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APA 7th Edition Guide

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Citing Sources in PowerPoint Slides

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  • PowerPoint - References List

Note:  APA does not have specific rules about the format of PowerPoint slides.  Rasmussen University does have recommended guidelines outlined below and in the attached PPT presentation.

PowerPoint slides  may   need citations, depending on what type of information is included on the slide.

If the text on a slide is a quote (someone else's words, verbatim) or someone else's ideas in the presenter's own words, then a citation is needed.

If the text placed on a slide is simply a word or phrase that represents a topic that the presenter will be discussing in greater detail, then a citation is not needed.

The table below includes two PowerPoint slides (left side). The column on the right tells whether or not the information would need to be cited and why.

citing presentations apa

Speaker Notes:  Some assignments require text in the Speaker Notes area of the PowerPoint slide. If information from a source is quoted, summarized, or paraphrased in that area, an in-text citation and reference will likely be required. Ask your instructor for clarification.

  • Presentations & APA Citation Style at Rasmussen University Great resource to share with students if they are having struggles with APA in PPTs.

PowerPoint Slides - References

There are two ways to include the Reference list in your presentation:

  • Coordinating reference lists are typically handed out during or after the presentation either in print if presenting in person, or electronically if presenting online. This is the preferred method of including a Reference list of the sources cited in your slide deck.
  • Include a Reference list in the last slide of the presentation. This is an acceptable method if there are not many resources to include. Avoid adding so many resources to the list that the type is not legible to those attending the presentation

Creating the Reference List Slide

  • If you use outside sources in your presentation (noted in your in-text citations), you must cite those sources on a References page/slide.
  • Your Reference page can be created in NoodleTools, exported to Microsoft Word, and distributed or submitted with your slides to those who attend your presentation. Ask your instructor if they would like a Reference slide as the last slide of your presentation. Note that you may need more than one slide depending on how many references are needed.

See the slide deck below for more information.

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APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Posters & Conference Sessions

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Citing Conference sessions, Poster abstracts, and Poster presentations

Conference sessions, poster abstracts, and poster presentations follow a significantly different format than other types of APA references.

  • The author of the work is always listed first.
  • Next, the FULL date of the conference is listed in the date area, so if a conference is held over several days, you need to list the date the conference starts, through the date the conference ends.
  • Next add the title of the work and put it in italics, then add (in square brackets), whether it's a [Poster session], a [Poster abstract], or a [Conference session] and then add a period.
  • In the source area share 1) the name of the conference or organization - or both (comma), 2) the name of the city or town the conference was held (comma), 3) the abbreviation of the state or the region (depending on the country) (comma), 4) the country the conference was held.
  • Lastly share the URL of the WORK (not the conference in general) as a live hyperlink. 

Examples: 

Conference session : .

Hinck, J., Brewington, J., & Harding, K. (2018, September 12-14). Nurse educators - Making a difference in self and others to strengthen networks and partnerships [Conference session]. National League for Nursing, Chicago, IL, United States.  https://tinyurl.com/37bx7uku  

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Hinck, et al., 2018). 

Poster Abstract :

Jackson, C., McCalmont, J., Ward, J. Solanki, E., Seguin, R., & Perry, C. K. (2017, October 10). Mujeres fuertes y corazones saludables: Adaptation of the Strong Women - Healthy Hearts (SWHH) program for rural Latinas using an intervention mapping approach [Poster Abstract]. 2017 Oregon Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, United States.  https://tinyurl.com/y2panrdm  

(Jackson, et al., 2017). 

Poster Presentation :

NOTE: Because the poster presentations of this conference were presented in a journal, there are actually two ways you could cite this particular poster abstract, either way is acceptable in APA .  

Option 1 - Referencing ONLY the poster abstract itself : 

Leckenby, S., & Acklaghi, H. (2017, November 19-23). Is point-of-care troponin enough in decision making process in emergency departments [Poster Presentation]. ACEM ASM 2017 "Impossible is Just a Perspective" Darling Harbour, Sydney, Austalia.   https://tinyurl.com/cpkjbsu5

(Leckenby & Acklaghi, 2017). 

Option 2 - Referencing the poster abstract within the actual journal & supplement that printed the conference abstract : 

Leckenby, S., & Acklaghi, H. (2018). Is point-of-care troponin enough in decision making process in emergency departments [Poster Presentation]. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 30 (S1), 43-44.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.12962  

Carrie Forbes, MLS

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Page References

Citation information has been adapted from the APA Manual (7th Edition). Please refer to page 332-333 of the APA Manual (7th Edition) for more information.

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Citation Help for APA, 7th Edition: Conference Presentations

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General Example & Explanation

General example of a conference presentation reference with each part of the reference, including author, conference date, conference presentation title, conference name, conference location, DOI, color coded with explanations in matching color coded text boxes.

Variations - URLs?

Some URLs may be long and complicated. APA 7th edition allows the use of shorter URLs. Shortened URLs can be created using any URL shortener service; however, if you choose to shorten the URL, you must double-check that the URL is functioning and brings the reader to the correct website. 

Common URL Shortner websites include:

More Information

For more information about URLs, see Section 9.36 on page 300 of APA Manual, 7th edition. 

NOTE:  Check your instructor's preference about using short URLs. Some instructors may want the full URL. 

Variations - DOIs?

Some DOIs may be long and complicated. APA 7th edition allows the use of shorter DOI numbers. Shortened DOIs can be located at the International DOI Foundations, shortDOI Service . 

More Information:

For more information about DOIs, see Section 9.36 on page 300 of APA Manual, 7th edition. 

NOTE: Check your instructor's preference for using short DOIs. Some instructors may want the full DOI. 

Variations - Live Hyperlinks?

Should my urls be live.

It depends. When adding URLs to a paper or other work, first, be sure to include the full hyperlink. This includes the http:// or the https://. Additionally, consider where and how the paper or work will be published or read. If the work will only be read in print or as a Word doc or Google Doc, then the URLs should not be live (i.e., they are not blue or underlined). However, if the work will be published or read online, then APA advises to include live URLs. This would allow the reader to click on a link and go to the source.   

For more information, see Section 9.35 on pages 299-300 of the APA Manual, 7th edition. 

NOTE: Check your instructor's preference about using live URLs. Some instructors may not want you to use live URLs. 

Conference Presentation

Conference sessions and presentations include conference sessions, paper presentations, poster presentations, keynote addresses, and symposium contributions. In brackets after the title, disclose the presentation type as described by the conference. 

For more information about conference sessions and presentations, see Section 10.5 on page 332 of the APA Manual, 7th ed. 

Reeve, D., Rottmann, C., & Sacks, R. (2015, June 14-15). The ebb and flow of engineering leadership orientations [Conference session].

2015 ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition Proceedings, Seattle, WA, United States. https://doi.org/10.18260/p.24857

Presenters: Reeve, D., Roffmann, C., & Sacks, R. 

Begin the reference with the presenter's last name. Add a comma after the presenter's last name. Then, add the presenter's first and middle name represented by initials. Add a period after each initial. If the presenter provides a middle name, be sure to add a space between the first and middle initial. If there are additional presenters, add a comma after the middle initials, and proceed to add the other presenters using the same format as described. Add additional presenters in the exact order they are listed in the conference session. Do not change the order of the presenters. Before the last presenter, add an ampersand (&).   

Date(s) of Conference: (2015, June 14-17). 

Next, add the date of the conference. In parentheses, add the year, followed by a comma and the month, followed by the day. If the conference took place over multiple days, list the full date range of the conference with a hyphen between the days. Add a period after the parentheses.  

Title of the Conference Session: The ebb and flow of engineering leadership orientations [Conference session]. 

Next, add the title and subtitle of the conference session. The title and subtitle are separated by a colon. Capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle as well as proper nouns. Italicize the title. After the title, in brackets, add a description of the contribution (i.e., conference session, poster presentation, keynote address, etc.). Be sure to use the description that the conference uses. Add a period after the brackets.   

