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what is homework in pinyin

What is "Homework" in Mandarin Chinese and how to say it?

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The Chinese word gongke - 功课 - gōngkè ( schoolwork in Chinese)

Deutsche Übersetzung von gongke

Phonetic script  (Hanyu Pinyin)

Listen to pronunciation (mandarin = standard chinese without accent), english translations.

schoolwork , homework, lesson, study

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Chinese characters  ( gongke / gōngkè ) with pronunciation (English translation: schoolwork )

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How to say homework in chinese pinyin

How to say homework in chinese, how to say do your homework in chinese, how to say do homework in chinese, how to say i do my homework in spanish.

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Chinese Pinyin Lesson 1: Introduction to Pinyin

Hello! Welcome to Pinyin Lessons. Today's lesson is an introduction of pinyin, explaining what is Hanyu Pinyin, why Pinyin was created and the components of pinyin, from Chinese learners' perspective.

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What is Pinyin?

Why was pinyin created and is important to learn nowadays, what does pinyin consist of the components of pinyin, tones of pinyin.

Chinese is a tonal language, i.e., tones change the meanings of words. Mandarin Chinese is normally said to have just four tones. However, there is also a neutral tone which does not occur very often but is just as important. The tone is indicated by a tone mark placed on top of the vowel. It should be placed on the letter a or e, on the letter o in the ou final, and on the last vowel in all other cases. The neutral tone is indicated by the lack of tone mark.

Since Mandarin has a limited number of syllables, there are a lot of homophones whose meanings vary with the tone. In the table shown on the right, the syllable is “ma” but the tone is different.

what is homework in pinyin

Chinese Pinyin Lesson 2 | Six Simple Finals/Vowels: a, o, e, i, u, ü >> »

Popular Lessons

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 30: Summary of Unit 3 – Lesson 21-29

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 29: Thank you & You’re welcome

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 28: Where is my mobile phone?我的手机在哪里?

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 27: Are you at home?你在家吗?

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 26: Whose wallet is this? 这是谁的钱包?

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 25: Do you want tea or coffee?

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 24: What is this?

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 23: I want a cup of coffee

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 22: Measure word (2)

what is homework in pinyin

DAY 21: How many good friends do you have?

what is homework in pinyin


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what is homework in pinyin

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  • 转 载 Trad. 轉 載 zhuǎn zài to forward (a shipment) to reproduce (e.g. a printed work)
  • 干 Trad. 幹 gàn tree trunk main part of sth to manage to work to do capable cadre to kill (slang) to fuck (vulgar) Show Strokes
  • 全 书 Trad. 全 書 quán shū entire book unabridged book entire multi-volume work comprehensive volume Show Strokes
  • 事 由 shì yóu main content matter work origin of an incident cause purpose subject (of business letter) Show Strokes
  • 党 务 Trad. 黨 務 dǎng wù party affairs work within the Communist party
  • 任 教 rèn jiào to teach to coach to work as teacher Show Strokes
  • 评 分 Trad. 評 分 píng fēn to grade to mark (student's work) grade score (of student's work) Show Strokes
  • 働 dòng labor work (Japanese kokuji)
  • 制 订 Trad. 制 訂 zhì dìng to work out to formulate
  • 实 干 Trad. 實 幹 shí gàn to work industriously to get things done Show Strokes
  • 硕 果 Trad. 碩 果 shuò guǒ major achievement great work triumphant success
  • 代 表 作 dài biǎo zuò representative work (of an author or artist) Show Strokes
  • 政 工 zhèng gōng political work ideological work Show Strokes
  • 作 息 zuò xī work and rest Show Strokes
  • 下 放 xià fàng to delegate to decentralize to demote a party cadre to work on the shop floor or in the countryside Show Strokes
  • 耕 耘 gēng yún plowing and weeding farm work fig. to work or study diligently
  • 一 把 手 yī bǎ shǒu working hand member of a work team participant Show Strokes

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  • 了却此生 | liaoquecisheng | liao que ci sheng
  • 了如指掌 | liaoruzhizhang | liao ru zhi zhang
  • 了局 | liaoju | liao ju
  • 了然 | liaoran | liao ran
  • 了结 | liaojie | liao jie
  • 了解 | liaojie | liao jie
  • 亇 | ge | ge
  • 予 | yu | yu
  • 予以 | yuyi | yu yi
  • 予以照顾 | yuyizhaogu | yu yi zhao gu
  • 事 | shi | shi
  • 事事 | shishi | shi shi
  • 事事拗违 | shishiaowei | shi shi ao wei
  • 事件 | shijian | shi jian
  • 事件相关电位 | shijianxiangguandianwei | shi jian xiang guan dian wei
  • 事例 | shili | shi li
  • 事假 | shijia | shi jia
  • 事先 | shixian | shi xian
  • 事先通知 | shixiantongzhi | shi xian tong zhi
  • 事儿 | shir | shi r
  • 事典 | shidian | shi dian
  • 事到临头 | shidaolintou | shi dao lin tou

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What Is Pinyin? The Complete Beginner’s Guide

I’ll let you in on a secret.

Did you know you can learn to speak fluent Chinese without ever learning a single Chinese character?

It’s all thanks to 汉语拼音 (hàn yǔ pīn yīn) — Hanyu pinyin, or simply 拼音 — pinyin.

In fact, the first thing you should do if you want to speak Chinese is learn pinyin.

So here it is: The ultimate guide to pinyin.

From Zhuyin to Pinyin: A Brief History Lesson

What is pinyin, pinyin initials, pinyin finals, the pinyin tones, pinyin tone pairs, targeted pinyin drills, why learn pinyin, resources to practice pinyin, and one more thing....

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

Before Hanyu pinyin was in place, Chinese was romanized using the Wade-Giles system , composed of modified Latin letters.

Chinese speakers themselves used a system known as Zhuyin (colloquially “bopomofo” ). Zhuyin was replaced in 1958 by the romanized system we know as “Hanyu pinyin.”

Believe it or not, pinyin wasn’t invented for people learning Chinese as a foreign language; every single student in China learns pinyin at school. Today, most Chinese people use it for texting and typing.

While Zhuyin is still widely used in Taiwan , the switch to pinyin in China was significant.

Pinyin was developed by Chinese linguist Zhou Youguang and included in the education system by the Chinese government to improve the literacy rate in China.

The pinyin system standardized the Chinese language, boosted the country’s literacy rate and improved Chinese language learning for all.

The Oxford Dictionary defines pinyin as “the standard system of romanized spelling for transliterating Chinese.”

Basically, pinyin uses the Latin alphabet (the same one we use in English) to write Chinese words so you can learn their phonetics without needing to learn their characters, called 汉字 (hàn zì) .

Pinyin is how Chinese words are pronounced, whereas Chinese characters are how they are seen in textbooks , newspapers , books , etc.

Both traditional Chinese (the characters used in Taiwan) and simplified Chinese (the characters used in China) can be represented using the same pinyin.

Pinyin is relatively simple to learn because it only involves three parts:

  • Initials are consonants and represent sounds that appear at the beginning of a syllable.
  • Finals are sounds that appear at the end of a syllable. These can be individual vowels, a combination of vowels or a combination of vowels and consonants.
  • Tone marks show you how to pronounce each syllable. There are four tones—a flat tone, a rising tone, a dipping tone and a falling tone—plus a neutral fifth tone.

Tones, initials and finals are the building blocks of the Chinese language.

They can all be represented with the Latin letters you already know, and so pinyin has been an incredibly helpful tool for English speakers (and other users of the Latin alphabet) when learning Chinese.

First up, we’ll cover initials, which are essentially the consonants of pinyin. They’re called initials because they typically come first in a Chinese syllable.

Note that although there are more “letters” in pinyin than there are in the English alphabet— 23 initials and 38 finals —they’re straightforward and never deviate much in pronunciation.

As you might have noticed, a few of these sounds don’t exist in English: q , c , zh , and r .

Next up is the pinyin vowels, or finals,  which make up the end part of a Chinese syllable.

Tone marks can only be placed over vowels, so you’ll always find the tone of a word over the final.

Note that the ü sound also applies when it’s preceded by certain initials, even though the pinyin syllable is written as u. Use the ü sound with the following consonants:

  • j as in 句 ( jù ) — sentence
  • q as in 去 ( qù ) — to go
  • y as in 雨 ( yǔ ) — rain
  • x as in 需 ( xū ) — need

Other times, you’ll know to use this sound when there are two dots over the  u , as in words like 绿色 ( lǜ sè) — green, and 女 ( nǚ ) — woman.

The next step to learning pinyin is becoming familiar with the Chinese tones . There are four tones, plus a “neutral tone.”

Although the tones are most commonly referred to as either first, second, third or fourth, they can also be described by the sound they make.

But first, what exactly is a “tone”?

Just like in English, you can say Chinese words in a variety of different tones and pitches. However, in Chinese, the tone you use dictates the meaning of the word.

Let’s take the Chinese sound “ma” for example, and see all five ways you can pronounce it:

妈 ( mā ) — mom (first tone)

麻 ( má ) — numb (second tone)

马 ( mǎ ) — horse (third tone)

骂 ( mà ) — to scold (fourth tone)

吗 ( ma ) — question particle (“fifth tone”)

As you can see, these all have different meanings —even though they mostly look and sound the same. The difference is simply the tone.

The different marks above each “a” are called tone marks, and they indicate which tone you should use when saying the word.

