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IELTS Writing Task 1 – Line Graph

Janet

Updated On Sep 12, 2023

IELTS Writing Task 1 – Line Graph

Limited-Time Offer : Access a FREE 10-Day IELTS Study Plan!

  • 1 IELTS line graphs
  • 2 Line graph – An example:
  • 3.1.1 Example: 
  • 3.1.2 Sample Answer
  • 3.2.1 Example:
  • 3.2.2 Sample Answer
  • 3.3.1 Example:
  • 4.1 Here are the 10 examples for the IELTS Writing Line Graph Task 1 2022:

IELTS line graphs

In IELTS Writing task 1 of the academic section, there will be a visual representation or a diagram on which you have to write a paragraph. One of these visual representations may be pie charts.

Sometimes, in the IELTS examination , you are asked to explain a Line graph. The IELTS line graph shows how data changes over time. These line graphs will have 2 axes, one is X-axis and another is Y-axis. 

The X-axis shows the time period and the Y-axis shows what is being measured. The line graph highlights the trends when the data goes up and down. You should take only 20 minutes to complete this task and it should be a 150-word essay.

Line graph – An example:

ielts writing task 1 line graph

Types of Line Graphs:

There are three types of line graphs. They are:

  • Simple line graph
  • Multiline graph (or) Polyline graph
  • Compound line graph

Simple Line Graph:

Definition: These types of graphs have just a single line plotted on them.

simple line graph

Sample Answer

The given image depicts a line graph representing the trend in the occurrence of X disease in Someland from 1960 to 1995.

The line graph represents the presence of X disease in Someland in varying numbers at different time intervals until it is wiped out entirely from the place.

It is clear from the line graph that the number of people affected by X disease did not cross 100 between 1960 -1965. The number of affected individuals began rising after the year 1965 and reached 200 in 1970 and 500 in 1975 respectively. The occurrence of X disease remained stagnant between 1975-1980 at 500 affected individuals. After the year 1980, the number of cases took a downward trend, falling down to almost 350 in 1985 before being completely eradicated by the year 1990. The number of people affected by X disease in Someland has been zero from 1990 till 1995.

Multiline graph (or) Polyline graph Task 1:

Definition: They are commonly used for comparison. These types of graphs have more than one line. ( on the same axis)

The graph portrays the consumption of three kinds of spread, namely, Margarine, Lowfat and reduced spreads and butter, over 26 years, from 1981 to 2007.

It is evident that butter and margarine were the primary spreads used until the introduction of low-fat and reduced spreads.

The staple spread from the early 1980s till the early 1990s was butter. The consumption of margarine followed a fluctuating trend over the years, from 1981 to 1986. The consumption decreased but then rose till 1991 and remained stagnant till 1996 after which it started declining. The use of low-fat and reduced spread began from 1996 and rose sharply from the first year till 2001 after which its preference decreased.

With regards to quantity, butter peaked at about 160 grams after which it followed a downward trend. The quantity of Margarine was within 80-100 grams for 20 years till 2001 after which it fell to 40 grams in 2007. The number of low-fat spreads crossed 80 grams in 2001 after which its consumption quantity fell.

Compound line graph:

Definition: It is an advanced version of the multi-line graph. The area between two lines is shaded indicating the size of that part.

compound line graph

The given graph shows the frequency of three different kinds of vehicles, which are, vans, trucks and tricycles on a road at different times of the day.

It is clear from the graph that at any point in time, the number of vans on the road are the highest among the three vehicles, followed by trucks and then tricycles. The peak hour of vans and trucks falls between 2-3 pm.

The number of vans on the road increases from 1-2 pm till 2-3 pm and then gradually decreases. The number of trucks on the road remains the same till 2-3 pm after which their number also starts declining. The number of tricycles is highest at 1-2 pm and then it follows a downward trend all throughout the day.

The road in question is dominated by vans for most of the day and trucks are also quite frequent during the afternoon. The number of tricycles are less as compared to the other two types of vehicles.

Tips for IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph 2022

  • In the introduction part, you can paraphrase the question asked or the topic of the essay.
  • When you explain the overall trend, identify the main feature and explain it.
  • Ensure that each paragraph has examples that are percentages or numbers to support the sentence written as an explanation. 
  • You can look into the various lessons available on the line graph in order to answer the complex questions.
  • The last tip is to practice as much as possible so that you get a good hold on what to write in the examination when questions become complex.
  • You also need to use suitable verbs, nouns, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions related to time.

Writing the exam without practicing is a waste because you will not be able to understand anything in the exam. It may become complex and test-takers may skip the question which in turn will reduce your IELTS band score .

Here are the 10 examples for the IELTS Writing Line Graph Task 1 2022:

Also check :

IELTS Writing recent actual test

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a line graph?

Is there a dedicated vocabulary for line graph?

What is trend in a graph?

What is the structure used to describe a line graph?

Is conclusion required for writing task 1 – Line graph?

Practice IELTS Writing Task 1 based on report types

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Janet

Janet had been an IELTS Trainer before she dived into the field of Content Writing. During her days of being a Trainer, Janet had written essays and sample answers which got her students an 8+ band in the IELTS Test. Her contributions to our articles have been engaging and simple to help the students understand and grasp the information with ease. Janet, born and brought up in California, had no idea about the IELTS until she moved to study in Canada. Her peers leaned to her for help as her first language was English.

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Posted on Sep 26, 2021

Its very nice your presentation.

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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Line Graph with Model Answer (Band 9)

Red marker over IELTS writing line graph - image by Magoosh

On IELTS test day, you may encounter line graphs in the Academic Writing Task 1 section. To help you understand what components make up a good response to a line graph question, let’s take a look at a model band 9 essay .

To see why this essay is band 9, see our scorer commentary after the model essay below, and check out the official IELTS rubric for Task 1 (PDF) .

This particular prompt is a line graph. Your approach to this graph should be the same as your approach to any other Task 1 infographic Take a look at the information and think carefully. What is the best way to summarize the way the information is structured and the main points? From there, how can you best compare the most relevant pieces of information? Finally, how should you structure that summary and comparison? For more advice on how to approach this, see our article on IELTS Academic Task 1 paragraph structure , as well as our main page for IELTS sample questions and practice resources .

Try to do this prompt yourself. Then check out our band 9 model essay below the prompt and compare it to your own work to see how you did.

Model IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Prompt: Line Graph

The chart below gives information about population growth in three major Australian cities from 1992 to 2016.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

sample essay task 1 line graph

Model Essay

This line graph shows the change in population for the cities of Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane from 1992 to 2017.

While all cities saw a net increase in annual population growth by 2011, the most dramatic increases happened between 2007 and 2010. In spite of this overall trend, there were a number of rises and falls in growth, with all cities showing a decrease in growth in 2011.

Although it started out with the least annual growth, Melbourne’s growth accelerated the most overall, starting with only a roughly 23k increase in people in 1992, but gaining around 110,000 people in 2017. Brisbane started out with nearly as little growth as Melbourne, but had a lower net gain, rising from slightly over 23k growth in 1992 to a gain of merely 50,000 by 2017. Sydney started out with the highest growth rate at 30,000 in a year, but ended with 105,000 annual growth by the end of the period, just behind Melbourne.

Why does this essay have a band 9 score?

All of Magoosh’s model IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 essays are meant to be band 9. But this model essay is special. Here, we’re going to give you a detailed explanation as to why this is a band 9 essay! Our scoring rationale is based on the band 9 category descriptors in the official rubric for Writing Task 1 .

Task achievement

Per the instructions, this essay summarizes the information by identifying the main features in paragraph one, reporting the general content of the main features in paragraph two, and making relevant comparisons between the cities in the graph in paragraph three. This matches the band 9 descriptor “fully satisfies all the requirements of the task.

