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The Dangers of Hacking and What a Hacker Can Do to Your Computer

How hackers operate and how to protect yourself .

People, not computers, create computer threats. Computer predators victimize others for their own gain. Give a predator access to the Internet — and to your PC — and the threat they pose to your security increases exponentially. Computer hackers are unauthorized users who break into computer systems in order to steal, change or destroy information, often by installing dangerous malware without your knowledge or consent. Their clever tactics and detailed technical knowledge help them access the information you really don’t want them to have.

How can hackers find me?

Anyone who uses a computer connected to the Internet is susceptible to the threats that computer hackers and online predators pose. These online villains typically use cyber scams , spam email or instant messages and bogus websites to deliver dangerous malware to your computer and compromise your computer security.

Computer hackers can also try to access your computer and private information directly if you are not protected by a firewall. They can monitor your conversations or peruse the back-end of your personal website. Usually disguised with a bogus identity, predators can lure you into revealing sensitive personal and financial information, or much worse.

What are things that a hacker can do to me?

While your computer is connected to the Internet, the malware a hacker has installed on your PC quietly transmits your personal and financial information without your knowledge or consent. Or, a computer predator may pounce on the private information you unwittingly revealed. In either case, they will be able to:

  • Hijack your usernames and passwords
  • Steal your money and open credit card and bank accounts in your name
  • Ruin your credit
  • Request new account Personal Identification Numbers (PINs) or additional credit cards
  • Make purchases
  • Add themselves or an alias that they control as an authorized user so it’s easier to use your credit
  • Obtain cash advances
  • Use and abuse your Social Security number
  • Sell your information to other parties who will use it for illicit or illegal purposes

Predators who stalk people while online can pose a serious physical threat. Using extreme caution when agreeing to meet an online “friend” or acquaintance in person is always the best way to keep safe.

How will I know if I've been hacked?

Check the accuracy of your personal accounts, credit cards and documents. Are there unexplained transactions? Questionable or unauthorized changes? If so, dangerous malware installed by predators or hackers might be the cause.

What can I do about computer hackers and predators?

When you arm yourself with information and resources, you’re wiser about computer security threats and less vulnerable to threat tactics. Hackers and predators pose equally serious and but very different threats.

Protect yourself while online

  • Continually check the accuracy of personal accounts and deal with any discrepancies right away
  • Use extreme caution when entering chat rooms or posting personal Web pages
  • Limit the personal information you post on a personal Web pages
  • Carefully monitor requests by online “friends” or acquaintances for predatory behavior
  • Keep personal and financial information out of online conversations
  • Use extreme caution when agreeing to meet an online “friend” or acquaintance in person

Security Tips to Prevent Hacking 

  • Use a 2-way firewall
  • Update your operating system regularly
  • Increase your browser security settings
  • Avoid questionable Web sites
  • Only download software from sites you trust. Carefully evaluate free software and file-sharing applications before downloading them.

Practice safe email and virus/malware protocols

  • Don't open messages from unknown senders
  • Immediately delete messages you suspect to be spam
  • Make sure that you have the best security software products installed on your PC:
  • Use antivirus protection
  • Get antispyware software protection

Guard Yourself Against Dangerous Online Threats

An unprotected computer is like an open door for computer hackers and predators. To take it a step further, protect your computer from hackers by using a spam filter or gateway to scan inbound email or instant messages. Products like Webroot AntiVirus and Webroot Internet Security Complete thwart dangerous malware before it can enter your PC, stand guard at every possible entrance of your computer and fend off any spyware or viruses that try to enter, even the most damaging and devious strains. While free anti-spyware and antivirus downloads are available, they just can’t keep up with the continuous onslaught of new malware strains. Previously undetected forms of malware can often do the most damage, so it’s critical to have up-to-the-minute, guaranteed protection.

Webroot offers complete, cloud-based protection from viruses and identity theft for all your devices, without slowing you down. Click the link to learn more about all of our internet security solutions for the home .

Find the right cybersecurity solution for you.

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short speech on computer hacking

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Computer Science Zone

An Introduction to Hacking and Cyber Security (Intro Course)

short speech on computer hacking

So you think you can hack? Or maybe you don’t, and that’s why you’re here? 

At the very least you can imagine yourself hacking to some degree. Or perhaps you are already in a computer science field, and want to learn how to scope out vulnerabilities in what you have helped to make? 

Whatever your calling, here at ComputerScienceZone we’re here to tell you that there are many ways to gain an understanding of hacking by yourself and through resources available online. 

Recent years have seen a massive growth in demand and interest in cyber security. Of which “penetration testing” (essentially a more formal phrase for hacking) is at the heart. This increased interest in information assurance, as well as fixation with finding vulnerabilities in our most important systems before the “bad guys” do, has led to a huge number of resources available for everyone from the novice to the expert. 

In this guide we’ll look at some of the best ways to get started learning to hack. And trace through some self-learning and online resources that have even landed individuals who previously had no knowledge of cyber security with jobs in the field.

Specifically we’ll cover the following topics:

Disclaimer: the Legality of Hacking

Computer science and information technology foundations for hackers, deciding what you want to hack, cyber security foundations, the hacker’s toolkit, performing your initial exploits.

  • Certification For Hacking

Note that you don’t necessarily need to cover all of these steps to perform some rudimentary “hacks.” But individuals who can routinely spot vulnerabilities or perform “red team” hacking tasks likely have an established knowledge of at least all of the above categories. 

short speech on computer hacking

First and foremost, many individuals learn hacking to enhance their own products, have fun, learn new technologies, or work as penetration testers. And with some caveats, these are essentially the legal applications of hacking. 

Federal laws such as the Computer Misuse Act (1990) and the Data Protection Act (2018) are our primary legal guidance on hacking and effectively make it against the law to hack into a piece of hardware or information system without consent of the owner of the technology or data. 

This opens the door to hacking exercises from consenting entities, who often provide “bug bounties” or pay “red team offensive hackers” to try and hack into their systems so that they can then prevent future similar attacks. 

All of this means that while there are plenty of legal examples of hacking, that you should definitely do your own research and — particularly as a novice — only hack your own data and only in a way you can verify is legal. 

First off, let’s define hacking.  Hacking includes the practices and processes involved with exposing vulnerabilities in information systems to gain access to them.  Ethical hacking, as you should practice, is the process of doing this to help to shore up a system with future updates or security changes, rather than the practice of breaking into a system to take advantage of it. 

There are a mind-boggling range of technologies that need to be secured for our systems not to be compromised. Even experienced programmers are unlikely to have a solid foundational understanding of many technologies that are most commonly exploited by new hacks. 

While prior programming experience may be helpful with the implementation of scripts or browsing through source code to determine vulnerabilities, what you’ll really want is a conceptual understanding about several key layers of “the stack.” 

In particular you’ll want foundational experience with: 

  • Networking topics and concepts
  • Wireless topics and concepts (a subset of networking)
  • Basic scripting

Aside from social engineering, junctures within  the network  are where the widest range of cyber security exploits are pulled off. Key areas worth understanding include:

  • MAC addressing
  • Public vs Private IPs
  • Routers and switches

Much of this material is covered in introductory IT courses within college. Additionally, common certifications including CompTIA A+ and Network+ cover this material in enough detail for you to understand the implications of various hacks you may follow along with starting out. 

You don’t have to be a master of this material to get started. But as time goes on it will become vitally important to understand at the very least these concepts, and it’s likelier you’ll at least need working knowledge of these components. 

There are many locations where you can gain free introductory material on these topics. Our recommendations include:

  • Mike Myer’s Total Seminars Channel  one of the most popular CompTIA prep video providers
  • ClassCentral’s List of Networking Courses  provides the chance to deeper dive into almost all of the topics above
  • Digital Ocean provides almost  a cheat sheet length guide to networking concepts

The second area you’ll need at least a foundational grasp of is that of  wireless networking . While there are plenty of hack types you can perform that don’t utilize wireless, it’s typically one of the least secured network types. And understanding how wireless works can be a great introduction into attempting initial hacks on your own computer set up or home. 

Topics that you should understand about wireless networking at a conceptual level include:

  • Web Encryption Algorithms (WEP, WPA, WPA2)
  • Types of Wireless Networks
  • Wireless Connection Point Scanner Tools

Many of the resources in the first section on networking in general should also cover wireless networking. Just note that wireless connection points and protocols are particularly important to understand for a large subsection of hacks so additional focus on the foundations of these areas is important.

Next, you should make sure you  feel comfortable with basic scripting . Having an intermediate understanding of the syntax, limitations, and environments in which you may run a powershell script, some Linux commands, or a javascript script will in all likelihood suffice. Most languages can be used for scripting. For in-browser exploits, javascript is the de facto “king.” JS is also one of the most versatile and widely known languages, making it a great language, along with shell commands, to start to learn. 

If you need a basic overview of Javascript syntax, control flow, and so forth there are a wide range of tutorials, gamified apps, online courses, and sand box environments. Some of our favorite resources for learning javascript include:

  • Code Academy’s Javascript Pathway
  • Udemy’s Many Online Courses
  • Coursera’s University-Based Free Online Courses
  • Cybrary’s Complete Guide to Javascript

Finally, you should learn at least some Linux. Linux is a family of open source operating systems and can be configured to perform many “power user” type tasks. It’s also completely customizable, which is a great benefit over Windows and iOS. 

One of the easiest ways to get started learning Linux is to  simply install it . You can dual boot your computer to keep Linux running alongside whatever your other operating system is. If you’re ready to jump in full force, you can install Linux in the place of whatever operating system you have. There are Linux-centered (and often free) alternatives to most major programs you’re used to using in Windows and iOS available in Linux as well. 

Note that there are many different styles of Linux, many of which have cyber security applications. The most popular cyber security varient of Linux is presently Kali Linux. Kali Linux comes pre-bundled with penetration testing packages. It also allows for installation and running via a flash drive. Kali is based on Debian Linux, which can also be used for hacking purposes.

There are many, many guides and classes for every level of Linux user online, some of our favorite’s include: 

  • EdX’s Free Online Course On Getting Started With Linux
  • Coursera’s Listing of Linux Security Courses

Another way to gain these foundational topics in a more structured way is to seek out a university-based program. Here at ComputerScienceZone, we’ve covered the state of computer science (and related) academic for a number of years. If interested, be sure to check out our rankings of academic programs related to cyber security and hacking below: 

  • The Best Online Associates Degrees in Network Administration
  • The Best Online Bachelor’s in Information Technology
  • The Best Online Bachelor’s in Network Administration
  • The Best Online Master’s in Information Assurance and Security
  • The Best Computer Science Departments in the World
  • The Most Lucrative Information Technology Certifications

short speech on computer hacking

This step in the process may be arbitrary for some individuals who want to learn to hack in a variety of styles. But for some beginner hackers it may be quite useful. In fact, if you already know some CS and IT foundations, know your way around the command line and around basic cyber security concepts, deciding what you’re going to start hacking is likely a great next step. 

If you still need some work on foundations, you can work your way through all the topics we suggested above, or skip through material that doesn’t pertain to your first hack. 