Tones might seem intimidating at first, but I think you’ll be surprised how straightforward the Chinese phonetic system really is!

First Tone (–)

The first tone is also known as the “ flat tone. ” This means that you’ll pronounce it with a flat, high-pitched voice.

Here are some examples of Chinese words that use the first tone. Click on each character to hear the pronunciation:

妈妈 ( mā ma) — mother

帮   ( bāng ) — help

街 ( jiē ) — street

哥哥  ( gē ge) — older brother

Second Tone (/)

The second tone is also called the “ rising tone, ” and that’s precisely what your voice should do.

It sounds a lot like the way our pitch rises at the end of a sentence when we ask a question in English.

Here are some example words that use the second tone:

昨天 ( zuó tiān) — yesterday

南瓜 ( nán guā) — pumpkin

时间 ( shí jiān) — time

同 ( tóng ) — same

Notice that the examples include words that use both the second and first tones. This is known as a tone pair—we’ll go over those in more depth soon!

Third Tone (∨)

The third tone—also known as the “ dip tone “—requires you to  dip your voice so that it becomes lower in the middle. It’s basically the fourth tone (falling) directly followed by the second (rising).

If you’ve ever uttered a nice, deep “uh…” out of confusion, sarcasm or sass, then you’ve already got the third tone down pat!

To see what I mean, listen to these words:

好 ( hǎo ) — good

你 ( nǐ ) — you

走 ( zǒu ) — to walk

里 ( lǐ ) — inside

Fourth Tone (\)

Last but not least, we have the fourth tone, also known as the “ falling tone. “

If you’ve ever firmly told someone, “No!” or yelled “Drop that!” at your dog, then you’re already acquainted with the fourth tone.

This tone starts high and then falls sharply, as demonstrated in the examples here:

爸爸 ( bà ba) — father

去 ( qù ) — to go

做 ( zuò ) — to do

上 ( shàng ) — up

The fifth tone in Chinese is not really a tone, but the absence of tone.

Known as the “ neutral tone, ” the fifth tone applies to syllables which should be pronounced in a lighter or less emphasized manner. It is shorter in sound than the four previous tones, and the pinyin has no tone marking.

Many sentence-final particles use this tone, such as  吧 (ba) .

However, you’ll also notice the neutral tone at the end of words, like the last two examples below. This is particularly common in the standard Beijing Mandarin pronunciation, though not the case everywhere .

的 ( de ) — of (possessive particle)

吗   ( ma ) — question particle

爸爸 (bà ba ) — father

朋友 (péng you ) — friend

Tone pairs are exactly what they sound like— words that consist of two tones. These can be the same tone or different.

Let’s take a look at all of the Mandarin tone pairs out there (which really aren’t that many!).

First Tone Pairs

Often, when the tone pair is “first + third,” native speakers will drop the third tone and make it a fifth (the neutral tone). So 屋子 , which is technically wū zǐ , might sound more like wū zi .

Second Tone Pairs

If you’ve already learned numbers in Chinese , you might be wondering why 一 is pronounced with the second tone in that last example.

Well, the first tone on this word changes to a second tone when it’s followed by the fourth. 不 (bù) , which means “no,” also changes to a second tone when followed by the fourth.

For example, you’d never say yì xià or bù kàn . Instead, you’d say yí xià and bú kàn .

Additionally, the word 一 will change to the fourth tone when followed by the first tone. For example:

一天 ( yī tiān) — one day, becomes 一天 ( yì tiān)

Lucky for you, 一 and 不 are the only Chinese words that change tones!

Third Tone Pairs

Although 一 and 不 are the only  words in Chinese that can change tones, there is one small rule that affects the pronunciation of the “third + third” tone pair.

You’ll never pronounce two third tones one after the other. Instead, the first syllable changes to the second tone. For example, the word 你好 is written in pinyin as nǐ hǎo , but is actually pronounced ní hǎo .

Let’s look at a few more examples:

很好 ( hěn hǎo) — very good is pronounced hén hǎo

水果 ( shuǐ guǒ) — fruit is pronounced shuí guǒ

影响 ( yǐng xiǎng) — influence is pronounced yíng xiǎng

Fourth Tone Pairs

That’s about as straightforward as it gets! Not too bad, right?

You may discover some pesky pronunciation issues that refuse to resolve themselves as you learn. It’s helpful to zero in on these with pinyin drills. Here are some pinyin drills for common issues.

nǐ shì bú shì chí dào le ma?

Chinese: 你是不是迟到了吗?

English: Are/Aren’t you late?

This is great for the retroflex sounds (e.g., shi, chi, zhi ), which are a common issue for beginners.

Chinese: 出去

English: To go out

The ü sound is probably the toughest pinyin sound—don’t feel bad if it takes weeks to really get it right. This drill really tests your understanding of the difference between the pinyin u and ü .

dà jiā yī qĭ shāng liang yī xià.

Chinese: 大家一起商量一下。

English: Everyone, let’s discuss for a bit.

Great for addressing the  a sound, which beginners pronounce like “cat.” Instead, you should practice opening your mouth wide and pronouncing it like “ahh.”

wŏ xiăng măi yī liàng zì xíng chē.

Chinese: 我想买一两自行车。

English: I would like to buy a bicycle.

This is more of a Chinese tone drill rather than just a pinyin drill. It’s awesome because it’s a simple phrase that covers all of the tones.

If your goal is to learn how to speak Chinese fluently , you need to learn pinyin. Here are seven reasons why: 

  • To look up words. You’ll need to know Hanyu pinyin to search the dictionary for Chinese words you hear.
  • For easier digital input. Even younger Chinese people use pinyin to type characters because it’s the fastest method.
  • To build your foundations.   Pinyin encompasses all of the potential sounds that can be made in Mandarin Chinese.
  • To gain confidence. Chinese can be overwhelming at first, but pinyin gives words context and makes learning the language more manageable.
  • For greater listening comprehension. When you can distinguish between the pinyin sounds, that means you’re listening with precision.
  • For better pronunciation. People who can identify the pinyin for a word are usually more capable of pronouncing it correctly.
  • To maximize your potential. Knowing pinyin will allow you to differentiate similar-sounding Chinese words with drastically different meanings—a requirement for becoming fluent.

Pinyin Charts

A good pinyin chart or Hanyu pinyin table will help you listen to and review the proper sounds.

I recommend this interactive pinyin chart . It includes every possible sound in Chinese. Click on any of the syllables to hear it pronounced in all four tones.

Pinyin charts will help you differentiate between the different pinyin sounds. Repeat each sound out loud and you’ll be that much closer to perfecting your Chinese pronunciation.

Pinyin Apps

Remember how I said that learning pinyin will help you look up words in Chinese? Now you just need to get a reliable pinyin dictionary app to find out the meaning of those new words you hear.

Additionally, you can find various pinyin trainer apps with quizzes to help you improve your listening comprehension. And if you don’t know the word, you can look it up in your new handy dictionary app!

Chinese pinyin dictionaries make it easy to pick up new words and check their pronunciation, so they’re a must for any Chinese learner! Check out these four comprehensive…

Pinyin Input and Keyboards

To type or text in Chinese, you’ll need to have the correct way to input the language. That’s where Chinese keyboards come in handy.

While you won’t learn new words from looking at the keys, you’ll need to know proper pinyin in order to type words. Writing anything at all in Chinese is then a great way to practice pinyin.

Learn how to type in Chinese with our step-by-step guide. It includes tutorials for installing and using a Chinese digital keyboard on all devices, including Android,…

Pinyin Practice Games

Not only are practice games a great way to learn and review pinyin, they’re also fun!

Instead of flipping through flashcards or reading a list, play games to help you recall the spelling of each pinyin sound and recognize them when you hear them.

Tip: Try to switch between passively identifying the correct pinyin and actively providing it on your own when you can.

A pinyin practice game can help you master the romanization of Chinese words and have fun with your Mandarin learning at the same time. If pinyin is throwing you for a…

Language Exchange Tools

Live interaction and—most importantly— specific feedback about your pronunciation and mistakes are absolutely necessary if you want to learn Chinese well. Doing this regularly will help your Mandarin skills soar and ensure you don’t form any bad language habits.

A tutor is a great resource for practice because they have experience teaching Chinese to non-native speakers and can help you identify what you need to work on. Additionally, you can find a native Chinese speaker to be your language exchange partner.

Make sure you ask your tutor and/or language partner to point out your mistakes and how to fix them. Then, continue to practice alone and with a native speaker on a consistent basis.  Mastering pinyin is a habit like any other.

Looking for an online Chinese tutor? Click here for a list of the best 5 websites that will help you find the perfect one, from general language tutoring sites like italki…

When it comes to Chinese language exchange partners, there’s no substitute. Start chatting in Mandarin Chinese with this guide to exchange for learners!

Chinese Tongue Twisters

Tongue twisters are the ultimate pronunciation test across languages. You can use Mandarin tongue twisters to help you master the pinyin sounds.

Although Chinese tongue twisters do incorporate tones, they’re still good practice for beginners. If you want to just work on differentiating pinyin sounds, you can take out the tones at the beginning.

Chinese tongue twisters are some of the trickiest in the world, thanks to all the tones they utilize. Improve your tones and pronunciation with these classic tongue…

Mandarin Chinese Songs

Music is a creative way to memorize anything and everything, and pinyin pronunciation is no exception. And you don’t have to worry about tones, since they’re not often heard in Mandarin songs.

