematic determination of a professional recommendation addressing the needs of the presented problem.

Discovery instructors were volunteers recruited primarily from graduate and undergraduate BME programs in the FASE. Instructors were organized into subject-specific instructional teams based on laboratory skills, teaching experience, and research expertise. The lead instructors of each subject (the identified 1–2 trainees that built curriculum with high school teachers) were responsible to organize the remaining team members as mentors for specific student groups over the course of the program term (~1:8 mentor to student ratio).

All Discovery instructors were familiarized with program expectations and trained in relevant workspace safety, in addition to engagement at a teaching workshop delivered by the Faculty Advisor (a Teaching Stream faculty member) at the onset of term. This workshop was designed to provide practical information on teaching and was co-developed with high school teachers based on their extensive training and experience in fundamental teaching methods. In addition, group mentors received hands-on training and guidance from lead instructors regarding the specific activities outlined for their respective subject programming (an exemplary term of student programming is available in S 2 Appendix) .

Discovery instructors were responsible for introducing relevant STEM skills and mentoring high school students for the duration of their projects, with support and mentorship from the Faculty Mentor. Each instructor worked exclusively throughout the term with the student groups to which they had been assigned, ensuring consistent mentorship across all disciplinary components of the project. In addition to further supporting university trainees in on-campus mentorship, high school teachers were responsible for academic assessment of all student program deliverables (Fig. 1 ; the standardized grade distribution available in S 3 Appendix ). Importantly, trainees never engaged in deliverable assessment; for continuity of overall course assessment, this remained the responsibility of the relevant teacher for each student cohort.

Throughout each term, students engaged within the university facilities four times. The first three sessions included hands-on lab sessions while the fourth visit included a culminating symposium for students to present their scientific findings (Fig. 1 ). On average, there were 4–5 groups of students per subject (3–4 students per group; ~20 students/class). Discovery instructors worked exclusively with 1–2 groups each term in the capacity of mentor to monitor and guide student progress in all project deliverables.

After introducing the selected global research topic in class, teachers led students in completion of background research essays. Students subsequently engaged in a subject-relevant skill-building protocol during their first visit to university teaching laboratory facilities, allowing opportunity to understand analysis techniques and equipment relevant for their assessment projects. At completion of this session, student groups were presented with a subject-specific research question as well as the relevant laboratory inventory available for use during their projects. Armed with this information, student groups continued to work in their classroom setting to develop group-specific experimental plans. Teachers and Discovery instructors provided written and oral feedback, respectively , allowing students an opportunity to revise their plans in class prior to on-campus experimental execution.

Once at the relevant laboratory environment, student groups executed their protocols in an effort to collect experimental data. Data analysis was performed in the classroom and students learned by trial & error to optimize their protocols before returning to the university lab for a second opportunity of data collection. All methods and data were re-analyzed in class in order for students to create a scientific poster for the purpose of study/experience dissemination. During a final visit to campus, all groups presented their findings at a research symposium, allowing students to verbally defend their process, analyses, interpretations, and design recommendations to a diverse audience including peers, STEM teachers, undergraduate and graduate university students, postdoctoral fellows and U of T faculty.

Data collection

Teachers evaluated their students on the following associated deliverables: (i) global theme background research essay; (ii) experimental plan; (iii) progress report; (iv) final poster content and presentation; and (v) attendance. For research purposes, these grades were examined individually and also as a collective Discovery program grade for each student. For students consenting to participation in the research study, all Discovery grades were anonymized by the classroom teacher before being shared with study authors. Each student was assigned a code by the teacher for direct comparison of deliverable outcomes and survey responses. All instances of “Final course grade” represent the prorated course grade without the Discovery component, to prevent confounding of quantitative analyses.

Survey instruments were used to gain insight into student attitudes and perceptions of STEM and post-secondary study, as well as Discovery program experience and impact (S 4 Appendix ). High school teachers administered surveys in the classroom only to students supported by parental permission. Pre-program surveys were completed at minimum 1 week prior to program initiation each term and exit surveys were completed at maximum 2 weeks post- Discovery term completion. Surveys results were validated using a principal component analysis (S 1 Appendix , Supplementary Fig. 2 ).

Identification and comparison of population subsets

From initial analysis, we identified two student subpopulations of particular interest: students who performed ≥1 SD [18.0%] or greater in the collective Discovery components of the course compared to their final course grade (“EE”), and students who participated in Discovery more than once (“MT”). These groups were compared individually against the rest of the respective Discovery population (“non-EE” and “non-MT”, respectively ). Additionally, MT students who participated in three or four (the maximum observed) terms of Discovery were assessed for longitudinal changes to performance in their course and Discovery grades. Comparisons were made for all Discovery deliverables (introductory essay, client meeting, proposal, progress report, poster, and presentation), final Discovery grade, final course grade, Discovery attendance, and overall attendance.

Statistical analysis

Student course grades were analyzed in all instances without the Discovery contribution (calculated from all deliverable component grades and ranging from 10 to 15% of final course grade depending on class and year) to prevent correlation. Aggregate course grades and Discovery grades were first compared by paired t-test, matching each student’s course grade to their Discovery grade for the term. Student performance in Discovery ( N  = 268 instances of student participation, comprising 170 individual students that participated 1–4 times) was initially assessed in a linear regression of Discovery grade vs. final course grade. Trends in course and Discovery performance over time for students participating 3 or 4 terms ( N  = 16 and 3 individuals, respectively ) were also assessed by linear regression. For subpopulation analysis (EE and MT, N  = 99 instances from 81 individuals and 174 instances from 76 individuals, respectively ), each dataset was tested for normality using the D’Agostino and Pearson omnibus normality test. All subgroup comparisons vs. the remaining population were performed by Mann–Whitney U -test. Data are plotted as individual points with mean ± SEM overlaid (grades), or in histogram bins of 1 and 4 days, respectively , for Discovery and class attendance. Significance was set at α ≤ 0.05.

Reporting summary

Further information on research design is available in the Nature Research Reporting Summary linked to this article.

Data availability

The data that support the findings of this study are available upon reasonable request from the corresponding author DMK. These data are not publicly available due to privacy concerns of personal data according to the ethical research agreements supporting this study.

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This study has been possible due to the support of many University of Toronto trainee volunteers, including Genevieve Conant, Sherif Ramadan, Daniel Smieja, Rami Saab, Andrew Effat, Serena Mandla, Cindy Bui, Janice Wong, Dawn Bannerman, Allison Clement, Shouka Parvin Nejad, Nicolas Ivanov, Jose Cardenas, Huntley Chang, Romario Regeenes, Dr. Henrik Persson, Ali Mojdeh, Nhien Tran-Nguyen, Ileana Co, and Jonathan Rubianto. We further acknowledge the staff and administration of George Harvey Collegiate Institute and the Institute of Biomedical Engineering (IBME), as well as Benjamin Rocheleau and Madeleine Rocheleau for contributions to data collation. Discovery has grown with continued support of Dean Christopher Yip (Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering, U of T), and the financial support of the IBME and the National Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) PromoScience program (PROSC 515876-2017; IBME “Igniting Youth Curiosity in STEM” initiative co-directed by DMK and Dr. Penney Gilbert). LDH and NIC were supported by Vanier Canada graduate scholarships from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and NSERC, respectively . DMK holds a Dean’s Emerging Innovation in Teaching Professorship in the Faculty of Engineering & Applied Science, U of T.

Author information

These authors contributed equally: Locke Davenport Huyer, Neal I. Callaghan.