In case you’re wondering about some of the options for your first hack, we’ll list a few categories of hacks that you may be able to pull off. 

  • Practice Application Security and Hacking By Setting Up and Hacking a An App You’ve Made
  • Practice Network Security by Hacking Your Own Home Network
  • Practice Wireless Security By ARP Spoofing (Consenting) Friends Into Routing Their Wireless Connection Through Your Machine
  • Practice Basic Diagnostic Methods On Your Home Network Or Computer
  • Hack a Connected Device In Your Home
  • Try Password Cracking Attacks On Yourself
  • Set Up Packet Sniffers On Your Own Network
  • Among Many Others

While you will want to learn foundational materials at some point, some learners prefer to jump right in. The tools you gain in a Kali Linux installation can help you to perform many of the above hacks by following along with tutorials. While this can be a great way to see some “immediate” results, try to look up concepts that are hazy to you throughout the process so you can actually understand what tutorials are telling you to do. 

short speech on computer hacking

While working through topics mentioned will serve you throughout your time as a hacker (or in related pursuits), understanding the key metrics, measures, and concepts employed by cyber teams will help you to better position your budding hacking knowledge. By understanding common methods used to secure networks as well as common pain points in cyber security, you can utilize this information to craft your own hacks. 

While cyber security is both a wide and deep field, there are many locations where you can get started for free with learning cyber security foundations. 

Some of our favorite locations for comprehensive foundational knowledge of cyber security include the following resources: 

  • The  Open University

short speech on computer hacking

We’ve talked some above about the installation of Kali Linux and the tool sets that are included. But that’s truly just the start of a full-fledged hacker’s set up. Additionally, one of the best ways to start honing a skill set is to start exploring the tools you have to perform analysis and hacks. 

There are a very wide range of cyber security tools, and there’s almost always a second or third tool that can do the exact same thing as any of the tools on our list. But with the aim of providing a solid toolkit for hacking beginners, we’ve chosen a few of the most popular tools for hackers below:

  • Kali Linux  is a “flavor” of Linux that is fully customizable and comes pre-bundled with many of the most used cyber security tools.
  • Wireshark  provides live network traffic data including the ability to reconstruct TCP streams from on your network. 
  • John the Ripper  is a brute force password cracking software available on all major operating systems.
  • Cain and Abel   is a Windows only (a rarity) password recovery suite.
  • TcpDump  is one of the original packet sniffer set ups. It’s not as new as competitors but it isn’t resource intensive and is quite secure. 
  • Metasploit  is one of the larger exploitation frameworks that helps you check for over 1,500 exploits on your network. 
  • Argus  stands for Audit Record Generation and Utilization System. It’s great at handling large amounts of network traffic data to compile reports and audit what’s going on.
  • Tor  — brought to fame by the “dark web” — is simply a tool and protocol meant to route web traffic through proxy servers to ensure greater privacy. 
  • Burp Suite  is a live network scanner that can be used to emulate and figure out how individuals may attack the network in real time. 
  • Aircrack  is a collection of WEP and WPA wireless protocol cracking tools. This is your go to initial tool for trying to crack into a mobile or wireless device.
  • The list goes on…

While the entirety of foundational and tools you could use for your initial hacks may be overwhelming, sometimes it can help just to “get started.” There are a range of guides made for beginning hackers online that you can follow along with. They’ll let you know what tools you’ll need to download, and all the steps to performing initial hacks. Of course you’re likely to have higher comprehension of what you’re actually doing with some of the foundational knowledge we list above. But there are many ways to learn through your first hacks.

Some of our favorite broad-based resources for following along with your initial exploits include: 

  • The Penetration Testing in Linux Youtube Channel
  • The NewBoston’s Youtube Guides to Metasploit and nMap
  • MAC Address Spoofing to Mimic Public WiFi Tutorial
  • Arp Poisoning “Man In The Middle” Attack Tutorial 
  • Email Hijacking Tutorial
  • Cross Site Scripting Tutorial 
  • SQL Injection Tutorial

While some of these attacks may seem too advanced for a beginner, many can be followed by attacking your own machine or network with minimal defenses. While studying foundational cyber security concepts and learning about your new found hacking tools, one of the best ways to truly expose what you need to learn is to just start hacking!

Additionally, there are a range of sandbox type environments, games, and resources for practicing. We’ve outlined some of our favorites below:

  • IT Security Games
  • The “Damn Vulnerable Web Application” (For Practice)
  • A list of vulnerable web apps you can practice on
  • Extreme Vulnerable Web Application (Github Repo)
  • 30 Online Malware Sandbox Environments
  • WebGoat Extremely Vulnerable Application

Note: it is advised that you use caution when installing and utilizing any of the “vulnerable web apps” above. Some of these products will make your computer extremely vulnerable to attacks while utilizing some vulnerable app makers advising users to disconnect from the internet while utilizing these products. Additionally, use caution when using anyone else’s network or device in conjunction with these exercises. 

Certifications For Hacking

short speech on computer hacking

Finally, if you’re looking to learn hacking in a way that has verifiable industry and job-related credibility, you may want to seek out cyber security certifications. Certifications related to cyber security typically begin with more general information technology and networking certifications (we we’ve mentioned earlier in our guide). 

Once you’ve mastered some of the foundational materials, there are a wide range of cyber security certifications that focus on the following:

  • Penetration Testing
  • Ethical Hacking
  • Management of Information Security
  • Security Foundations
  • Info Security Professional
  • Certified Information Auditor
  • Among Others

While you’ll want to tailor this progression to your own personal goals, a common progression ranging from relative IT beginner status through certified ethical hacker may look something like the following:

  • CompTIA Network+
  • CompTiA Security+
  • SANS GIAC Security Essentials
  • Offensive Security Certified Professional
  • Certified Ethical Hacker

Additionally, many degree programs also structure their academic programs around obtaining certifications. If you’re interested in some of the top online options that incorporate academic rigor with flexibility, be sure to check out ComputerScienceZone’s related rankings on the following topics: 

Overhead view of people working at computers

Hacking (also called cyber hacking) is the use of unconventional or illicit means to gain unauthorized access to a digital device, computer system or computer network.

The classic example of a hacker is a cybercriminal who exploits security vulnerabilities or overcomes security measures to break into a computer or computer network to steal data. But hacking does not always have malicious intent. A consumer who jiggers their personal smartphone to run custom programs is also, technically speaking, a hacker.

Malicious hackers have built a enormous cybercrime economy, where outlaws profit by launching cyberattacks or selling malware or stolen data to one another. By  one estimate  (link resides outside ibm.com), this underground market is the world's third-largest economy behind the US and China.  

On the other end of the hacking spectrum, the cybersecurity community depends increasingly on ethical hackers—hackers with helpful rather than criminal intentions—to test security measures, identify and address security flaws, and prevent cyberthreats. Ethical hackers make an excellent living by helping companies shore up their security systems, or by working with law enforcement to take their malicious counterparts down.

Malicious hackers (sometimes called “black hat hackers”) carry out cyberattacks themselves, or develop malware or exploits that they sell to other hackers on the dark web (see, for example,  ransomware-as-a-service  arrangements). They may work alone or as part of an organized hacker or cybercriminal group.

Financial gain is the most common motivator for malicious hackers. Typically they

Steal information or personal data—login credentials, credit card numbers, bank account numbers, social security numbers—they can use to break into other systems or commit identity theft.  

Launch social engineering attacks, such as phishing or business email compromise scams, to trick people into sending money or sensitive data to them.  

Practice extortion—e.g., use ransomware attacks or distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks to hold data, devices or business operations hostage until the victim pays a ransom. According to the   X-Force Threat Intelligence Inde x , 27 percent of cyberattacks extort their victims.  

Conduct corporate espionage for hire, stealing intellectual property or other sensitive from their client company’s competitiors.

But malicious hackers can have different or additional motivations for committing or enabling cyberattacks. For example, a disgruntled employee might hack an employer’s system purely for spite over being denied a promotion.

Ethical hackers (sometimes called "white hat hackers") use their skills to help companies find and fix security vulnerabilities so malicious actors can't use them.

Ethical hacking is a legitimate profession, and ethical hackers often work as security consultants or employees of the companies they're hacking. Ethical hackers follow a strict code of conduct: they always get permission before they hack, don't do any damage, and keep their findings confidential.

One of the most common ethical hacking services is  penetration testing , in which hackers launch mock cyberattacks against web applications, networks, or other assets to find their weaknesses. They then work with the owners of the assets to remediate those weaknesses. Ethical hackers may also conduct  vulnerability assessments , analyze malware to gather  threat intelligence , or participate in secure software development lifecycles.

Some hackers don't fit neatly into the ethical or malicious camps. These hackers (sometimes called “gray hat hackers”) break into systems without permission, but they don't do it for malicious purposes. Instead, these hackers tell the companies they hack about the flaws they find in their systems. They may offer to fix vulnerabilities in exchange for a fee or even a job offer. While they have good intentions, these vigilante hackers can accidentally tip off malicious hackers about new attack vectors. 

Some amateur programmers simply hack for fun, to learn new things, or to gain notoriety for breaching difficult targets. 

‘Hacktivists’ are activists who hack systems to bring attention to social and political issues. The loose collective Anonymous is probably the most well-known hacktivist group, having staged attacks against targets  like the Russian government  (link resides outside ibm.com).

State-sponsored hackers have the official backing of a nation-state. They work with a government to spy on adversaries, disrupt critical infrastructure, or spread misinformation. Whether these hackers are ethical or malicious is in the eye of the beholder. For example, the Stuxnet attack on Iranian nuclear facilities—believed to have been carried out by the US and Israeli governments—is likely to be considered ethical by anyone who views Iran's nuclear program as a threat.

There's no such thing as a “typical” hack. Hackers use different tactics depending on their goals and the systems they're targeting. A hack can be as simple as sending out mass phishing emails to steal passwords from anyone who bites or as elaborate as an advanced persistent threat (APT) that secretly lurks in a network for months, waiting for the chance to strike.

That said, hackers do share a standard set of tools they tend to use.

Specialized operating systems : While hackers can launch attacks from standard Mac or Microsoft operating systems, many use customized OSs. For example, Kali Linux, an open-source Linux distribution designed for penetration testing, is popular among ethical hackers.

Credential-cracking tools : These programs can uncover passwords by breaking encryptions or launching brute-force attacks, which use bots or scripts to automatically generate and test potential passwords until one works. 

Port scanners : Port scanners remotely test devices for open and available ports, which hackers can use to gain access to a network. 

Vulnerability scanners : Vulnerability scanners search systems for known vulnerabilities, allowing hackers to quickly find entryways into a target. 

Packet analyzers : These tools analyze network traffic to determine where it's coming from, where it's going, and—in some cases—what data it contains. 

Malware : Malicious software, or malware, is a key weapon in malicious hackers' arsenals. Some of the most commonly used malware types include:

Ransomware   locks up a victim's devices or data and demands a ransom payment to unlock them.  

Botnets  are networks of internet-connected, malware-infected devices under a hacker's control. Hackers often use botnets to launch distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks.  