Source Information:  2015 ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition Proceedings, Seattle, WA, United States. https://doi.org/10.18260/p.24857

Complete the reference with the conference location and the DOI or URL. Add the full title of the conference followed by a comma. Then, add the city, state abbreviation, and country where the conference took place. Finally, add the DOI in the form of https://doi.org OR add the URL to the conference paper. Do not add a period after the DOI or the URL.

For more information and examples, see pages 332-333 of the APA Manual, 7th edition. 

Parenthetical Citation Example:

(Reeve et al., 2015)

Narrative Citation Example:

Reeve et al. (2015) explained .....

If a source has 3 or more authors, list the first author followed by et al. Follow this format even when using the source for the first time in the paper. For more information about author format within parenthetical and narrative citations, see Section 8.17 and Table 8.1 on page 266 of the APA Manual, 7th edition. 

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APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Powerpoint Presentations

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Powerpoint presentations - what do i need to cite, powerpoint presentations - where do my citations go, other digital assignments - where do my citations go, quick rules for an apa reference list.

Your research paper ends with a list of all the sources cited in the text of the paper. Here are nine quick rules for this Reference list.

  • Start a new page for your Reference list. Centre the title, References, at the top of the page.
  • Double-space the list.
  • Start the first line of each reference at the left margin; indent each subsequent line five spaces (a hanging indent).
  • Put your list in alphabetical order. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the reference. In most cases, the first word will be the author’s last name. Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title, ignoring the words a, an, the.
  • For each author, give the last name followed by a comma and the first (and middle, if listed) initials followed by periods.
  • Italicize the titles of these works: books, audiovisual material, internet documents and newspapers, and the title and volume number of journals and magazines.
  • Do not italicize titles of most parts of works, such as: articles from newspapers, magazines, or journals / essays, poems, short stories or chapter titles from a book / chapters or sections of an Internet document.
  • In titles of non-periodicals (books, videotapes, websites, reports, poems, essays, chapters, etc), capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, and all proper nouns (names of people, places, organizations, nationalities).
  • If a web source (not from the library) is not a stable archived version, or you are unsure whether it is stable, include a statement of the accessed date before the link.

What am I legally required to cite in my digital assignment?

According to the Copyright Act, you must cite the sources (images, videos, books, websites, etc.) that you used in your digital assignment ( 29.21(1)(b) ). You must cite the source (where you got the information from) and the creator of the content (if available). You must also make sure that any copyrighted materials you used in your assignment meet the conditions set out in section  29.21  of the Copyright Act. For a list of conditions and more information, please visit:  http://studentcopyright.wordpress.com/mashups/

What citation style do I use for the sources in my digital assignment?

There is no one required citation style, so please defer to your instructor's directions and citation style preference.

List your sources in a slide at the end of the Powerpoint presentation, with footnotes throughout your presentation as applicable.

You could also provide a print copy of the sources you used to those attending your presentation.

Seneca Libraries has the following recommendations for how to organize your list of sources for digital assignments. Please check with your instructor first:

Videos you create: 

List your sources in a credits screen at the end of the video.

Websites you create:

  • For images, include a citation under each image using this format “From: XXXX” and then make the image a link back to the original image ( example  - picture of little girl). Or list the citation at the bottom of the web page.
  • For quotes or material from other sources, include an in-text citation that links back to the original material ( example  – second paragraph).

Images you create: 

If possible list your sources at the bottom or side of the image ( example ). Otherwise, include a list of citations alongside the image wherever it’s uploaded (e.g. Flickr, Blackboard).

**Please note that the above are recommendations only and your instructor may have a preference and directions for how and where you list your sources for your assignment.**

If you don't receive specific instructions from your instructor, try to include your citations in a way that doesn't impact the design of your digital assignment.

For more information please contact Seneca Libraries copyright team at  [email protected]

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APA 7th Edition Citation Guide Conference Presentations and Publications

Conference presentation.

For conference presentations, include the presenters' names, the dates of the entire conference, the title of the presentation, a description of the presentation, the name of the conference, the location of the conference, and a link if it is available.

The description of the presentation is flexible and should be included in square brackets after the title: e.g. [Conference presentation], [Poster session], [Keynote address], [Paper presentation], etc.

Reference Page Format:

Presenter, P. P. (Year, Month Days). Title of the presentation [Description of the presentation]. Title of Conference. City, State, and Country where the conference took place. Hyperlink.

Reference Page Example:

Sanentz, S. N., & Lesk, M. (2015, November 6-10). Toward a semantic stability index (SSI) via a preliminary exploration of translation looping [Poster session]. 78th ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Information Science with Impact: Research in and for the Community, St. Louis, MO, United States. https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2857143

In-text Citation Examples:

Sanentz and Lesk (2015) shared that ... ...( Sanentz & Lesk,  2015 ).

Conference Publication

Conference publications can vary in how they are formatted, generally being published in the form of journal articles, whole books, or book chapters. Determine which option best fits the source you found and cite it as you would a journal article , book , or book chapter . 

Below is an example of a conference publication formatted similarly to a chapter in a book.

Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of article.  In A. A. Editor, Title of conference proceeding. Publisher.  DOI or URL
Erdelez, S., Howarth, L. C., & Gibson, T. (2015). How can information science contribute to Alzheimer's disease research? In  Proceedings of the 78th ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Information science with impact: Research in and for the communit y .  Association of Information Science and Technology. https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2857076
Erdelez et al. (2015) shared that ... ...( Erdelez et al.,  2015).
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citing presentations apa

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APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources

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Standard Format

Formatting rules, various examples.

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Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed).  https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

  • Date should match the date(s) of the full conference
  • Conference Proceedings published in journal or book should follow the same format for a journal or edited book chapter

See Ch. 10 pp. 313-352 of APA Manual for more examples and formatting rules

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APA Citations (7th ed.)

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Conference Sessions & Presentations

Conference sessions and presentations include:

  • Paper presentations
  • Poster sessions
  • Keynote addresses
  • Symposium contributions

Include a label in square brackets after the title that matches how the presentation was described at the conference: include all authors listed as contributing, even if they were not physically present.

The date should match the date(s) of the full conference to help readers find the source, even though a session or presentation is likely to cocur on only one day.

Include the location of the conference to help with retrieval.

Conference proceedings published in a journal or book follow the same format as for a journal article, edited book, or edited book chapter.

Template for Conference Sessions & Presentations

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Template for Symposium Contributions

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Conference Session

Fistek, A., Jester, E., & Sonnenberg, K. (2017, July 12–15).  Everybody's got a little music in them: Using music therapy to connect, engage, and motivate  [Conference session]. Autism Society National Conference, Milwaukee, WI, United States. https://asa.confex.com/asa/2017/webprogramarchives/Session9517.html

Peters, I. (2019, September 24-26).  What is quality in open science?  [Conference session]. Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association Annual Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark. https://oaspavideos.org/conference/videos-2019

Parenthetical citations:  (Fistek et al., 2017; Peters, 2019)

Narrative citations:  Fistek et al. (2017) and Peters (2019)

Paper Presentation

Maddox, S., Hurling, J., Stewart, E., & Edwards, A. (2016, March 30–April 2).  If mama ain't happy, nobody's happy: The effect of parental depression on mood dysregulation in children  [Paper presentation]. Southeastern Psychological Association 62nd Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, United States.

Rutledge, L., LeMire, S., & Mowdood, A. (2015, March 25–28).  Dare to perform: Using organizational competencies to manage job performance  [Paper presentation]. Association of College & Research Libraries 2015 Annual Conference, Portland, OR, United States. http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/conferences/confsandpreconfs/2015/Rutledge_LeMire_Mowdood.pdf

Parenthetical citations:  (Maddox et al., 2016; Rutledge et al., 2015)

Narrative citations:  Maddox et al. (2016) and Rutledge et al. (2015)

Poster Presentation

Craig, S. (2019, April 10–14).  The cultural importance of obsidian in the upper Gila area  [Poster presentation]. Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM, United States. https://www.archaeologysouthwest.org/free-resources/conference-posters/

Parenthetical citation:  (Craig, 2019)

Narrative citation:  Craig (2019)

Symposium Contribution

De Boer, D., & LaFavor, T. (2018, April 26–29). The art and significance of successfully identifying resilient individuals: A person-focused approach. In A. M. Schmidt & A. Kryvanos (Chairs),  Perspectives on resilience: Conceptualization, measurement, and enhancement  [Symposium]. Western Psychological Association 98th Annual Convention, Portland, OR, United States.