Authors and Affiliations

Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Locke Davenport Huyer, Neal I. Callaghan, Andrey I. Shukalyuk & Dawn M. Kilkenny

Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Locke Davenport Huyer

Translational Biology and Engineering Program, Ted Rogers Centre for Heart Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Neal I. Callaghan

George Harvey Collegiate Institute, Toronto District School Board, Toronto, ON, Canada

Sara Dicks, Edward Scherer & Margaret Jou

Institute for Studies in Transdisciplinary Engineering Education & Practice, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Dawn M. Kilkenny

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar


LDH, NIC and DMK conceived the program structure, designed the study, and interpreted the data. LDH and NIC ideated programming, coordinated execution, and performed all data analysis. SD, ES, and MJ designed and assessed student deliverables, collected data, and anonymized data for assessment. SD assisted in data interpretation. AIS assisted in programming ideation and design. All authors provided feedback and approved the manuscript that was written by LDH, NIC and DMK.

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Correspondence to Dawn M. Kilkenny .

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Davenport Huyer, L., Callaghan, N.I., Dicks, S. et al. Enhancing senior high school student engagement and academic performance using an inclusive and scalable inquiry-based program. npj Sci. Learn. 5 , 17 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41539-020-00076-2

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A Guide to Pursuing Research Projects in High School

research topic about business for senior high school

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Most common high school pursuits and interests can be fit fairly neatly into the academic or extracurricular categories. There are of course required courses that you take, and then there are the activities that you pursue outside of school hours, usually for your own enjoyment. You may play on a sports team, participate in a service project, or pursue visual arts. In most cases, even if your interests are somewhat untraditional, you can somehow package them in a way that neatly qualifies them as an extracurricular activity.

But what if your interests outside of school are more academic in nature? What if you’ve long been fascinated by the potential that carbon sequestration holds to limit the effects of climate change? What if you’re interested in the history of civil disobedience, or the ability of exams to measure actual comprehension? Whatever the case may be, there are some topics of interest that just don’t fit neatly into any extracurricular club or activity.

If you find yourself longing to pursue an interest such as this, you might consider conducting your own research project. While the concept may seem daunting at first, if you break it down into smaller, manageable tasks, you’ll quickly find that you probably already have the skills necessary to get started.

In this post, we will outline the process for conducting a long-term research project independently, including several avenues for pursuing recognition of your work and a step-by-step guide to completing your project. If you’re interested in pursuing an independent research project during high school, keep reading.

Why Pursue an Independent Research Project?

An independent research project is a great way to explore an area of interest that you otherwise would not get to learn about outside of school. By undertaking a research project on your own, not only will you explore a personal area of interest in more depth, but also you will demonstrate your dedication to pursuing knowledge for the sake of learning and your ability to work independently over a prolonged period.

Independent research projects, when conducted well and presented appropriately on a college application, can be a great advantage to you on your college admissions.

How to Choose a Topic for a Research Project

If you’re interested in pursuing a research project, you probably already have a topic in mind. In fact, the desire to conduct a research project usually stems from an existing interest, not just from the idea to conduct research on a vague or undetermined subject matter.

You should aim to narrow your research project to something that has some academic relevance. Perhaps it is related to your existing coursework. Maybe it reflects work you hope to pursue in the future, either academically or professionally. Try to fine-tune your project enough that you can easily explain the driving force behind it and its relevance to your future career path.

While you don’t need to decide on your exact topic or thesis quite yet, you should have a general idea of what your project will entail before moving forward.

Are There Existing Avenues for Undertaking a Research Project At Your School?

While you could certainly conduct your research project completely independently from your school, it is usually easier and more productive to conduct it in a way that is somehow connected to the rest of your schooling.

If the project is STEM-oriented, think about whether it would fit into a science fair or other STEM competition in which your school already competes. Also consider the AP Capstone Program if your school offers it. The second course in this sequence is AP Research , and it requires an in-depth research project as its culminating assessment.

If neither of these formal avenues are available, or neither provides a good fit, look into the possibility of pursuing your project as an independent study. If your school offers independent studies for credit, you can usually get information about them from your adviser. These types of projects usually require an extended application process that must be followed closely if you want to gain approval.

Finally, even if you can’t take advantage of one of the options above, if you have achieved advanced standing or enough credits, your school might still allow you to undertake an extended individual research project through some type of formal arrangement. Talk with a teacher, mentor, or adviser to learn what your options are. Clearly communicate your innate desire to learn more about this specific topic and be prepared to give some background on the issue that you want to research.

Steps for Undertaking the Research Project

1. find a mentor or adviser.

You will need someone to help guide and advise your work, so finding a willing and able mentor should be one of your first steps. This should ideally be a person with existing expertise in the subject area you wish to pursue. In the least, this person should share your interest and passion for the topic.

A teacher at your school who can also serve as an adviser is ideal, and may even be a requirement if you are formally pursuing the project as an independent study for credit. If that is not possible, you can certainly find a mentor somewhere else, even remotely if necessary.

Find out if your subject matter pertains to any local industries or companies, or if there are any scientists or professionals nearby who specialize in it. Consider checking the instructors of local summer programs or judges from past science fairs at your school.   Also consider a professional who has written an article that interested you in the field.

Before you approach a mentor to request their help, familiarize yourself with his or her work. Be able to speak articulately about what has drawn you to him or her specifically. Put some thought into informed questions you might ask him or her. Be upfront about your needs if you are going to require any specific guidance or extended time or energy from your mentor. It might be difficult to find someone at first, but keep trying. Finding a mentor for your project is an important step.

2. Set a Timeline and Stick to It

Once you’ve found a mentor, you can get started laying out the timeline for your project. When you do this, list each step of your project as specifically as possible. These will include at a minimum: background research, writing a thesis statement, in depth research phase, outlining your final paper, drafting your paper, editing your paper, and publishing your paper.

You will probably have a completion date in mind, whether it’s required by the school or simply the end of the semester or school year. Work backwards from your completion date to set a realistic timeframe for each of these steps.

It helps to have a calendar displayed prominently with your deadlines listed clearly on it to keep you on track. Also be sure to put your deadlines into your school assignment book or Google calendar so that you can see how they overlap and affect your other commitments.

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3. Conducting Research

After you’ve completed your deadline calendar, you’re ready to get started with the fun stuff:   the actual research. There are many sources for finding high quality research materials. You can use your school library, your local library, and sometimes even the library at local colleges or universities. Sometimes the libraries at colleges are open only to registered students and faculty, but if you contact a library official or a member of the department related to your research project, you might be able to gain access for research purposes.

You may also take advantage of online research tools. Google Scholar is a good place to find peer-reviewed, high quality publications. You may also find out if your school has a subscription to any online research databases like Ebsco , or JSTOR . These databases provide digital compilations of hundreds of research journals, both current and archived.    

Be careful what you choose to use as sources, though. You need to ensure that every source you rely on is high-quality and fact-based. Many internet resources now are not as accurate as they might appear. Some are outdated and some are just wrong. Remember that just about anyone can publish something online these days, so you can’t rely on information that you find on just any old website. Be particularly wary of pages like Wikipedia that look like fact-based resources but are actually drawn from unfiltered user submissions.

As you research your topic, take careful notes to track your work. Choose a system to organize your notes, such as writing on notecards that can be easily organized, or using different colored pens to color code different subtopics of your research. By carefully organizing your notes, you’ll be better set up to organize your paper.

4. Organize Your Paper

Once you’ve completed the research phase of your project, you’re ready to organize your paper. Go through your notes carefully to see how they support your thesis. If they don’t, be prepared and open to changing your thesis. Always allow the research to guide the direction of your paper, and not vice versa.

Organize your notes into the order that makes most sense in your paper. Use them to guide an outline of your paper. Once they are in order, write out a rough outline of your paper.

Prewriting is an important step to writing your paper. It allows you to go into the drafting phase with as much preparation as possible so that your writing will have a clear direction when you begin.

5. Write Your Paper 

After your organization and prewriting, you’re ready to draft your paper. Try to break this phase up into smaller pieces so that you don’t burn out. Your final product will probably be one of the longest papers you’ve ever written, usually ranging from 15-30 pages depending on your subject, so you’ll want to pace yourself.

Break up your writing deadlines into more specific sub-deadlines to help guide your work. Set goals for completing the introduction, various sections of the body, and your conclusion.