You can turn your music video habit into a personal karaoke learning session by finding Chinese music videos with pinyin subtitles!

Learn Chinese with songs for some memorable language practice! Check out these 15 well-known Mandarin Chinese songs that span different genres, from rock songs to romantic…

Mandarin Chinese Media

Chinese pronunciation can be tricky at first, but the key is getting lots of real-world practice with speaking and listening. 

I’m a big fan of using Chinese movies , dramas and TV shows —and they really help. When people compliment my Chinese, they point out that I have amazing pronunciation, which I learned from listening to Mandarin media (and then practicing!).

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

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what is homework in pinyin

School Vocabulary

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Mandarin Chinese names of the things, places and people commonly found at school. Each entry has an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice.

English: Abacus Pinyin: suànpán trad: 算盤 simp: 算盘 Audio Pronunciation

English: Atlas Pinyin: shìjiè dìtú trad: 世界地圖 simp: 世界地图 Audio Pronunciation

English: Backpack Pinyin: bēibāo trad: 背包 simp: 背包 Audio Pronunciation

English: Book Shelf Pinyin: shūjià trad: 書架 simp: 书架 Audio Pronunciation

English: Book Pinyin: shūběn trad: 書本 simp: 书本 Audio Pronunciation

English: Bookcase Pinyin: shūguì trad: 書櫃 simp: 书柜 Audio Pronunciation

English: Calculator Pinyin: jìsuànjī trad: 計算機 simp: 计算机 Audio Pronunciation

English: Chair Pinyin: yǐzi trad: 椅子 simp: 椅子 Audio Pronunciation

English: Classroom Pinyin: jiàoshì trad: 教室 simp: 教室 Audio Pronunciation

English: Desk Pinyin: shūzhuō trad: 書桌 simp: 书桌 Audio Pronunciation

English: Dictionary Pinyin: zìdiǎn trad: 字典 simp: 字典 Audio Pronunciation


English: Encyclopedia Pinyin: bǎikēquánshū trad: 百科全書 simp: 百科全书 Audio Pronunciation

English: Eraser Pinyin: xiàngpí cā trad: 橡皮擦 simp: 橡皮擦 Audio Pronunciation

English: Homework Pinyin: zuòyè trad: 作業 simp: 作业 Audio Pronunciation

English: Library Pinyin: túshūguǎn trad: 圖書館 simp: 图书馆 Audio Pronunciation

English: Notebook Pinyin: bǐjìběn trad: 筆記本 simp: 笔记本 Audio Pronunciation

English: Paper Pinyin: zhǐ trad: 紙 simp: 纸 Audio Pronunciation

English: Paperclip Pinyin: huí wén zhēn trad: 迴紋針 simp: 迴纹针 Audio Pronunciation

English: Pen Pinyin: bǐ trad: 筆 simp: 笔 Audio Pronunciation

English: Pencil Pinyin: qiānbǐ trad: 鉛筆 simp: 铅笔 Audio Pronunciation

English: Ruler Pinyin: chǐ trad: 尺 simp: 尺 Audio Pronunciation

English: School Bus Pinyin: xiào chē trad: 校車 simp: 校车 Audio Pronunciation

English: School Pinyin: xuéxiào trad: 學校 simp: 学校 Audio Pronunciation

English: Scissors Pinyin: jiǎndāo trad: 剪刀 simp: 剪刀 Audio Pronunciation

English: Stapler Pinyin: dīng shū jī trad: 釘書機 simp: 钉书机 Audio Pronunciation

English: Students Pinyin: xuésheng trad: 學生 simp: 学生 Audio Pronunciation

English: Teacher Pinyin: lǎoshī trad: 老師 simp: 老师 Audio Pronunciation

English: Thumbtack Pinyin: tú dīng trad: 圖釘 simp: 图钉 Audio Pronunciation

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what is homework in pinyin

Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner

  • Last updated: April 20, 2022
  • Featured , Learn Chinese

Pronunciation is the basic part of mastering mandarin Chinese. If you want to learn this language well, it`s necessary to lay a good foundation about Chinese pronunciation at the beginning.

No matter which level are you in, making sure your pronunciation correctly is definitely necessary and never too late. All in all, a good beginning is half the battle. With this guide, you can learn Chinese pronunciation easier in a correct way.

Part 1: What is Pinyin?

Chinese is not a phonetic language. The pronunciation is not related to the writing of Chinese words (characters). Pinyin is the special system, created for people to learn Mandarin pronunciation. Pinyin transcribes the Chinese characters so people can pronounce it. It may be used as an input method to enter Chinese characters into computers or electronics as well.

The writing of Pinyin is similar to English alphabet. You can pronounce every single sound out in Chinese using pinyin. However, you should aware that the Chinese pronunciation and spelling of pinyin letters are different from English letters. The sounds, which the letters of pinyin represent, do not correspond exactly to the sounds that the letters of English represent. So you can`t pronounce pinyin as if they were English. E.g

One Chinese sound is associated with one syllable and each Chinese character has its own pinyin syllable.

pinyin syllable

There are three parts in a pinyin syllable, which are the Initial, Final and Tone. Initial and final represent the  segmental phonetic  portion of the language, rather than letter by letter.

chinese initial final tone

Part 2: What is Tones?

Mandarin Chinese is a tonal language, which means that the way a sound is pronounced directly affects the meaning of what is said. Mandarin’s tones give the language a very distinctive quality, but the tones can also be a source of miscommunication if not given due attention.

There are four main tones and one neutral tone in mandarin Chinese (or, as some say, five tones). Each tone has a distinctive pitch contour, which can be graphed using the following Chinese 5-level system.

chinese tones

I’ve seen some posts claim that the Chinese tones are just like English, which convey the attitude or feeling of a speaker, however, it`s not the case. This idea is mixing up two different concepts. English doesn`t have tones since words don`t change the meanings when you pronounce them with different intonations. However, in Chinese, even with the same initial and final, different tones represent different characters and meanings. There are many Chinese characters with the same initials and finals. E.g.

chinese pronunciation tones

Common Tone Rules

  • Third Tone Sandhi

When a third tone followed by another third tone, it should be pronounced as a second tone automatically. But the writing script should remain unchanged as the third tone mark. For example: 你好 (nǐ + hǎo)  ->   你好 (ní hǎo)        

我很 好 (wǒ + hěn + hǎo)  ->   我很好 (wó hén hǎo)         

  • Tone sandhi of “不”

“不” becomes a second tone when followed by a fourth tone character. It is a fourth tone syllable by itself and when followed by other four tones then the following will happen.


  • Tone sandhi of “一”

“一” is pronounced in first tone when it`s by itself, at the end of a word, or used as a number. When it is followed by a first tone, second tone, or third tone character though, “一” changes to the fourth tone. It is pronounced in the second tone when it precedes a fourth tone.


Part 3: Why Tones Matter?

If you can`t recognize the tone, you might always struggle figuring out what Chinese people said. And there are also many embarrassing situations you will encounter when communicating with Chinese people.

I met many Chinese learning quitters. They told me that they did want to learn mandarin. After they read the pinyin chart for two or three times in the first two lessons, they thought these Romanization letters were a piece of cake and it was time to move forward to learn more “real Chinese“. As a result of spending too little time on mastering the tones and proper pronunciations, the subsequent overload of similar vocabulary ruined their confidence, so they had to quit. Enough practice on your ears and mouth will help you survive, even though the beginning might be tedious and tough. Once you go through this essential part, you will lay an unbreakable foundation for your Chinese learning.

That`s why the tones matter.

Common Difficulties You Might meet

The purpose of this section is to clarify some common mistakes and difficulties you might meet when learning mandarin Chinese pronunciations. There are some distinct sounds in Chinese that are tricky to non-native speakers. Let`s conquer them one by one, thus there is less barrier in your pronunciation path.

Most of the difficult pinyin sounds are initials, like zh/ch/sh , z/c/s , j/q/x and r .

There is also a final “ü” that most foreigners can`t pronounce very well.         Key: There is a pinyin “i” sound in it, and you need to make your mouth shape as the pinyin “u”, then the “ü” sound comes out.

Part 4: Tips and Suggestions: How to improve your Chinese pronunciation

1. master the basic rules of pronunciation and tones..

Knowing basic greetings like “你好” “你好吗” in Chinese is not hard, but advancing beyond the warm up greetings is quite different endeavor. As a beginner, the most important thing is be familiar with all pinyin sounds, spelling rules and tone changing rules. If possible, you`d better find a professional teacher who can speak standard mandarin Chinese and explain the differences among those similar sounds properly.

There are many learning experiences sharing about how to improve your Chinese pronunciation . Regarding the tones, besides the regular tones practice, there are some learners who share their methods like mastering without using tone marks .

2. Having Enough input: Make your own language environment

If you are learning Chinese in China or luckily be surrounded by a group of native speakers, just try to talk to them with what you`ve learnt. If you can`t follow them at the beginning, don`t feel embarrassed or upset. It`s a quite common phase. What you need to do is at least distinguishing the words you`ve learnt and be more familiar with the intonation Chinese language make. Gradually you can connect all the words and figure out what they are talking about.

If you don`t have the language environment, make it yourself! There are tons of online learning resources (well, surely you can find them at Dig Mandarin . :) ) No matter Chinese learning audios or videos, you can make use of your fragment time to listen. Sometimes, the learning content is a little bit tedious, afterwards you can find some Chinese songs to perfect your accent.    Also, learning from movies and TV shows is also a great way to train your sense of the language, and know more about Chinese culture as well.