Trojan horses  disguise themselves as useful programs or hide within legitimate software to trick users into installing them. Hackers use Trojans to secretly gain remote access to devices or download additional malware without users knowing.  

Spyware  secretly gathers sensitive information—like passwords or bank account details—and transmits it back to the attacker.

In the early 1980s, a group of young hackers known as the 414s breached high-profile targets like Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. While the 414s did it for fun and caused little real damage, their hacks motivated the US Congress to pass the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which officially made malicious hacking a crime. 

One of the first computer worms, the Morris worm was designed and released onto the early internet in 1988 as an experiment. However, it ended up causing more damage than intended. The worm forced thousands of computers offline and racked up an estimated USD 10,000,000 in costs related to downtime and remediation. Robert Tappan Morris, the worm's programmer, was the first person to receive a felony conviction under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. 

In 2021, hackers infected Colonial Pipeline's systems with ransomware, forcing the company to temporarily shut down the pipeline supplying 45 percent of the US East Coast's fuel. Hackers used an employee's password, found on the dark web, to access the network. The Colonial Pipeline Company paid a USD 5 million ransom to regain access to its data.  

Any organization that relies on computer systems for critical functions—which includes most businesses—is at risk of being hacked. There is no way to stay off hackers' radars, but companies can make it harder for hackers to break in.

According to IBM's  Cost of a Data Breach  report , stolen and compromised credentials are the most common attack vector for data breaches. Requiring strong passwords can make it harder for hackers to steal credentials, and multi-factor authentication (MFA) makes it so that a pilfered password isn't enough to get in. Some organizations mandate password managers to help employees create different passwords for different accounts and avoid reusing passwords.

Social engineering attacks, sometimes called "human hacking," use psychological manipulation rather than technological means. Training employees to recognize and respond to social engineering attacks can help make these scams less effective.

Hackers often look for easy targets, choosing to breach networks with well-known vulnerabilities. A formal  patch management  program can help companies stay updated on security patches from software providers, making it harder for hackers to get in.

Firewalls and  intrusion prevention systems (IPSs)  can help detect and block hackers from entering a network.  Security information and event management (SIEM)  software can help spot hacks in progress. Antivirus programs can find and delete malware, and  endpoint detection and response (EDR)  platforms can automate responses to even complex hacks like APTs. Remote employees can use virtual private networks (VPNs) to shield traffic from eavesdroppers. 

It's mentioned above but bears repeating: Ethical hackers are one of the best defenses against malicious hackers. Ethical hackers can use vulnerability assessments, penetration tests, red teaming and other services to find and fix vulnerabilities and security issues before hackers and cyberthreats can exploit them.

Outsmart attacks with a connected, modernized security suite. The QRadar portfolio is embedded with enterprise-grade AI and offers integrated products for endpoint security, log management, SIEM and SOAR—all with a common user interface, shared insights and connected workflows.

Proactive threat hunting, continuous monitoring and a deep investigation of threats are just a few of the priorities facing an already busy IT department. Having a trusted incident response team on standby can reduce your response time, minimize the impact of a cyberattack, and help you recover faster.

Stop ransomware from interrupting business continuity, and recover quickly when attacks occur—with a zero trust approach that helps you detect and respond to ransomware faster and minimize the impact of ransomware attacks.

Cybersecurity threats are becoming more advanced and more persistent, and demanding more effort by security analysts to sift through countless alerts and incidents. IBM Security QRadar SIEM helps you remediate threats faster while maintaining your bottom line. QRadar SIEM prioritizes high-fidelity alerts to help you catch threats that others simply miss.

What is Hacking? Examples and Safety Tips for 2024

Evan Porter

Examples of Different Types of Hacking

Ethical hacking, identity theft, malware hacking, international espionage, corporate espionage, ego hacking, how to protect yourself from hackers, use a feature-rich antivirus, create strong, complex passwords, practice safe web browsing, stay vigilant against phishing & social engineering, stay educated.

We’re all familiar with how hackers are displayed in movies. Brooding criminals in hoodies, frantically hammering lines of code into a computer in order to break through complex security systems.

We know that, in real life, too, hackers are a major threat to our safety.

But what exactly is hacking?

Hacking is a broad term that refers to someone gaining access to digital files or systems without permission, usually with a nefarious intent in mind like stealing information or installing malware.

Here’s our guide to everything you need to know about hackers and how to keep yourself safe from potential attacks.

Hackers use brute force, security exploits, social engineering , and other means to gain access to systems without proper permission.

What they do with that access, however, can vary greatly depending on their motivations.

Here’s a look at some of the different kinds of hacks and hackers to be aware of.

Did you know that not all hacking is illegal?

Ethical hackers are experts who work in agreement with organizations, companies, and brands in order to uncover security vulnerabilities.

Essentially, an ethical hacker will try to gain access to a network, computer, or system the same way a criminal hacker would — only if they’re able, they aren’t looking to cause any damage. Instead, they’ll report the vulnerabilities so they can be properly patched and fixed before a malicious hacker finds them.

Hacktivism, a combination of the words “hacker” and “activism”, is a form of hacking that usually isn’t motivated by monetary gain.

In these cases, a religious, environmental, or other activist may gain access to a system in order to promote their own cause (or hinder the opposition).

For example, a hacktivist group might target an oppressive government regime with a DDoS attack to knock its systems offline, destroy a firewall that’s used to oppress the free speech of citizens, or seek to disrupt financial networks used by terrorists.

These activities are a form of cybercrime and are illegal, regardless of their motivations.

A more common and classic motivation for hacking into a system would be to steal personal information for identity theft , including social security numbers, credit cards, bank accounts, and more.

This kind of sensitive data can be stolen in a number of different ways including:

  • Social engineering
  • Password cracking
  • Keyloggers & other malware

Installing malware on a victim’s computer can be a key part of identity theft, but malware can have other nefarious consequences that have nothing to do with stealing your information.

For example, a hacker could recruit your computer to a botnet using zombieware. This would have minimal impact on you, personally, but it means they could use your computer as part of a larger-scale attack on a high-value target.

A hacker might also infect your computer with ransomware to extort money out of you in exchange for your own personal files.

It’s extremely common for governments to attempt to spy or gather intelligence on rival governments using hacking techniques.

Espionage to this degree could be conducted quietly in order to collect data, or it could be more malicious — for example, foreign hackers could leak internal government documents and communications to the public.

Similarly, some companies and corporations will choose to conduct espionage against their business rivals.

Though highly illegal and far from an acceptable business practice, a company could try to break into a competitor’s network or database to steal confidential information, business plans, communications, financial data, and more.

It’s also not unheard of for companies to conduct more serious attacks to cripple their competitor’s websites or databases and cause financial or brand damage.

Finally, some hackers like to break into websites, computers, and systems simply to prove that they can.

In certain hacker communities, accomplishing difficult hacks and bypassing tight security is worn as a badge of honor.

There’s also a sizable contingent of “grey hat” hackers, who seek out exploits and vulnerabilities in order to bring them to the attention of the people in charge of fixing them. The difference between a grey hat hacker and an ethical hacker, however, is that grey hats don’t have permission to do this ahead of time.

There are plenty of reasons hackers and cybercriminals target their victims, including monetary gain, identity theft, or simply the thrill of the chase.

So what can you do to protect yourself?

Here are our top tips for keeping your data, computer, and personal information safe.

A powerful antivirus on your computer and mobile devices should be your first line of defense against attacks.

There are plenty of good free options available, but the top of the line antiviruses will include critical extra features you don’t want to be caught without, like:

  • Phishing protection
  • Ransomware protection
  • Proactive defense from zero-day attacks
  • Secure online shopping
  • Home firewalls
  • Public WiFi safety tools
  • And plenty more

If you do decide to use an antivirus, make sure to keep it up to date. New versions and updates will help protect you from the latest malware and hacking threats.

Create Strong, Complex Passwords

Most people create simple passwords that are easy to remember. To criminals, this is a dream come true.

Password cracking techniques have become extremely advanced, so passwords that are short, don’t include special characters, and made up of common dictionary words are serious security threats.

Consider installing a password manager to generate extremely complex passwords and store them securely for you.

Did you know that certain kinds of websites or ads, sometimes called “malvertising”, can automatically trigger downloads onto your computer without you ever knowing?

These are called drive-by downloads, and they’re one of the most common ways victims end up with malware or spyware on their devices.

The best defense? Along with an antivirus, stay away from shady websites — especially in the adult, gambling, or piracy niches.

Always approach email attachments with caution. Even if they seem innocuous, such as text documents or spreadsheets, they can contain hidden viruses or other malicious software.

If someone claiming to be an authority figure asks you for your passwords, credit card number, or other secure information, your alarm bells should go off.

Be extremely careful handing over sensitive information, especially on an unsecured channel like email or a phone call.

Phishing and other social engineering attacks — where hackers trick or manipulate you into willingly giving them access or information — have been on the rise for years.

An antivirus can help recognize and block phishing messages, but you should always be 100% positive who you’re giving information to.

Hacking and cybercrime is a rapidly evolving offense. New viruses, new techniques, and new exploits are discovered almost every single day.

Do your best to stay up to date on the latest scams and how to best protect yourself.

Evan Porter

About the Author

What is Hacking?

FortiGuard Labs 1H 2023 Global Threat Landscape Report provides valuable intelligence and early warning for potential threat activity

  • Download the Report

short speech on computer hacking

Hacking—Definition, Types, Security, and More

A commonly used hacking definition is the act of compromising digital devices and networks through unauthorized access to an account or computer system. Hacking is not always a malicious act, but it is most commonly associated with illegal activity and data theft by cyber criminals. 

But what is hacking in a cyber security context? 

Hacking in cyber security refers to the misuse of devices like computers, smartphones, tablets, and networks to cause damage to or corrupt systems, gather information on users, steal data and documents, or disrupt data-related activity.

A traditional view of hackers is a lone rogue programmer who is highly skilled in coding and modifying computer software and hardware systems. But this narrow view does not cover the true technical nature of hacking. Hackers are increasingly growing in sophistication, using stealthy attack methods designed to go completely unnoticed by cybersecurity software and IT teams. They are also highly skilled in creating  attack vectors  that trick users into opening malicious attachments or links and freely giving up their sensitive personal data.

As a result, modern-day hacking involves far more than just an angry kid in their bedroom. It is a multibillion-dollar industry with extremely sophisticated and successful techniques.

History of Hacking/Hackers

Hacking first appeared as a term in the 1970s but became more popular through the next decade. An article in a 1980 edition of Psychology Today ran the headline “The Hacker Papers” in an exploration of computer usage's addictive nature. Two years later, two movies, Tron and WarGames, were released, in which the lead characters set about hacking into computer systems, which introduced the concept of hacking to a wide audience and as a potential national security risk.

Sure enough, later that year, a group of teenagers cracked the computer systems of major organizations like Los Alamos National Laboratory, Security Pacific Bank, and Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. A Newsweek article covering the event became the first to use the word “hacker” in the negative light it now holds.

This event also led Congress to pass several bills around computer crimes, but that did not stop the number of high-profile attacks on corporate and government systems. Of course, the concept of hacking has spiraled with the release of the public internet, which has led to far more opportunities and more lucrative rewards for hacking activity. This saw techniques evolve and increase in sophistication and gave birth to a wide range of types of hacking and hackers.