6. Edit Your Paper 

There will be multiple stages of editing that need to happen. First, you will self-edit your first draft. Then, you will likely turn a draft of your paper in to your mentor for another round of editing. Some students even choose to have a peer or family member edit a draft at some point. After several rounds of editing, you will be prepared to publish your work.

7. Publish Your Work

Publication sounds like a very official completion of your project, but in reality publishing can take many different forms. It’s really just the final draft of your project, however you decide to produce it.

For some students, publication means submitting a draft of your project to an actual journal or formal publication. For others, it means creating a polished draft and a display board that you will present at a school or public event. For still others it might just be a polished, final draft bound and turned into your mentor.

However you decide to publish your work, be mindful that this should be a reflection of an entire semester or year of work, and it should reflect the very height of your learning and abilities. You should be proud of your final product.

If you’re a high school student with in-depth interests in a subject area that doesn’t fit neatly into any of your existing extracurriculars or academic courses, you should consider pursuing a research project to reflect your interest and dedication. Not only will your pursuit allow you to further explore a subject that’s interesting to you, but also it will be a clear example of your independence and commitment on your college applications.

Looking for help navigating the road to college as a high school student? Download our  free guide for 9th graders  and our  free guide for 10th graders . Our guides go in-depth about subjects ranging from  academics ,  choosing courses ,  standardized tests ,  extracurricular activities ,  and much more !

For more information about research and independent projects in high school, check out these posts:

  • Ultimate Guide to the AP Research Course and Assessment
  • How to Choose a Project for Your AP Research Course
  • How to Get a Research Assistant Position in High School
  • An Introduction to the AP Capstone Diploma
  • How to Choose a Winning Science Fair Project Idea
  • How to Plan and Implement an Independent Study in High School

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166+ inspiring senior project ideas to check out.

senior project ideas

Writing the senior project is a much anticipated and yet dreaded time in the life of every student. It is a significant milestone that every student must achieve before receiving a diploma. Every student wearing a graduation gown and flinging their caps in the sky has completed a student project at one time or the other.

When students begin to approach their final year, preparation for the senior project will begin. Sometimes, the project supervisor will instruct that the student goes to find a project topic.

The search for a topic for the senior project can be pretty hectic. You begin to approach those who have graduated before you to ask for project topics they worked on. Everyone wants the perfect project topic, and so you start to sieve through a million and one ideas that you come across.

If you are looking for a unique project topic for your senior project, this article provides an endless list of senior projects examples that you can choose from.

What is a Senior Project?

A senior project is a project high school students are required to carry out before their graduation. This project is a medium to showcase their academic knowledge creatively. It is mandatory, and all students must begin and complete their senior projects before they can qualify to write an exit exam.

Exit exams are usually confused with senior projects because they are both designed to test the knowledge that a student has amassed throughout high school. The difference between them is that an exit exam is a written test that examines a student’s understanding of math, science, reading, and writing. However, a senior project is an experimental examination of a student’s ability.

The exit exam is prepared for a lot of students. However, senior projects are usually chosen by students from a list of senior project ideas that they have come up with. When students have to find ideas for projects for school, they seize the opportunity to dive into topics that interest them. Computer science, Engineering, Economics, Literature, Accounting, Government, and so on, there are many single and group project ideas you can choose from as a senior student.

A senior project requires a lot of research which will take time. Sometimes, students have to skip classes to work on their projects. A high quality project will require so much effort, which is why students are encouraged to choose a topic that they are passionate about. The project will also expose the student to more insights about their passion, and sometimes, students go on to choose a career in the topic they chose for their senior project.

What Subjects Can a Senior Project be About, and How Can You Create One?

Students are expected to be creative when coming up with a senior projects topics list. The ideas can be generated from:

The ideas can focus on their desired career, community service, research papers, and so on. All of these projects follow a set of steps already prepared by the United States Department of Education.

To create a senior project, first, you have to come up with great and interesting ideas. Then you will have a compelling topic that you want to go with. When you choose the topic, you will research the topic and write your research paper . Some students usually seek writing help for this aspect. If you need help, you can find a professional writer in school and online who gets paid to write research papers.

During the research and writing the research paper, the student will have been exposed to a lot of information about the topics and will be expected to have a journal where these pieces of information will be documented. After the research has been completed, there is a final stage where the student has to present all their findings to a panel. This panel will decide how well the student has done in the research.

Easy Science Topics to Choose From

The following topics tap into areas like natural and environmental sciences; the analysis and exploration of controversial issues. It involves carrying out surveys and performing experiments on these topics. If you want mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, or computer science senior project ideas, check some of these good senior projects ideas that you can choose from.

  • Proof of Newton’s laws of motion.
  • How to build a robot from scratch.
  • How to show the electrolysis of water.
  • How to design a makeshift parachute
  • How to develop a solar panel
  • The impact of object-oriented programming on software systems.
  • How to use Spyware to deal with software security threats.
  • How we can make software interactive systems more effective.
  • Computational Game Theory: its strength and weaknesses.
  • Digital library technologies should be adopted in every college and university.
  • How effective are modern human-computer interfaces?
  • What role can computing methods play in the improvement of education?
  • Guide to creating a barcode generation software.
  • Easy steps to accessing a PC remotely
  • Best intruder detection systems that can be used in warehouses and safes.
  • How to design a game
  • How to develop an application
  • How the body responds to stressors
  • The role of reality shows in society today.
  • How to regulate the effects of erosion
  • The connection between temperature invasion and wind direction
  • How to disintegrate crude oil in rivers, seas, and other water bodies.
  • How cloning can help to grow plant and animal cells.
  • Website developers use control systems to maintain high security.
  • What is a high-level programming language, and how can you design one?
  • The psychology of relationships.
  • Creating a mobile application that has no bug.
  • Abortion Law: The perspective of the government and the society.
  • The science of human cloning: How it all started and its development.
  • How oxytocin can help to treat psychopathic patients.
  • Hormones and how they affect human behavior and mental health.
  • The immune system: How it protects human health and the consequences of a poor immune system.
  • Societal opinion on the concept of COVID-19 vaccination.
  • How does photosynthesis work, and why is it so crucial to plants?
  • How has the improvement in technology helped to curb the spread of diseases in plants?
  • Do plants have an immune system? How do they fight off diseases?
  • A study of ecology and evolution.
  • How to create a hologram: A visual explanation of the diffusion of light.
  • How to easily detect methane in an open field
  • All you need to know about the black hole.
  • A brief study of the concept of time
  • An analysis of gas and all its constituents
  • The distinction between the waste products of humans and animals
  • Energy drinks: What they contain and their effects on the human body.
  • Complex study on the effects of hard drugs in society.

Excellent Technical High School Project Ideas

If you are passionate about mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and other technical topics requiring theory and practical knowledge to become a professional, there are many awesome senior project ideas for high school students that you can show to your teacher. It’s okay if you do not have any idea. Here are some reliable high school project ideas for you.

  • Construction of a popcorn machine
  • Automated cleaning machine
  • The machine that finds and cleans oil spills
  • Study of the working principle of an internal combustion engine
  • Design of a smart energy meter
  • Design of a home automation system
  • Design of a solar system
  • Design of a helicopter
  • Design of a robot
  • Design of an Arduino
  • Design of a circuit using different methods
  • How to monitor and control a substation from your mobile phone
  • Design of smoke and fire detectors that can be used to detect forest fires.
  • How to design an electronic alert system
  • How to use mobile applications to control your home appliances
  • How to optimize power from solar panels by making them bend to the direction of the sun.
  • Design of a traffic control system
  • Improving the speed of a machine.
  • New ways to reduce energy consumption at home and reduce the cost of energy consumption
  • Design of a wireless charger
  • Design of a smart lighting system
  • Automation of a bottle filling system
  • How to use automation to regulate the temperature in an environment.
  • Design of an electric skateboard
  • Design of a solar simulation system
  • Design of an affordable music synthesizer
  • Design of a movable ventilator
  • Design of a solar-powered grinding machine
  • Design of a smart fuse for industrial use
  • Design of a DC motor driver without brush
  • Design of an energy meter
  • Design of an anchor light controlled by light
  • Design of a micro-inverter
  • Design of a circuit that detects LPG leakage
  • Design of an inverter
  • Design of a high-security circuit breaker
  • Design of a dynamometer
  • Design of a dust collection system
  • Automation of ball valves
  • Design of lighting system for bicycles
  • Building face recognition software

Research Ideas for High School Management Students

Management courses cover topics like business and economics that hand students knowledge of consumer behavior and market forces. Below, you will find some high school economics projects and other cool project ideas that you can include in your senior projects topics list.