The essay organizes its paragraphs clearly, identifying the characteristics of the graph in the first paragraph, reporting the main features in the second, and making comparisons in the third. Each paragraph’s ideas are connected with appropriate linking words, such as “while,” “in spite of,” “although,” and so on. This matches with “clearly presents a fully developed response” in the band 9 task achievement section.

Coherence and cohesion

Coherence and cohesion are tied closely to the points I mentioned above in task achievement. This essay organizes similar ideas closely together in paragraphs without any distracting less relevant details and uses natural-sounding transitions. In doing this, the essay “uses cohesion in such a way that it attracts no attention” and “skillfully manages paragraphing.”

Lexical resource

While this essay does repeat sum specialized terms related to the graph, such as “annual,” it uses a variety of language to describe the same thing when possible. As one example, when describing the beginning point on the graph for each of the three cities in the final paragraph, the essay uses the terms “started out,” “began,” and “initially had.” The means that the essay “uses a wide range of vocabulary,” per level 9 of the rubric.

Not only are the words varied, but they are also very suited to the context and meaning. For instance, sophisticated phrasing such as “net increase” and “the most dramatic increases” appear in paragraph 1. Overly wordy terms such as “the total increase for each year combined” are avoided for the most part. So are slightly awkward-sounding phrases like “the very shocking increases.”

Moreover, the mistakes in word use that do appear in the essay are minor. “Amounts of people” in the first paragraph is overly simple and slightly awkward, but the essay uses the much better term “population” after that initial slip. Similarly, the use of the term “trending” when “trends” would be a more commonly used word with more accurate meaning, is a very minor word form error.

Ultimately, this links to the rubric’s description of “very natural and sophisticated control of lexical features,” where “rare minor errors occur only as “slips.”

Grammatical range and accuracy

This essay shows a level of grammar variety that’s comparable to its variety of vocabulary. The first paragraph consists of a sentence with a relatively simple structure, but with a sophisticated prepositional phrase modifying the noun “change.” The paragraphs that follow have compound sentences (the first sentence of paragraph 2), and the use of a variety of modifying phrases (ex: “with all cities…”, “rising from slightly…”).

There is a minor error in parallel structure in the first sentence of the second paragraph, with a shift from present participle “starting” to past tense “gained.” Together, these aspects of grammar in the essay satisfy the level 9 rubric descriptor “uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy; rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’.”

More Practice IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Sample Questions and Model Essays

  • IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Process Diagram with Model Answer
  • IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Bar Chart With Model Answer
  • IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Map With Model Answer
  • IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Pie Chart with Model Answer
  • IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Comparing two Graphics with Model Answer

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David is a Test Prep Expert for Magoosh TOEFL and IELTS. Additionally, he’s helped students with TOEIC, PET, FCE, BULATS, Eiken, SAT, ACT, GRE, and GMAT. David has a BS from the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire and an MA from the University of Wisconsin-River Falls. His work at Magoosh has been cited in many scholarly articles , his Master’s Thesis is featured on the Reading with Pictures website, and he’s presented at the WITESOL (link to PDF) and NAFSA conferences. David has taught K-12 ESL in South Korea as well as undergraduate English and MBA-level business English at American universities. He has also trained English teachers in America, Italy, and Peru. Come join David and the Magoosh team on Youtube , Facebook , and Instagram , or connect with him via LinkedIn !

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Hand holding pen pointing at IELTS Writing Task 1 pie chart

6 responses to “IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Line Graph with Model Answer (Band 9)”

frank Avatar

the numbers you wrote in the essay do not tally with the diagram

Magoosh Expert

Thanks for writing! The essay uses the year 2017 because the graph seems to go beyond 2016. It also uses estimation, which will be necessary in some cases, like this, where the graph does not provide exact numbers and must be interpreted/estimated.

Hope this helps! 😀

JOko Avatar

“”While all cities saw a net increase in annual population growth by 2011, and the most dramatic increases happened between 2007 and 2010. “”

Wonderful train wreck of a sentence there to start your 2nd paragraph. Don’t you guys proofread your posts?

The key features highlighted in the overview are not even mentioned in the BPs.

We get starting and ending points in the BPs with no description of the middle. This is called “mechanical” reporting and closer to a 5 than a 9.

Thanks for pointing out the typo “and” to us–we really appreciate it! I’ll get that fixed up right away!

Note that we go through the scoring towards the end of this article, and we still stand by that.

Thank you! 😀

Babor Avatar

How this is a band 9 report if there is no Overview paragraph ?

The first paragraph in this essay is “This line graph shows the change in population for the cities of Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane from 1992 to 2017.” While this is only one sentence, it does clearly and accurately summarize the information by identifying the main features, which is what the Task asks students to do.

Happy studying! 🙂

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How to write a line graph for IELTS writing task 1

Learn how to describe a line graph for IELTS writing task 1. IELTS Line graphs are common in writing task 1 along with bar charts, tables, maps, diagrams and pie charts. This lesson was last up-dated in 2018.

The guidelines below will help you structure your line graph answer and focus on the right aspects for a high score.

Steps: How to write IELTS Line Graphs

  • try to include all information from the two axis and the names of categories.
  • do not divide your key points into different paragraphs. Make sure you include the main increases and decreases shown.
  • Use different verbs and nouns
  • Use a range of adjectives and adverbs
  • Vary your time phrases
  • Click here to get a word list: LINE GRAPH VOCABULARY
  • Don’t always give from … to … for the amounts, sometimes you can give the difference “it increased by double..”.
  • Put numbers or percentages to support your sentences in the body paragraph. Failure to do that will result in a low score.
  • Leave an empty line between paragraphs to make them easier to see. This is not a rule, it is a strong recommendation.
  • If the line graph contains many lines and a lot of movement, be selective. You are being marked on your ability to select key features.
  • Don’t spend more than 20 mins on task 1. You will need a full 40 mins for task 2.
  • Write 150 words or more. Aim for about 160-190 words. Don’t write under the word count.
  • Click here: IELTS Writing Task 1 Model Answers

Line Graph Sample

It is not common to be given only one line in IELTS writing task 1. However, this answer will provide you will an example of vocabulary, layout and general content.

sample essay task 1 line graph

  • Source: IELTS Liz

Line Graph Model Answer

The graph illustrates how many people from the age of 65 and above were reported to have contracted influenza in a particular village in the UK from 1985 to 1995.

Overall, the number of cases of elderly people with influenza increased over the period given. The highest number of people with the illness can be seen in 1991.

In 1985, the number of cases of influenza stood at 40 and then rose steadily over the next three years to reach 55 in 1987. In the following year, 1988, the figure dipped slightly to below 50 after which it rose significantly to reach a high of 75 in 1991.

From 1991, there was a decrease to about 60 in 1993 of the number of reported cases of influenza. From this point, except for a slight increase of about 5 cases, the number remained at about 60 at the end of the period.

Focus Points:

Take time to read through the model and pay attention to:

  • the content of each paragraph
  • the use of verbs, nouns, adverbs and adjectives
  • the logical order of information in the body paragraphs

Please note: this is a practice exercise lesson. It is rare for IELTS to give a one-line graph. So, use this to practice language and technique.

Recommended

  • IELTS Writing Task 1: Tips & Model Answers

All the best

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Thanks a billion dear Liz.

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You’re welcome 🙂

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You are doing a wonderful job, Liz. May God always keep you healthy, happy, and prosperous. I have been teaching for the past 27 years and I still see that there are only a handful who are committed to teaching. You really are one of those. Kudos, Liz.

Thanks. That’s a really kind comment.

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Thanks a million.💝💝💝

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Hi, Liz. Please evaluate.

The graph illustrates the number of people aged 65 years and above with influenza in a particular village in UK between year 1985 to 1995.

Overview, the number of infected aged people with influenza increased over the years. In the year 1991,the highest number of people with the case were reported, whereas the lowest case was reported in 1985.