Types of Hacking/Hackers

There are typically four key drivers that lead to bad actors hacking websites or systems: (1) financial gain through the theft of credit card details or by defrauding financial services, (2) corporate espionage, (3) to gain notoriety or respect for their hacking talents, and (4) state-sponsored hacking that aims to steal business information and national intelligence. On top of that, there are politically motivated hackers—or hacktivists —who aim to raise public attention by leaking sensitive information, such as Anonymous, LulzSec, and WikiLeaks.

A few of the most common types of hackers that carry out these activities involve:

Black Hat Hackers

Black hat hackers are the "bad guys" of the hacking scene. They go out of their way to discover vulnerabilities in computer systems and software to exploit them for financial gain or for more malicious purposes, such as to gain reputation, carry out corporate espionage, or as part of a nation-state hacking campaign. 

These individuals’ actions can inflict serious damage on both computer users and the organizations they work for. They can steal sensitive personal information, compromise computer and financial systems, and alter or take down the functionality of websites and critical networks.

White Hat Hackers

White hat hackers can be seen as the “good guys” who attempt to prevent the success of black hat hackers through  proactive hacking . They use their technical skills to break into systems to assess and test the level of network security , also known as ethical hacking . This helps expose vulnerabilities in systems before black hat hackers can detect and exploit them. 

The techniques white hat hackers use are similar to or even identical to those of black hat hackers, but these individuals are hired by organizations to test and discover potential holes in their security defenses.

Grey Hat Hackers

Grey hat hackers sit somewhere between the good and the bad guys. Unlike black hat hackers, they attempt to violate standards and principles but without intending to do harm or gain financially. Their actions are typically carried out for the common good. For example, they may exploit a vulnerability to raise awareness that it exists, but unlike white hat hackers, they do so publicly. This alerts malicious actors to the existence of the vulnerability.

View the Three Types of Hackers

Devices Most Vulnerable To Hacking

Smart devices.

Smart devices, such as smartphones, are lucrative targets for hackers. Android devices, in particular, have a more open-source and inconsistent software development process than Apple devices, which puts them at risk of data theft or corruption. However, hackers are increasingly targeting the millions of devices connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) .

Webcams built into computers are a common hacking target, mainly because hacking them is a simple process. Hackers typically gain access to a computer using a Remote Access Trojan (RAT) in rootkit malware, which allows them to not only spy on users but also read their messages, see their browsing activity, take screenshots, and hijack their webcam.

Hacking routers enables an attacker to gain access to data sent and received across them and networks that are accessed on them. Hackers can also hijack a router to carry out wider malicious acts such as distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, Domain Name System (DNS) spoofing , or cryptomining.

Email is one of the most common targets of  cyberattacks . It is used to spread malware and ransomware and as a tactic for phishing attacks, which enable attackers to target victims with malicious attachments or links. 

Jailbroken Phones

Jailbreaking a phone means removing restrictions imposed on its operating system to enable the user to install applications or other software not available through its official app store. Aside from being a violation of the end-user’s license agreement with the phone developer, jailbreaking exposes many vulnerabilities. Hackers can target jailbroken phones, which allows them to steal any data on the device but also extend their attack to connected networks and systems.

Prevention from Getting Hacked

There are several key steps and best practices that organizations and users can follow to ensure they limit their chances of getting hacked.

Software Update

Hackers are constantly on the lookout for vulnerabilities or holes in security that have not been seen or patched. Therefore, updating software and operating systems are both crucial to preventing users and organizations from getting hacked. They must enable automatic updates and ensure the latest software version is always installed on all of their devices and programs. 

Use Unique Passwords for Different Accounts

Weak passwords or account credentials and poor password practices are the most common cause of data breaches and cyberattacks. It is vital to not only use strong passwords that are difficult for hackers to crack but also to never use the same password for different accounts. Using unique passwords is crucial to limiting hackers’ effectiveness.

HTTPS Encryption

Spoofed websites are another common vehicle for data theft, when hackers create a scam website that looks legitimate but will actually steal the credentials that users enter. It is important to look for the Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) prefix at the start of a web address. For example:  https://www.fortinet.com .

Avoid Clicking on Ads or Strange Links

Advertisements like pop-up ads are also widely used by hackers. When clicked, they lead the user to inadvertently download malware or spyware onto their device. Links should be treated carefully, and strange links within email messages or on social media, in particular, should never be clicked. These can be used by hackers to install malware on a device or lead users to spoofed websites.

Change the Default Username and Password on Your Router and Smart Devices

Routers and smart devices come with default usernames and passwords. However, as providers ship millions of devices, there is a risk that the credentials are not unique, which heightens the chances of hackers breaking into them. It is best practice to set a unique username and password combination for these types of devices.

Protect Yourself Against Hacking

There are further steps that users and organizations can take to protect themselves against the threat of hacking.

Download from First-party Sources

Only download applications or software from trusted organizations and first-party sources. Downloading content from unknown sources means users do not fully know what they are accessing, and the software can be infected with malware, viruses, or Trojans.

Install Antivirus Software

Having  antivirus software  installed on devices is crucial to spotting potential malicious files, activity, and bad actors. A trusted antivirus tool protects users and organizations from the latest malware, spyware, and viruses and uses advanced detection engines to block and prevent new and evolving threats.

Using a  virtual private network  (VPN) allows users to browse the internet securely. It hides their location and prevents hackers from intercepting their data or browsing activity.

Do Not Login as an Admin by Default

"Admin" is one of the most commonly used usernames by IT departments, and hackers use this information to target organizations. Signing in with this name makes you a hacking target, so do not log in with it by default.

Use a Password Manager

Creating strong, unique passwords is a security best practice, but remembering them is difficult. Password managers are useful tools for helping people use strong, hard-to-crack passwords without having to worry about remembering them.

Use Two-factor Authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) removes people's reliance on passwords and provides more certainty that the person accessing an account is who they say they are. When a user logs in to their account, they are then prompted to provide another piece of identity evidence, such as their fingerprint or a code sent to their device.

Brush Up on Anti-phishing Techniques

Users must understand the techniques that hackers deploy to target them. This is especially the case with  antiphishing and ransomware , which help users know the telltale signs of a phishing email or a ransomware attack or ransomware settlements . 

Find out to stop today's sophisticated attacks and hackers

Don't Let Hackers Drive You Out of Business

Learn more about today’s threat landscape and how to protect your organization from  sophisticated attacks.

What is Ethical Hacking? How Legal is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking refers to the actions carried out by white hat security hackers. It involves gaining access to computer systems and networks to test for potential vulnerabilities, and then fixing any identified weaknesses. Using these technical skills for ethical hacking purposes is legal, provided the individual has written permission from the system or network owner, protects the organization’s privacy, and reports all weaknesses they find to the organization and its vendors.

Frequently Asked Questions about Hacking

What is hacking.

Hacking is the act of compromising digital devices and networks by gaining unauthorized access to an account or computer system. A key part of understanding hacking is understanding the intent behind it, which usually involves the hacker seeking access to digital infrastructure, application data, and stealing sensitive customer information that could damage companies if leaked online. When hacking is used to solicit money, it’s referred to as ransomware .

What are the seven types of hackers?

There are many different types of hackers, the most common of which are black, grey, and white hat hackers. Black hat hackers are the bad guys—the cyber criminals. The white hat or ethical hackers are the good guys, while grey hat hackers are somewhere in the middle.

Other common hacker types include blue hat hackers, which are amateur hackers who carry out malicious acts like revenge attacks, red hat hackers, who search for black hat hackers to prevent their attacks, and green hat hackers, who want to learn about and observe hacking techniques on hacking forums.

Other common hacker types are cyber terrorists, hacktivists, state- or nation-sponsored hackers, script kiddies, malicious insiders, and elite hackers. Some hacker groups are very well organized and continue to find new ways to identify weaknesses and organize security penetration of large and small organizations.

What is the biggest hack in history?

The biggest hack in history is thought to be the data breach against Yahoo! The 2013 attack compromised around 3 billion people, and the company revealed that every Yahoo! customer was affected by it.

Which country has the most hackers?

China is believed to be the country with the highest number of dangerous hackers. Most of the major cyberattacks that occurred around the world can be traced back to China.

short speech on computer hacking

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Articles on Hacking

Displaying 1 - 20 of 262 articles.

short speech on computer hacking

What is credential stuffing and how can I protect myself? A cybersecurity researcher explains

David Tuffley , Griffith University

short speech on computer hacking

What is LockBit, the cybercrime gang hacking some of the world’s largest organisations?

Jennifer Medbury , Edith Cowan University and Paul Haskell-Dowland , Edith Cowan University

short speech on computer hacking

Cyber-attacks against the UK Electoral Commission reveal an ongoing threat to democracy

Joe Burton , Lancaster University

short speech on computer hacking

The $500 million ATO fraud highlights flaws in the myGov ID system. Here’s how to keep your data safe

Rob Nicholls , UNSW Sydney

short speech on computer hacking

Four ways criminals could use AI to target more victims

Daniel Prince , Lancaster University

short speech on computer hacking

Moveit hack: attack on BBC and BA offers glimpse into the future of cybercrime

Danny Steed , Cranfield University and Robert Black , Cranfield University

short speech on computer hacking

Should governments ban TikTok? Can they? A cybersecurity expert explains the risks the app poses and the challenges to blocking it

Doug Jacobson , Iowa State University

short speech on computer hacking

Dozens of US schools, universities move to ban TikTok

Nir Kshetri , University of North Carolina – Greensboro

short speech on computer hacking

How not to tell customers their data is at risk: the Optus approach

Edwina Luck , Queensland University of Technology and Nicholas Grech , Queensland University of Technology

short speech on computer hacking

‘Liberate the tractors’: the right to repair movement that’s regaining control of our devices

Michael Stead , Lancaster University and Paul Coulton , Lancaster University

short speech on computer hacking

Before paying a ransom, hacked companies should consider their ethics and values

Michael Parent , Simon Fraser University

short speech on computer hacking

Hackathons should be renamed to avoid negative connotations

P. Alison Paprica , University of Toronto ; Kimberlyn McGrail , University of British Columbia , and Michael J. Schull , University of Toronto

short speech on computer hacking

There are systems ‘guarding’ your data in cyberspace – but who is guarding the guards?

Joanne Hall , RMIT University ; Geetika Verma , RMIT University , and Matthew P. Skerritt , RMIT University

short speech on computer hacking

We tracked election ad spending for 4,000 Facebook pages. Here’s what they’re posting about – and why cybersecurity is the bigger concern

Glenn Kefford , The University of Queensland

short speech on computer hacking

How the Russia-Ukraine conflict has put cryptocurrencies in the spotlight

Simon Dermarkar , HEC Montréal and Mouna Hazgui , HEC Montréal

short speech on computer hacking

The hacker group Anonymous has waged a cyber war against Russia. How effective could they actually be?

short speech on computer hacking

Wordle has been hacked – but that’s not going to ruin the fun

John Dixon , University of Hull

short speech on computer hacking

You know how to identify phishing emails – a cybersecurity researcher explains how to trust your instincts to foil the attacks

Rick Wash , Michigan State University

short speech on computer hacking

What is Pegasus? A cybersecurity expert explains how the spyware invades phones and what it does when it gets in

Bhanukiran Gurijala , West Virginia University

short speech on computer hacking

How does the Pegasus spyware work, and is my phone at risk?