Parenthetical citation:  (De Boer & LaFavor, 2018)

Narrative citation:  De Boer and LaFavor (2018)

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  • How to cite a conference paper in APA Style

Citing a Conference Paper in APA Style | Format & Examples

Published on November 6, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on December 4, 2023.

The format for citing conference papers in APA Style depends on whether the paper has been published, and if so, in what format. Note that a separate format exists for citing dissertations . You can cite a conference paper easily by using our free APA Citation Generator .

To cite a paper that has been presented at a conference but not published, include the author’s name, the date of the conference, the title of the paper (italicized), “Paper presentation” in square brackets, the name and location of the conference, and a URL or DOI if available.

Cite a conference paper in APA Style now:

Table of contents, citing a conference paper published in a journal, citing a conference paper published in a book, frequently asked questions about apa style citations.

Conference papers are sometimes published in journals. To cite one of these, use the same format as you would for any journal article .

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

Conference papers may also be collected in book form. In this case, you can cite one in the same way as you would cite a chapter from a book .

Include the DOI at the very end of the APA reference entry . If you’re using the 6th edition APA guidelines, the DOI is preceded by the label “doi:”. In the 7th edition , the DOI is preceded by ‘https://doi.org/’.

  • 6th edition: doi: 10.1177/0894439316660340
  • 7th edition: https://doi.org/ 10.1177/0894439316660340

APA citation example (7th edition)

Hawi, N. S., & Samaha, M. (2016). The relations among social media addiction, self-esteem, and life satisfaction in university students. Social Science Computer Review , 35 (5), 576–586. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439316660340

In an APA journal citation , if a DOI (digital object identifier) is available for an article, always include it.

If an article has no DOI, and you accessed it through a database or in print, just omit the DOI.

If an article has no DOI, and you accessed it through a website other than a database (for example, the journal’s own website), include a URL linking to the article.

The abbreviation “ et al. ” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten APA in-text citations with three or more authors . Here’s how it works:

Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

You may include up to 20 authors in a reference list entry .

When an article has more than 20 authors, replace the names prior to the final listed author with an ellipsis, but do not omit the final author:

Davis, Y., Smith, J., Caulfield, F., Pullman, H., Carlisle, J., Donahue, S. D., James, F., O’Donnell, K., Singh, J., Johnson, L., Streefkerk, R., McCombes, S., Corrieri, L., Valck, X., Baldwin, F. M., Lorde, J., Wardell, K., Lao, W., Yang, P., . . . O’Brien, T. (2012).

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Caulfield, J. (2023, December 04). Citing a Conference Paper in APA Style | Format & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved January 15, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/apa-examples/conference-paper/

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Home / Guides / Citation Guides / How to Cite Sources / How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA, MLA or Chicago

How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA, MLA or Chicago

Let’s be honest: Sometimes the best information for a paper comes straight from a professor’s PowerPoint presentation. But did you know that source needs to be cited?

Whether you’re making use of your instructor’s lecture materials or pulling information from a Powerpoint found online, you need to make sure to cite your sources if you use information from it in a project or paper.

Here’s a run -t hrough of everything this page includes:  

  • Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in MLA format
  • Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA format
  • Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in Chicago Style

By now, you’re probably familiar with how to cite websites, books or journal articles, but not as knowledgeable about how to cite a Powerpoint presentation. In actuality, citing PowerPoint presentations aren’t all that different from citing written materials, so don’t let yourself be phased! It’s not too hard and compiling an MLA works cited or APA reference page doesn’t take too long—each one should take just a few minutes to create.

To help you with the process, we’ve put together a handy guide demonstrating how to cite a PowerPoint presentation in three commonly used citation styles: MLA, APA and Chicago.

Let’s start by looking for basic information you’ll need for the citation.

Information you may need to cite a PowerPoint Presentation:

  • Author or authors of the presentation
  • Presentation title
  • Date of publication/presentation
  • Place of publication/where the presentation was given
  • URL (if used to locate the presentation)

Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in MLA format:

MLA format citation structure:

Author Last Name, First Name. Presentation Title. Month Year, URL. PowerPoint Presentation.

Example citation :

Park, Lisa. Effective Working Teams . Jan. 2011, https://www.company.meetings/teams. PowerPoint Presentation.

In-text citation structure:

(Last Name)

Example in-text citation:

Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA format:  

APA reference structure:

Author or Presenter Last Name, Middle Initial. First Initial. (Date of publication). Title of presentation [PowerPoint presentation]. Conference Name, Location. URL

Example reference:

Park, L. (2011, March 24-28). Effective working teams [PowerPoint presentation]. Regional Dairy Workers National Conference, New York, NY, United States. https://www.company.meetings/teams

Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in Chicago Style:

Chicago citation structure:

Author Last Name, First Name. “Presentation Title.” Lecture, Location of Lecture, Month Day, Year.

Example citation:

Park, Lisa. “Effective Working Teams.” Lecture, The Plaza Hotel, New York, NY, January 11, 2011.

Troubleshooting

Solution #1: how to cite a powerpoint that has multiple authors..

For a presentation with multiple authors, list the authors alphabetically by last name for the full reference citation. The citation will list each author by Last Name, First Initial.

If the PowerPoint has just two authors, separate them with a comma and an ampersand (&). If the PowerPoint has more than two authors, list the authors separated by commas.

Reference examples:

Felner, D., & Nguy, A. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Slideshow]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Felner, D., Nguy, A., Becham, G. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Slideshow]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

For an in-text citation for two authors, give both surnames separated by an ampersand (&) followed by a comma and the year of publication or presentation.

For an in-text citation for three or more authors, list the first author’s surname followed by “et al.” followed by a comma and the year of publication or presentation.

In-text citation examples:

(Felner & Nguy, 2021)

(Felner et al., 2021)

For a PowerPoint with two presenters or authors, include both names in the full works-cited citation. The names need to be written as follows: First presenter’s Last Name, First Name, and then the second presenter’s First Name and Last Name.

For an in-text citation, simply list the surnames of both presenters.

In-text citation example:

(Nguy and Felner)

Work-cited entry example:

Nguy, Anna and Dominic Felner. The History of Claymation. Apr. 2021. PowerPoint Presentation.

For a PowerPoint with three or more presenters, only list one presenter’s name followed by a comma and “et al.”

For an in-text citation for three or more authors or presenters , list the surname given in the full works-cited citation followed by “et al.”

(Nguy et al.)

Nguy, Anna et al. The History of Claymation. Apr. 2021. PowerPoint Presentation.

Solution #2 How to cite a slideshow that wasn’t made with PowerPoint

If making a full works-cited citation for a slideshow that was made with another program other than PowerPoint, include the medium in brackets instead of PowerPoint.

If the presentation is not in PowerPoint, and you can’t determine what software was used, include the word “slideshow” in brackets in place of PowerPoint.

Nguy, A. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Prezi presentation]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Nguy, A. (2021 April 10-12). The history of Claymation [Slideshow]. Animation Now, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

The in-text citation will be formatted like any other APA in-text citation (author last name, year).

(Nguy, 2021)

At the end of your full works-cited citation, include the program the slideshow was made with, formatted as:  ______ Presentation.

If you are uncertain of the program used, end your citation with “slideshow” followed by a period. Nguy, Anna. The history of Claymation. Apr. 2021. Prezi Presentation. Nguy, Anna. The history of Claymation . Apr. 2021. Slideshow.

The in-text citation will be formatted like any other MLA in-text citation (author last name).