In 1985, the number of cases of influenza stood at 40 and then rose steadily to 55 in 1987. There was a slight fall in the number to 50 in the subsequent year afyer which it leveled off to hit a high of 75 in 1991.

Between 1991 to 1993, there was a drop from 75 to 60 in the number of people reported to be infected with influenza. The number remained constant at 60 from 1993 to the final year except for a slight increase of 5 cases reported in 1994.

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Please Evaluate. The graph illustrates the number of people above the age of 65, who got infected by influenza flu in a particular village in the UK from 1985 to 1999. Overall, the number of cases of influenza increased over the time span, the least number of cases was 40 in the starting year while the maximum number was 75 in the year 1991. At the beginning of the period, the number of people infected with flu was 40, which increased to 55 in 1987 before dipping down to just below 50 in 1988. Afterwards the figure got a increment till it reached a high of 75 in the year 1991. After the year 1991, the cases of influenza saw a drop till they reached 60 in 1993 . From this point a slight increment (about 5 cases)was seen in the number in the year 1994 but in the last year figure dropped to 60.

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Hi Liz thanks a bunch for your beneficial tips and answers. Honestly I’ve got a problem!! Is the “overview” of writing task 1 necessary? I mean we don’t have to use any numbers in it??? Cause i’m really confused. I live in Iran and I’ve taught to prepare my writing in just 3parts including: Introduction 2 or 3 body paragraph and Conclusion! Without overview. WHAT SHOULD I DO??

The overview is the most important paragraph for academic writing task 1. It contains a summary of the key features. This means you collect and describe all key features in that paragraph. The numbers and detail, you present in the body paragraphs. See my model answers and tips about the conclusion: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/

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Thank you Liz. It’s really effective.

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Hello Liz, Thank you very much for the content that you produce. I’m using it as a main source for my IELTS preparation. I’m struggling a lot with identifying key features of a graph. Not sure why, but I usually end up writing too much information in an overview. Do you have any suggestions or tips on how to properly identify the key features for the overview? Thank you in advance.

Give a bird’s eye view – what goes up or down over the period. Then mention which might be higher or lower. Those are two key features that are in most line graphs. Another option is to add an unusual key feature – ie when lines show opposite trends (but this isn’t common). So, the two common key features I mentioned will be two sentences – one each. Your task is to simplify what you see – not complicate it.

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thank you liz.Your lessons are too helpful.

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Hi , Can you please let me know that is it ok to use brackets in your writing tasks ?

See my model answers for writing task 1 on this page to learn your answer: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/

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Hi liz, Somebody told me that, for graphs ‘Overall Statement’ should put at last, rather than within introduction or second paragraph. To what extent it is right??

There are no rules about this. The examiner will mark you based on logical organisation. Your overview statement can come before or after the smaller detail. This means it comes before or after the body paragraphs.

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Mam, as you said before, I would prefer “overall” just after the Introduction paragraph. thank you so much for your worthful lessons! All of the classes are excellent and it means a lot…

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Hello liz I couldnot find your answers for all the writing task 1 ,i had found it once,but now i could’nt find it again rather those in the home page..please help me this..that is really usefull for me.

Go to the red bar at the top of each page and click on the words: Writing Task 1. All main pages are accessed through the red bar.

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Thank you so much for your valuable guidance. I request you to provide one more example on line graphs which has 3-5 lines so that it would be better to learn and write in the exam. I also want to inform you that I am planning to appear for my IELTS in the month of October and your website is the only source for me to study. So I request you to help me in this and i hope that it would be better for others also. Looking forward to get positive response from your side. Thanks again in the advance.

IT’s certainly something I will put on my list of things to do, but I’ll actually be taking a break in September and possibly October too. Only a few reading or listening lessons will be posted during that time as well as updated topics.

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and plateau word good for line graph

If you don’t know it, don’t use it.

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Hello Liz mam, I’ve a question. Can we use both verb+adverb and adjective+noun in a line graph or we have to choose only one pair for whole graph. Thanks in advance.. Abdul….

You should alternate so that you demonstrate your language skills.

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Dear Liz, It is possible in Writing task 1 just have 1 body paragraph ?

If you want a good band score, then you need to demonstrate the skill of organising paragraphs. See the band score requirements.

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Excuse me, Why ‘the origin number’? I think that should be ‘the original number’

Thanks for spotting it. It’s a typo. Liz

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Dear madam,can we mention dates in overview paragraph.what I mean is that mentioning time phrases ” at the beginning of the period,during mid years,at the end of the period” while describing key changes would’nt be better instead of writing specific dates such as,1999,2000 or it does’nt affect much.

https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-liz-news/

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hey Liz thnas for everthing

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Hi Liz, Question about the intro, how come it is “over 10 years” when it is from 1983-1992? Thanks, Joharra

The word “over” does not mean “more than” in this context. It refers to over the period. There are 10 years given. Liz

Hi Liz, Just a follow up question. So the counting of years should start at the first given year, which is 1983? However, 1983 + 10 = 1993. In the line graph it is 1992. There was another essay says 26 years (1981-2007) which is correct when being added (1981 + 26 = 2007). Just really curious. Do you have any explanations about this? And one last question, should the overview be in a separate paragraph or part of the intro? Thanks a lot! Joharra

You can count it on the graph, not by doing calculations. Just look at the graph and count. Liz

Thanks! that makes everything clear 🙂

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Hi Liz, thank you so much for you free lessons, thank you for teaching me that overview contains the key features or the highest or the lowest point ..but i am still struggling to understand the real content of overview, I would like to ask about your overview above, you wrote” Overall, the number of cases of disease X remained below 200 over the period given except for a considerable surge between 1989 and 1991 when the figures doubled.” -In 1991, the number of cases is actually 350 which is not double of 200, so, is it still fine or accurate to say that” the figure doubled”? or should we say ”…the figure almost doubled?because it is doubled in 1989 (400 cases) but not in 1991 (350 cases). or does the accuracy of information we give in overview is not 100% required?

My last question is about Grammar, would you please explain a bit more when we put ”s” in ”figures”? One student wrote ”’The figures rose steadily in the next four years, to reach its first peak in 1987” and you asked to take off ”s” in figure. when we should not put ”s” like”figure”?thank you.

The overview contains a description, so if we write “it doubled” as a description it is fine. But you can certainly make it clearer by writing “it more or less doubled”. As long as you don’t write “it doubled exactly”. But you need to understand that we are not referring to details. In the first years the numbers were 200 and under, then they reached 400. The description is “doubled”. If you get lost in details, then it isn’t an overview.

Usually, we write about “the figure” rather than using the plural. All the best Liz

Many thanks, God bless you!

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I am from Mongolia. I am doing independent study on the preparation of IELTS examination. Thank you for helping the students like me around the world. I would like to kindly ask you to check my writing below in order to let me know my writing skill in task 1.

The line graph illustrates the amount of goods transported in four different ways (road, water, rail and pipeline) in Uk between 1974 and 2002. The units are measured in million tonnes.

Overall, over the period, the highest amount of goods was transported by road while the least amount of goods was transported by pipeline. Interestingly, all the amounts of goods were increased over the 28 years except the amount of rail transportation which almost reached back to it’s original number.

In terms of the road, the amount of goods was transported, it began about 70 million tonnes which rose steadily over the following 18 years to reach over 80 million tonnes in 1992. In the following 4 years, there was a gradual decline after which it grew up to nearly 100 million tones. Likewise, about 39 million tonnes of goods was transported through water in the first year and then the figure fluctuated slightly and rose to about 65 million tones. Similarly, in 1974, the figure of the pipeline transportation stood at about 5 million tonnes and there was a steep fluctuation until it leveled out from 1995 to 2002.

On the other hand, the amount of goods was transported by train was 40 million tonnes in 1974 which was followed by slight changes and reached at just above it’s beginning figure of 40 million tonnes.