  • A better way to budget one’s income
  • How Cowism can help to understand economics better
  • How to create your investment portfolio
  • In-depth research into the world’s economies
  • How the English Premier League is maintaining balance despite competition
  • The role the UEFA’s Fair Play regulations play in a club’s finances.
  • How the market price is determined in an e-commerce market
  • The structure of an e-commerce market
  • A complex analysis of the real estate industry in America
  • An analysis of the gender wage gap in different sports
  • A study into how financial liberty can increase corruption
  • A report on how and why the Bitcoin price is inviting more investors
  • How the massive cost of education affects the economy
  • Factors that contribute to a human’s behavior
  • How family, society, and environment can affect the possibility of obesity in a child.
  • How the workplace can affect a person’s health
  • Gentrification: Social and Economic Causes
  • The effects of public transportation in the spread of the coronavirus
  • Factors that boosts economic growth in developing and under-developed countries
  • SpaceX: A study of unbelievable innovation
  • The role of effective management in small, medium, and large-scale businesses.
  • How management leaders are causing major innovations across different industries.
  • How customer service is helping companies to gain and retain more customers
  • The importance of project management in any business.
  • Who is a project manager, and what role does a project manager play in political campaigns?
  • Why are there fewer women in leadership than men?
  • What is risk management?
  • How does capital influence a corporate strategy?
  • Are corporate strategies productive? How?
  • Role of technology in the evolution of management.
  • The concept of tax evasion and its relation to accounting
  • How software programs can change the accounting world
  • The process of coming up with a new accounting theory
  • How important is accounting to an auditing firm
  • How has the recession affected personal finances
  • The effect of the COVID-19 on companies’ budget
  • How to create a working payroll system
  • Tax debts: what are they, and how can they be reduced?
  • Decision-making in Accounting
  • Countries that have been affected mainly by the recession
  • Blockchain and impact on the economy of climate change.

Ideas for Senior Projects in Art and Education

If you need excellent group project ideas in topics like politics, art, literature, education, etc., these project topics will come in handy for you. Pick from any of them and get started with your senior project.

  • The use of public art to create awareness for paper use
  • How drawings and paintings can address societal issues. The role of smiles in identity and social exchanges.
  • How art can be used to educate people on the history
  • A study on how art can be used to tell ancient stories and revive a forgotten culture.
  • How to turn ideas into projects
  • How art can be used as a source of passive income for students and families
  • Possible changes in schools’ policies that could improve the education system.
  • How to provide easy access to books and libraries for students.
  • Effects of workshops in improving vocational skills.
  • The role of mentors in providing better education for students.
  • Why computer literacy should be taught and encouraged in schools.
  • Why students should be encouraged to take up a second language
  • How to help students who are learning English as a Second Language (ESL)
  • How translators can help to provide better education for immigrants
  • The advantages and disadvantages of virtual learning
  • How the COVID-19 has affected the education system
  • Research into the best methods to educate children with learning disabilities
  • School uniforms: are they essential?
  • Best practices to help students assimilate in class
  • How to effectively study for an exam
  • The effects of peer pressure on a child’s education
  • Education policies that ought to be abolished
  • Cyberbullying: causes, effects and how to tackle it.
  • How teachers can keep students on their best behavior in class
  • Impact of social media on high school students
  • Effect of global warming on education
  • The pandemic vs. education: what have we learned?
  • How students adapt to digital art
  • Pros and cons of digital art to high school students
  • What we know about the 21st century art and education
  • Religion as a tool of artistic brilliance
  • Gender equality in education: obstacles and way forward
  • Should schools move totally online?
  • Impact of virtual education on high school students
  • Should schools charge less for virtual learning?
  • Machine learning: an art or science? Discuss
  • Role of fiction in shaping the new world
  • The significance of literature to general history.
  • Why students need new sets of teachers for the modern world
  • NFTs: meaning, challenges, and impacts.
  • Electronic literature and why students should care.

Get Help With Your Senior Project!

These topics will help to begin your research in any area of interest. If you are not an English speaker or an English Language Learner, you might need an English as a New Language (ENL) teacher or a native speaker of the English Language to help you write your research paper. Here is where we come in. Check our online services and choose from our many professional “do my project” freelancing teachers to help with your senior project.

demonstration speech ideas


100 Qualitative Research Titles For High School Students

Are you brainstorming for excellent qualitative research titles for your high school curriculum? If yes, then this blog is for you! Academic life throws a lot of thesis and qualitative research papers and essays at you. Although thesis and essays may not be much of a hassle. However, when it comes to your research paper title, you must ensure that it is qualitative, and not quantitative. 

Qualitative research is primarily focused on obtaining data through case studies, artifacts, interviews, documentaries, and other first-hand observations. It focuses more on these natural settings rather than statistics and numbers. If you are finding it difficult to find a topic, then worry not because the high schooler has this blog post curated for you with 100 qualitative research titles that can help you get started!

Qualitative research prompts for high schoolers

Qualitative research papers are written by gathering and analyzing non-numerical data. Generally, teachers allot a list of topics that you can choose from. However, if you aren’t given the list, you need to search for a topic for yourself.

Qualitative research topics mostly deal with the happenings in society and nature. There are endless topics that you can choose from. We have curated a list of 100 qualitative research titles for you to choose from. Read on and pick the one that best aligns with your interests!