3. Having Enough output

i. Practice in words, phrases and sentences

Don`t just practice the individual characters. There is phonetic change in the flow of speech, especially the tones. When you first begin to study Mandarin Chinese pronunciation, it is beneficial to practice pairs of tones. Begin with a word you already know, such as很好(hěnhǎo, very good). This phrase uses the second then the third tone. Say this phrase out loud several times and listen for the tone and rhythm of the syllables. Studying this natural rhythm of the language will help you pronounce new words you come across. Also, the increased accuracy of your Mandarin pronunciation will help you say sentences more smoothly.The start is of course tough, however after going through it; the longer sentences will be much easier for you.

ii. Slow down and be clear

Pay attention that you do not speak too fast. It`s very natural to speak in a normal speed just like the native speaker. But you are just a beginner who might not pronounce the standard sound. Speed is the last thing you should care about. Just SLOW DOWN! Make your sounds clear and correct. If people can`t even understand you, do you seriously care about your speaking speed? After all, a successful communication is the goal and accuracy is the most important thing.

iii. Practice makes perfect

As we mentioned above, you need to cultivate a keen sense of Chinese language by enough input. Some when you are practice by yourself and not with others, you are creating the illusion that you are speaking Chinese well. The truth might be only you yourself can understand or of course your teacher can guess what you are trying to say exactly. So the only key is practice, practice and practice. If once doesn`t work, then do it twice, triple…… You will finally get it.

4. Learn from your mistakes

As you know, Chinese people are very kind, so encouragement and compliment will be the main trend of their comments to your speaking. Confidence is necessary, but their kindness is not your reason to ignore the mistakes and your foreign pronunciation. Ask your Chinese friends to point out your inaccuracy and specific problems directly. Of course, it can`t be better if the one friend is a professional teacher. Then take down the notes of your common mistakes and analyze them one by one. This process will help you conquer your problems. It may be discouraging sometimes to hear about so many mistakes, but you will learn a lot from them quickly and it will help you to improve much faster than you think.

You also can observe if other people understand you. Regardless their kindness, understanding is a good start anyhow. In addition you can try to prepare a paragraph on a specific topic, then record your own speech. Listen to it several times to see if it`s weird in your perspective. Then ask your Chinese friends or teacher help you checking it. If possible, you can also compare your own recordings with the native speaker`s. It`s very clear to hear the differences of sounds, rhythms and intonation. Adjusting and improving your pronunciation is what you can do naturally. Focusing on the difficulties and repeat it slower. Just make sure you are pronouncing the right way.

5. Review all the time

Acquiring accurate pronunciation is a long-tern battle. Don`t be naïve as if you can master the authentic pronunciation in one shot. Record all your mistakes and misunderstanding of some specific concepts. Review your notes from time to time. It will call your attention and remind you the right way you should act. One day you will finally master them all.

Part 5: Resources

1. video lessons.

a)   Learn Complete Chinese Pronunciation in 16 Days! – This pronunciation course is produced by DigMandarin. With this course, you will:

  • Know how to pronounce every Chinese sound clearly with the proper accent.
  • Understand the phonetic alphabet (Pinyin) and how it relates to pronunciation.
  • Learn each of the 21 Pinyin Initials.
  • Learn each of the basic 6 Finals, as well as the 30 compound Finals.
  • Know how to reduce your accent and sound more like a native.
  • Learn and understand the trickiest letters that trip up most beginners, including the dreaded Mandarin tones.
  • Experience detailed explanations which show you how to shape your mouth, place your tongue, and produce the required sounds.

b)   Fluent Forever – Just as I illustrated above, these 3 videos provide instructions to lead you get basic understanding about Chinese pronunciation, tones and spelling rules. Its whiteboard illustrating way is quite clear and easy to follow.

c) Yoyo Chinese – With an interview by Dig Mandarin. This group offers over 100 YouTube videos designed to help you learn Mandarin more easily. An addition 300-400 videos are available if you pay for the premium membership on the website. Beginners can make great strides in language learning with the systemic video organization that naturally builds world knowledge and pronunciation skills.

2. Audio Lessons

  ChineseClass101 – ChineseClass101`s lesson number is pretty big. Regarding the pronunciation part , they provide the learners 5 episodes to illustrate the Chinese word construction, tones, related tone rules and difficult sounds. It basically covers the main idea of mandarin Chinese pronunciation.

3. Tools & APP

a) Pinyin Tools – If you want to learn about how to use Pinyin to aid your Chinese verbal language acquisition, Dig Mandarin recommends for apps: pinyin chart, tone chart, Pinyin to Chinese character converter app.

b) Pleco – This dictionary is one of the most useful and frequently used ones for people learning Mandarin. You can search by either the Chinese character or pinyin spelling. If you have heard a new Chinese word that you do not understand, you can easily search through this site to figure out what it is. There is a premium version as well which includes audio pronunciations.

New Practice Chinese Readers – This Mandarin Chinese textbook is my personal favorite. It combines a carefully laid-out learning structure ideal for language with audio files for better pronunciation and understanding. The lessons include vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar and sentence structure and even cultural information. New Practice for Chinese Readers is available on Amazon and from major book retailers.

what is homework in pinyin

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what is homework in pinyin

Jing Cao is the chief-editor and co-founder of DigMandarin. She has a master's degree in Chinese Linguistics and Language Aquisition and has taught thousands of students for the past years. She devotes herself to the education career of making Chinese learning easier throughout the world.

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what is homework in pinyin

This Post Has 16 Comments

Hi! Thought the Pinyin Guide I created might be a great addition to the tools list you provide as it provides a Pinyin pronunciation tool with audio that works excellent on both desktop and mobile. Hope this helps!

Thanks for your guide of Chinese Pronunciation.

thanks a lot this Email is very helpful and have a lot of knowledge to learn easy Chinese xiexie

Thank you!! This really helped!

Hi, Thanks for the guide! Just one correction: the pronunciations for “deng” in the Chinese PinYin Chart with Audio are pointed to the ones of “dang”. You’ll hear “dang” when you click “deng”.

Many thanks, we just correct it.

E is pronounce as a in chinese,thats with some tones

你好 ! I believe that the Pinyin transcription being a helpful guide to pronunciation. Thank so much

It is good and helps to understand Chinese. Thanks

Thank you very much. This really helped me

first of all thanks this website….im beginner ,so want to learn the correct sound of the pronunciaton ….so hard but i want to learn….because my boss is chinese mandarin…im fun to learn so,interesting much….i enjoy to speak their language and to communicate them.i hope ….this tips of this tone pronunciation i can do it w/correct😊 thank you ma’am!!!

Nice one I’m actually learning Chinese for my gf😁

Thank you for this website. I have been reading the English translation of Journey to the West, but I find some of the names difficult to pronounce. I believe this will help me when I discuss the book enthusiastically with anyone long-suffering enough to listen for more than two minutes.

Chinese pronunciation is really difficult. This content really helped me a lot. Thank you for sharing!

It’s really this easy! You’re going to love it. Enjoy!

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GoEast Mandarin

How to learn Chinese pinyin

If you’re reading this article on how to learn Chinese Pinyin, chances are you’ve just started learning Chinese. And chances are that Pinyin makes your brain hurt. We list some essential Chinese Pinyin tips here — for you’re still there thinking about the position of the tongue that the teacher told you, aspirated or not aspirated, or if you are struggling with the Chinese tones ā á ǎ à.

Table of Contents

About Pinyin

Pinyin is an essential tool to learn oral Chinese communication. Learning Pinyin will not just help you communicate with others before you learn Chinese characters — it’ll also help the learning of Chinese characters themselves.

The pinyin pronunciation of a Chinese character/syllable (brown) is actually made up of three components:

  • Initial (Pink)
  • Final (Blue)
  • Tone (Green)

Chinese pinyin

A meaningful set of roman letters for a character (or one Pinyin syllable ) contains the following three parts:

  • Initial, which usually is a consonant from roman letters. There are in total 23 initials
  • Final, which is the following part after the initial, and it contains at least one vowel
  • Tone, the little symbol above. There are in total four tones in the Chinese language

An example of a Chinese character and the corresponding Chinese character: zhōng 中

The complete 23 initials for Chinese alphabet (Pinyin):

Chinese alphabet

The complete 24 finals for Chinese alphabet (Pinyin):

Chinese alphabet

The 4 tones for Chinese alphabet (Pinyin):

Chinese tones

How to learn Pinyin

Chinese has 21 initials and 36 finals, so only one method of learning may not be the most effective. So we can try the following methods:

Mother tongue transfer method

Students in European or English-speaking countries such as the US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, will have a sense of familiarity when they see Hanyu Pinyin, because most of the letters are similar to English, even if the pronunciation is not exactly the same, they can pronounce 80% of them correctly. Therefore, the first way to learn Chinese Pinyin is to use your native language to learn.

Chinese initials

  • zh – similar to ‘j’ in the English ‘jam’
  • ch – similar to ‘ch’ in the English ‘cheap’
  • sh – similar to ‘sh’ in the English ‘ship’
  • z – same as ‘ds’ in the English ‘cards’
  • c – similar to ‘ts’ in the English ‘boots’
  • s – similar to ‘s’ in the English ‘cars’

Chinese finals

  • ai – similar to the English ‘eye’
  • ei – similar to ‘ei’ in the English ‘weigh’
  • ao – similar to ‘au’ in the English ‘how’
  • ou – similar to ‘ou’ in the English ‘dough’

This is a bit like voice translation, using similarly pronounced letters or words to help you learn and master the pronunciation.