Please read my notice: https://ieltsliz.com/posting-writing/ Thanks Liz

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how to write bar graph

There is a free video and other lessons for bar charts on this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/ Liz

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Hello How can apply this sentence structure. Subject+ verb + proposition + indirect object + direct object. In graph and essay

You will find sentence structure lessons for line graphs on this page: https://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/ Thanks Liz

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How To Write an IELTS Line Graph Essay

Here is the 5 steps process I recommend for planning and writing   IELTS line graph essays:

1)  Analyse the question

2)  Identify the main features

3)  Write an introduction

4)  Write an overview

5)  Write the details paragraphs

I’m going to take you through the whole process step-by-step as we work on a practice question.

Many students are reluctant to spend time on steps 1 and 2 as they want to spend as much of the 20 minutes allowed for the essay as possible actually writing it. However, it is essential that you do them as they are the key to writing a high-scoring IELTS line graph essay.

Before we begin, here’s a model essay structure that you can use as a guideline for all IELTS Academic Task 1 questions.

Ideally, your essay should have 4 paragraphs:

Paragraph 1  – Introduction

Paragraph 2  – Overview

Paragraph 3  – 1 st  main feature

Paragraph 4  – 2 nd  main feature

Now that we have all these tools we need, we’re ready to begin planning and writing our IELTS line graph essay.

Here’s our practice question:

The graph below shows radio and television audiences throughout the day in 1992.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

sample essay task 1 line graph

Source: Official IELTS website

Step 1 –  Analyse the question

The format of every Academic Task 1 question is the same. Here is our practice question again with the words that will be included in all questions highlighted .

The  graph below shows radio and television audiences throughout the day in 1992.

Every question consists of:

  • Sentence 1 – A brief description of the graphic
  • Sentence 2 – The instructions
  • The graphic – chart, graph, table, etc.

Sentence 2 tells you what you have to do.

You must do 3 things:

1.     Select the main features.

2.     Write about the main features.

3.     Compare the main features.

All three tasks refer to the ‘ main features ’ of the graphic. You  do not  have to write about everything. Just pick out 2 or 3 key features and you’ll have plenty to write about.

Step 2 – Identify the Main Features

The graphic in IELTS line graph questions should not be difficult to interpret. Each question has been created to  test your language skills, not your mathematics ability.

All you are looking for are the main features. These will usually be the easiest things to spot. There will be lots of information in the graphic to help you identify them.

Here are some useful questions to ask?

  • What information do the 2 axes give?
  • What are the units of measurements?
  • What are the time periods?
  • What can you learn from the title and any labels?
  • What is the most obvious trend?
  • Are there any notable similarities?

(I give more detail on how to use these questions, plus downloadable checklists for identifying the main features of all 7 different types of IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 questions, in the lesson on  How To Understand & Analyse Task 1 Questions .)

So, what main features stand out in our practice graphic?

Here's our IELTS line graph again.

sample essay task 1 line graph

The timeline will give you the biggest clues as to the most significant trends. Look for general trends.

There are 2 main features/trends in this line graph:

Main feature 1:  The peak time for TV audiences is in the evening (8 pm).

Main feature 2:  The peak time for radio audiences is in the morning (8 am).

The general trends you select will be the starting point for your essay. You will then go on to add more detail. However, with just 20 minutes allowed for Task 1, and a requirement of only 150 words, you won't be able to include many details.

We’re now ready to begin writing our essay. Here’s a reminder of the 4 part structure we’re going to use.

Step 3 – Write an Introduction 

In the introduction, you should simply paraphrase the question, that is, say the same thing in a different way. You can do this by using synonyms and changing the sentence structure. For example:

Introduction (Paragraph 1): 

The line graph illustrates the proportion of people in the UK who watched TV and listened to the radio over 24 hours from October to December 1992.

This is all you need to do for the introduction.

Step 4 – Write an Overview (Paragraph 2)

In the second paragraph, you should report the main features you can see in the graph, giving only general information. The detail comes later in the essay. You should also make any clear comparisons you spot.

This is where we write about the general trends. Here are the ones we picked out above.

Now form these ideas into two or three sentences with a total of around 40 words. State the information simply using synonyms where possible. No elaborate vocabulary or grammar structures are required, just the appropriate words and correct verb tenses.

For example:

Overview  (Paragraph 2): 

Overall, a significantly greater percentage of the TV audience watched in the evening while radio had the most listeners in the morning. Over the course of each day and night, more people watched TV than listened to the radio.

Step 5  – Write the 1st Detail Paragraph

Paragraphs 3 and 4 of your IELTS line graph essay are where you include more detailed information about the data in the graphic. In paragraph 3, you should give evidence to support your first key feature. Don’t forget to make comparisons when relevant.

Here is our first main feature again:

And this is an example of what you could write:

Paragraph 3 :

Less than 10% of people watched TV between 1 am and 12 noon but at 4 pm this figure increased rapidly, reaching a peak of almost half the population at 8 pm. After this, the graph records a sharp decline in viewers, reaching a low of only a tiny percentage by 3 am.

Step 6  – Write the 2nd Detail Paragraph

For the fourth and final paragraph, you do the same thing for your second key feature. 

Here’s an example of what you could write:

Paragraph 4 :

Radio, on the other hand, shows a very different trend. The most popular time for listeners to be tuned in was just after 8 am when around 27% of the population was listening. After a brief peak, the numbers dropped steadily to barely 2%, apart from fluctuations at around 4 pm and 10.30 pm. The percentage of listeners remained low overnight before beginning a rapid ascent from 6 am to the 8 am high.

Here are the four paragraphs brought together to create our finished essay.

Finished IELTS Line Graph Essay

sample essay task 1 line graph

This sample IELTS line graph essay is well over the minimum word limit so you can see that you don’t have space to include very much detail at all. That’s why it is essential to select just a couple of main features to write about.

Now use what you’ve learnt in this lesson to practice answering other IELTS line graph questions. Start slowly at first and keep practicing until you can plan and write a complete essay in around 20 minutes.

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Ielts academic writing task 1 – all lessons.

IELTS Academic Writing  –  A summary of the test including important facts, test format & assessment.

Academic Writing Task 1  – The format, the 7 question types & sample questions, assessment & marking criteria.  All the key information you need to know.

Understanding Task 1 Questions  – How to quickly and easily analyse and understand IELTS Writing Task 2 questions.

How To Plan a Task 1 Essay  –  Discover  3 reasons why you must plan, the 4 simple steps of essay planning and learn a simple 4 part essay structure.

Vocabulary for Task 1 Essays  –  Learn key vocabulary for a high-scoring essay. Word lists & a downloadable PDF.

Grammar for Task 1 Essays   – Essential grammar for Task 1 Academic essays including, verb tenses, key sentence structures, articles & prepositions.

The 7 Question Types:

Click the links below for a step-by-step lesson on each type of Task 1 question.

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Academic Writing Task 1 Sample Essays and Answers

Home  »  IELTS academic task 1  »  Academic Writing Task 1 Sample Essays and Answers

This is your very best resource for writing task 1 IELTS academic sample answers.

The resources are organised into different task types so you can look at several IELTS writing task 1 samples for three common diagrams. Read IELTS Writing Task 1 sample answers and questions to learn how you can describe pie charts, bar charts & line graphs.

There may be a lot of IELTS writing task 1 samples (academic) with hints and tips online, but how can you know you are looking at the very best resources? Some of the ‘perfect’ essays online have been written by non-experts, and while they may be useful to you, they should not be taken as a definitive guide to this section of the test.

Improve your IELTS writing and achieve a great band score on the academic paper with these useful links and model answers.

Each sample answer demonstrates the type of writing skills you will need to successfully complete the IELTS writing module for IELTS writing task 1 and IELTS writing task 2.

Take a look at some  IELTS academic writing task 1  sample questions with IELTS sample charts to help you prepare for your  IELTS exam .