  • Why is there a pressing need for wildlife conservation?
  • Discuss the impacts of climate change on future generations. 
  • Discuss the impact of overpopulation on sustainable resources.
  • Discuss the factors considered while establishing the first 10 engineering universities in the world.
  • What is the contribution of AI to emotional intelligence? Explain. 
  • List out the effective methods to reduce the occurrences of fraud through cybercrimes.
  • With case studies, discuss some of the greatest movements in history leading to independence. 
  • Discuss real-life scenarios of gender-based discrimination. 
  • Discuss disparities in income and opportunities in developing nations. 
  • How to deal with those dealing with ADHD?
  • Describe how life was before the invention of the air conditioner. 
  • Explain the increasing applications of clinical psychology. 
  • What is psychology? Explain the career opportunities it brings forth for youngsters.
  • Covid lockdown: Is homeschooling the new way to school children?
  • What is the role of army dogs? How are they trained for the role?
  • What is feminism to you? Mention a feminist and his/her contributions to making the world a better place for women.  
  • What is true leadership quality according to you? Explain with a case study of a famous personality you admire for their leadership skills. 
  • Is wearing a mask effective in preventing covid-19? Explain the other practices that can help one prevent covid-19. 
  • Explain how teachers play an important role in helping students with disabilities improve their learning.
  • Is ‘E business’ taking over traditional methods of carrying out business?
  • What are the implications of allowing high schoolers to use smartphones in classes?
  • Does stress have an effect on human behavior?
  • Explain the link between poverty and education. 
  • With case studies, explain the political instability in developing nations.
  • Are ‘reality television shows’ scripted or do they showcase reality?
  • Online vs Offline teaching: which method is more effective and how?
  • Does there exist an underlying correlation between education and success? Explain with case studies.
  • Explain the social stigma associated with menstruation. 
  • Are OTT entertainment platforms like Netflix and Amazon Prime beneficial in any other way?
  • Does being physically active help reverse type 2 diabetes?
  • Does pop culture influence today’s youth and their behavior?
  • ‘A friend in need is a friend in deed.’ Explain with case studies of famous personalities. 
  • Do books have greater importance in the lives of children from weaker economic backgrounds? Explain in detail.
  • Give an overview of the rise of spoken arts. 
  • Explain the problem of food insecurity in developing nations.
  • How related are Windows and Apple products?
  • Explore the methods used in schools to promote cultural diversity. 
  • Has social media replaced the physical social engagement of children in society?
  • Give an overview of allopathic medicine in treating mental disorders. 
  • Explain if and how willpower plays a role in overcoming difficulties in life. 
  • Are third-world countries seeing a decline in academic pursuit? Explain with real-life scenarios. 
  • Can animals predict earthquakes in advance? Explain which animals have this ability and how they do it. 
  • Discuss if the education system in America needs to improve. If yes, list out how this can be achieved.
  • Discuss democracy as a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.’
  • Discuss the increasing rate of attention deficit disorder among children.
  • Explain fun games that can help boost the morale of kids with dyslexia. 
  • Explain the causes of youth unemployment.
  • Explain some of the ways you think might help in making differently-abled students feel inclusive in the mainstream.
  • Explain in detail the challenges faced by students with special needs to feel included when it comes to accessibility to education.
  • Discuss the inefficiency of the healthcare system brought about by the covid-19 pandemic. 
  • Does living in hostels instill better life skills among students than those who are brought up at home? Explain in detail. 
  • What is Advanced Traffic Management? Explain the success cases of countries that have deployed it.  
  • Elaborate on the ethnic and socioeconomic reasons leading to poor school attendance in third-world nations.
  • Do preschoolers benefit from being read to by their parents? Discuss in detail.
  • What is the significance of oral learning in classrooms?
  • Does computer literacy promise a brighter future? Analyze. 
  • What people skills are enhanced in a high school classroom?
  • Discuss in detail the education system in place of a developing nation. Highlight the measures you think are impressive and those that you think need a change. 
  • Apart from the drawbacks of UV rays on the human body, explain how it has proven to be beneficial in treating diseases.  
  • Discuss why or why not wearing school uniforms can make students feel included in the school environment. 
  • What are the effective ways that have been proven to mitigate child labor in society? 
  • Explain the contributions of arts and literature to the evolving world. 
  • How do healthcare organizations cope with patients living with transmissive medical conditions?
  • Why do people with special abilities still face hardships when it comes to accessibility to healthcare and education?
  • What are the prevailing signs of depression in small children?
  • How to identify the occurrences and onset of autism in kids below three years of age?
  • Explain how SWOT and PESTLE analysis is important for a business.
  • Why is it necessary to include mental health education in the school curriculum?
  • What is adult learning and does it have any proven benefits?
  • What is the importance of having access to libraries in high school?
  • Discuss the need for including research writing in school curriculums. 
  • Explain some of the greatest non-violent movements of ancient history. 
  • Explain the reasons why some of the species of wildlife are critically endangered today. 
  • How is the growing emission of co2 bringing an unprecedented change in the environment?
  • What are the consequences of an increasing population in developing nations like India? Discuss in detail. 
  • Are remote tests as effective as in-class tests? 
  • Explain how sports play a vital role in schools. 
  • What do you understand about social activities in academic institutions? Explain how they pose as a necessity for students. 
  • Are there countries providing free healthcare? How are they faring in terms of their economy? Discuss in detail. 
  • State case studies of human lives lost due to racist laws present in society.
  • Discuss the effect of COVID-19 vaccines in curbing the novel coronavirus.
  • State what according to you is more effective: e-learning or classroom-based educational systems.
  • What changes were brought into the e-commerce industry by the COVID-19 pandemic?
  • Name a personality regarded as a youth icon. Explain his or her contributions in detail.
  • Discuss why more and more people are relying on freelancing as a prospective career. 
  • Does virtual learning imply lesser opportunities? What is your take?
  • Curbing obesity through exercise: Analyze.
  • Discuss the need and importance of health outreach programs.
  • Discuss in detail how the upcoming generation of youngsters can do its bit and contribute to afforestation.
  • Discuss the 2020 budget allocation of the United States. 
  • Discuss some of the historic ‘rags to riches’ stories.
  • What according to you is the role of nurses in the healthcare industry?
  • Will AI actually replace humans and eat up their jobs? Discuss your view and also explain the sector that will benefit the most from AI replacing humans. 
  • Is digital media taking over print media? Explain with case studies. 
  • Why is there an increasing number of senior citizens in the elderly homes? 
  • Are health insurances really beneficial? 
  • How important are soft skills? What role do they play in recruitment? 
  • Has the keto diet been effective in weight loss? Explain the merits and demerits. 
  • Is swimming a good physical activity to curb obesity? 
  • Is work from home as effective as work from office? Explain your take. 

Qualitative research titles for high school students

Tips to write excellent qualitative research papers

Now that you have scrolled through this section, we trust that you have picked up a topic for yourself from our list of 100 brilliant qualitative research titles for high school students. Deciding on a topic is the very first step. The next step is to figure out ways how you can ensure that your qualitative research paper can help you grab top scores. 

Once you have decided on the title, you are halfway there. However, deciding on a topic signals the next step, which is the process of writing your qualitative paper. This poses a real challenge! 

To help you with it, here are a few tips that will help you accumulate data irrespective of the topic you have chosen. Follow these four simple steps and you will be able to do justice to the topic you have chosen!

  • Create an outline based on the topic. Jot down the sub-topics you would like to include. 
  • Refer to as many sources as you can – documentaries, books, news articles, case studies, interviews, etc. Make a note of the facts and phrases you would like to include in your research paper. 
  • Write the body. Start adding qualitative data. 
  • Re-read and revise your paper. Make it comprehensible. Check for plagiarism, and proofread your research paper. Try your best and leave no scope for mistakes. 

Wrapping it up!

To wrap up, writing a qualitative research paper is almost the same as writing other research papers such as argumentative research papers , English research papers , Biology research papers , and more. Writing a paper on qualitative research titles promotes analytical and critical thinking skills among students. Moreover,  it also helps improve data interpretation and writing ability, which are essential for students going ahead.

research topic about business for senior high school

Having a 10+ years of experience in teaching little budding learners, I am now working as a soft skills and IELTS trainers. Having spent my share of time with high schoolers, I understand their fears about the future. At the same time, my experience has helped me foster plenty of strategies that can make their 4 years of high school blissful. Furthermore, I have worked intensely on helping these young adults bloom into successful adults by training them for their dream colleges. Through my blogs, I intend to help parents, educators and students in making these years joyful and prosperous.

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Top 10 Business Summer Research Opportunities for High School Students in 2023

research topic about business for senior high school

By Alex Armstrong

MBA from the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth

1 minute read

business research project

Business and Finance are areas of growth beyond big banks. Just a few examples include how SoFi and Stripe (to name a couple not in existence 10 years ago) have revolutionized student loan financing and payment technology. Business/Finance experience can set a resume apart from others, regardless of the field - especially for young professionals! Many students ask us where they can go to get hands-on research experience over the summer. Here is a list of 10 Shortlisted Business/Finance Summer Research Opportunities for High Schoolers listed in order of Application deadlines.

1) BETA Camp

Hosting Institution : BETA Camp Cost : $3,000 USD Format : Online Application deadline : January 15, 2023 This six-week program promises Clarity, Community, and Expansion. Students learn from leaders at well-known companies like Google, IKEA, and Airbnb, among others. Participants will be challenged to create a real-world company and then reach out to influencers to partner with them to promote a real solution. Learning occurs through workshops allowing students to practice their skills on real companies with feedback from that company's executives. The ultimate goal is for students to implement all learnings with weekly startup guidance.