Paul Haskell-Dowland , Edith Cowan University and Roberto Musotto , Edith Cowan University

Related Topics

  • Computer hacking
  • Cyberattacks
  • Cybersecurity
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  • Online security

Top contributors

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Director of UWA Centre for Software Practice, The University of Western Australia

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Head, The Cyber Academy, Edinburgh Napier University

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Professor of Cyber Security Practice, Edith Cowan University

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Lecturer in Software Engineering, Monash University

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Associate Professor, School of Engineering, RMIT University

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Senior Lecturer in Networking, The Open University

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Professor of Management, University of North Carolina – Greensboro

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Adjunct Fellow, Computer Science and Software Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology

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Associate Professor in Telecommunications Engineering, Swinburne University of Technology

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Security Researcher, Associate Professor in Resilient Systems, Edith Cowan University

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Adjunct Professor, Australia-China Relations Institute, University of Technology Sydney

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Directeur de la Recherche et des Formations Doctorales, Directeur adjoint, Télécom SudParis – Institut Mines-Télécom

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Professor, Information Security Group, Royal Holloway University of London

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Lecturer, University of Adelaide

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Principal Lecturer in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County

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What is Hacking? Definition, Types, Identification, Safety

An effort to attack a computer system or a private network inside a computer is known as hacking. Simply, it is unauthorized access to or control of computer network security systems with the intention of committing a crime. Hacking is the process of finding some security holes in a computer system or network in order to gain access to personal or corporate information. One example of computer hacking is the use of a password cracking technique to gain access to a computer system. The process of gaining illegal access to a computer system, or a group of computer systems, is known as hacking. This is accomplished by cracking the passwords and codes that grant access to systems. Cracking is the term used to describe the process of obtaining a password or code. The hacker is the individual who performs the hacking. Following are some of the things that can be hacked:

  • Single systems
  • Email account
  • A group of systems
  • LAN network
  • Social media sites, etc.


Computer hackers are unauthorized users who gain access to computers in order to steal, alter, or delete data, generally by installing malicious software without your knowledge or agreement. They can get access to the information you don’t want them to have thanks to their cunning techniques and in-depth technological knowledge. Any device is connected to the Internet is at risk from computer hackers and online predators. To distribute hazardous malware to your computer and damage your network security, these online criminals generally use spam messages, phishing emails or instant messages, and websites.

Types of Hackers:

To elaborate on the aforementioned hacking aims, it is vital to understand the various sorts of hackers that exist in the cyber segment in order to distinguish between their responsibilities and objectives. The types of hackers are:

  • Black Hat Hackers: These types of hackers, often known as crackers and always have a malicious motive and gain illegal access to computer networks and websites. Their goal is to make money by stealing secret organizational data, stealing funds from online bank accounts, violating privacy rights to benefit criminal organizations, and so on. In today’s world, the majority of hackers fall into this category and conduct their business in a murky manner. Black hat hackers are nefarious individuals who aim to utilize their technical expertise to exploit and harm others. They usually have the expertise and training to get into computer networks without the consent of the owners, attack security holes, and circumvent security procedures. With the malevolent goal of gaining unauthorized access to networks and systems, they attack to steal data, spread malware causing damage to systems.
  • White Hat Hackers/Ethical Hackers: White hat hackers (sometimes referred to as ethical hackers) are the polar opposites of black hat hackers. They employ their technical expertise to defend the planet against malicious hackers. White hats are employed by businesses and government agencies as data security analysts, researchers, security specialists, etc. White hat hackers, with the permission of the system owner and with good motives, use the same hacking tactics that the black hackers use. They can work as contractors, freelancers, or in-house for the companies. They assist their customers in resolving security flaws before they are exploited by criminal hackers.
  • Gray Hat Hackers: They fall somewhere between the above-mentioned types of hackers, in that they gain illegal access to a system but do so without any malicious intent. The goal is to expose the system’s weaknesses. Instead of exploiting vulnerabilities for unlawful gains, grey hat hackers may offer to repair vulnerabilities they’ve identified through their own unauthorized actions. Example: They may, for example, infiltrate your website, application without your permission to seek vulnerabilities. They rarely, if ever, try to harm others. Grey hats do this to obtain notoriety and reputation in the cyber security industry, which helps them further their careers as security experts in the long run. This move, on the other hand, harms the reputation of the organizations whose security flaws or exploits are made public.
  • Red Hat Hackers:  Also known as eagle-eyed hackers. Red hat hackers want to stop threat actors from launching unethical assaults. The red hat hackers aim the same as ethical hackers, but their methods differ, the red hat hackers may utilize illegal or extreme methods. Red hat hackers frequently use cyber attacks against threat actors’ systems.
  • Blue Hat Hackers: Safety experts that work outside of the organization are known as blue hat hackers. Before releasing new software, companies frequently encourage them to test it and uncover security flaws. Companies occasionally hold meetings for blue hat hackers to help them uncover flaws in their critical internet systems. Money and fame aren’t necessarily important to some hackers. They hack to exact personal vengeance on a person, employer, organization, or government for a genuine — or perceived — deception. To hurt their adversaries’ data, websites, or devices, blue hat hackers utilize malicious software and various cyber threats on their rivals’ devices.
  • Green Hat Hackers: Green hat hackers aren’t familiar with safety measures or the internal dynamics of the internet, but they’re quick learners who are driven (if not desperate) to advance in the hacking world. Although it is unlikely that they want to damage others, they may do so while “experimenting” with various viruses and attack strategies. As a result, green hat hackers can be dangerous since they are frequently unaware of the implications of their activities – or, even worse, how to correct them.

What can Hackers do?

While your computer is linked to the Internet, spyware installed by a hacker silently communicates your personal and financial information without your awareness or agreement. The hackers can:

  • Steal usernames and passwords.
  • Take out a cash advance
  • Steal your money and use your name to obtain credit cards and bank accounts.
  • Destroy Your credit.
  • Exploit your Social Security number
  • Make a new account requesting Additional credit cards or personal identification numbers (PINs)
  • Misuse personal information and share it with third parties ( illegal purposes).
  • Purchase something.

How to identify that your system is hacked?

If your system is hacked by some hacker then you will see the following warning signs:

  • Your computer system or mobile phone or tablet start acting strangely like the password does not work, the setting of your device is changes, the camera and microphone of your system is activating, etc.
  • The antivirus software of your system is deactivated without your information. It is the main element to protect your system if it is off without you knowledge then it is big sign that your system is under attack.
  • Generally hackers redirect your browser or your internet traffic to some malicious website. Then it is the sign that your system is under attack.
  • If someone stealing money from your account without your permission.
  • When some hacker gain the access of your account then the first step he/she do is to change that password of your account. So when the password doesn’t work then this means that someone change your account password.
  • Seeing some suspicious ads or popup frequently on your system is also the part of hacking.

How to Safeguard us from the Hackers?

Hacking is a chronic problem that jeopardizes a nation’s and its residents’ security. Individually, it can result in incalculable economic losses, even wiping out a person’s financial savings. At the organizational level, it has resulted in data theft, resulting in significant financial losses and long-term consequences. To stop this terrible threat, protections must be put in place at the correct moment and at all levels. So to protect ourselves from hackers always remember the following points:

  • Always keep your system updated because hackers always look for holes in security to attack. So, updating the operating system and software will prevent the user from getting hacked.
  • Always set unique and strong passwords for different accounts never use the same passwords for the same accounts because it is easy to hack.
  • While using websites always look for HTTPS encryption. It ensure that the connection is secure.
  • Use Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) as a type of point-to-point communication that allows business networks to connect to offsite and remote sites. VPN services, such as ExpressVPN, encrypt the sending and receiving IP addresses, preventing unauthorized access.
  • Only download software from reputable sources. Before downloading free software or file-sharing applications, give them a thorough examination.
  • Make use of a two-way firewall.
  • Stay away from dubious websites.
  • Increase the security settings of your browser.
  • Always install antivirus software

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English Summary

Short Speech on Computer in English for Students and Children

3 minute speech on computer for school and college students.

Respected Principal, teachers and my dear classmates. A wonderful morning to all of you. Today we all have gathered here to celebrate this day, I would like to speak a few words on – ‘ Computer ’.

Needless to say how the computer has become an important part of our everyday life. Can we imagine our lives without it? I am sure the answer will be no!

Offices, schools, hospitals, governmental organizations, and non- governmental organizations, all are incomplete without it. Our work whether its school homework or office work or mother’s household work, all is dependent on the computer.

It has various uses. The medical field uses a computer to diagnose diseases. So far, they are able to find a cure for various diseases due to this computer. Even in the field of research, computers have brought a lot of changes. Whether its scientific research, social research, or space research, computers have helped in all of them. They have helped to keep a check on the environment, society, and space.

short speech on computer hacking

Computers have also contributed to the most important sector of a country, i.e, defense. It helps the country’s security agencies to detect a threat that can be harmful in the future. The defense industry also uses to keep surveillance on our enemy.

A computer has many advantages, as I mentioned earlier but there is nothing in this world which has no disadvantages. Even computer which has become so important for us has disadvantaged such as hackers can steal the data and release it on the internet. Anyone can access this data.

Apart from this threat, there are other threats too. Such as threats like viruses, spams, bugs, etc. It has become an addiction too for many people. Even students spend a lot of their time sitting in front of computer screen playing games and watching movies.

We need to remind ourselves that excess of everything is bad. We should try and limit its use as it’s excessive use can be harmful to our eyes, back, brain and can lead to various problems too.

In the end, I would like to add that it is a boon and we can stop it to become bane if we use it cautiously. Thank you for lending me your ears.

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Speech on Computer - 10 Lines, Short and Long Speech

Speech on computer.

A computer is an electronic machine that accepts data and processes it to produce new data as output. Computers first appeared around the period of World War II. However, at the time, only the government had access to computers, and the general population was not permitted to use them. A primary computer includes a mouse, display, keyboard, and CPU. Other attachable parts, such as laser pens, scanners, and printers, can be used.

Speech on Computer - 10 Lines, Short and Long Speech

10 Lines Speech on Computer

1) A computer is an electrical device that executes commands issued by the user.

2) A "programme" is a set of instructions delivered to a computer by the user.

3) The first mechanical computer was constructed by "Charles Babbage" called an "Analytical Engine"; hence, he is recognised as the "Father of the Computer".

4) A computer operates as part of a system that includes an Input Device, an Output Device, a Central Processing Unit (CPU), and a Storage Device.

5) "Input" refers to the raw data and information provided to the computer.

6) Processing is the operation and manipulation of data following the user's instructions; it is entirely an internal computer procedure.

7) "Output" refers to the analytics specified by the computer after processing the user's commands.

8) The word computer is drawn from the Latin word "Computer", which means "to calculate".