Each bar chart,  pie chart  and line graph question comes with a sample answer to show you how to describe and compare factual information. This may involve describing differences between monthly spending in two countries over a given period or the number of pupils attending different schools.

You will give an overall perspective and may need to describe an upward trend or a slight difference. There are strategies to help you with each particular graph.

Bar charts – IELTS academic writing task 1 samples with extra hints and tips

Bar chart of international student enrolment in British universities 2009-2014

Bar chart of average monthly revenue from retail telecommunication subscribers

Bar chart of increase in total consumption

Bar chart of life expectancy (2006)

Bar chart of percentage of eligible voters registered for each race by state and year

Bar chart of average weekly attacks

Bar chart of pet Owners

Bar chart showing foreign direct investment in Australia over 3 years

Bar chart describing expected city visits by country of origin for 2018 (thousands/year)

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 15: Average life expectancy per country

Bar chart describing calorie sources for UK males at different life periods. Percentage of total intake.

IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 29: Water service reading

IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 28: Waste hauling truck trips

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 4: Book sales by genre across time

IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 27: Unemployment rate in Asia

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 24: Power consumption (per location) for July 2015

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 23: Passenger served per airport terminal

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 21: Hazardous waste inventory 2014

Bar chart and line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 20: Genset diesel monitoring

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 17: Coastline coverage by country

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 12: 5-year carbon dioxide emission in Japan

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 13: Active military manpower per country

Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 9: Toyota car sales – Quarterly monitoring

Writing task 1 pie chart sample answers

Pie chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 2: 2014 world food consumption

Pie charts of council expenditure by three regions in the UK, 2014

Pie chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 11: 2014 deaths due to neurological condition

Pie chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 16: Billing distribution for the month of August 2015

Pie chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 18: Daily activity distribution per day

Pie chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 3: 2014 age distribution in Asia

Line graphs sample answers for task 1

Take a look at our IELTS writing task 1 line graph examples to help you get a  better score  for the academic writing task on your IELTS test. IELTS writing task 1 can be challenging but with practice you will get better and better. The resources below include an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer pdf.

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 26: Thermal conductivity of material at 25C

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 7: January 2015 temperature variation in the Philippines

Line and bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 5: Common budget items chart

Jump to a band 7 or it’s FREE

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 1: Stock market quarterly watch 2014

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 25: Production output for 3rd quarter of 2015

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 14: Approval ratings of US President Churchill (10-year term)

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 8: Temperature calibration data

PDF 30 academic task 1 essays

Line graph IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 22: Income tax comparison per civil status

As well as using the task 1 sample answers above, take a look at our IELTS writing  academic task 1 tutorials  to help you better prepare for your  IELTS exam and achieve a good IELTS writing band score for IELTS writing task 1. There are plans and tips for using tenses and paraphrasing in this writing section and lots of other resources.

Improve your task achievement, use high-level lexis and avoid common grammar mistakes. We’ll help you write the perfect IELTS writing task 1 overview paragraph, make sure you are able to describe the main features of your chart or diagram and give you the lexical resources you need to be successful. It’s important that you look at all the data but select the most important features in IELTS writing task 1.

Why not choose a writing task 1 sample question and try to do it by yourself? Then you can check the model answer for feedback. You probably won’t have time to attempt to write essays for every task 1 sample answer but you will be able to read all the IELTS task 1 writing samples by clicking on the links.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How to write ielts writing task 1.

  • If you are unsure, re-read some IELTS task 1 sample answers to be clear about the layout you need to use.
  • Take 3 -4 minutes to plan what you’re going to write
  • Take a step back and see the big picture. Understand what you need to do with that graph, chart, map or diagram in task 1.
  • Decide the main points to include.
  • Check for any possible comparisons
  • Choose your language i.e. words and sentence structures

Read  this article  for more tips.

Which tense to use in IELTS writing task 1?

This depends on the data in the graph, chart, map or diagram. First, look at the title given and the x and y axes to see if there are any dates used.  The writing task 1 academic samples can give you lots of different examples.

  • if the year is before the present year (i.e. 1999), use the past tense
  • if the year is after the present year (i.e 2020), use the future tense
  • if there is no year, use the present simple tense

Read  this article  for more details and extra writing task 1 samples.

Tutorials for Academic Task 1

  • How to get band 9 in task 1
  • 5-step plan for task 1
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  • Academic task 1 marking criteria
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IELTS Writing Task 1 Samples

Here you will find IELTS Writing Task 1 Samples for a variety of common tasks that appear in the writing exam.

The model answers all have tips and strategies for how you may approach the question and comments on the sample answer.

It's a great way to help you to prepare for the test. 

IELTS PIe Chart

The amount of money that a children's charity located in the USA spent and received in one year, 2016.

Model Answer >>>

IELTS Table

The Proportions of Pupils Attending Four Secondary School Types Between Between 2000 and 2009.

The city of Brandfield. City planners have decided to build a new shopping mall for the area, and two sites, S1 and S2 have been proposed.

IELTS Process

Process Diagram

The process that is used to manufacture bricks for the building industry.

IELTS Bar Chart

The components of GDP in the UK from 1992 to 2000.

IELTS Bar Chart

The scores of teams A, B and C over four different seasons.

IELTS PIe Chart

The electricity generated in Germany and France from all sources and renewables in the year 2009.

IELTS Bar Chart

British Emigration to selected destinations between 2004 and 2007.

IELTS Line and IELTS Bar Chart

Line and Bar Chart

Visits to and from the UK from 1979 to 1999, and the most popular countries visited by UK residents in 1999.

IELTS Line Graph

Thefts per thousand vehicles in four countries between 1990 and 1999.

IELTS PIe Chart and Bar Chart

Pie and Bar Chart

The percentage of persons arrested in the five years ending 1994 and the most recent reasons for arrest.

IELTS Bar Chart

The different modes of transport used to travel to and from work in one European city in 1960, 1980 and 2000.

IELTS Table

The proportion of monthly household income five European countries spend on food and drink, housing, clothing and entertainment.

IELTS Process

How chocolate is produced.

IELTS Bar Chart

The monthly spending in dollars of a family in the USA on three items in 2010.

IELTS Process

How tea leaves are processed into five tea types.

IELTS PIe Chart

Pie and  Bar Chart

The percentage of women in poverty and the poverty rates by sex and age in the United States in 2008.

IELTS Line Graph

Line and Pie Chart

The number of books that were borrowed in four different months in 2014 from four village libraries, and the pie chart shows the percentage of books, by type, that were borrowed over this time.

IELTS Line Graph

Four countries of residence of overseas students in Australia

IELTS Map

Development of the village of Ryemouth between 1995 and present.

IELTS PIe Chart

Public Sector Employment in 2015 and 2020.

IELTS Table

Cultural Activities of Differing Age Groups

sample essay task 1 line graph

Construction of Tourist Facilities on an island.

sample essay task 1 line graph

Average House Price Comparison.

sample essay task 1 line graph

Average carbon dioxide (Co2) emissions per person

sample essay task 1 line graph

Leisure Activities amongst Australian children.

sample essay task 1 line graph

Structure used to generate electricity from wave power.

sample essay task 1 line graph

Bar & Pie Chart

Men and women attending various evening courses

sample essay task 1 line graph

Changes to Grange Park.

Pie Chart small

Populations in Yemen and Italy.

Student Sample Graphs

You can also view graphs that have been written by students in the forums:

  • Student Graphs

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IELTS Line Graph (Writing Task One Academic)

Line graphs are the most common IELTS academic task one question type. They can also be one of the hardest types to answer. On this page, you can check out my sample answer for an especially tricky line graph question and find out why it is worth a band nine.

IELTS Line Graph Band Nine Sample Answer

This question below is my band nine answer for a fairly famous task one question. Once you’ve finished, keep scrolling to find out why it would get a band nine and for some extra tips.