Create a research project tailored to your interests and your schedule

Polygence pairs you with an expert mentor in your area of passion. Together, you work to create a high quality research project that is uniquely your own. We also offer options to explore multiple topics, or to showcase your final product!

Student exploring their passions

2) Introduction to the Entrepreneurial Experience

Hosting Institution : Babson College Cost : $5,995 USD Format : Online Application deadline : March 1, 2023 In this three-week experiential online program comprised of live as well as asynchronous coursework, rising high school juniors and seniors explore the entrepreneurial mindset and develop problem-solving and teamwork skills. Students explore social, economic, and environmental problems framed by the U.N. Global Goals. Participants are exposed to key concepts in entrepreneurship, management, marketing, finance, business communication, and other disciplines.

3) Berkeley Business Academy for Youth (B-BAY)

Hosting Institution : Haas School of Business - University of California, Berkeley Cost : $7,050 USD Format : In-person (Berkeley, CA) Application deadline : March 17, 2023 An intimate cohort of only 50 students, this two-week course invites students to learn concepts of teamwork, communications, presentations, writing a business plan, and research skills. They will also meet a panel of undergrads from UC Berkeley. Immersed in the on-campus life, participants also experience social activities, hear from guest speakers, and collaborate with a team to build a business plan which they then present at the end of the course.

4) Business Opportunities Summer Session (BOSS)

Hosting Institution : Penn State Cost : $50 USD registration fee only if accepted Format : In–person (State College, PA) Application deadline : March 31, 2022 BOSS is a two-week program designed for high school students interested in pursuing a business education. It allows participants to experience a taste of college life via college prep and business fundamentals courses taught by Penn State faculty. In addition to coursework in Hospitality Management, Risk Management, and Management and Organization, students are also invited to participate in social activities.

5) Essentials of Finance

Hosting Institution : Wharton University Cost : $7,299 USD Format : In-person (Philadelphia, PA) Application deadline : April 5, 2023 This two-week program provides an introduction to the theory, the methods and the concerns of the world of finance. Students are exposed to the fundamentals of both personal and corporate finance. Additionally, participants look into topics like the time value of money, the trade-off between risk and return, equities and corporate accounting, and learn fundamentals of finance with real-world applications and case studies.

6) Entrepreneurship Academy

Hosting Institution : Georgetown University Cost : $5,500 USD Format : In-person Application deadline : May 15, 2023 This two-week program explores how to choose a start-up, prototype testing, market research, social innovation, global business, and the operations of running a business. In addition to class work, participants will hear from guest speakers, develop a business plan and pitch presentation, participate in discussions that invite critical thinking, and review case studies. The experience incorporates a blend of classroom lectures, field trips, hands-on activities, and group discussions.

Your Project Your Schedule - Your Admissions Edge!

Register to get paired with one of our expert mentors and to get started on exploring your passions today! And give yourself the edge you need to move forward!

Sitting girl reading a book in the field

7) Summer High School Sessions and Pre-College Programs

Hosting Institution : Adelphi University Cost : $8,200 USD Format : In-Person (Garden City, NY) Application deadline : May 31, 2023 During this three-week course students delve into the various aspects of starting a business as well as review the parameters for success in business. Students are introduced to the primary areas of business including accounting, finance, production, operations, marketing, human resources, and information/technology. Creating business plans and exploring communication skills are integral to the program.

8) Mercy College’s Summer Leadership Academy

Hosting Institution : Mercy College Cost : $495 USD Format : In-Person (Hudson Falls, NY) Application deadline : ongoing In this two-week session students participate in seminars led by faculty as well as corporate leaders. Topics include: Career Mindset, Four Leadership Archetypes, Personal Branding, Careers in Finance, Careers in Accounting and Careers in Marketing. Tuition for the program is covered, there is only a fee for food and activities. Excursions to major companies in New York City.

9) Georgetown Pre-College Online Courses

Hosting Institution : Georgetown University Cost : $1,495 USD Format : Online Application deadline : Ongoing Students can choose from areas of study such as entrepreneurship, investing, and international relations. Online courses are available throughout the year making this accessible for students as young as 13. This offering includes the flexibility of online learning with mentoring who can support and answer questions.

10) Camp Business

Hosting Institution : Drexel University Cost : $950-2,000 USD Format : In-person (Philadelphia, PA) Application deadline : TBD This day-commuter as well as residential program was designed to give rising high school sophomores, juniors and seniors an introduction to college life and corporate business. Students learn the basics of accounting, marketing, finance and management, as well as the core concepts of business including leadership, professional image, etiquette, team building and strategy. Participants are also exposed to resources essential to business like the stock market, financial documents and technology.

Other Opportunities

We have listed a few research opportunities, but there are many more available to you. Check out some additional resources we’ve put together, including: 

How to start writing your own research paper

Ideas for passion projects you can undertake independently

Research programs created for high school students

Summer internships opportunities for high school students

At Polygence , we offer students the opportunity to get 1:1 project mentorship from expert mentors and researchers. Students are in the driver’s seat of their education here, and whatever project you want to do, we will help you make it happen!

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Join Polygence and do your own research project tailored towards your passions and guided by one of our expert mentors!

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Business Research Topics For Students

business research topics

When pursuing business programs in colleges and universities, students are required to write papers or do my thesis on business research topics. The major challenge for most students is choosing topics for their papers. A vast majority of them are stuck in this step because they fear choosing a topic that is not interesting or too broad and end up with poor grades.

Nevertheless, many inspirations in the contemporary can guide you when choosing business topics for a research paper. Whether you are pursuing a bachelor’s degree or preparing for your Ph.D. defense, there are many topics that you can write about. You just need to choose a topic that you will be interested in researching and writing a paper about.

How to Find Business Research Topics

Best business research paper topics, examples of business-related research topics, business management research topics, business law topics for research paper, international business research paper, business administration topics, argumentative business topics, business communication topics for presentation, business persuasive and informative speech topics, business debate topics, qualitative research titles about business for your dissertation, mba research paper topics, entrepreneurial research topics, business intelligence topics, the most asked business research paper questions, where to get help with business research topics.

There are many factors to consider when choosing a topic for a research paper about business. They include the following:

  • Whether your professor provides the topic scope and if you are permitted to change it.
  • Whether you have been given a thematic area within which to choose a topic.
  • Whether you have specialized in a specific subject.
  • If you have the total freedom to choose your topic

If you have complete freedom to choose your topic, start with a little research. For instance, you can read news websites, analyze successful companies and corporations, or track problems that other people write about. If you still don’t find a topic after doing this, consider the examples of business research topics provided here.

Your choice of the best topic for your business paper should depend on the field you are interested in. Additionally, your topic should be engaging and related to your study program. It should also enable you to conduct extensive research and come up with facts to back up your argument. What’s more, the best business topics for research papers grab the readers’ attention.

This explains why many students get nervous or struggle when required to choose topics for their business papers. Nevertheless, students cover many topics and subjects during their studies. What you learn in class can, therefore, be your inspiration when choosing topics for business research papers. But, if you find it hard to come up with a topic for your research paper, the internet has many samples that you can consider.

Though there are many sample topics to consider when writing a business research paper, your choice should depend on your study level, the field of interest, and assignment requirements. Here are different categories of business research topics for college students and their examples.

Business Ethics Research Paper Topics

Business ethics is a study field that gives students the freedom to choose from different topics. For instance, a student can choose a topic in this field around duties, morality, integrity, and business behavior. The increasing business ethics issues widen the range of the topics students can choose from in this category. What’s more, business ethics cover ethical conflicts between individuals and groups of employers, employees, customers, and the surrounding. Here are examples of topics for research papers in this category.