9) "Peripherals" are input devices like mice and keyboards and output devices such as printers and monitors.

10) Computers are classified into three sorts based on their usage: analogue, digital, and hybrid.

Short Speech on Computer

Computers have become an integral component of our daily lives. With it, offices, schools, hospitals, governmental organisations, and non-governmental organisations are complete. Our labour, whether schoolwork, office work, or mother's housework, depends on computers.

Uses of Computers

It has a variety of applications. A computer is used in the medical field to diagnose disorders. Because of this computer, they have discovered cures for various diseases. Computers have brought about significant developments in the realm of study. Computers have aided in numerous types of study, including scientific, social, and space research. They have helped keep the environment, society, and play under control.

Computers have also aided in the most vital aspect of a country's economy, namely the military. It aids the country's security authorities in detecting potential threats in the future. The military sector also employs to maintain tabs on our adversary.

Even computers, which have grown so crucial to us, have disadvantages, such as hackers who can steal and publish data on the internet. This information is available to anyone. We must remember that excess of anything is harmful. We should strive to minimise its use because it can be detrimental to our eyes, back, and brain and cause other difficulties.

Long Speech on Computers

Computers have become a vital part of our society and have greatly impacted the way we live and work.

Computers have come a long way since the first mainframe computers were created in the 1940s. These early computers were large and expensive machines that were primarily used by government agencies and large corporations. However, as technology advanced, computers became smaller, more affordable, and more accessible to the general public.

Advantages of Computers

First and foremost, computers have made communication much easier and more efficient. With the internet, we are able to connect with people from all over the world in an instant. We can send emails, instant messages, and make video calls, all from the comfort of our own homes. This has made it possible for people to work remotely and collaborate with others on projects, regardless of their location.

Computers make tasks faster and more efficient. From research projects to writing essays, computers have made it easier for us to complete our work in a shorter amount of time.

Education | Computers also play a major role in the field of education. Online classes, tutorials, and educational videos have made it possible for students to learn at their own pace and on their own schedule.

Entertainment | In the field of entertainment, computers have also had a significant impact. With the rise of streaming services and online gaming, we now have access to a vast library of movies, TV shows, and games.

Business | In the business world, computers have also revolutionised the way companies operate. From data analysis to inventory management, computers have made it possible for businesses to streamline their operations and make better decisions.

Disadvantages of Computers

Computers have greatly impacted our lives in many ways, and their importance cannot be overstated. However, as with any technology, there are also potential downsides to consider. One of the main concerns is the impact of computers on our physical and mental health. Sitting in front of a computer for long periods of time can lead to eye strain, back pain, and other health issues. Additionally, the constant use of computers can lead to feelings of isolation and depression.

It is important to remember that while computers can greatly benefit us, it is also important to use them in moderation and take breaks to engage in physical activities and social interaction.

My Experience

I remember the time when I first got my computer, it was a big deal for me. I was in high school and having a computer at home was a luxury. I was able to do my homework, research, and even connect with my friends. It was a game-changer for me and I believe it can be the same for you all.

In conclusion, computers have greatly impacted our lives in many ways, and their importance cannot be overstated. They have made communication, education, entertainment and business more efficient and accessible. However, it is important to use them in moderation and to be mindful of the potential downsides.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
  • Entertainment
  • Manufacturing
  • Information Technology

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Remote Sensing Technician

Individuals who opt for a career as a remote sensing technician possess unique personalities. Remote sensing analysts seem to be rational human beings, they are strong, independent, persistent, sincere, realistic and resourceful. Some of them are analytical as well, which means they are intelligent, introspective and inquisitive. 

Remote sensing scientists use remote sensing technology to support scientists in fields such as community planning, flight planning or the management of natural resources. Analysing data collected from aircraft, satellites or ground-based platforms using statistical analysis software, image analysis software or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a significant part of their work. Do you want to learn how to become remote sensing technician? There's no need to be concerned; we've devised a simple remote sensing technician career path for you. Scroll through the pages and read.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 


How fascinating it is to represent the whole world on just a piece of paper or a sphere. With the help of maps, we are able to represent the real world on a much smaller scale. Individuals who opt for a career as a cartographer are those who make maps. But, cartography is not just limited to maps, it is about a mixture of art , science , and technology. As a cartographer, not only you will create maps but use various geodetic surveys and remote sensing systems to measure, analyse, and create different maps for political, cultural or educational purposes.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.


An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Finance Executive

Operations manager.

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Bank Probationary Officer (PO)

Welding engineer.

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Urban Planner

Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist


Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Hospital Administrator

The hospital Administrator is in charge of organising and supervising the daily operations of medical services and facilities. This organising includes managing of organisation’s staff and its members in service, budgets, service reports, departmental reporting and taking reminders of patient care and services.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.


Multimedia specialist.

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Linguistic meaning is related to language or Linguistics which is the study of languages. A career as a linguistic meaning, a profession that is based on the scientific study of language, and it's a very broad field with many specialities. Famous linguists work in academia, researching and teaching different areas of language, such as phonetics (sounds), syntax (word order) and semantics (meaning). 

Other researchers focus on specialities like computational linguistics, which seeks to better match human and computer language capacities, or applied linguistics, which is concerned with improving language education. Still, others work as language experts for the government, advertising companies, dictionary publishers and various other private enterprises. Some might work from home as freelance linguists. Philologist, phonologist, and dialectician are some of Linguist synonym. Linguists can study French , German , Italian . 

Public Relation Executive

Travel journalist.

The career of a travel journalist is full of passion, excitement and responsibility. Journalism as a career could be challenging at times, but if you're someone who has been genuinely enthusiastic about all this, then it is the best decision for you. Travel journalism jobs are all about insightful, artfully written, informative narratives designed to cover the travel industry. Travel Journalist is someone who explores, gathers and presents information as a news article.

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager


A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

Metallurgical Engineer

A metallurgical engineer is a professional who studies and produces materials that bring power to our world. He or she extracts metals from ores and rocks and transforms them into alloys, high-purity metals and other materials used in developing infrastructure, transportation and healthcare equipment. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

ITSM Manager

Information security manager.

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Business Intelligence Developer

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80 Hacking Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

🏆 best hacking topic ideas & essay examples, 🥇 most interesting hacking topics to write about, 📌 simple & easy hacking essay titles.