The graph below shows the population of India and China from the year 2000 to the present day with projections for growth to the year 2050. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

An IELTS task one line graph showing the populations of India and China.

This graph demonstrates how the number of people in China and India have and will change over time. The graph starts with historical data going back to the year 2000 and continues with predictions up to 2050.

Overall, the population of India will overtake that of China in 2030 and continue to grow through to 2050. Meanwhile, China’s population will peak in the late 2020s before gradually declining.

At the beginning of the graph, in the year 2000, the population of China was 1.25 billion people. According to the graph, this has been growing and will continue to grow to a peak of just over 1.4 billion. After this time, the population will begin to steadily decline, reaching a low point of just under 1.4 billion by 2050.

On the other hand, the population of India has been increasing steadily since the year 2000 and will continue to grow into 2050. In the year 2000, the population of India was 1 billion, far lower than China’s. India’s population will overtake China’s in 2030 when both are just over 1.4 billion people. Its population will continue to grow to 1.6 billion in the year 2050, although this growth will become more gradual over time.

Why is this essay band nine?

At first glance, this looks like quite a hard line graph to write about. After all, you only have two lines to talk about, which means some test takers could run out of things to say. To make things worse, the tenses used to describe this graph are quite complex.

Using perfect continuous tense

When we want to describe something that has been happening non stop for an extended period of time and which are still happening now, we can use the present perfect continuous tense. We often use this tense with ‘for’ and ‘since’. For example:

  • I have been living in London since 2020.
  • They have been studying hard for the IELTS exam for a year.
  • She has been watching that TV show for the last five hours.

To be honest, this is quite a rare tense, but it comes in handy for questions like this. In the essay, I’ve used it for:

  • According to the graph, this has been growing and will continue to grow to a peak of just over 1.4 billion.
  • On the other hand, the population of India has been increasing steadily since the year 2000 and will continue to grow into 2050.

For both of these sentences, I’ve combined the present continuous with the future tense. This is less clunky than something like ‘The population of India, has grown, is growing and will grow.’

Good Task One Structure

The structure of this answer is exactly how it should be. It has:

  • An introduction telling you what the graph is about.
  • An overview which gives the key points without going into detail or giving any numbers.
  • Two body paragraphs both with a clearly defined topic.

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Line Graph Task 1 for IELTS Exam : Tips to Score Well

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Updated on 30 October, 2023

Mrinal Mandal

Mrinal Mandal

Study abroad expert.

Mrinal Mandal

While appearing for the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exam, students are asked to write on a line graph Task 1.  The Line Graph is a graphical representation of the change in the value of one or more variables. The axis of the graph is called X and Y and represents the values. The IELTS writing task 1 line graph exercise requires you to describe and summarize the line graph.

Table of Contents

  • Sample: IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph

Tips for line graph

Ielts writing task 1 line graph questions: for self practice, ielts line graph verbs and nouns, line graph adverbs and adjectives, time expressions, prepare for ielts with upgrad abroad, frequently asked questions, popular study abroad destinations, sample : ielts writing task 1 line graph.

line graph ielts writing task 1

Source: https://www.english-exam.org/IELTS/academic_writing_samples_task_1/996/

The above graph shows the past, current, and expected growth in the population of India and China. The chart shows the population graph between the years 2000 and 2015 in China and India. In the year 2000, the population of China was around 1.2 billion people while the Indian population was at 1.0 billion. After a decade, in the year 2010, the population of India reached 1.2 billion while the Chinese population grew by 0.1 billion reaching 1.35 billion. The growth rate has continued over the next decade and in 2020, the Chinese population has grown to 1.42 billion while the population in India shows a steeper growth rate. In 2020, the Indian population grew to 1.34 billion.

In the year 2030, both countries will have an equal population of 1.45 billion people. After that, the Chinese population is expected to show a slow yet steady decline while the Indian population is likely to continue its growth. By 2050, India will have 1.6 billion people while China’s population level will decline to 1.4 billion. The graph shows a consistent yet aggressive expansion of the Indian population while the Chinese population will reach its peak in 2030 before dropping.

Important Resources to Read About IELTS:

Candidates should follow the tips mentioned below to score high in the writing task 1 line graph:

  • Pay attention to the title of the graph and use it to give an overview
  • Follow it up with the parameters as mentioned in the X and Y-axis
  • Describe the line pattern using visual words such as steady increase, or sharp decline
  • Limit your line graph description to what you can see in the graph, instead of using your logic to describe the events
  • If multiple lines are there, create comparisons to show the relationship between the lines.

Following this example and the tips will make it easy for you to score well in this exercise. To prepare better, you can go through more examples to practice describing the various graphs accurately for better preparation, resulting in a high band score in your IELTS writing test.

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The chart below gives some of the most reported issues among people living in UK cities in 2008 (%). Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

line graph writing task 1 questions

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Source:https://www.bestmytest.com/ielts/ielts-academic - writing/1

IELTS Line Graph Vocabulary

Candidates must use a diverse vocabulary to indicate upward and downward trends in order to earn a good band score.

Upward trend: 

  • Rise/ a rise
  • Grow/ a growth
  • Increase/ an increase
  • Climb/ a climb

Downward trend:

  • Decrease/ a decrease
  • Fall/ a fall
  • Drop/ a drop
  • Decline/ a decline

Other vocabularies:

  • Hit a low of
  • Hit a high of
  • Reach a peak of
  • Remain stable
  • Remain unchanged
  • Remain steady
  • Fluctuate/ a fluctuation

Adverbs: Considerably, significantly, steadily, gradually, rapidly, sharply, slightly, steeply, dramatically

Adjectives: Considerable, significant, steady, gradual, rapid, sharp, slight, steep, dramatic

IELTS line graphs indicate change over time. Below are a few expressions that will help candidates describe the passing time without too much repetition:

  • At the end of the period
  • At the beginning of the period
  • The final year
  • The first year
  • The last year
  • Over the period
  • The next three days show
  • In the following three days
  • Three days later
  • Over the next three days

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For best preparation, aspirants can enroll in upGrad Abroad's  booster program that helps them in preparation for IELTS, academic writing, profile building, university application, education loan, and visa support. 

It is a   six-week-long course and offers the following features for  IELTS preparation : 

  • 25 hours of live online classes
  • Four one-to-one doubt clearing sessions (30 mins each)
  • Four one-to-one speaking practice sessions (30 mins each)
  • 15 writing assignments with correction and feedback 
  • Two full-length mock tests
  • One-to-one analysis of two full-length mock tests

How to write a line graph in IELTS?

  • Candidates should try to include all information from the two-axis and the names of categories.
  • They should put all main trends in an overview statement and not divide their key points into different paragraphs. It should be made sure to include the main increases and decreases shown.
  • Candidates should use diverse vocabulary and avoid making spelling mistakes. 
  • They should use data to support their sentences. 
  • An empty line should be left between paragraphs to make reading easier. It is not a rule but a strong recommendation.
  • If the line graph contains too many lines and a lot of movement, candidates should be selective as they are marked on the ability to select key features. 
  • Candidates should not spend more than 20 minutes on task 1 as they will need a full 40 minutes for task 2.
  • Candidates should write 150 words or more. They should aim for about 160-190 words and avoid writing below the word count.

How many types of graphs are there in IELTS?

The IELTS exam consists of 6 types of charts: maps,  bar charts ,  pie charts , process diagrams, tables, or  line graphs , and candidates need to write a report about one of these.

How many parts of a line graph are there?

There are six parts of a line graph:

  • The title : It provides a short description of the graph's content. This makes it easier for the reader to figure out what they are about to look at.
  • The legend : It explains what each line means. As the legend on the map, it helps the reader understand what they are looking at.
  • The source : The source explains where the candidates found the information in the graph. 
  • Y-axis : The y-axis in line graphs goes vertically (up and down). The amount of anything being measured is usually represented by numbers on the y-axis.
  • The data : The information, or data, contained in the graph is the most significant aspect of it. Line graphs can display multiple groups of data at once.
  • X-axis : The horizontal axis is called the x-axis (flat). The x-axis usually has numbers that indicate different time periods or the names of the entities being compared.