Hello all paper writers! Take a moment to try our spell checker , or refresh your knowledge on English basics with our EasyBib grammar guides ! Discover a determiner definition , learn what is an adverb , review an interjection list , and more.   

Updated April 26, 2021.

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To cite PowerPoint presentation slides, include the author name, year/date of presentation, the title, the source description, the website and/or university name, and the URL where the source can be found.

If the PowerPoint presentation is not accessible to the reader, cite the slides as personal communication.

If you want to cite a PowerPoint in MLA or APA style, you need to have basic information including the name of the author(s), title of the presentation, date and place of publication, and URL. For in-text citations, you need to include only the author name(s) in MLA style and author name(s) and year in APA style.  

APA in-text citations

(Author Surname, publication year)

(Dhanalakshmi, 2004)

MLA in-text citations

(Author Surname)

(Dhanalakshmi)

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  • Research Guides

Citing Business Sources in APA Style

7. citing sources in presentations.

  • 1. About this guide
  • 2. Citing references in-text
  • 3. Citing sources in your reference list
  • 4. Reference List Examples: Brock Library Business Databases
  • 5. Reference List Examples: Statistical Sources
  • 6. Reference List Examples: Audiovisual Sources

7.3: Using Reference Lists in Presentations

7.4: apa style powerpoint help.

  • The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA Style) was designed to assist writers in preparing research papers (such as journal articles) and therefore does not actually contain any guidelines on preparing powerpoint presentations according to APA Style.
  • Typically, if you are required to create a presentation according to APA Style, you should clarify with your professor if he/she actually just expects you to put your in-text citations and references in APA Style.

7.1: In-text citations in Presentations

  • You can cite references within the text of your presentation slide using the same APA format for in-text citations (Author, Date) as in a written essay.
  • Remember to cite sources for direct quotations, paraphrased materials, and sources of facts (such as market share data in the example slide).
  • Your Reference List must include the sources cited on your presentation slides.

Sample APA in-text citations

7.2: Using Images on Slides

If you use images, such as photographs or clipart, on your slides, you should also credit the source of the image. Do not reproduce images without permission. There are sources for clipart and images that are "public use" according to Creative Commons licensing such as:

  • Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
  • Google Advanced Image Search allows you so filter results by usage rights (e.g., free to use or share):  https://www.google.com/advanced_image_search
  • ClipSafari:  https://www.clipsafari.com
  • Openclipart.org:  https://openclipart.org/
  • Noun Project:  https://thenounproject.com   (free membership, must give credit to creator of icon following a specific format)

Photographs are treated as figures in APA Style. Therefore, the citation for the source of the image is included as a footnote in the figure caption underneath the photograph which includes the figure number and a description. The source of the image obtained is attributed using the following model:

Figure 1. Blah blah blah. From Title of Image , by Author, Year. Retrieved from URL.

Infinite loop sculpture

Figure 1. Photograph of a sculpture in Cupertino, California. From Infinite Loop II by Kurafire (2007, January 3).  Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/kurafire/343629962/.

Another option for citing image sources is to create a separate slide titled "Photo credits" or "Image Sources". For more assistance on the various ways to cite images in presentations (but not necessarily in APA format), see:

  • Image Citation Guide (UBC Copyright Office)
  • How to credit photos (Photoshare.org). Provides examples of various ways to credit image sources in Powerpoint, on webpages, and in print materials.
  • How to cite clip art or stock image references (APA Style website) Consult the APA Style site for the latest guidance on how to cite images according to the 7th edition.

Option 1: Create a References handout (recommended)

Option 2: Create a References slide (if you only have a few items in your list)

  • use a large enough font (e.g., 24 points)
  • limit to 12 lines of text on each slide

References

  • Power up your PowerPoint (gradPSYCH at APA.org) Seven research-backed tips for effective presentations. Includes links to digital extras: "the worst PowerPoint presentation ever made" and "Comedian Don McMillan's PowerPoint pet peeves".
  • << Previous: 6. Reference List Examples: Audiovisual Sources
  • Last Updated: Apr 21, 2023 9:32 AM
  • URL: https://researchguides.library.brocku.ca/APABusiness

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Cite a presentation or lecture in APA style

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  • Select style:
  • Archive material
  • Chapter of an edited book
  • Conference proceedings
  • Dictionary entry
  • Dissertation
  • DVD, video, or film
  • E-book or PDF
  • Edited book
  • Encyclopedia article
  • Government publication
  • Music or recording
  • Online image or video
  • Presentation
  • Press release
  • Religious text

Use the following template or our APA Citation Generator to cite a presentation or lecture. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator .

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Popular APA Citation Guides

  • How to cite a Book in APA style
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  • How to cite a Journal in APA style
  • How to cite a DVD, video, or film in APA style
  • How to cite a Online image or video in APA style

Other APA Citation Guides

  • How to cite a Archive material in APA style
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  • How to cite a Conference proceedings in APA style
  • How to cite a Court case in APA style
  • How to cite a Dictionary entry in APA style
  • How to cite a Dissertation in APA style
  • How to cite a E-book or PDF in APA style
  • How to cite a Edited book in APA style
  • How to cite a Email in APA style
  • How to cite a Encyclopedia article in APA style
  • How to cite a Government publication in APA style
  • How to cite a Interview in APA style
  • How to cite a Legislation in APA style
  • How to cite a Magazine in APA style
  • How to cite a Music or recording in APA style
  • How to cite a Newspaper in APA style
  • How to cite a Patent in APA style
  • How to cite a Podcast in APA style
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How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA 7?

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How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA 7?

💡 Before we show you how to cite a PowerPoint in APA, we would like to tell you that all examples and explanations are about APA 7th edition .

In your PowerPoint presentation, you’re going to use a combination of texts and images to present information. You’ll need to cite the sources for these documents and media so your audience knows where to find out more about the topic.

This way, you will both adhere to the rules of using copyrighted information and show that your knowledge on the topic is well researched and you have spent time finding the resources.

What we will discuss in this article is the APA standard and how to make a proper PowerPoint citation in APA standard. Let’s dig deep.

Article Overview: 1. What is Apa? 2. Why do people use APA as a standard? 3. How to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA? 4. How to Cite a Picture in PowerPoint?

1. What is APA?

APA is one of the most popular and widely used styles for writing research papers. This style of writing citations and citing sources is used in most social sciences – mainly psychology, sociology, and education. The acronym comes from A merican P sychological A ssociation. You can check APA’s website for more information .

2. Why do people use APA as a standard?

Before we tell you how to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA style, we need to clarify the main reason why people use this style. As the most common standard, it is widely accepted around the world, and the manuals have been sold millions of times.

What makes the APA citation style so popular among educational institutions is that it gives “weight” to the documents that are being examined. Adding the sources and using the right way to present the sources could greatly influence the credibility of any thesis or PowerPoint presentation.

3. How to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA?

There aren’t one or two ways to cite a Powerpoint presentation in APA. Why? Because there are different conditions that can affect the accessibility of the original source. Let’s see some of the most common occasions in citing PowerPoint presentations in APA style.

3.1. Citing a PowerPoint in APA – Accessible Documents

This is probably the best-case scenario for citations, as your readers will have access to the information, thus they can easily find the original source. Bear in mind you should not include PowerPoint presentations in the reference list if your audience cannot access them.

3.1.1. Citing in PowerPoint from public sites

When you have the source and it is an available webpage, you will have to link directly to the original source.

N.B.  You should always  cite the original source. If you have found a piece of statistics somewhere – let’s say a WeForum article , it is not the original source, thus you cannot refer to information that has not been published by the author.

3.1.2. Citing PowerPoints on password-protected portals

When it comes to citing from a university or other password-protected website, you should refer to the login page, as a direct link will lead to it. Let’s see an example I’ve made up myself.

N.B.  Sometimes, there is no author mentioned. In such cases, we proceed in two ways:

  • If there is no author, but an organization that is behind the source:

What we have done is we have replaced the author’s name with the name of the organization that has published the report.

  • If there is an unknown author.