Just like when Chinese people are learning English, they often label ‘Thank you’ as ‘三克油’, which means ‘three grams of oil’. The advantage of mother-tongue transfer so is that you can reduce your fear of difficulties and build confidence at the same time. But the disadvantage is that such pronunciation is not standard after all, and the Roman letters of Chinese and English are not in a one-to-one correspondence, so simple spelling cannot help us accurately grasp the Chinese pinyin, but can only play an auxiliary role. It cannot actually solve the problem entirely.

Chart method

When we aren’t familiar with a new language yet, our ears lack sensitivity to catch the exact sounds: z and c may sound the same, as do zhi and chi. So if the Chinese teacher pronounces any Chinese Pinyin, you may feel that it all sounds the same. So you can try the second method. Use tongue-position diagrams to learn to find the position of the tongue.

Pinyin Tongue positions

Find a Chinese teacher

No matter how advanced technology is, language input and output and direct feedback cannot be replaced. No matter how smart a computer is, it will not be tailored for you. So when you start to learn phonetics, it is recommended to find a professional Chinese tutor , use his or her trained ears to listen to your pronunciation problems, and provide an effective method to help you. This can help you build a good voice foundation, and at the same time clear the voice barriers for your future Chinese learning.

Of course, learning is not only about preview and study, review after class is equally important. Recommend a website to learn and practice Chinese Pinyin online, namely this one from the University of Texas. It has Chinese characters and has two sections for learning and practice. The learning section uses the Chinese zodiac as the page, including initials, finals, and tone sandhi rules. Each animal contains several initials and vowels.

Chinese pinyin animals

The exercise is divided into five parts: If you are a beginner student or don’t have too much Chinese vocabulary, it is recommended that you do the first and fifth exercises.

The first exercise is the tones. Click on the pinyin on the left, there will be pronunciation, write the correct tone according to the pronunciation, and there will be a score after submission. This can test your mastery of Chinese tones.


In the fifth exercise, you can select the correct pronunciation based on pinyin, which can train your listening and improve the overall recognition and reading level of consonants and syllables.

pinyin chinese tones

All in all, Hanyu Pinyin is an indispensable foundation for learning Chinese. Studying alone can be boring, and you do not know if it is right or wrong. If you want to meet more friends like you or learn Chinese more systematically, then come to GoEast Mandarin to join us!

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What is Pinyin?

what is homework in pinyin

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Many students of Mandarin Chinese are surprised to learn that before delving into the mysteries of Chinese characters (汉字 hànzì), they must first learn a whole different writing system, called pinyin. What is pinyin, you ask?

Read on to learn about this ingenious system for romanizing Chinese characters. Once you understand how pinyin came to be, check out CLI's interactive Chinese pinyin chart to learn the system.

what is homework in pinyin

Table of Contents

Pinyin: An Integral Part of Learning Chinese

Competing written systems, enter zhou youguang, pinyin becomes official, pinyin in modern times, can i just learn pinyin and not chinese characters, pinyin is the rosetta stone of the chinese language.

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what is homework in pinyin

The Chinese language has a long history—the earliest know origins date back 6,000 years . In fact, archaeologists have uncovered written Chinese script from as early as the late Shang Dynasty (1600 - 1046 BCE). That means the Chinese character system is at least 3,000 years old.

But Chinese characters are notoriously difficult to learn, even for native speakers. Enter: pinyin.

Chinese Pinyin, the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China, is the most commonly used phonetic system for writing Mandarin using the Latin alphabet . Chinese is tough, but learning pinyin early in one's Chinese studies dramatically accelerates the speed at which a typical student acquires the language.

Pinyin, for our purposes, is a linguistic tool that assists in the language learning process and allows you to type in Chinese on your computer or smartphone.

A Brief History of Pinyin

When did scholars first transcribe Chinese using Western alphabets? In 1605, the Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci published the first known Chinese-to-Western text, titled Xizi Qiji . This system used the Roman alphabet to transcribe the Chinese language.

Fast-forward to the early 20th century and you’ll find several competing romanization systems for Mandarin: Wade-Giles , Chinese Postal Map Romanization (which infamously gave us Peking for Beijing ), and Gwoyeu Romatzyh .

Each of these systems came with its share of problems, however. Due to continuing dissatisfaction with existing romanization methods, scholars continued to search for a better solution.

In the 1930s, the Chinese Communist Party, in conjunction with leadership from the USSR, introduced a phonetic alphabet using Roman letters called Sin Wenz, meaning "new writing." The goal was to improve literacy in the Russian Far East, namely for Chinese immigrants. Sin Wenz reached its peak popularity in the 1940s.

Matteo Ricci and another Jesuit missionary in China

Jesuit missionaries like Matteo Ricci were the first to romanize the Chinese language.

In the 1950s, a group of Chinese linguists began work on a new romanization system in order to increase literacy. Soon, linguist and sinologist Zhou Youguang produced a major breakthrough: Hanyu Pinyin (汉语拼音).

Many people consider Zhou to be "the father of pinyin," but he humbly stated:

"I’m not the father of pinyin, I’m the son of pinyin. It’s [the result of] a long tradition from the later years of the Qing dynasty down to today. But we restudied the problem and revisited it and made it more perfect."

In other words, Zhou felt that his written system was simply the product of centuries of transliterating Chinese into romanized spelling.

Zhou Youguang, the father of pinyin, writing at a desk

Zhou Youguang is considered the father of pinyin.

On February 11, 1958, pinyin officially replaced all other romanization methods in China.

It took time for the new system to catch on overseas, however. In fact, the Los Angeles Times waited until March 2, 1979 to adopt and introduce its readers to Zhou's method of writing.

"Peking," the Times told its audience, would henceforth be "Beijing," while "Canton becomes Guangzhou and Tientsin becomes Tianjin."

Fortunately, the Western world has steadily adopted pinyin over the past 70-plus years. Today, it is recognized by China, Taiwan, Singapore, the United States, and the United Nations as the official system of romanization for the Chinese language.

YouTube video

Students of the Chinese language often believe that only non-native speakers use pinyin. In fact, however, native Chinese students also learn the system alongside Chinese characters starting in kindergarten.

Though pinyin disappears from textbooks after primary school, it is still useful for learning the pronunciation and tones of new characters. In addition, native Chinese speakers use pinyin on a daily basis when typing on computers or mobile phones.

Learning pinyin early in your Chinese studies helps establish a solid foundation with the language and will help you learn new words. However, remember that this system is merely a tool to assist in the Chinese learning process.

Many students wonder if they can simply learn pinyin and avoid Chinese characters altogether. This is extremely inadvisable !

There are many reasons why learning characters alongside pinyin is essential. Most crucially, nearly every pinyin sound has multiple commonly used Chinese characters that it represents.

For example, take the pinyin sound “guo.” This phonetic combination can mean fruit (果 guǒ), country (国 guó), to cross [a road] (过 guò, as in 过马路 guò mǎlù), cooking pot (锅), and a variety of other words. "Guo" is even one of the 100 most common Chinese family names (郭 Guō).

As you advance in your studies, trying to remember these different words as a single pinyin combination becomes inefficient and unnecessarily difficult. Learning Chinese characters allows you to more easily associate meaning with pronunciation.

Chinese characters are beautiful, intriguing, and meaningful. They are living pieces of Chinese history deeply embedded in Chinese culture. Characters make learning Chinese feel exciting and adventurous as you uncover the "hidden meaning" behind radicals , characters, and phrases.

Pinyin is the Rosetta Stone to unlocking this wonderful universe. Therefore, if you do decide to set your focus on learning Chinese, it's critical to understand both the importance and limitations of pinyin, as well as the cultural significance and history of Chinese characters.

Check out CLI's Chinese Pinyin Chart  to see all the phonetic combinations used in the Chinese language.

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what is homework in pinyin

What is Pinyin?

Pinyin is a system used to represent the sounds of the Mandarin Chinese language using letters of the Latin alphabet. It is crucial for learners of the Chinese language students because it enables them to learn how to pronounce Chinese words before they tackle the complex and difficult Chinese writing system.

To represent the sounds of Chinese, Pinyin uses a combination of 26 Roman letters and diacritics (accent/tone marks). It is frequently employed as a tool to assist students in mastering proper Chinese pronunciation and speech, as well as for entering Chinese characters into computers and other electronic devices.

what is homework in pinyin

Best Online Lessons to Learn Pinyin

Any English speaker that wishes to learn to speak Chinese must first start by establishing a solid foundation of understanding of pinyin. After all, even native Chinese speakers start with pinyin as children! We love this beautiful language and want to help as many people as possible learn Chinese in a fun and successful way, so we've built the Yoyo Chinese online learning platform with 6 comprehensive courses and a huge number of study tools and resources. We even made the first lessons completely free, and they thoroughly cover everything you need to build that foundational knowledge of pinyin. Just click here to try them right now and launch your Chinese language learning journey today!

Want to really start learning Chinese? Try Yoyo Chinese for free!

Interactive pinyin chart.

In order to help people like you learn pinyin and master Chinese pronunciation, we created this Interactive Pinyin Chart. It includes audio demonstrations of every possible sound in the Chinese language, and video explanations of the trickiest syllables. We hope that it can be a useful study tool for you and wish you happy practicing!