What are the different types of line graphs?

There are three types of line graphs:

  • Simple line graph : These graphs have only a single line plotted on them.
  • Multi-line graph or polyline graph : These graphs are commonly used for comparison and have more than one line on the same axis.
  • Compound line graph : These graphs are an advanced version of multi-line graphs and the area between two lines is shaded, which indicates the size of that part.

What is the difference between a line graph and a linear graph?

Although they are both made up of line segments, there is a significant difference between them. The difference can be seen in the figure that results from combining the line segments. In a linear graph, all of the points are collinear and hence lie on a line. They may or may not be collinear in the case of a line graph.

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20 Recent IELTS Graph samples with answers

The chart below shows how much money is spent in the budget on different sectors by the uae government in 2000..

money is spent in the budget by the UAE

The charts below show the growth in the population in some of the world’s largest cities as well as the population distribution in urban and rural areas.

Growth in the population in largest cities

The average prices per kilometre of clothing imported into the European Union from six different countries in 1993 and 2003 are shown in the bar chart below.

Prices of clothing imported into the European Union

The bar charts below show the number of hours each teacher spent teaching in different schools in four different countries in 2001.

Number of hours each teacher spent teaching

The line graphs below show the production and demand for steel in million tonnes and the number of workers employed in the steel industry in the UK in 2010.

Production and demand for steel in the UK in 2010

The bar charts and line graph below show the results of a survey conducted over a three-year period to discover what people who live in London think of the city.

What people who live in London think of the city

The pie charts below show the online sales for retail sectors in New Zealand in 2003 and 2013.

Online sales for retail sectors in New Zealand

The number of tourists visiting Malaysia and Dubai from 1995 to 2003 is presented below.

Number of tourists visiting Malaysia and Dubai

The bar chart below shows the estimated sales of jeans for two companies next year in Turkey. The pie chart shows the projected market share of the two companies in jeans at the end of next year.

Sales of jeans for two companies next year in Turkey

The graph below shows a survey result of 4000 participants who expressed what important aspects they have learned from the internship they have completed.

What important aspects internship students have learned

The graph below shows the top priorities by business companies in the USA in 2016.

Top priorities by business companies in the USA

The graphs below show the average monthly expenditure on children’s sports and participation in different sports in the UK from 2008 to 2014.

Expenditure on children’s sports & participation in sports, UK

The pie charts below show the online shopping sales for retail sectors in Australia in 2010 and 2015.

Online shopping sales for retail sectors in Australia

The bar chart below shows Scotland’s exports to the rest of the UK and the rest of the world for the year 2014.

Scotland’s exports to the rest of the UK and world

The chart below shows the changes in sales of four different types of books from 2002 to 2012.

Changes in sales of four different types of books

The diagram shows the procedure for university entry for high school graduates.

Procedure for university entry for high school graduates

The chart below shows Morocco’s income from different economic sectors in 2003 as well as its income from fishing from 1982 to 2003.

Morocco’s income from different economic sectors in 2003

The bar chart below shows the proportions of English men and women of different ages who were living alone in 2011. The pie chart compares the numbers of bedrooms in these one-person households.

English men and women who were living alone in 2011

The diagram below shows the life cycle of a salmon, from egg to adult fish.

Life cycle of a salmon, from egg to adult fish

The table below shows the worldwide market share of the notebook computer market for manufacturers in the years 2006, 2007 and 2014.

Worldwide market share of the notebook computer market

  • Academic Writing Task 1

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sample essay task 1 line graph

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 – Multiple Charts And Graphs

A question on the IELTS academic writing test that is becoming more common, asks the candidate to write about more than one chart or diagram . 

You may have a pie chart and a table, a bar chart and a line graph, or any combination of charts. In this post we will look at how to write this type of essay , with structure help, vocabulary and sample answers. 

Writing Task 1 – Multiple Charts Essay Structure >>

Paragraph 1 – Paraphrase the question

When writing your own introduction of one or two sentences paraphrase the question and add detail. 

Paragraph 2 – Overview of the main features

You need to be able to give a broad summary of the information . This is best started with – Overall ……. then giving details of the main features you can see. You can write this in one or two sentences, which describe the main features of the information that is presented in the charts . Think about the main features that you can see in chart number 1 , and then write about the main features you can see in chart number 2 . You should then make any comparisons if relevant.

Paragraph 3 – Specific details of the main features in chart number 1

Write about the specific details that you can see – looking closely at the main features of chart number 1 and include detail, then make any comparisons if relevant. 

Paragraph 4 – Specific details of the main features in chart number 2

Write about the specific details that you can see – looking closely at the main features of chart number 2 and include detail, then make any comparisons if relevant. 

Writing Task 1 Multiple Charts Sample Essays >>

Here are two sample essay questions and answers  for you to look at. Review the language used, the essay structure, the information gathered and how it has been written. 

Sample Multiple Chart Essay 1 

The charts both show relevant data about the interests, of people living in the UK in 2016. Moreover, the two charts represent males and females of all ages and their interests by gender, while the bar chart displays the exact level of interests according to the current age range from 16 to 75+ years.

Overall, there is a common pattern in regards to the percentage of activities between both genders and it is evidenced that there are both women and men who enjoy studying and gardening. The bar chart shows that there are high numbers of young people aged 24-50 who are interested in travelling.

On the one hand, there is a massive difference between the population who are 50-75 years old and the 75+ years regarding their interest in gardening (72%). However, the age groups with the most desire to travel in 2016 are those aged between 24-35 (76%). Furthermore, there are similar numbers of people who are interested in travelling between the age ranges of 16-24 to 35-50 (71%), which is currently expressed in the proportional bar chart.

On the other hand, there is evidence of a smaller percentage of women (29%) who want to travel compared to men (32%). People of both genders who enjoy gardening, with a contrast of 38% for women and 35% for men. Finally, both males and females are equal in their passion for studying. (33%).

(Word Count = 233 / Band Score 9)

Feedback

  • Task Achievement – The answer provides relevant information, summarising the interests by age range and then interests by gender. The main features are given and comparisons made, with the relevant information given.
  • Coherence and Cohesion – The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs, with clear cohesion between them with the addition of linking words (overall, on the one hand, on the other hand, finally, however, furthermore).     
  • Lexical Resource – There is evidence of paraphrasing, synonyms and some less common words. 
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy – The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences are mainly made up of multiple clauses and have a variety of structures. There are no spelling mistakes.

TIP >> Remember to compare the information given, but focus on one idea in each main body paragraph. 

TIP >> Remember to include numbers / stats / data i n the main body paragraphs. This may seem obvious but many students do not include this. 

Sample Multiple Chart Essay 2

The line graph reflects the number of people who travelled to Disneyland and Sea World between 2001 and 2005, while the bar chart illustrates the most popular rides people visited at Disneyland. Units are measured in millions of people.

Overall, the line graph shows that there was an increase in the number of visits to Disneyland compared to Sea World in the period given. However, the bar chart shows that Splash Mountain was the most popular ride taken.

Initially, we can observe that in the year 2001 there are a small number of people who travelled to Sea World (9 million). This increased slowly during the following years to nearly 30 million people in 2005. The number of people who visited Disneyland was slightly higher (12 million). In 2003, around 20 million entered Disneyland, this progressed continuously, reaching to over 50 million people in 2005.  

Furthermore, the second graph clearly shows that over 12 million people visited Splash Mountain. The second most popular ride visited was the Haunted Mansion (8.5 million). Big Thunder Mountain and Matterhorn Bobsleds had around 4 million and 3 million people visiting respectively. The least amount of travellers visited the Jungle Cruise (2 million). 