In case there’s an unknown author, we replace their name with the title.

3.2. Citing a PowerPoint in APA – Inaccessible Documents

In case your PowerPoint slide is inaccessible to readers, then you have the option to cite the source as personal communication. Let’s see how this happens.

During the presentation, Peterson made a prediction that low-fare airlines will become dominant by 2030 (personal communication, June 3, 2022).

You can add personal communication citations in parentheses somewhere in the text but not in the reference list, as the original source cannot be directly tracked.

3.3. Citing a PowerPoint Slide

Sometimes, a slide during a presentation makes a great impression and you want to add it to your sources. When this happens, it’s better to cite the original source, rather than the PowerPoint slide itself, because of the requirements we discussed in 3.1.1.

4. How to Cite a Picture in PowerPoint?

If you want to learn how to cite a picture in PowerPoint in APA format, then you should apply some different techniques. What you need to do first is to have a very detailed look at the terms and conditions of the original image. Some images require attribution while others don’t.

Once you insert the image, you need to then create a new text box, align it at the center and write the following:

Figure 1. Image Description. Adapted from SOURCE . Retrieved from  SOURCE LINK.  Copyright by  COMPANY NAME COPYRIGHTS  (located at the bottom).

Let’s see how it’s done in practice.

How to cite a PowerPoint example

Figure 1. Carbon Footprint and Renewable Energy. Adapted from GraphicMama. Retrieved from https://graphicmama.com/design-bundle/infographic-template-collection#flat-tree-vector-ecology-infographic-template. Copyright by © 2022 GraphicMama.com

Learning how to cite a PowerPoint presentation correctly is crucial if you are submitting your thesis or working on a serious project. The APA style has specific rules that should be followed for your presentations or paper dissertations to look formatted and credible.

If you found our content useful, why don’t you check some of our other tutorials related to PowerPoint and presentations in general:

  • 10 Practical Tips to Grab Attention and Make an Impact in Your PowerPoint Presentation
  • How to Add Audio to PowerPoint: The Quick Step-by-Step Guide
  • How to Get Started with PowerPoint + Guide and Resources

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Nikolay is a copywriter with vast experience in Technology, Marketing, and Design. When he isn't playing with words and crafting texts, he watches sports and asks questions. He is a funny person...until you put him on a diet.

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How to Cite in PowerPoint Apa

citing presentations apa

If you're a student or a professional, you likely understand the importance of giving credit where credit is due. When creating a PowerPoint presentation, it's essential to cite your sources in the correct format to demonstrate your academic or research credibility and integrity. APA (American Psychological Association) citation style is widely used in many academic and professional fields, and in this article, we'll explore everything you need to know about how to cite in PowerPoint APA.

Table of Contents

Understanding the APA Citation Style

APA citation style is a set of rules for formatting and referencing sources in academic and research writing. APA style is widely used in the social sciences, education, and business fields. APA style has specific guidelines for formatting in-text citations, references, and more, making it a highly structured and detailed citation style.

One of the key features of APA citation style is the use of author-date citation format in in-text citations. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication are included in parentheses after the cited information. Additionally, APA style requires a reference list at the end of the document, which includes all sources cited in the text. The reference list must be formatted according to specific guidelines, including the use of hanging indents and italics for book and journal titles. Understanding and correctly applying APA citation style is essential for academic and research writing in many fields.

How to Format Citations in PowerPoint Using APA Style

When citing within a PowerPoint slide using APA style, you'll use the same rules as when citing in a research paper or other academic assignment. You'll need to include in-text citations that provide the author's name and the year of publication in parentheses, like this: (Jones, 2018). In your reference list, you'll need to include full publication information, including the author's name, publication year, title, and publication information.

It's important to note that when citing sources in a PowerPoint presentation, you should avoid using footnotes or endnotes. Instead, include all necessary information within the text or in the reference list. Additionally, if you are citing a source that has multiple authors, you should list all of their names in the in-text citation, up to and including seven authors. For sources with more than seven authors, list the first six authors' names, followed by an ellipsis, and then the last author's name.

Another important aspect of formatting citations in PowerPoint using APA style is to ensure that your reference list is properly formatted. The reference list should be alphabetized by the author's last name, and each entry should be formatted with a hanging indent. Additionally, make sure that you include all necessary information for each source, including the DOI or URL if applicable. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your PowerPoint presentation is properly formatted and meets the requirements of APA style.

Inserting In-Text Citations in PowerPoint Slides

In PowerPoint slides, you may find it challenging to include in-text citations in a way that's both clear and unobtrusive. One way to do this is to add your in-text citation as a footnote, which you can then include at the bottom of the slide. You can also add the citation directly on the slide, either in parentheses or as a superscript. Make sure to format these citations according to APA style guidelines.

Adding References to Your PowerPoint Presentation

Your reference slide should include full publication information for every source you cited in your presentation. This slide should be formatted according to APA style guidelines, which typically includes a hanging indent and alphabetized by author's last name. Make sure to double-check your references for accuracy, including correct formatting and full publication information.

It is important to note that in addition to including your references on a separate slide, you should also cite your sources within the body of your presentation. This helps to give credit to the original author and also adds credibility to your own work. When citing within your presentation, be sure to include the author's last name and the year of publication in parentheses. If you are directly quoting the source, you should also include the page number. By including both in-text citations and a reference slide, you are demonstrating your thorough research and attention to detail.

Common Mistakes to Avoid While Citing in PowerPoint APA

One common mistake when citing in PowerPoint APA is failing to include in-text citations or references altogether. This can lead to accusations of plagiarism and can hurt your academic or professional credibility. Other mistakes to avoid include formatting errors and incorrect publication information. Make sure to double-check your citations for accuracy and formatting before finalizing your presentation.

Another common mistake to avoid when citing in PowerPoint APA is using too many direct quotes. While it is important to include quotes to support your argument, overusing them can make it seem like you are not adding any original thoughts or ideas to the presentation. Instead, try to paraphrase the information in your own words and only use direct quotes when necessary.

It is also important to remember that citing sources in PowerPoint APA is not just about avoiding plagiarism, but also about giving credit where credit is due. By properly citing your sources, you are acknowledging the work of others and showing that you have done your research. This can help to establish your credibility and expertise on the topic at hand.

Ensuring Accuracy in Your Citations Using APA Style Guide

To ensure accuracy in your citations when using APA style, it's essential to refer to the official APA style guide. This guide provides detailed rules and examples of how to format in-text citations, references, and more. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your citations are both accurate and consistent with APA style guidelines.

One important aspect of using APA style is to ensure that you are citing all sources used in your research. This includes not only books and journal articles but also websites, interviews, and other sources. By citing all sources, you give credit to the original authors and avoid plagiarism.

Another important consideration when using APA style is to be consistent in your formatting. This means using the same style for all citations and references throughout your paper. Inconsistencies in formatting can make your paper appear unprofessional and can also make it difficult for readers to locate the sources you used.

Tips and Tricks for Citing Sources Within PowerPoint Presentations

When citing sources within a PowerPoint presentation, it's essential to balance clarity with impact. Avoid cluttering your slides with too many citations, but make sure to include enough information to give credit and support your argument. Use proper formatting, including APA style guidelines, to ensure that your citations are clear and accurate.

Another important tip for citing sources within PowerPoint presentations is to make sure that you are using reliable sources. It's important to do your research and ensure that the sources you are citing are credible and trustworthy. Additionally, consider using visuals such as graphs or charts to display your data and information, rather than relying solely on text. This can help to make your presentation more engaging and impactful, while still giving credit to your sources.

Customizing Apa Citation Styles in PowerPoint

Customizing APA citation styles in PowerPoint can be challenging, but it's possible with a little know-how. You can use the Slide Master feature to create custom layouts and citation styles that are consistent throughout your presentation. You can also use third-party citation tools and add-ins to create custom APA style citations more easily.