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what is homework in pinyin

Pinyin - The Closest Thing to a Chinese Alphabet

Pinyin is similar to a Chinese alphabet in that it is a system of writing used to represent the sounds of Mandarin Chinese. However, it is not the Chinese alphabet because it is not used as the Chinese writing system, which instead uses logographic characters (explained more later in this article).

Pinyin uses the Roman alphabet to represent the sounds of the Chinese language, and it is often used as a tool to help those that want to learn Chinese to pronounce words and phrases correctly. The Chinese writing system, on the other hand, uses thousands of complex characters to represent ideas & concepts. These characters are not based on the Roman alphabet, and they are much more complex than the letters used in Pinyin.

Overall, Pinyin is a useful tool for learners of Chinese, but it is not a true alphabet or a substitute for learning the Chinese writing system.

Brief History of Pinyin

Pinyin was created by a team of Chinese linguists under the direction of Zhou Youguang in the 1950s. The system was devised as a more precise and standardized approach to use the Roman alphabet to represent the sounds of Mandarin Chinese.

Prior to the creation of pinyin, there were numerous Romanization schemes for Chinese in use, each with its own set of rules and norms. Because of this, it was challenging for non-native Chinese speakers and those studying the language to interact with one another and use Romanization as a learning tool.

The government of The People's Republic of China formally adopted pinyin as the official Romanization system for Chinese in 1958. Since then, it has been widely employed for a range of tasks, such as teaching Mandarin Chinese, entering Chinese characters into computers, and representing Chinese names in works written in other languages.

what is homework in pinyin

How Pinyin Works

Here are the basics of pinyin:

  • Pinyin uses Roman letters to represent the sounds of Chinese. Even though these letters are the same as those found in the English alphabet, some of them are used to represent different sounds than their English counterparts in order to match those found in Chinese. Our Interactive Pinyin Chart and video lesson series are great resources for getting familiar with pinyin.
  • Pinyin also uses diacritics - also known as accent marks - to represent tones. See this video lesson for an intro to tones.

Here are some examples of how pinyin is used to represent the sounds of Chinese:

  • The Chinese character 妈 means "mother", and is represented in pinyin as "mā", with the diacritic "ā" indicating the first tone.
  • The character 十 means "ten" and is written in pinyin as "shí", with the diacritic "í" indicating the second tone.
  • The character 好 means "good" and is written in pinyin as "hǎo" in pinyin, with the diacritic "ǎ" indicating the third tone.
  • The word 爸爸 means "dad" and is written in pinyin as "bà ba", with the diacritic "à" indicating the fourth tone.

Benefits of Using Pinyin

There are several benefits to using pinyin as a tool for learning Chinese:

  • Ease of use: Pinyin is relatively easy to use, especially for learners who are already familiar with the Roman alphabet. It is much simpler to learn than written Chinese, which requires a significant amount of time and effort to master.
  • Focus on pronunciation: By using pinyin, learners of Chinese can focus on learning the sounds of the language and the rules of pronunciation, rather than having to spend a lot of time and effort learning the thousands of characters used in Chinese. This can make it easier for learners to quickly learn how to speak and understand spoken Chinese, and can also eventually help them to read and write Chinese characters more quickly and accurately.
  • Inputting Chinese characters into electronic devices: Pinyin is often used as a way to input Chinese characters into computers and other electronic devices. This allows learners to type in Chinese without having to remember the complex strokes and radicals used in written Chinese. Here's our article showing you How to Type in Chinese On Any Device .
  • Representing Chinese names: Pinyin is also often used to represent Chinese names, making it easier for people who are not familiar with Chinese characters to pronounce and spell them correctly.

Limitations of Pinyin

While pinyin is a useful and effective tool for learning Chinese, it does have some limitations. These include:

  • Pinyin can be confusing for new learners: Pinyin has its own set of rules and conventions that may be confusing for learners who are not yet familiar with them. For example, a new learner might see the pinyin syllable "hē" and pronounce it like the common English pronoun "he"; but this would be incorrect pronunciation. Learners need to remember that pinyin has its own set of pronunciation rules. You can learn more with these free video lessons .
  • Pinyin cannot replace the Chinese writing system: Pinyin is a system of Romanization, which means that it represents the sounds of Chinese using the Roman alphabet. It is not equivalent to written Chinese, which is made up of thousands of characters that represent both sounds and meanings. This means that learners of Chinese will still need to learn the Chinese characters in order to read and write in Chinese. Good thing we have awesome courses for that!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is pinyin.

what is homework in pinyin

Pinyin is a writing system used to represent the sounds of Mandarin Chinese using a combination of the letters of the Roman alphabet and special diacritics (accent/tone marks). It is widely used in China and around the world by those new to the language including non-native speakers and Chinese children.

Want to learn more? Check out our Interactive Pinyin Chart and comprehensive courses with a real-life expert teacher!

Is pinyin the only system of Romanization used for Chinese?

Although it is not the only Romanization system of Chinese, Pinyin is the most popular. Wade-Giles, Yale, and Gwoyeu Romatzyh are a few other Romanization methods that have been applied to Chinese over time.

One of the first methods of Romanizing Chinese was Wade-Giles, which was widely used in the English-speaking world until the middle of the 20th century. Yale is a Romanization system that is similar to pinyin but represents Chinese sounds using different letter combinations and rules. Some academics and linguists still employ yet another Romanization method known as Gwoyeu Romatzyh, which was created in China during the 1920s and 1930s.

While these other systems of Romanization are still used by some people around the world, pinyin is now the most widely used system of Romanization for Chinese by far, and it is the official system of Romanization in China. It is also the system that is most commonly used by non-native learners of Chinese around the world.

Why is pinyin important for learners of Chinese?

Pinyin is important for learners of Chinese for several reasons:

  • Pinyin is relatively easy to use: Pinyin is easier to learn than Chinese characters, which require a significant amount of time and effort to master. This makes it a useful tool for new learners of Chinese that want to learn how to speak and understand quickly.
  • Pinyin allows learners to focus on pronunciation: By using pinyin, learners of Chinese can focus on learning the sounds of the language and the rules of pronunciation, rather than having to spend a lot of time and effort learning the thousands of characters used in written Chinese. This can make it easier for learners to speak and understand spoken Chinese, and can also help them to read and write in Chinese more quickly and accurately.
  • Pinyin is useful for inputting Chinese characters into electronic devices: Pinyin is often used as a way to input characters into computers and other electronic devices. This allows learners to type in Chinese without having to remember the complex strokes and radicals used in written Chinese. Here's our article showing you How to Type in Chinese On Any Device .
  • Pinyin is used to represent Chinese names: Pinyin is also often used to represent Chinese names, making it easier for people who are not familiar with characters to pronounce & remember them.

Overall, pinyin is an essential tool for learners of Chinese, as it allows them to focus on pronunciation and speaking the language, rather than having to spend a lot of time and effort learning the written characters.

How do I use pinyin to input Chinese characters into a computer?

Most computers and electronic devices feature built-in input mechanisms that let users enter pinyin and have the relevant characters show on the screen. They typically utilize predictive text and other features that make it much simpler and quicker to type Chinese characters than the handwritten character input option. Here's our article showing you How to Type in Chinese On Any Device. Here's our article showing you How to Type in Chinese On Any Device .

How do I use pinyin to pronounce Chinese words and phrases correctly?

To use pinyin to pronounce Chinese correctly, follow these steps:

Learn the basic principles of pinyin: Pinyin uses a combination of letters and diacritics to represent the sounds of Chinese. Check out our Interactive Pinyin Chart and comprehensive courses to learn everything you need to know about pinyin! By learning the rules of pinyin, you will be better able to pronounce Chinese correctly.

  • Practice pronunciation: Practice pronouncing Chinese words and phrases out loud, using our Interactive Pinyin Chart to help you. Pay attention to the tones, as they are an important part of the pronunciation of Chinese.
  • Use audio resources: Listen to native speakers of Chinese pronouncing words and phrases in pinyin, and try to imitate their pronunciation. This will help you to get a feel for the rhythms and sounds of the language. Our online courses are filled with audio recordings of native Chinese speakers for that very reason!
  • Use resources like flashcards: Use resources like flashcards to practice recognizing and pronouncing Chinese in pinyin. You can create your own flashcards or use the thousands of flashcards we've created for you at !

By following these steps and practicing regularly, you can use pinyin to pronounce Chinese correctly. It is important to be patient and to keep practicing, as it can take time to learn the sounds and rhythms of Chinese.

What are tones and how are they represented in pinyin?

Mandarin Chinese has five tones, which are an important part of the pronunciation of the language. The tones are represented in pinyin by different diacritics (accent marks). The four tones in Mandarin Chinese are:

  • First tone: The first tone is a high, level pitch. It is represented in pinyin by the diacritic "ā"
  • Second tone: The second tone is a rising pitch. It is represented in pinyin by the diacritic "á"
  • Third tone: The third tone is a falling-rising pitch. It is represented in pinyin by the diacritic "ǎ" (This one is a bit tricky, so definitely check out our video lesson on it!)
  • Fourth tone: The fourth tone is a falling pitch. It is represented in pinyin by the diacritic "à"
  • Neutral tone: The neutral tone is a mid-range, short pitch. It is represented in pinyin without a diacritic: "a"

Here are some examples of how the tones are represented in pinyin:

  • The word 妈 means "mother", and is written in pinyin with a first tone like this: mā
  • The word 麻 means "hemp", and is written in pinyin with a second tone like this: má
  • The word 马 means "horse", and is written in pinyin with a third tone like this: mǎ
  • The word 骂 means "to scold", and is written in pinyin with a fourth tone like this: mà
  • The word 吗 turns a statement into a yes/no question, and is written in pinyin with a netural tone like this: ma

How is pinyin different from Chinese characters?