  • Effects of Moral Principles on Business Decisions
  • Causes of Unethical Conducts in Workplaces
  • Should Businesses Be Honest with their Customers All the Time?
  • The Psychology and History of Business Ethics
  • Examples of Moral Judgment that Doesn’t Work in Business
  • How Ethical Mistakes can Lead to Business Bankruptcy
  • Are Business Ethics the Same for the Manager and the Personnel?
  • How to Avoid Sexual Harassment at the Workplace
  • Why is an Ethical Code Important for Companies?
  • Taking Responsibility for the Corporate Ethics of a Company

The fact that people engage in different businesses creates a chance to research common topics like workplace honesty and general topics like environmental protection.

When writing a business management research paper, it’s important to come up with a researchable and interesting question. This can be a challenging task because there are many facets and resources in the business management field. Nevertheless, it’s still possible to find a focused, narrow question that forms the topic of a research paper. Here are examples of topics for business management research papers.

  • Conflict Management in a Work Team
  • The Role of Women in Business Management
  • Issues that Affect Management of Business Startups
  • Consequences of Excessive Work in Business
  • Why You Should Start a New Business After One Fails
  • Importance of Inter-organizational Leadership and Networks
  • How to Manage Organizational Crisis in Business
  • Product and Service Development in a Strategic Alliance
  • Innovation and Network Markets as a Business Strategy
  • Social Enterprise and Entrepreneurship

Business management research paper topics should not be too narrow or too broad. Nevertheless, there are many topics on enterprise, trade, commerce, and other subjects that you can explore because they all require extensive research.

A business law topic is not easy to find. That’s because your topic should attract the attention of your reader and relate to the broad field of business law. As such, you should narrow down your topic to something more focused. Here are examples of topics for business law papers.

  • How Do You Define Authority Before You Start Business Negotiations?
  • Insider Trading- What Does it Mean in the Contemporary World?
  • Are Alcohol Consumption and Sale Laws Beneficial to the Public’s Wellbeing?
  • Should Some Corporate Crimes Warrant Death Penalty?
  • Can State Officials Succeed when Dismissed for their Implication in Corruption Cases?
  • How Marijuana-Based Businesses Interact with the Federal and State Law
  • What Should a Business Do to Ensure that Its Former Employees Do Not Join Its Rival Firm?
  • Should Author Protection for Written Work Be Done with Nom de Plumes or Legal Names?
  • How can Non-Disclosure Agreements save a Company from Disgruntled former Employees?
  • How is Copyright Law Favorable to an Artist or a Singer when the Recording Company represents it?

Though there are many business law research topics , it’s important to choose a topic that you are personally interested in to make writing your paper an interesting task.

International topics allow students to explore global business subjects. These topics can be more complex though lucrative. It’s not surprising that this category comprises mostly of business research topics for MBA students. Here are examples of international topics for research papers.

  • Is Social Media Presence Important for Companies Around the World?
  • How Does War between Countries Affect Businesses?
  • Examples of Companies that Have Failed in the International Markets and Why How Do You Spot a Small Business that is Likely to Become a Successful Multi-National?
  • What Languages are Likely to Be International Business Languages in the Future?
  • Should international companies be forced to supply healthcare services to full-time employees?
  • Should maternity leave in international business be increased?
  • Should recruiters be allowed to ask questions about an applicant’s personal life?
  • Should we attempt for an equal representation of male and feminine leaders within the workplace?
  • Should social media sites be blocked at work?
  • Casual dress codes and the corporate world.
  • International businesses and their influence on national businesses.

International topics for research papers should be current. They can’t be too general or too narrow. If your topic is too general or too narrow, you will be writing a paper that won’t delve deep or say much. This won’t earn you the grade you desire.

Topics on business administration give students a chance to explore something innovative. However, choosing a topic in this category can frustrating because there are many options available. Here are examples of business administration topics.

  • How Advertisement Affects Consumer Behavior
  • How Wages Affect Employees’ Productivity
  • How Staff Motivation Affects Productivity
  • How to Measure Employee Retention Rate
  • Customer follow-up techniques as after-sales methods.
  • Why business will harden you
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Equal opportunities for both sexes
  • Good governance ethics and social responsibility.
  • The way to cope with a breach of contract.
  • The various external factors affecting employee retention.

When writing a business administration research paper, it’s important to choose an effective topic that you can research and present properly. It’s also important to consider the field you are interested in and the goal of writing your paper. An ideal business administration topic is one that you are interested to learn more about.

Argumentative business papers use the existing, published materials and literature. So, when choosing business research proposal topics in this category, students should explore the existing information first. This will enable them to use the existing data when presenting their understanding of the topics argumentatively. The major challenge is to choose a topic that relates to your field of business study. Here are examples of argumentative business topics.

  • Acquisition vs. merger- Which one is better?
  • Businesses that Focus on Market Vs. Businesses that Focus on Products
  • Is Offering Better Value to New Employees a Wise Move?
  • Can Business Develop Leadership through Practice and Learning?
  • Is it Wise for a Company to Exploit Labor in Maximizing Profits?
  • Investing in Digital Marketing and Social Media Campaigns- Does it Capture the Audience Attention?
  • Monetary Incentives Versus Personal Acknowledgement and Fringe Benefits
  • Is having a crypto investment risk for businesses?
  • Is there a bias against the workplace?
  • Is it possible to work while stressed?
  • Why are there corporate loans and special grants for females’ start-ups?

Before you decide to write a paper on an argumentative business topic, it’s important to establish your position. Make sure that you have evidence or you can find facts to support your position. Your idea should be put on a pedestal when making your argument.

Business communication is solely the act of sharing and distributing information between people within and outdoors a corporation and how the staff and management communicate to assist out organizational problems. The best researchable business communication topics for presentation include:

  • Social media usage
  • Non-verbal communication
  • Giving proper feedback
  • Communicating decisions during an issue or crisis
  • Business and email etiquettes and manners
  • Usage of company blogs
  • Role of influencers for building a brand
  • Impact of social media for workers
  • Differences between qualitative and quantitative data analysis
  • Secrets of advertising and marketing

You would have to note that these are two different things; informative speeches support educating and training. In persuasive speeches, you’re imploring that they participate in something or buy something. Some business persuasive and informative speech topics include:

  • Ergonomics in the workspace
  • Standards in creative and financial accounting
  • Understanding business copyright protection
  • What are the categories of insurance?
  • How to develop healthy work skills
  • How safety programs and dealing conditions relate to productivity
  • Conflict Management Strategies
  • How to create a comprehensive and viable business plan
  • Opportunities of internet advertising.
  • Internal control of resources.
  • What is a career break?
  • What impact do oil price fluctuations have on businesses?
  • Ways to draw in customer attention.
  • Time management
  • New fathers’ paternity leave.

Debate may be a valuable way of communicating and also persuading people. Interesting business debate topics for you include:

  • Can companies be trusted?
  • Are our casual dress codes beneficial for the company?
  • Employee drug test: yes, or no?
  • Should dating within the workplace be allowed?
  • Should companies spy on employees on social media?
  • Companies should be forced to produce health care for full-time employees.
  • Are employees that employment from home productive?
  • Does job satisfaction help in productivity?
  • Men should stay longer off for paternity leave.
  • Non-financial incentives and financial incentives – which is better?
  • How to put in place strict work policies.

Qualitative business research has to do with the creative and investigative analysis of intangible and inexact data. Here are some qualitative research titles about business for your dissertation.

  • Handling backlash during a project program
  • Ways to relieve pressure for strict work deadlines
  • Time management essence in goal setting
  • Managers should be flexible in their decisions.
  • How to manage an organizational crisis in business and work
  • What is a product development and how to do it the right way?
  • Major types of business insurance
  • Ways to enhance short and long run career plans
  • Networking for a successful manager
  • Harassment within the workplace.
  • Telemarketing ideas for tiny companies.

MBA is a prestigious postgraduate qualification outlining key business practices and is valued by top employers. Great MBA research paper topics include:

  • Gender representation in advertising
  • Impact of workplace diversity on company culture
  • Result of emotional branding on customer loyalty
  • Steps to run a successful retail business.
  • Molestation should be taken more seriously within the workplace.
  • Should business strikers be fired?
  • Strong unions are necessary for the economic process.
  • How do team-building events foster unity in the workplace?
  • To be a business owner, you need to learn to be organized.
  • Top ten strategic e-marketing issues.
  • Business and politics: should they be mixed?