  • Ethical and Illegal Computer Hacking For the ethical hackers, they pursue hacking in order to identify the unexploited areas or determine weaknesses in systems in order to fix them.
  • Computer Security Breaches and Hacking To avoid such an attack in the future, it is advisable to keep both the client and server applications up to date. We will write a custom essay specifically for you by our professional experts 808 writers online Learn More
  • Hacking: Positive and Negative Perception The possible advantage of cooperating with hackers for security systems mangers of international organizations and governmental organizations is the probability to recruit them and use their knowledge to empower different organizations to improve their security […]
  • Kosovo 1999: Hacking the Military The paper addresses the motivation behind the attacks, the methods of attack, and the responses of the defenders to these attacks.
  • Ethics in Computer Hacking Hacking by no means follows ethics; the infiltration is to the benefit of hacker and loss of users of computer system, network or website.
  • Hacking: Social Engineering Online The information is fed to the main web site that’s runs the hacking software, where the information is sorted according to various numbers.
  • Ethical Hacking: Bad in a Good Way Introduction of personal computers led to the increase in the number of hackers as well as hacker targets were widened. Many hackers lack the skills to damage network systems in a major way.
  • Benefits and Dangers of Ethical Hacking The advantages of ethical hacking The following are some of the advantages associated with the use of ethical hacking in an organization.
  • Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Hacking So as to discuss the ethical, lawful, and ethical inferences of this concern, people need an understanding of the phrase ethical hacking.
  • Adrian Lamo’s Hacking: Is It Right? The example of Galileo introduces a theory about the construction of the Solar System that was the target of interest of the well-known scientist.
  • Cybercrime: Gary McKinnon’s Hacking Event It is the lack of effective controls that accounts for most hacking incidences, as depicted by the case of Gary McKinnon who was able to gain unauthorized access to NASA and pentagon systems, deleting crucial […]
  • Two Greatest Hacking Systems in the USA Appropriating intellectual output of someone else is also a computer malpractice that is intolerable. Generally, Computer malpractice is seen when a person shows hasty and careless conducts or behaviors when making use of computer systems.
  • Banking Sector Cyber Wars and International Hacking Flaws in the network allow hackers to access the systems. In efforts to reduce hacking in the country, a number of police units have been formed.
  • Ways to Stop Cell Phones Hacking Although it is in the view of many that their phones cannot be hacked as they only protect their computers from hacking, mobile phone operators are more predisposed to being hacked since a mobile operator […]
  • Sony Corporation Hacking and Security System The organization had to stop the hackers and ensure information did not flow freely but it was unfortunate, as the company sought the services of the California court because it had no capacity to deal […]
  • Hacking: White, Black and Gray Hats Living in the era of the Internet and online technology increases the vulnerability of the information stored online and on electronic devices.
  • The Documentary “How Hackers Changed the World?” The documentary provides detailed information, as to what were the process’s sub-sequential phases, while presenting the audience with the excerpts from the interviews with the most prominent members of Anonymous and promoting the idea that […]
  • The Three Types of Hackers The article “They are attacking you: learn the three types of hackers’ was written by Jonathan Nichols and explores the three main types of hackers that attack organizations and their clients, and the factors that […]
  • Shadow Brokers Hacker Group and Cyber Security Industry Therefore, in order to prevent the recurrence of such attacks, the N.S.A.needs to strengthen the security system of particularly essential information to eliminate its diversion.
  • Hacker Ethos as a Framework Protecting Freedom In the case of the hacker ethos, this takes the form of hackers attempting to convince other people of the righteousness of their cause based on the image that they are portraying, namely, as individuals […]
  • Cyber Security: Shadow Brokers Hacker Group A concealed group of hackers stole several disks containing secret data belonging to the National Security Agency in 2013; In 2016, they announced an auction to sell off the data they had obtained illegally; […]
  • US Brokerage Hacking by India Issue The personal accounts of the defendants were used to purchase shares of stocks, following which they hacked into other people’s accounts and made good use of their passwords and usernames.
  • The Different Sides of Hacking In a general sense, computer hacking involves the intrusion of the computing privacy of other people, damage of the computing property of other people like files, software etc.or the theft of private information by unauthorized […]
  • Sony vs. Hackers: PS3 Jailbreak It is alleged that such option contributed to that PS3 could not be jailbroken for a record period of time, as opposed to other video gaming devices, as it gave hackers the opportunity to install […]
  • The Hacker Subculture Nature and Allure The Internet connected people all around the globe and changed the face of the society forever. However, with the development of the computer networks, the meaning of the term started to change.
  • Hackers: The History of Kevin Mitnick The trial that took place in the year 1999 contained his confession to some of the presented crimes and the sentence was administered in a form of a plea bargain, where he received three years […]
  • Hackers’ Role as Information Security Guardians This article points out the fact that information technology has enabled increased efficiency, increased effectiveness, and an increased amount of IT-enabled processes within the personal and industrial fields.
  • Hacking Government Website From the View of Right and Justice Computer crimes refers to the use of the computer system or the internet to commit criminal activities A computer crime is an unlawful act done via a computer or a network and some of the […]
  • Moral Issues Surrounding the Hacking of Emails The devises to enter into another people’s email and steal information in the email is called Email Hacking. It should noted that stealing of valuable information through email hacking has become a phenomenon in both […]
  • Computer Sciences Technology and HTTPS Hacking Protection Many are assured when they see the SSL symbol of a lock at the bottom of the screen and feel their information is confidential and the website is protected.
  • Ethical Hacking: Is It a Thing? Computer programmers implemented the term ‘hacker’ at the beginning of the 1960s in the framework of a positive definition for an individual of dexterous software development skill.
  • Hacking as a Crime and Related Theories The move to embrace the novel technology has led to the emergence of a new form of crime and behavior referred to as “hacking”. Today, the term is used to refer to individuals engaged in […]
  • 21st Century Hackers – Documentary Review According to the documentary, hacking is of three different types: white hackers, black hackers, and grey hackers. On the other side, there are black hackers who use their hacking pedigree to extort money from innocent […]
  • Protecting Organizations From Hackers and Thieves Relative to this fact, Mukhopadhyay et al.say that the uptake of technology and the prominence of the Internet of Things, which is a network of objects that communicate with each other, has increasingly exposed companies […]
  • Internet Hacking and Cybersecurity Conundrum Therefore, the increasing number of attacks during the pandemic could be handled with the help of machine learning and have the numerous human workers assigned to less crucial tasks that actually require human judgment.
  • Internet Hacking and Cybersecurity Conundrum Analysis Many people have gained access to computer systems, the Internet, and related products and services, leading to the emergence of cyber-related threats. Cybersecurity improvements are vital to the continuous developments in information technology, national security, […]
  • Hackers: The Good, the Bad and the Gray They are the most familiar with the latest methods of Black Hat hacking, thus making it possible to prevent attempts and reinforce security.
  • White Hat and Black Hat Hacking On the other hand, White Hats work with companies and help them identify weaknesses in their systems and fix relevant vulnerabilities to ensure that attackers cannot illegally gain access to data.
  • Encryption and Hacking Techniques There are several advantages of text-based encryption, and they include the fact that the data can be used across different devices through the concept of multi-device encryption techniques.
  • Hacking Prevention: Mobile Phone Anti-Virus However, the less discussed and addressed subject is the cybersecurity of mobile phones, which are among the most used and vital devices for the majority of the population.
  • Assessing the Factors Associated With the Detection of Juvenile Hacking Behaviors
  • Hacking Attacks, Methods, Techniques, and Their Protection Measures
  • Hacking Bluetooth Enabled Mobile Phones and Beyond
  • Hacking: Implications for Computerized Accounting Information System
  • Computer Crime, Hacking, Phreaking, and Software Piracy Issues
  • The Infamous Sony Hacking Scandal in the Modern Times
  • Computer Hacking and Cyber Terrorism: The Real Threats in the New Millennium?
  • Hacking Computers and Ethics: What Comes to Mind When You Think of Hacking?
  • The Concern Over the Rising Cases of Hacking and Other Computer Crimes
  • Media Regulation and the UK Hacking Scandal
  • Cybercrime and Internet Hacking and Its Effect on the Cybersecurity Policies
  • The U.S. Charges North Korean Spy Over Wannacry and Hacking the Sony
  • Characterizing Cyberbullying Among College Students: Hacking, Dirty Laundry, and Mocking
  • How Does ATM Hacking Affect Business in the U.S?
  • Investigating Kevin Mitnick and Computer Hacking Philosophy
  • Hacking as Transgressive Infrastructuring: Mobile Phone Networks and the German Chaos Computer Club
  • Use of a Multitheoretic Model to Understand and Classify Juvenile Computer Hacking Behavior
  • The Debate About Securing the Internet With Advancements in Technology and the Rise of Hacking
  • Corporate Social Responsibility and Business Ethics: Ethical and Unethical Hacking
  • Major League Baseball’s St. Louis Cardinals Accused of Hacking Houston Astros Player Database
  • Computer Hacking: Just Another Case of Juvenile Delinquency?
  • The Hacking of America: Who’s Doing It, Why, and How?
  • Common Reasons Why Internet Users Resort to Hacking
  • The General Theory of Crime and Computer Hacking: Low Self-Control Hackers?
  • The Past, Present, and Future of Computer Hacking
  • Computer Crimes and the Most Famous One Is Hacking
  • Information Systems Management: Original Purpose of Hacking
  • Hacking Competitions and Their Untapped Potential for Security Education
  • Hacking: Redefining the Society’s Concept of the Computer Enthusiasts
  • Illegal Computer Hacking: An Assessment of Factors That Encourage and Deter the Behavior
  • What New Dangers Might Result From Data-Phishing and Hacking for Businesses and Individuals?
  • Cybercrime Prevention Measures: How to Avoid Hacking?
  • Scientific Causal Model: Cybercrime Related to Terrorism, Economy, Privacy, and Hacking
  • How Apple and Amazon Security Flaws Led to the Epic Hacking of Mat Honan?
  • Corporate Ethical Issues and Ensuing Influence: Case Study of Murdoch’s Phone Hacking Scandal
  • The Extent and Consequences of P-Hacking in Science
  • Norse Corp.: Monitoring Hacking Traffic
  • Canada and Legal Issues Involving Regulation of the Internet and Computer Hacking
  • Hacking Exposed: Network Security Secrets & Solutions
  • Understanding the Concept Behind Hacking and Methods, They Use to Hack Computers
  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

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I Was Hacked. The Spyware Used Against Me Makes Us All Vulnerable.

Invasive hacking software sold to countries to fight terrorism is easily abused. Researchers say my phone was hacked twice, probably by Saudi Arabia.

short speech on computer hacking

By Ben Hubbard

Times Insider explains who we are and what we do, and delivers behind-the-scenes insights into how our journalism comes together.

BEIRUT, Lebanon — In Mexico, the government hacked the cellphones of journalists and activists. Saudi Arabia has broken into the phones of dissidents at home and abroad, sending some to prison. The ruler of Dubai hacked the phones of his ex-wife and her lawyers.

So perhaps I should not have been surprised when I learned recently that I, too, had been hacked.

Still, the news was unnerving.

As a New York Times correspondent who covers the Middle East, I often speak to people who take great risks to share information that their authoritarian rulers want to keep secret. I take many precautions to protect these sources because if they were caught they could end up in jail, or dead.

But in a world where we store so much of our personal and professional lives in the devices we carry in our pockets, and where surveillance software continues to become ever more sophisticated, we are all increasingly vulnerable.

As it turned out, I didn’t even have to click on a link for my phone to be infected.

To try to determine what had happened, I worked with Citizen Lab , a research institute at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto that studies spyware.

I hoped to find out when I had been hacked, by whom and what information had been stolen. But even with the help of professional internet sleuths, the answers were elusive.

What the investigation did find was that I had a run-in with the growing global spyware industry, which sells surveillance tools to governments to help them fight crime and track terrorists.

But the companies that sell these tools operate in the shadows, in a market that is largely unregulated, allowing states to deploy the technology as they wish, including against activists and journalists .

In 2018, I had been targeted with a suspicious text message that Citizen Lab determined had likely been sent by Saudi Arabia using software called Pegasus. The software’s developer, the Israel-based NSO Group , denied its software had been used.

This year, a member of The Times’s tech security team found another hacking attempt from 2018 on my phone. The attack came via an Arabic-language WhatsApp message that invited me by name to a protest at the Saudi Embassy in Washington.

Bill Marczak, a senior fellow at Citizen Lab, said there was no sign that either attempt had succeeded since I had not clicked on the links in those messages.

But he also found that I had been hacked twice , in 2020 and 2021, with so-called “zero-click” exploits, which allowed the hacker to get inside my phone without my clicking on any links. It’s like being robbed by a ghost.

In the second case, Mr. Marczak said, once inside my phone, the attacker apparently deleted traces of the first hack. Picture a thief breaking back into a jewelry store he had robbed to erase fingerprints.

Tech security experts told me it was nearly impossible to definitively identify the culprits.

But based on code found in my phone that resembled what he had seen in other cases, Mr. Marczak said he had “high confidence” that Pegasus had been used all four times.

In the two attempts in 2018, he said, it appeared that Saudi Arabia had launched the attacks because they came from servers run by an operator who had previously targeted a number of Saudi activists.

It was not clear which country was responsible for the 2020 and 2021 hacks, but he noted that the second one came from an account that had been used to hack a Saudi activist .

I have been writing about Saudi Arabia for years and published a book last year about Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the kingdom’s de facto ruler, so Saudi Arabia might have reasons for wanting to peek inside my phone.

NSO denied its products had been involved in the hacks, writing in an email that I “was not a target of Pegasus by any of NSO’s customers” and dismissing Mr. Marczak’s findings as “speculation.”

The company said it had not had the technology described in the 2018 attempts, and that I could not have been a target in 2020 or 2021 because of “technical and contractual reasons and restrictions” that it did not explain.

The Saudi Embassy in Washington did not respond to a request for comment.

NSO declined to say more on the record, but The Times reported that the company had canceled its contracts with Saudi Arabia in 2018 after Saudi agents killed the dissident writer Jamal Khashoggi, only to resume doing business with the kingdom the following year, adding contractual restrictions on the use of the software.

NSO shut down the Saudi system again this year after Citizen Lab found that the government had used Pegasus to hack the phones of 36 employees of the Arabic satellite network Al Jazeera.

Assigning responsibility for a particular hack is difficult, said Winnona DeSombre, a fellow at the Atlantic Council who studies commercial spyware, because many companies sell products similar to Pegasus, many countries use them and the software is designed to be covert.

She compared the process of analyzing the limited data left on compromised devices to “blind men touching the elephant.”

“You can’t say without the shadow of a doubt,” she said.

The traces left on my phone did not indicate how long the hackers had been inside or what they took, although they could have stolen anything: photos, contacts, passwords and text messages. They would have also been able to remotely turn on my microphone and camera to eavesdrop or spy on me.

Did they steal my contacts so they could arrest my sources? Comb through my messages to see who I’d talked to? Troll through photos of my family at the beach? Only the hackers knew.

As far as I know, no harm has come to any of my sources because of information that may have been stolen from my phone. But the uncertainty was enough to make me lose sleep.

Last month, Apple fixed the vulnerability that the hackers had used to get into my phone this year, after being informed of it by Citizen Lab. But other vulnerabilities may remain.

As long as we store our lives on devices that have vulnerabilities, and surveillance companies can earn millions of dollars selling ways to exploit them, our defenses are limited, especially if a government decides it wants our data.

Now, I limit the information I keep on my phone. I store sensitive contacts offline. I encourage people to use Signal, an encrypted messaging app, so that if a hacker makes it in, there won’t be much to find.

Many spyware companies, including NSO, prevent the targeting of United States phone numbers, presumably to avoid picking a fight with Washington that could lead to increased regulation, so I use an American phone number.