Pinyin is a system of Romanization that represents the sounds of Chinese using the Roman alphabet, while Chinese characters are the true writing system used by Chinese speakers to represent the ideas & concepts of the Chinese language.

Pinyin is used to help learners of Chinese pronounce words and phrases correctly, and it is often used as a tool to input characters into computers and other electronic devices.

There are several key differences between pinyin and Chinese characters:

  • Alphabet vs. characters: Pinyin uses the Roman alphabet to represent the sounds of Chinese, while characters are the main way Chinese speakers write in the Chinese language.
  • Pronunciation vs. meaning: Pinyin is primarily used to represent pronunciation, while characters represent mainly ideas or concepts.
  • Ease of use: Pinyin is generally easier to learn and use than characters, especially for new learners of the Chinese language.

Overall, pinyin and characters are two different systems used for different purposes. Pinyin is a useful tool for learners of Chinese, while characters are used to represent the written form of the language.

Is pinyin the Chinese alphabet?

Pinyin is not the Chinese alphabet, since the Chinese writing system doesn't use an alphabet. Instead Chinese uses logographic characters as taught in our course here . Pinyin is a system of Romanization that represents the sounds of Mandarin Chinese using the Roman alphabet for the sake of learning the language.

Chinese characters are the symbols (logograms, to be precise) used to write the Chinese language, and they have been used for more than 4,000 years. They are complex symbols that represent the concepts of Chinese words, and each character is made up of 1-56 individual strokes.

Pinyin, on the other hand, is a system of Romanization that was developed in the 1950s to represent the sounds of Chinese using the Roman alphabet. It is often used as a tool to help learners of Chinese pronounce words and phrases correctly, and it is also used to input characters into computers and other electronic devices.

While pinyin is not the Chinese alphabet, it is a useful tool for learning the pronunciation of Chinese and for inputting characters into computers and other electronic devices.

Can I use pinyin to learn to read and write in Chinese?

New learners of Chinese could use pinyin for written communications with native speakers and fellow Chinese learners. But to learn to read and write Chinese as it is used by native speakers around the world, you will need to learn characters. This can be a challenging and time-consuming process, but it's also a very interesting and rewarding learning process! We created our Chinese Characters Course to help you learn in the most enjoyable and effective way possible!

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Vincent D’Onofrio is the Kingpin of Marvel’s next gritty gamble, ‘Echo’

The actor’s star villain is helping marvel studios test out a bloodier, no-homework-required approach to storytelling.

what is homework in pinyin

Back in 2015, actor Vincent D’Onofrio was given a seemingly impossible task.

Bring an iconic Marvel villain, the Kingpin, to life in a Netflix live-action without the influence of Marvel Studios. Not an easy assignment when you consider that Marvel Studios was at the height of its Hollywood popularity at the time, and that other Marvel franchises outside of its scope (Fox’s pre-merger X-Men and Sony’s Spider-Man) were losing cool points for missing out on the Marvel Cinematic Universe’s interconnective party. But then a funny thing happened.

He actually did it. And he did it very well.

Alongside Charlie Cox’s irreplaceable Daredevil , D’Onofrio’s Wilson Fisk/Kingpin, a top-tier bad guy in Marvel villainy in the pages of the comic books, became one half of what might just be the best and most violently intense Marvel rivalry on-screen, between Hell’s Kitchen’s Man Without Fear and the Kingpin of Crime.

The Style section

D’Onofrio and Cox crafted definitive versions of their respective comic book characters, so much so that when “Daredevil” was canceled by Netflix in 2018 to make way for all things Marvel at Disney Plus , D’Onofrio was convinced that he would get to shave his head again sometime soon and return to the role.

That was not necessarily a sure thing. It was up to Marvel Studios and its president, Kevin Feige, to decide whether “Daredevil” and its universe would get a new life, as they gained control of the franchise.

“Charlie [Cox] and I talked about that all the time,” D’Onofrio told The Washington Post. “I actually just kind of knew that we were going to come back. My intuition told me that. I just couldn’t believe that they were just going to let that go. So it wasn’t a surprise to me that we eventually got that call.”

Now, D’Onofrio’s Kingpin and Cox’s Daredevil are Marvel Studios-certified. Cox made his first Marvel Studios appearance on the Disney Plus series “She-Hulk” as a love interest to the titular star ( Tatiana Maslany ). D’Onofrio made his Marvel Studios debut on Disney Plus as well, appearing on “Hawkeye.” Both actors will resume their Marvel main event on the upcoming Disney Plus series “Daredevil: Born Again.”

Hailee Steinfeld of ‘Hawkeye’ could become the next big star of the Marvel universe

The significance of D’Onofrio’s MCU arrival isn’t lost on him. His performance as the Kingpin on Netflix won such fanboy approval and credibility that casting anyone else in the role would have seemed almost criminal.

And now that the Kingpin is a part of the MCU, D’Onofrio knows fans are expecting a next-level performance as part of his return.

“We meet [Daredevil] fans all the time, and they remind us: … ‘Are you going to do the right thing? Are we going to get those characters from the Netflix shows [in the MCU]? Because that’s what we want,’” D’Onofrio said.

He is aware that the MCU was at peak power when he was making the Kingpin his own over at Netflix in the mid-2010s. Now that he and Cox are in the MCU, there is an irony that their arrival runs parallel to the first time Marvel Studios has gone through a rough patch with reviews, box office numbers and controversy. The MCU’s first flirtation with vincibility doesn’t weigh on D’Onofrio’s mind, however, as he prepares to do what he hopes is his best work yet as the Kingpin.

“I’ll speak for myself. Maybe I’m naive about it. I’m just not into [recent MCU criticisms] enough,” D’Onofrio said. “I’m not into the whole, ‘This is working and now it’s not anymore,’ kind of thing. It doesn’t affect me whatsoever. I have a job to do right now, and that is to kick ass with the story that we’re bringing forward.”

D’Onofrio has returned to the role of the Kingpin in the Disney Plus series “Echo,” which debuts its entire five-episode season on Jan. 9. D’Onofrio’s Kingpin once again stars alongside Maya Lopez/Echo (Alaqua Cox). The two both appeared on “Hawkeye,” laying down the foundation for their awkward adoptive father/daughter, uncle/niece, crime boss/protégée relationship that is explored further in “Echo.”

“Echo” will be the first title under Marvel Studios’ “Marvel Spotlight” banner, an indicator that the show, while connected to the MCU, doesn’t require viewers to have an encyclopedic knowledge of every Marvel movie and streaming series that has ever existed. Along with the complicated relationship between the Kingpin and Echo, the show will also explore Maya’s relationship with her Indigenous roots, tracing back to the dawn of the Choctaw tribe. Even as it’s essentially a Marvel Studios stand-alone, D’Onofrio said, “Echo” can serve as a bridge to what he and Cox have planned in the future as “Daredevil: Born Again” prepares to resume filming.

“‘Echo’ is turning out to be the perfect introduction for my character in ‘Born Again,’” D’Onofrio said. “More than ever, we are connected to the original [Netflix] series. There’s a lot of great things happening when it comes to … the way Charlie and I get to approach the characters again.”

Marvel Spotlight is also much grittier and more violent than the PG-13-ness that prevails over most of the MCU. D’Onofrio said that “Echo” has a similar vibe to “Daredevil’s” TV-MA flavor, and that Feige gave him a green light to bring that same edge to the Kingpin’s return. This isn’t a watered-down Kingpin because he’s now in the MCU.

“I definitely felt the same as when I was bringing [the Kingpin] forward for the first time at Netflix,” D’Onofrio said, of balancing the Kingpin’s calmness and unpredictable brutality. “You’re really uneasy about this guy. He’s sort of sympathetic. You feel kind of empathetic towards him at times. And other times you’re just like, ‘Oh my god, this guy’s like a monster.’”

D’Onofrio already comes off like a seasoned Marvel Studios acting veteran. He knows what’s coming for the Kingpin on “Echo” and “Daredevil: Born Again.” He’s read the scripts. He knows fans will be excited, and, most of all, he knows he’s sworn to secrecy.

“There’s all these things going on in my head that I would love to tell … but I can’t,” D’Onofrio said. “But I just want [fans] to know you should expect something very cool.”

  • Vincent D’Onofrio is the Kingpin of Marvel’s next gritty gamble, ‘Echo’ 25 minutes ago Vincent D’Onofrio is the Kingpin of Marvel’s next gritty gamble, ‘Echo’ 25 minutes ago
  • The newest TV shows and movies to stream right now December 29, 2023 The newest TV shows and movies to stream right now December 29, 2023
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Culture Gabfest

Willy wonka, naïve sweetheart.

This week, the hosts discuss Wonka , Bradley Cooper’s Maestro , and the 2023 Slate Movie Club.

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Episode Notes

On this week’s show, the hosts begin by jumping into the fantastical world of Wonka , a prequel to Roald Dahl’s enduring novel that explores the origins of its famously impish character, Willy Wonka—portrayed here by a wide-eyed, sugary sweet Timothée Chalamet. The musical film, directed by Paul King ( Paddington , Paddington 2 ) isn’t the kind of movie you want to pick on. It undoubtedly has a warm heart–but has the effect of watching a lucrative homework assignment.