This develops methods and tools for founders, which are given to start-up companies. To go in-depth, here are some entrepreneurial research topics:

  • Entrepreneurship skills acquisition and product innovation
  • Determining the impact of technological advancement on entrepreneurship in a company
  • Determinants of entrepreneurial innovation in an organization
  • Role of entrepreneurship in solving unemployment
  • To be a good business owner, you must learn to be well-organized
  • A way to promote the business without a marketing budget?
  • The right technique to write effective business letters
  • Important business ethics for running a startup
  • Negotiation techniques every manager must-have.
  • Recruitment and staffing decisions are crucial to the success of any business.
  • How performance-related pay can enhance motivation in the workplace.

Business intelligence ensures business owners and employees are at the top of their game at all times. Business intelligence topics worthy of consideration include:

  • Role of human resources in company development
  • Impact of organizational culture on employee performance
  • Evaluating the impact of strategy and leadership for organizational development
  • Factors influencing employee motivation.
  • SMEs and their risk management approach.
  • Ageism within the workplace
  • Impact of advertisement strategy on consumer behavior.
  • Data analysis implementation for business intelligence
  • Knowledge management for organizational knowledge generation
  • Research on knowledge extraction using data processing for business operations
  • How poor leadership can bankrupt a business.

A great business research paper requires a relevant subject and one that may distinguish it from other papers. Frequently asked business research paper questions include:

  • Repackaging a product: is it possible to avoid copyright infringement?
  • Is it possible for a father to require paternity leave at work?
  • What are the best methods of identifying bankruptcy and fraud?
  • Can discrimination affect the work environment?
  •  Should companies provide penalties for smoking employers?
  •  How does piracy influence the gaming business?
  • Is there anything like the law of molestation at the workplace?
  • What causes favoritism in the workplace?
  •  15 Ways to start an e-business successfully
  • How is the worldwide pandemic changing international business strategies concerning different sectors?
  • What are the best training and development tactics in the office?

Topics for business papers fall into different categories. The choice of your topic should reflect your subject area or study field. But, above all, your topic should capture the readers’ attention from the moment they come across it. It should also be straightforward, original, and specific. That means you should understand your study field well to select a good topic. Therefore, conduct some research before you choose a topic for your business thesis or research paper. Besides, providing good topics for you, we can also help you with your business research paper topics.

Are you stuck with writing your thesis? Just enter promo “ mythesis ” – that’s all you need to get a 20% discount for any business writing assignment you might possibly have!

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ABM Strand Subjects – What are They?

female senior high school student studying accountancy

Thinking of taking ABM in Senior High? As one of the most popular strands in SHS for its promising career opportunities, getting to know the subjects under the ABM strand is a good place to start if you wish to distinguish yourself from your peers and excel in your studies very early on. If you are an incoming senior high student that is considering or has decided on taking ABM, then this article is the perfect read for you. Discover the ABM strand subjects in senior high school that you need to know to gain a competitive edge!

What is the ABM (Accountancy, Business, and Management) Strand?

Also known as the Accountancy strand or the Business and Management strand, ABM is the go-to strand for business-minded students that see themselves as future entrepreneurs, managers, business strategists, and accountants among many other possible careers.

Many students in senior high school are looking to excel in their time as ABM students because of the ABM strand benefits they can experience in both college and the workplace. Because of this, getting an early understanding of the different ABM strand subjects is a strategic move that will show your foresight and preparedness as a student. Students that graduate from the ABM strand go on to enroll in prestigious degrees such as Accountancy, Management, Finance, and Entrepreneurship among many others.

Impress both peers and instructors with your early initiative by learning more about your senior high school ABM strand subjects from this article!

What are the Subjects of the ABM Strand?

To complement the prestigious careers that students of the strand come to lead after finishing college, the following are the general types of subjects that you can come to expect when you enroll in the Accounting, Business, and Management Strand in senior high school.

Oral and Written Communication

Whether you are transacting as an accountant or dealing in business transactions as a manager or business owner, being fluent and articulate in both written and spoken communication is a must. Miscommunication can lead to lasting and expensive errors during accounting reports and transactions, so students must be equipped to express themselves in either English or Filipino clearly and concisely.


Accountancy may be at the core of an accountant’s daily work, but managers and business owners also need to know their numbers when trying to turn a profit while staying on top of their taxes. Accountancy is a good example an ABM strand subject that has multiple applications no matter what specialization you go on to choose. With the right discipline and eye for detail, you will be balancing books in no time.

Business Mathematics

The numbers never lie especially when it comes to business. When dealing with things like finances, capital, and profit, being able to perform mathematical equations that help you make better business decisions is a must.

Raising awareness about your company, product, or service is an important aspect of running any business. Through the marketing subject, ABM strand students can learn precisely that. Get to know the different marketing principles and tactics that you can use to boost ales and raise the performance of your business.

Just as the value of money is not static, so too are factors such as supply, demand, inflation, and many more. This subject under the ABM strand is technically considered a discipline of social science, and helps you get a grasp on how individuals, businesses, and nations interact within the relationship of producers, distributors, and consumers.

Organization and Management

Organizing is more than just keeping a space neat and tidy. Using the skill of organization to better handle business functions and resources through efficient categorization and allocation is what the subject of organization and management is all about. This ABM strand subject is what nurtures the skills that are at the core of all manager and entrepreneurial hopefuls entering into the program.

What is the Value of Knowing the Subjects in the ABM Strand Early?

Make a good impression.

Like any educational endeavor, it pays to do your research and do a little studying ahead of time. While there is no expectation for you to master these subjects in the ABM strand even before you enroll in senior high school, having some stock knowledge from advance study can certainly be helpful for impressing your instructors during recitation in your first few days.

Turn Topics into Reviews

Did you take a shine to a particular subject during your advance study? It may pay to choose a few subjects that catch your interest and stick to learning a little bit about them before senior high starts. This way, these topics will feel familiar once they come up in class discussion. It is easier to grasp topics that you are already familiar with, so you can ace tests and quizzes about it when they come up at a later date!

Specialize in Something

Is being a Jack of all Trades not your style? If you prefer to be a Master of One, then take the chance to own it. Read up on the subject matter you wish to specialize in later on in your career. While nothing is set in stone, distinguishing yourself as a gifted student in that specific field may be a good move that encourages your classmates to trust you while earning the respect of your teachers. This respect can pave the way for future mentorship and employment opportunities once you have decided on the career you want to pursue.

Plan Your Future Education

Discerning the subjects that naturally pique your interest may prove useful even before you step into the working world. During your stay in senior high as an ABM student, you may want to pay close attention to which classes you enjoy most so you can enroll in a related course for university. Not only does it give you more direction about your future profession, but it also gives you a chance to canvass schools early to check if they have the bachelor’s degree that you want.

Students that enjoy Accountancy will logically follow through by enrolling in an Accountancy course. On the other hand, students that enjoyed their management subjects may go into a Business Administration course with a major in either Marketing Management or Human Resource Management depending on their interests.

It’s never too early to plan ahead!

Let the Subjects in the ABM Strand Hone You for the Future

Your senior high school ABM strand subjects are there to prepare you for a more manageable university education as well as a fruitful and fulfilling career lurking just around the corner. Because of the weight that this chapter of your life holds, it would be a shame to not make the most of it.

If you are not sure about the direction you want for your future, take your time to consider the subjects from this list that pique your attention most. Don’t be in a rush and allow your senior high school education to point you in the right direction for a fulfilling professional life.

Though the Accountancy, Business and Management strand will undoubtedly be difficult at times, nothing worth having ever comes easy. We hope however that this article will help make the journey slightly easier for you as you navigate your way towards your future education and career!

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