Another useful tip for customizing APA citation styles in PowerPoint is to use the "Format Painter" tool. This tool allows you to copy the formatting of one citation and apply it to another, saving you time and ensuring consistency in your presentation. Additionally, it's important to double-check your citations for accuracy and completeness, as errors can negatively impact the credibility of your presentation.

The Importance of Proper Citations and Attribution in PowerPoint Presentations

Proper citations and attribution are essential in PowerPoint presentations to demonstrate academic and research credibility and avoid accusations of plagiarism. By citing sources correctly using APA style guidelines and ensuring the accuracy of your citations, you can demonstrate your professionalism and expertise in your field.

In addition to demonstrating credibility and avoiding plagiarism, proper citations and attribution also allow your audience to easily access and verify the information you are presenting. This can be especially important in academic or professional settings where accuracy and accountability are highly valued. By providing clear and accurate citations, you are also contributing to the larger academic community by allowing others to build upon and expand upon your research.

Step-by-Step Guide to Citing in PowerPoint Using Apa Style

To cite in PowerPoint using APA style, follow these steps:

  • 1. Determine the source of your reference.
  • 2. Create an in-text citation and include it in the slide as a footnote or superscript.
  • 3. Create a reference slide at the end of your presentation and include full publication information for every source you cited.
  • 4. Ensure that all citations and references are formatted correctly according to APA style guidelines.
  • 5. Double-check your citations for accuracy and consistency before finalizing your presentation.

Using Online Tools for APA Citation Generation in PowerPoint

There are many online tools available to help generate APA citations directly within PowerPoint presentations. These tools can be useful for saving time and ensuring accuracy in your citations. However, it's still important to double-check your citations for accuracy and consistency with APA style guidelines.

Best Practices for Including Citations and References in Your PowerPoint Slides

To ensure that your citations and references are clear and accurate, it's important to follow some best practices, including:

  • 1. Include in-text citations sparingly, but enough to give credit and support your argument.
  • 2. Use proper formatting, including APA style guidelines, to ensure that your citations are clear and accurate.
  • 3. Create a reference slide that includes full publication information for every source you cited in your presentation.
  • 4. Double-check your citations and references for accuracy and consistency with APA style guidelines.

Exploring the Difference Between Citing Within a Presentation Versus a Research Paper

When citing within a PowerPoint presentation versus a research paper, the key difference is in formatting and presentation. In a presentation, your citations need to be clear and concise, and may be less formal than those in a research paper. However, the same rules for accuracy and consistency with APA style guidelines still apply.

Understanding the Role of Citations for Academic Integrity and Credibility

Citations are essential for demonstrating academic and research credibility and avoiding accusations of plagiarism. By citing sources correctly using APA style guidelines and ensuring the accuracy of your citations, you can demonstrate your professionalism and expertise in your field.

We hope this article has helped you better understand how to cite in PowerPoint APA. By following APA style guidelines and our best practices, you can ensure that your citations are accurate, clear, and professional.

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How to Cite PowerPoint Presentations in APA Style

citing presentations apa

Table of Contents

PowerPoint presentations have become another source of information for various occasions, from student projects and slideshows to online courses. So, the question of the proper citation of PowerPoint presentations arises. At some point, you will need a hint on how to cite someone else’s presentation in your research paper or in your own slides. There are APA style guidelines that come in handy for such cases. 

What is APA style?

How to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA Style your readers can access

How to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA Style your readers can’t access

How to format a PowerPoint presentation in APA Style

How to cite pictures in PowerPoint

Tips for using APA Style citations in PowerPoint

What Is APA Style?

APA Style is a set of rules for academic writing and publishing scientific papers at the highest level of clarity and accessibility. Whereas Chicago style is mainly used for studies on business, history, and the fine arts, and MLS style is common for the humanities, journal articles on education, psychology, and sciences must adhere to APA style.

If you’re wondering how to format your APA PowerPoint citation, it may seem a little bit tricky. Based on the latest, 7th edition of the APA manual and samples, we derived a ‘formula’ to show you to how to cite a presentation properly.

Depending on whether the presentation to be cited is in the public domain or is not available for readers to access, the format of PowerPoint citation will be a little different. Also, you may need to do the opposite – namely, to cite elements on your PPT slides, like direct quotations, images, or tables – in APA format. Read this article to learn how to do both of these things correctly.

How to Cite PowerPoint Slides Your Readers Can Access

Published PowerPoint presentations are typically available on the net. When citing such presentations, be sure to include the term “PowerPoint slides” in brackets, and then embed a URL address that leads directly to the original source. Since a PowerPoint presentation is a standalone piece of content that is not archived, you need to include “Retrieved from” before the URL.

Author + date + title of the presentation + [PowerPoint slides] + “Retrieved from” + URL 

Jones, A. B. (2014). How to include APA citations in a PowerPoint presentation [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://jones.uvm.edu/ppt/40hrenv/index.html.

Citing a conference presentation in APA Style 

If the presentation you need to APA cite was delivered in a certain event and place, like a professional conference or a seminar, you need to mention this in the citation as well. 

Madison, J. (2016, April 11-14). Introduction to APA Citations [PowerPoint presentation]. 2nd Annual National Conference for Researchers, New York, NY, United States. Retrieved from http://researcherguide.com/archives 

If you want to refer to a specific slide in the body text of your paper, include the slide number in your in-text citation.

Format: (Author’s surname, year, slide 4)

Example: (Madison, 2016, slide 6)

How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation Your Readers Can’t Access

If the presentation you wish to APA cite is not published anywhere and the reader won’t be able to access it (e.g., you viewed it at a meeting), you can still give it recognition. In this case, you need to cite it as personal communication. APA style doesn’t index personal communications in the reference lists, but it is necessary to include them as in-text citations. See how you can cite a meeting in your PowerPoint presentation below.

Example: In his speech, Madison stated that employee retention increased by 5% (personal communication, May 26, 2019).

Citing a lecture in APA format

If you wonder how to cite a lecture, you can do it nearly the same way. You will need to mention the lecturer, the date when the lecture was hold and frame it as personal communication as well. 

Example: (A. Collins, personal communication, October 28, 2021)

How to Format a PowerPoint Slideshow in APA Citation Style

If you present on a serious level and need to establish the credibility of the data you put into slides, it’s important to treat your PowerPoint presentation as a research paper in the first place. In this regard, educators and editors strongly recommend applying APA guidelines to the structure of PowerPoint presentations.

Thus, a PowerPoint presentation needs to meet certain criteria. It should include:

Title slide

  • Thorough APA citations
  • The References slide
  • Fully cited slides for tables with figures and statistical data

Make your title slide similar to the title page of an APA research paper. Your first PowerPoint slide should include the same information as the cover sheet of an APA research paper. Include the title of the presentation, your name, organization, and an author’s note describing the purpose of the presentation.

APA Style PowerPoint Citation

[Source: http://libraryguides.bennett.edu/home/library-tutorials/apa-style-presentations]

Reference slide

A reference slide is the last slide of your presentation in which you cite the sources you used. It’s a list of every APA citation that appears elsewhere in the presentation.

Although it’s the final slide of your presentation, it is easier to compile it in advance. Do the following:

  • Name the slide “Reference List” or “References.”
  • List the references alphabetically by author (if there is no author, simply write the title). 
  • Do not double space or indent your reference slide to save space.

For detailed guidance, check out examples in the APA Style handout that was carefully prepared by Idaho State University or the official APA Publication Manual 7th Edition available on the website of the American Psychological Association .

In-text citations for the body slides

Including citations in the main content of your PowerPoint presentation is necessary to avoid plagiarism. Universities, for example, insist that any academic PowerPoint presentation has appropriate citations for any outside sources. Those sources include:

  • Any direct quotation
  • Any paraphrase
  • Tables and data
  • Video and audio files

APA citations in the body refer only to the author (or an item in quotations without an author) followed by a comma, the date of publication, and a page number, if applicable. These will be used throughout the presentation. When needed, hyperlink all your citations as well as images (not clip art) to their sources. Remember to attribute all quotes and paraphrases to their sources.