Then, the three switch gears and review Maestro , a biopic (if you can even call it that) about one of America’s greatest cultural luminaries and public educators, Leonard Bernstein. Directed by and starring Bradley Cooper as “Lenny,” the film explores Bernstein’s complicated marriage with Felicia Montealegre (played spectacularly by Carey Mulligan) and the couple’s struggle to balance Lenny’s public genius with his life as a closeted gay man. (For more on Cooper’s prosthetic nose, read Mark Harris’ comprehensive essay for Slate, “ The Bradley Cooper ‘Jewface’ Controversy Isn’t Really About That Nose .”)

Finally, the panel is led by ringmaster extraordinaire, Dana Stevens, through Slate’s 2023 Movie Club , an annual digital roundtable featuring conversations between prominent film critics and writers as they look back through a year in film. This year, Bilge Ebiri (film critic for New York Magazine and Vulture), entertainment writer Esther Zuckerman, and film historian Mark Harris contribute, along with features from Nadira Goffe, Sam Adams, and the project’s editor, Dan Kois.

In the exclusive Slate Plus segment, the panel embraces a post-holiday theme and discusses memorable gifts: their favorites and the ones that got away, inspired by a recent episode from the podcast Scriptnotes .

Email us at [email protected] .

Outro music: “Spinning the Wheels” by Dusty Decks


Dana: One of the final movies she saw in 2023, Godzilla Minus One , a critically acclaimed prequel (it currently has a 98% on Rotten Tomatoes!) to the legendary 1954 Japanese kaijū film. The most recent iteration comes from director, writer, and visual effects artist Takashi Yamazaki and can be found on screens now.

Julia: Sometimes, an app does exactly the thing you want it to do, and Julia finds that beautiful. She recently discovered PeakFinder , which shows a 360° panoramic view from a viewpoint of your choice, using an elevation model to render sights from a database of over one million mountain tops.

Steve: The Armies of the Night by Norman Mailer, a nonfiction novel chronicling the famed October 1967 March on the Pentagon, in which Mailer also explores his relationship to a younger generation, his literary reputation, and his life as a public figure.

Podcast production by Jared Downing. Production assistance by Kat Hong.

  • Best of 2023
  • Movie Club 2023

About the Show

New York Times critic Dwight Garner says, “The Slate Culture Gabfest is one of the highlights of my week.” The award-winning Culturefest features Slate culture critics Stephen Metcalf, Dana Stevens, and Julia Turner debating the week in culture, from highbrow to pop.

Dana Stevens is Slate’s movie critic.

Julia Turner , former editor in chief of Slate, is a deputy managing editor at the Los Angeles Times and a regular on Slate’s Culture Gabfest podcast .

Stephen Metcalf is Slate’s critic at large. He is working on a book about the 1980s.

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  1. homework

    gōng kè homework assignment task classwork lesson study CL:門|门 [men2] Example Usage Show Strokes 家 庭 作 业 Trad. 家 庭 作 業 jiā tíng zuò yè homework Example Usage Are you Studying Chinese? Become fluent in Chinese by watching Chinese videos in a video player designed for language learners. Try Yabla Now Find out more 批 改 pī gǎi

  2. homework 什么意思? Mandarin Chinese-English Dictionary & Thesaurus

    English Definition. (名) As a noun. Preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home). Hyphenation. home•work. Part of Speech. (名) noun. Matching Results. 家庭作业.

  3. What is "Homework" in Mandarin Chinese and how to say it?

    What is "Homework" in Mandarin Chinese and how to say it? Home / American English to Mandarin Chinese / Study Routine / homework What is "Homework" in Mandarin Chinese and how to say it? American English homework Mandarin Chinese 家庭作业 More Study Routine Vocabulary in Mandarin Chinese American English Mandarin Chinese exam 考试 I research 我研究

  4. Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary

    Chinese Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary Search with English, Pinyin, or Chinese characters. Powered by CC-CEDICT 功 课 Trad. 功 課 gōng kè homework assignment task classwork lesson study CL:門|门 [men2] Example Usage Show Strokes Browse Dictionary 功能 | gongneng | gong neng 功能团 | gongnengqun | gong neng qun 功能性 | gongnengxing | gong neng xing

  5. ( schoolwork in Chinese)

    schoolwork, homework, lesson, study. Chinese characters: For obtaining stroke order animations, ... (English translation: "schoolwork") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning. We use cookies.

  6. How to say homework in chinese pinyin

    Translate this mum started speak: a great; win points. Yabla. Who would say; win points. Having trouble with no more lessons. Expert online tutoring in india and pinyin, or as more homework quotes from the science and example sentences say ji told them in western china. Routledge course i must say. Pronounce each word aurally.

  7. Chinese Pinyin Lesson 1: Introduction to Pinyin

    What is Pinyin? Pinyin is the phonetic system of Chinese language. It is the most widely-used system of writing Mandarin Chinese that uses the Latin alphabet. Most importantly, it's a great tool to help you learn the accurate pronunciation of Mandarin words and input Chinese characters on your computer or smartphone.

  8. Interactive Chinese Pinyin Chart

    Pinyin, for our purposes, is a tool for pronouncing Chinese characters and words and for typing in Chinese. Read our full article on the topic here: " What is Pinyin? " Can I Just Learn Pinyin? Many students wonder if they can simply learn pinyin and avoid Chinese characters (汉字 hànzì) altogether. This is extremely inadvisable!

  9. BBC

    Pinyin is the most widely-used system of writing Mandarin Chinese that uses the Latin alphabet. It is a great tool to help you learn the accurate pronunciation of Mandarin words.

  10. work

    to cooperate to collaborate to work together cooperation CL:個|个 [ge4] hand (formal) to hold person engaged in certain types of work person skilled in certain types of work personal (ly) convenient classifier for skill CL:雙|双 [shuang1],隻|只 [zhi1] 转 载 Trad. 轉 載. 业 务 Trad.

  11. Interactive Pinyin Chart

    The word pīnyīn (拼音) in Chinese literally means "spell-sounds". It's the most commonly used system for transcribing or or spelling out the Chinese sounds, and it uses the letters in the Latin alphabet that you are already familiar with. Pinyin is an extremely useful tool and should be the foundation of your Chinese learning.

  12. What Is Pinyin? The Complete Beginner's Guide

    The Oxford Dictionary defines pinyin as "the standard system of romanized spelling for transliterating Chinese." Basically, pinyin uses the Latin alphabet (the same one we use in English) to write Chinese words so you can learn their phonetics without needing to learn their characters, called 汉字 (hàn zì).

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    English: Thumbtack. Pinyin: tú dīng. trad: 圖釘. simp: 图钉. Audio Pronunciation. Learn the names of common items used in school with this vocabulary list of school terms in Mandarin Chinese.

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    Beginners use pinyin to get used to the sounds and tones of Mandarin, while more advanced learners can use it to look up new words they've heard out loud in the dictionary, and type Chinese characters using a standard keyboard.

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    Part 1: What is Pinyin? Chinese is not a phonetic language. The pronunciation is not related to the writing of Chinese words (characters). Pinyin is the special system, created for people to learn Mandarin pronunciation. Pinyin transcribes the Chinese characters so people can pronounce it.

  16. How to learn Chinese pinyin

    Therefore, the first way to learn Chinese Pinyin is to use your native language to learn. Chinese initials. zh - similar to 'j' in the English 'jam'. ch - similar to 'ch' in the English 'cheap'. sh - similar to 'sh' in the English 'ship'. z - same as 'ds' in the English 'cards'. c - similar to 'ts ...

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    What is Pinyin? The CLI Team December 10, 2023 Learn Chinese Learn Chinese in China or on Zoom and gain fluency in Chinese! Join CLI and learn Chinese with your personal team of Mandarin teachers online or in person at the CLI Center in Guilin, China.

  18. Pinyin

    Pinyin is relatively easy to use: Pinyin is easier to learn than Chinese characters, which require a significant amount of time and effort to master. This makes it a useful tool for new learners of Chinese that want to learn how to speak and understand quickly. Pinyin allows learners to focus on pronunciation: By using pinyin, learners of ...

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    View Homework Help - Pinyin Homework Answer Key.pdf from CHIN 1a at San Jose State University. Pinyin Homework I 1-1 1-2 1-3 Listen and choose the syllable you hear. 1. l l l l 5. d d d 2. f f f f 6.

  20. Chinese 1

    Watch the Chinese Pinyin Chant and try to sing/chant the 21 Chinese Simple Initials several times. Chinese song: 看我听我. Work on the Pinyin handout which is provided to you in class or download below. Write an English word under each of the 21 Chinese initials that the English word's first syllable sounding are the same as the initials.

  21. What is Pinyin?

    Pinyin, or Hanyu Pinyin, is a system that spells Chinese names and words with the Latin alphabet based on their pronunciation. In Mandarin Chinese, it literally means 'spell sound'. It can be a really useful tool to help you learn the correct pronunciation of Mandarin words. Learning Pinyin will help teach you certain sounds that exist in ...

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    Again, just like "ni you", "women you" comes first. Also instead of duoshao, you have to use "ji - measure word" for how many. I added "nasuo" for that. Na means that and suo is the measure word for colleges. We really like to see his photos of Canada. Women hen xihuan ken ta de zhaopian janada. Women hen xiang kan ta de Jianada zhaopian.

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