I reboot my phone often, which can kick out (but not keep off) some spy programs. And, when possible, I resort to one of the few non-hackable options we still have: I leave my phone behind and meet people face to face.

Ben Hubbard is the Beirut bureau chief. He has spent more than a dozen years in the Arab world, including Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Yemen. He is the author of “MBS: The Rise to Power of Mohammed bin Salman.” More about Ben Hubbard

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How a Cybersecurity Keynote Speech Can Empower Your Audience

Have you been considering hiring a keynote speaker to educate event attendees or your staff on the latest cyber threats? Businesses everywhere are investing in these workshop-like in-person and virtual seminars and teaching their audience all about recent hacking tactics. Attendees leave with insights into the latest industry-accepted security best practices, expertly advised by some of the best cyber professionals in the business.

But why hire a cybersecurity keynote speaker instead of pushing security awareness training? Sometimes you just have to see it to believe it— and live demonstrations can “wow” and excite your audience like no training course can .

Here are three huge ways a security speaker can empower your attendees to better safeguard your business:

1. Your audience will see how live hacks originate before their eyes.

Your employees or audience hear of cyber threats and hacks on the news all the time. Just like the news outlets who publicize the impact of the breach, your audience probably lingers on all the negative repercussions. However, few people take the time to learn about how the hacker breached the company in the first place, that is, the intricacies of what vulnerability was exploited to gain access to the system.

By eliciting a cyber security keynote speaker, you are painting a full narrative, or detailing for your listeners the step-by-step journey from the start of a hack to the end . 

For instance, the speaker may explain how a bad actor planted an infected USB Ninja Cable into a new hire’s work cell packaging, and upon plugging the cord into their device, was injected with malicious malware. 

Or, your attendees may watch a public WiFi network be commandeered by a clever hacker who sends the user to a look-alike website and prompts them to install a software update with injected keystrokes (despite having a fully patched operating system and the latest antivirus software). 

There are quite a few different hacking techniques that cyber criminals use to manipulate users, with new tactics constantly emerging, and a modern cyber security keynote speaker will keep your audience up-to-date on the latest methods.

2. They’ll understand what type of access hackers can gain.

There are various points-of-access a hacker can target to get the private data they’re after, not all of which are obvious to the average user. For instance, your audience may already know a little about social engineering and to be cautious of opening emails from unfamiliar senders, but there are many other ways crafty hackers can penetrate your line of defense via human error.

Even documents that pass your antivirus scanners radar can be malicious. For instance, a nondisclosure agreement could be sent to your staff member in a seemingly normal Word document. Even when opened, it looks normal; nothing’s embedded, and nothing alarming pops up. But by simply opening the file, your user gave a bad guy a doorway into your internal network, and is able to perform a password dump to access a user's hashed version of their password, which can be easily cracked with a dedicated password cracker.

Once past your barrier, the hacker could use their software to upload and download files, modify the registry or turn a laptop into a room bug by using spy functions to enable your webcam or microphone to record conversations in real time.

A cybersecurity keynote speaker can also educate your audience on the dangers of physical intrusions via proximity card credential theft, whereas clever hackers use specialized devices to steal your swipe card’s information. Once obtained, they can purchase the software and tools needed to duplicate/clone an employee’s access card, and gain access to your place of employment after hours, posing as your staff member. These are just a few examples of situations a cybersecurity speaker may detail, giving your audience a clear understanding of what the hacker is after and exactly how they may access it.

3. They’ll get real-world advice to avoid getting hacked.

Perhaps most importantly, the right security keynote speaker will ensure the audience leaves with not only an understanding of how hacks start and what criminals can do once they have access, but also what someone can do to protect themselves and their company against cyber threats.

A cybersecurity presenter should weave security advice into their live demonstrations, ending each example with a clear takeaway. For instance, after showing an audience how a malicious “WiFi Pi” device works, the speaker should explain that open WiFi networks are not safe, and that users should be cautious to connect to one when accessing private information— and to avoid downloading or updating software while connected, as it could be a clever hacker attempt at entry into your device. 

In another instance, the keynote speaker may reveal how easy it is to find a person’s mother’s maiden name with the right database access, cautioning users against using this as the only form of verification when calling into their bank, etc. The speaker may recommend choosing a different security question or urging you to push for multi factor authentication for enhanced protection. By hiring a security expert, you are arming your audience with both an understanding of today’s cyber threats and how to avoid them.

From Black Hat Hacking to White— Like No Speaker You’ve Seen Before

While researching security keynote speakers, you probably found a few familiar names. But despite the reputation of other cybersecurity professionals— there’s no one quite like Kevin Mitnick. 

Formerly one of the FBI’s Most Wanted, Kevin earned his fame by hacking into 40 major corporations— just to prove he could. Today, he’s a celebrity icon, global bestselling author and cybersecurity mastermind working for the good of his clients.

Learn more about Kevin Mitnick and the Global Ghost Team and book him to speak at your next event or virtual event .

Topics: cyber security expert , Keynote Speech

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Kevin offers three excellent presentations, two are based on his best-selling books. His presentations are akin to technology magic shows that educate and inform while keeping people on the edge of their seats. He offers expert commentary on issues related to information security and increases “security awareness.”

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  • Copy URL https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/how-to-watch-the-2024-state-of-the-union

How to watch the 2024 State of the Union

For more politics coverage and analysis, sign up for Here’s the Deal, our weekly politics newsletter, here .

As he seeks reelection, President Joe Biden will use his State of the Union address to tout his administration’s accomplishments in his first three years in office.

Alongside that will likely be a promise: There’s more to come in a second term.

A preview of Biden’s speech provided by the White House said the president will highlight his administration’s accomplishments, such as infrastructure spending and taking down junk fees . Biden is also expected to reiterate his “unity agenda” for a divided Congress, which includes policy goals like curbing fentanyl use, ending cancer and supporting veterans that have been mentioned in his past speeches .

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There are multiple crises at home and abroad that could undermine the 46th president’s pitch for another four years in office. The Biden administration has been sharply criticized for its handling of Israel’s war in Gaza, Republicans have stalled Ukraine aid in Congress, and the humanitarian urgency at the southern border means immigration will again play a key role in November’s election.

Here’s a short guide on how to watch this year’s State of the Union address.

Biden’s speech to a joint session of Congress will begin at 9 p.m. EST on Thursday, March 7.

The NewsHour will host continuous coverage starting with the 6 p.m. EST broadcast, followed by digital special coverage at 8 p.m., before PBS NewsHour co-anchors Amna Nawaz and Geoff Bennett host on-air special coverage at 9 p.m.

After the president’s speech, stay for analysis and the Republican and progressive responses. The NewsHour will provide live ASL interpretation for the event. Check your local listings to find the PBS station near you, or watch online here or in the player above.

You can also follow the PBS NewsHour’s live coverage on YouTube , Twitter , Facebook and TikTok , and see highlights on our Instagram .

Senate Republicans Speaking About the Southern Border

Sen. Katie Britt. R-Al., speak about the southern border at a 2023 news conference at the U.S. Capitol. Photo by Michael Brochstein/Sipa USA

Alabama Sen. Katie Britt will deliver the Republican response to Biden’s speech Thursday. She became the first woman elected to Alabama’s Senate when she won her seat in 2022.

The 42-year-old freshman is also the youngest Republican woman to be elected to the Senate.

In a statement ahead of her remarks, the senator said the Republican Party is “the party of hardworking parents and families, and I’m looking forward to putting this critical perspective front and center.”

“There is no doubt that President Biden’s failed presidency has made America weaker and more vulnerable at every turn,” she said, while also emphasizing Biden’s age as the oldest U.S. president. “At this decisive moment in our country’s history, it’s time for the next generation to step up and preserve the American Dream for our children and our grandchildren.”

Who is delivering the progressive response?

Philadelphia council member Nicolas O’Rourke will deliver the progressive response to Biden’s speech, on behalf of the Working Families Party. Party leadership opposes former President Donald Trump and endorsed Biden in the 2020 election , but they have not backed the president in his reelection bid.

In recent years, Democratic Reps. Delia Ramirez of Illinois, Rashida Tlaib of Michigan, Jamaal Bowman of New York and Ayanna Pressley of Massachusetts, have been tapped to deliver the response.

The State of The Union is …

For the past 35-plus years, U.S. presidents have used this phrase to describe the state of the union.

As NewsHour correspondent Lisa Desjardins once reported, nearly every president has used one particular word to finish the thought. (Hint: It rhymes with “long.”)

Joshua Barajas is a senior editor for the PBS NewsHour's Communities Initiative. He also the senior editor and manager of newsletters.

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short speech on computer hacking

How Super Tuesday may impact the 2024 presidential race

Politics Mar 05


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    Hacking is the attempt to gain access to a computer's internal private network or system. To put it simply, it is the unauthorized use of computer network security systems or the control over them for illegal purposes. One must first comprehend hackers in order to more accurately define hacking. They are easily assumed to be intelligent and ...

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    Cyber security is also known as computer security. This is very important for the safety of the individual as well as the safety of the country. With the coming of the internet, the world has improved to a whole range. However, it has also brought in a lot of dangers of a process called hacking. This is how other people get through the data and ...

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    In short, we can define a hacker as someone who is able to be creative, solve problems that can be complex, and more. Due to this reason, the term has been broken into three different categories : White Hat Hacker -. They are the hackers referred to as security professionals. This type of hacker is employed by organizations, and they are ...

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    Hacktivism. Hacktivism, a combination of the words "hacker" and "activism", is a form of hacking that usually isn't motivated by monetary gain. In these cases, a religious, environmental, or other activist may gain access to a system in order to promote their own cause (or hinder the opposition). For example, a hacktivist group might ...

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    There are many different types of hackers, the most common of which are black, grey, and white hat hackers. Black hat hackers are the bad guys—the cyber criminals. The white hat or ethical hackers are the good guys, while grey hat hackers are somewhere in the middle. Other common hacker types include blue hat hackers, which are amateur ...

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    Browse Hacking news, research and ... Members of Congress give Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky a standing ovation during a speech by videoconference on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., on ...

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    The process of gaining illegal access to a computer system, or a group of computer systems, is known as hacking. This is accomplished by cracking the passwords and codes that grant access to systems. Cracking is the term used to describe the process of obtaining a password or code. The hacker is the individual who performs the hacking.

  14. Short Speech on Computer in English for Students and Children

    3 Minute Speech on Computer for School and College Students. Respected Principal, teachers and my dear classmates. A wonderful morning to all of you. Today we all have gathered here to celebrate this day, I would like to speak a few words on - ' Computer '. Needless to say how the computer has become an important part of our everyday life.

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  16. 80 Hacking Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

    For the ethical hackers, they pursue hacking in order to identify the unexploited areas or determine weaknesses in systems in order to fix them. Computer Security Breaches and Hacking. To avoid such an attack in the future, it is advisable to keep both the client and server applications up to date. We will write.

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    By definition, hacking is the practice of altering the features of a system, to accomplish a goal which is not in scope of the purpose of its creation. Hacking is more commonly used in context of "Computer Hacking" where threat is posed to security of the computer and other resources. In addition, hacking has few other forms which are less ...

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  22. Kevin Mitnick

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