How to Cite Pictures in PowerPoint 

When it comes to citation, any kind of image, such as photographs, illustrations, or a vendor’s clip art and stock art are commonly referred to as figures. Citing figures is worthy of special mention. This is the table that encompasses all three ‘levels’ of how you can cite a picture in APA format: reference list entry, in-text citation, and copyright attribution. 

When citing visuals in PowerPoint, you need to enumerate and annotate any figure. It’s easy to start by placing an image on the slide and adding a text box below it. Then, write a figure number, add a description/note for the figure, and a parenthetical citation from your reference slide. 

Example: 

Figure 3. Pedestrians walking by street graffiti of the word “Love.” Adapted from “Pedestrian Street Art Protest” by J. Actrinson, 2013, ArtsPhotosArchive. Retrieved from http://www.artsphotoarchive.com/pedestrian-art-protest. Copyright 2020 by Actrinson Photos.

Tips for Using APA Style Citations in PowerPoint slides

1. integrate your tables, but include full attributions.

In APA citation, tables are any kinds of visual representation of data like graphs, charts, pie charts, etc. Tables can be incorporated as slides throughout the presentation, rather than grouped at the end. You need to include a complete citation of a table’s source on individual table slides. This is in addition to listing the source on your reference slide.

2. Check with samples of formatting

It’s a good idea to look for samples and illustrations of how to format citations in each case. For example, the Thomas F. Holgate Library at Bennett College, Greensboro, NC has posted an excellent slide presentation, APA Style PowerPoint Presentations . Also, you can visit Purdue University’s incomparable Online Writing Lab which has a complete reference list guide for electronic sources (web publications).

3. Follow the guidelines of your institution 

Some APA formatting advice can be ambiguous. So, if you’re submitting to a conference, make a safe choice and comply with the guidelines that your institution or an event committee might suggest following. Even if there is a variance between APA style and this suggested formatting style, it’s better to prepare your presentation according to the requirements of that particular event. 

Frequently Asked Questions about APA Style Citation

While preparing the Reference list for your presentation or putting in-text citations on PowerPoint slides, you may have questions about adding specific information. Here are a couple of such tricky questions and answers to them. Feel free to jump to the question that interests you most. 

How do I cite a source with no author in APA Style?

If you don’t know the name of the author, you may use the first words of your source’s title and include the year of publication. If it’s a book, magazine, or report, italicize it. And if it’s an article, use question marks.

 (Power of eLearning, 2020)(“eLearning Insights for 2022,” 2021)

In the Reference list, format such citations according to the common formula, only dropping the author portion at the beginning. If you want to cite a website article without an author in the Reference list, use the article’s title as well, and add the name of the website and its URL.

What is eLearning? (2019, July 28). iSpring Solutions. /elearning

How do I cite a source with no page numbers in APA Style?

As you need to guide your viewers/learners to the source of your data, if that source doesn’t have pages, you still can position the needed piece of data precisely. Insert a paragraph’s title or number, or a section’s name in the citation to locate the quoted passage.

(2021 Training Industry Report, Training Delivery section) 

How do I cite an online lecture in APA ? 

Since online lectures can be in various forms and formats, e.g., video recordings or lecture notes, you need to specify their format in the citation. This can be done by including [file format] in the formula:

Author surname, initial of first name. (Year). Title of lecture : Subtitle if applicable [file format]. Retrieved from URL. 

Example:  

Oakley, B. (2015). Learning to Unlearn . Retrieved from   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vd2dtkMINIw. 

How do I cite a professor’s PowerPoint presentation in APA style?

Just as with any other PowerPoint presentation that your readers/viewers access online, you can follow this formula:

Author Surname, initial of first name (year, month date). presentation title [PowerPoint slides]. the document’s location

Collins, A. (2016, March 23). Making the most of online education [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare: https://www.slideshare.net/collinsadrianne/making-the-most-of-online-education

If the presentation you need to cite is placed on an intranet portal, an LMS, or some other source or platform with limited access, you still can credit the author. Just use the log-in page URL to enable viewers who can access the platform to find the source you’re citing.

Example: Keller, G., & Spake, R. (2018). Urbanization and its effect on society [PowerPoint slides]. Moodle@FNU. https://fnu.onelogin.com/login.

In case you’re wondering how to cite a training program in APA style, you can do this in exactly the same way. 

As PowerPoint presentations have become one of the major sources of information and means of knowledge delivery, they need to be treated seriously and formatted according to certain standards. In this article, we covered the main ways to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA style in your papers, or align your presentation with APA Style guidelines. If you need to enhance your presentation further and transform it into an effective online course, get this free trial of iSpring Suite !

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HPR 2120: Adapted Physical Education and Recreation: APA Style Help

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On this page:

General Guidelines  | Samples and Templates  |  How do I write in-text citations? |  How do I cite...? (Unless otherwise noted, the links on this page lead directly to examples from the American Psychological Association APA Style  website)

General Guidelines

  • Paper Format From apastyle.apa.org. Brief sections with guidance for: order of pages, title page setup, font, page header, line spacing, margins, paragraph alignment and indentation, headings, sample papers, accessibility of APA style.
  • Style and Grammar Guidelines Includes paper formatting details as well as advice on citation, paraphrasing, using bias-free language, and more.
  • Academic Writer Tutorial: Basics of 7th Edition APA Style Quickly and easily browse this tutorial from the American Psychological Association to find answers to your APA questions.
  • APA Style Workshop Purdue Online Writing Lab. Provides brief basic information about APA Style (7th edition). Follow the links for additional examples.
  • Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion. Inclusive Language Guide. Second Edition (2023) APA. American Psychological Association. (PDF format).

Samples, Templates, and Instructional Aids

  • Sample student paper with annotations (PDF)
  • Sample professional paper with annotations (PDF)

These samples (and several others) are also available as MS Word documents for use as templates. Use the APA style web page link below to access them. Note: APA includes an author credit for each paper included as a sample on this site).

  • More sample papers (from apastyle.apa.org) Student samples include: discussion post student paper, literature review student paper, and quantitative study student paper. Professional samples include: literature review professional paper, mixed methods professional paper, qualitative professional paper, quantitative professional paper, and review professional paper.
  • APA Style Handouts and Guides A variety of downloadable PDF documents to help with "the seventh edition Publication Manual, Concise Guide to APA Style, and Mastering APA Style Student Workbook. They can be used in homes, classrooms, libraries, or anywhere you are learning or teaching APA Style."

How do I Write In-Text Citations? (EXAMPLES FROM THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION APA STYLE WEBSITE)

  • Lesson 16: In-text citations from Academic Writer Tutorial: Basics of 7th Edition APA Style . Includes a table demonstrating in-text citations.
  • Parenthetical versus narrative in-text citations
  • Appropriate level of citation
  • Basic principles of citation
  • Classroom or intranet sources
  • Paraphrasing
  • Personal communications
  • Quotations from research participants
  • Secondary sources From APA Style site: "In scholarly work, a primary source reports original content; a secondary source refers to content first reported in another source."

References - How do I Cite...? (Examples from the American Psychological Association APA Style Website)

  • APA Style, 7th Edition-Reference Guide for Journal Articles, Books, and Edited Book Chapters From the APA Style website, a concise 2-page, downloadable PDF

This is a list of the types of sources students are most often likely to encounter; it is NOT an exhaustive list of the sources you may need to cite.  Additional source types may be found on the APA Style site on the Reference examples page. (Scroll down the examples page to see all the links):

A Journal Article

  • Journal article
  • Journal article with an article number (but no page numbers)
  • Journal article with missing information What to do if any of the following elements are missing: volume number, issue number, page or article number
  • Monograph as part of a journal issue
  • Online only supplemental material to a journal article

A Book or an eBook

  • Chapter in an edited book/ebook
  • Whole authored book
  • Whole edited book
  • Republished book with editor
  • Book published with a new foreword by another author
  • Several volumes of a multivolume work
  • Entry in an online dictionary
  • Entry in a print dictionary

Reports and Grey Literature

  • Report by a government agency
  • Report with individual authors
  • Code of ethics
  • White paper with group author From APA Style site: "A white paper is a persuasive document that is written by a person or group to convince readers of their position and philosophy on a topic.Include the description “[White paper]” in square brackets after the title of the white paper."
  • White paper with individual authors "A white paper is a persuasive document that is written by a person or group to convince readers of their position and philosophy on a topic.Include the description “[White paper]” in square brackets after the title of the white paper."

Conference Presentations and Proceedings

  • Conference presentation
  • Abstract of a conference presentation
  • Conference proceedings published as a journal
  • Conference proceedings published as a whole book
  • Conference proceedings published as a book chapter

Other Textual Works

  • More guidance for citing other textual works...

Audiovisual Media and Online Media

  • PowerPoint slides available online
  • Power Point slides from a classroom website
  • TED Talk from the TED website
  • TED Talk from YouTube
  • Speech transcript
  • Podcast transcript
  • Radio broadcast transcript
  • YouTube video
  • YouTube channel
  • More guidance for citing other audiovisual media...
  • Guidance for citing online media...
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COMMENTS

  1. APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation

    Cite Using citation machines responsibly Powered by This resource is enhanced by a PowerPoint file. If you have a Microsoft Account, you can view this file with PowerPoint Online.

  2. Conference presentation references

    Provide the names of the presenters in the author element of the reference. Provide the full dates of the conference in the date element of the reference. Describe the presentation in square brackets after the title. The description is flexible (e.g., " [Conference session]," " [Paper presentation]," " [Poster session]," " [Keynote address]").

  3. How to Cite a PowerPoint in APA Style

    To reference a PowerPoint presentation in APA Style, include the name of the author (whoever presented the PowerPoint), the date it was presented, the title (italicized), "PowerPoint slides" in square brackets, the name of the department and university, and the URL where the PowerPoint can be found.

  4. PowerPoint Slide or Lecture Note References

    Many APA Style guidelines can be applied to presentations (e.g., the guidance for crediting sources, using bias-free language, and writing clearly and concisely). However, decisions about font size, amount of text on a slide, color scheme, use of animations, and so on are up to writers; these details are not specified as part of APA Style. 1.

  5. Citing Sources in PowerPoint Presentations

    Citing Sources in PowerPoint Slides. Note: APA does not have specific rules about the format of PowerPoint slides. Rasmussen University does have recommended guidelines outlined below and in the attached PPT presentation. PowerPoint slides may need citations, depending on what type of information is included on the slide.

  6. APA Citation Style, 7th Edition: Posters & Conference Sessions

    NOTE: Because the poster presentations of this conference were presented in a journal, there are actually two ways you could cite this particular poster abstract, either way is acceptable in APA. Option 1 - Referencing ONLY the poster abstract itself : Reference: Leckenby, S., & Acklaghi, H. (2017, November 19-23).

  7. Citation Help for APA, 7th Edition: Conference Presentations

    In brackets after the title, disclose the presentation type as described by the conference. More Information: For more information about conference sessions and presentations, see Section 10.5 on page 332 of the APA Manual, 7th ed.

  8. APA Citation Guide (7th edition) : Powerpoint Presentations

    Double-space the list. Start the first line of each reference at the left margin; indent each subsequent line five spaces (a hanging indent). Put your list in alphabetical order. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the reference. In most cases, the first word will be the author's last name. Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by ...

  9. Conference Presentations and Publications

    APA 7th Edition Citation Guide Conference Presentations and Publications. Conference Presentation. For conference presentations, include the presenters' names, the dates of the entire conference, the title of the presentation, a description of the presentation, the name of the conference, the location of the conference, and a link if it is ...

  10. APA Presentations

    You can use traditional parenthetical citations, especially if you've used multiple sources on one slide. You can also go less formal [unless your professor has said otherwise!] by tucking the citation into the corner of the slide (Greene, 2010). You must also include a References slide! We can use hanging indents, but it's not strictly necessary.

  11. APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources

    Conference Presentations - APA Style 7th Edition: Citing Your Sources - Research Guides at University of Southern California Standard Format Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000 Formatting Rules

  12. Conference Sessions and Presentations

    Conference sessions and presentations include: Paper presentations; Poster sessions; Keynote addresses; Symposium contributions; Include a label in square brackets after the title that matches how the presentation was described at the conference: include all authors listed as contributing, even if they were not physically present.

  13. Citing a Conference Paper in APA Style

    To cite a paper that has been presented at a conference but not published, include the author's name, the date of the conference, the title of the paper (italicized), "Paper presentation" in square brackets, the name and location of the conference, and a URL or DOI if available. Author name, Initials.

  14. How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA, MLA or Chicago

    Information you may need to cite a PowerPoint Presentation: Author or authors of the presentation Date of publication/presentation Place of publication/where the presentation was given URL (if used to locate the presentation) Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in MLA format: MLA format citation Author Last Name, First Name. Month Year, URL.

  15. PDF Formatting a PowerPoint in APA Style

    Formatting a PowerPoint in APA Style APA style for PowerPoints is similar to APA style for essays with a few exceptions. This resource will address common questions regarding citations within slides, citations for photos, the title slide, and the reference slide. For a resource on APA writing basics please click HERE. Title Slide

  16. APA Formatting and Style Guide (7th Edition)

    Basic Rules Basic guidelines for formatting the reference list at the end of a standard APA research paper Author/Authors Rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors that apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work (book, article, electronic resource, etc.) Articles in Periodicals

  17. 7. Citing Sources in Presentations

    7.1: In-text citations in Presentations. You can cite references within the text of your presentation slide using the same APA format for in-text citations (Author, Date) as in a written essay. Remember to cite sources for direct quotations, paraphrased materials, and sources of facts (such as market share data in the example slide).

  18. Cite a presentation or lecture in APA style

    Use the following template or our APA Citation Generator to cite a presentation or lecture. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator. Reference list

  19. How to Cite a PowerPoint in Apa

    Here's a step-by-step guide on how to cite a PowerPoint presentation in APA style: Start with the author's last name (or the name of the presenter) and first initials. If there are multiple authors or presenters, include their names in parentheses. Follow the author's name with the date the PowerPoint was created or presented in parentheses.

  20. APA Style Formatting in PowerPoint

    In this video, Purdue Global Learning and Development Specialist, Chrissine Cairns, demonstrates how to format a PowerPoint applying APA Style (7th Edition) to a title slide; body slides using bullet points, figures, tables, and copyright statements; and a reference list with hanging indentations. APA Style Formatting in PowerPoint Watch on

  21. How to Cite a PowerPoint Presentation in APA 7?

    In case there's an unknown author, we replace their name with the title. 3.2. Citing a PowerPoint in APA - Inaccessible Documents. In case your PowerPoint slide is inaccessible to readers, then you have the option to cite the source as personal communication. Let's see how this happens.

  22. How to Cite in PowerPoint Apa

    Create an in-text citation and include it in the slide as a footnote or superscript. 3. Create a reference slide at the end of your presentation and include full publication information for every source you cited. 4. Ensure that all citations and references are formatted correctly according to APA style guidelines. 5.

  23. How to Cite PowerPoint Presentations in APA Style

    If the presentation you need to APA cite was delivered in a certain event and place, like a professional conference or a seminar, you need to mention this in the citation as well. Example: Madison, J. (2016, April 11-14).

  24. APA Style Help

    Includes paper formatting details as well as advice on citation, paraphrasing, using bias-free language, and more. Academic Writer Tutorial: Basics of 7th Edition APA Style ... Additional source types may be found on the APA Style site on the Reference examples page. ... PowerPoint slides available online. Power Point slides from a classroom ...

  25. Getting Started with EndNote (PC)

    765-285-3326. Please join the University Libraries for a livestream presentation for PC users on EndNote, a free citation management software. If you need to manage lots of citations, EndNote might be the solution for you. Use it to organize references and create bibliographies in many citation styles, including APA and MLA.