(Word Count = 198  / Band Score 9)

  • Task Achievement – The answer provides relevant information, giving a clear overview and then describing the specific features in the main body paragraphs. The information is relevant to the question. 
  • Coherence and Cohesion – The answer has been divided into clear logical paragraphs, with clear cohesion between them with the addition of linking words (overall, initially, furthermore).
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy – The answer has no grammatical errors. The sentences are mainly made up of multiple clauses and have a variety of structures. There are no spelling mistakes and punctuation is correct.

Writing Task 1 Band Score 9 Criteria >>

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sample essay task 1 line graph

📌Task 1: The chart below shows the percentage of households owning four types of electronic devices between 1995 and 2015.

sample essay task 1 line graph

The line graph illustrates the proportion of household ownership of four distinct electronic devices from 1995 to 2015. Overall, there was a consistent upward trend in ownership for all four device categories during the specified period. Notably, mobile phones dominated as the most prevalent electronic device for the majority of this timeframe. However, towards the conclusion of the period, computers also surged in popularity, sharing the top spot with mobile phones. The percentage of households possessing mobile phones stood at approximately 10% in 1995. This figure experienced a remarkable increase, soaring to 70% by 2000, and subsequently maintained a steady rise, reaching nearly 97% by 2015. A similar trajectory was observed for computer ownership, commencing at 10% and gradually climbing to approach the same 97% mark by 2015. In 1995, MP3 players held the highest ownership rate, at nearly 20%. Nevertheless, as the years passed, they progressively became the least commonly owned electronic devices, experiencing a modest 20% growth over two decades. In contrast, although tablets were virtually absent in households between 1995 and 2003, they then began to witness a substantial surge in adoption , culminating in an impressive 80% ownership rate by 2015.

dominate (verb): to have control over a place or a person, or to be the most important person or thing prevalent (adj): existing very commonly or happening often soar (verb): to rise very quickly to a high level steady (adj): happening in a smooth, gradual, and regular way, not suddenly or unexpectedly trajectory (noun): the curved path an object follows after it is thrown or shot into the air, or of an object that is traveling through space adoption (noun): accepting or starting to use something new culminate in/with something : If an event or series of events culminates in something, it ends with it, having developed until it reaches this point

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Task 1. The line graph illustrates the proportion of tourists who visited Brighton attractions in England from 1980 to 2010.

Task 1. The line graph illustrates the proportion of tourists who visited Brighton attractions in England from 1980 to 2010.

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Some employers offer their employees subsidized membership of gyms and sports club, believing this will make their staff healthier and thus more effective at work. Other employers see no benefit in doing so.

All children should be given a free laptop when they start high school. do you agree or disagree, people are responsible for their happiness. others feel happiness depends on other factors in their life. discuss both views and give your opinion, in some countries, owning a home rather than renting one is very important for people. why might this be the case do you think this is a positive or negative situation, water pollution has been an increasing problem over the last few decades. what causes water pollution how can we prevent this problem.

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IELTS writing task 1 line graph

IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Examples: Here’s a Guide to Master the IELTS Essays

One of the most popular essay topics in the IELTS writing task 1 is explaining the line graph. This is a type of essay where you will have to explain the data given in the form of line graphs. This task is particular to the academic writing and the general candidates need not worry about this.

As you must know that the IELTS writing task 1 line graph is the shorter of the two tasks and needs to be written in 150 words at least. It is also necessary that you finish this task in no more than 20 minutes, as the second task is lengthier and as such, requires more time. Let us get into the details of line graph essays.

Skills Tested in IELTS Task 1

In IELTS writing task 1, you will be asked to describe facts or figures presented in one or more graphs, charts or tables on a related topic; or they may be given a diagram of a machine, a device or a process and asked to explain how it works.

Important Points

You must write in an academic or semi-formal/ neutral style and include the most important and the most relevant points in the diagram.

This task assesses your ability to identify the most important and relevant information and trends in a graph, chart, table or diagram, and to give a well-organised overview of it using language accurately in an academic style.

You will also be judged on how appropriately, accurately and relevantly the response fulfils the requirements set out in the task, using the minimum of 150 words.

Further Assessment

  • You will be assessed on how your response organises and links information, ideas and language with appropriate use of cohesive devices (for example, logical connectors, pronouns and conjunctions) to assist in making the conceptual and referential relationships between and within sentences clear.
  • You will also be judged on your use of a range of vocabulary and grammatical devices and its accuracy in terms of the specific task.

How to Structure IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Essays?

Structuring a line graph essay is not a big deal. All you need to remember is that you do not need a conclusion here. As this isn’t a discursive essay, so conclusions do not serve any purpose. Here is an IELTS sample essay to know how you can structure a line graph essay:

Paragraph 1 (Introduction)

  • Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question

This paragraph should be one sentence long and demonstrates your ability to paraphrase. You should do this by using synonyms.

Paragraph 2 (Overview)

  • Sentence 1- Overview of the first main feature
  • Sentence 2- Overview of the second main feature
  • Sentence 3- Make general comparison, if appropriate

An overview is a general statement, highlighting the most important information in the table. It should not include any numbers. This is just a summary of the main features. You can use numbers to support your answer in paragraphs 3 and 4.

The examiner is testing your ability to identify the most important information and then summarise it. Important information could include general trends, increase/ decreases, differences, comparisons etc.

Paragraph 3 (Details of significant feature 1)

  • Sentence 1- Supporting details
  • Sentence 2- Supporting details
  • Sentence 3- Supporting details/ comparison details, if appropriate

In this paragraph, you take the first general statement from paragraph 2 and support it with details from the graph. The examiner is looking for your ability to choose the correct data and ability to describe data, trends, comparisons etc.

You then repeat this process for paragraph 4, only this time you describe the second sentence in paragraph 2.

Paragraph 4 (Details of significant feature 2)

There may also be three significant features, in which case you can adjust the structure slightly.

You must remember not to write a conclusion. Conclusions are for opinion or discursive essays and you are not expected to do this in task 1.

Also Read :  9 Practical IELTS Letter Writing Tips: Guide to General & Academic Writing

IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Example Essay Question

sample essay task 1 line graph

Source: Cambridge English IELTS Past Papers.

The IELTS writing task 1 line graph gives information from a 2008 report about the consumption of energy in the USA since 1980 with projections until 2030.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and making comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Sample Essays Answer

The line graph shows energy consumption by fuel type in the United States from 1980-2008, with projected use until 2030.

Overall, fossil fuels have been the dominant type and will continue this trend into the future. Nuclear and renewable energy sources have represented a small but significant proportion of total energy use and despite small projected gains; it is projected that they will continue doing so.

Main Information

Petrol and Oil commanded the biggest share with 35 quadrillion units (35q) in 1980, rising to approximately 40q in 2008 and this trend is set to continue with a projected value of nearly 50q in 2030. In 1980 natural gas and coal came in second and third, with around 16q and 20q respectively. However, coal overtook natural gas in 1990 and despite some fluctuation, is set to be the second most used fuel in 2030 with just over 30q. It is predicted that natural gas will level off and remain relatively constant at about 25q.

Nuclear and the renewable energies all represented around 4q in 1980 and fluctuated up until 2008.  It is speculated that nuclear energy will reach 10q by 2030 and solar/wind around 5q, with hydropower dropping and then remaining constant at approximately 2q.

Academic writing task 1 is a writing task which has a defined input and a largely predictable output. It is basically an information-transfer task that relates narrowly to the factual content of an input diagram and not to speculative explanations that lie outside the given data.

You can take help of any good IELTS online training programs for enhancing your skills in this topic. A proper IELTS online preparation will help you with the most important part and that is choosing the correct information. If you know what to put into the essay and have a concrete structure, you are absolutely good to go!

Also Read : Duolingo Test Scores Explained: Comparison with IELTS and TOEFL

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I was looking for this article for the preparation of graphs and how to write essays, this was very useful, what are you looking for?

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  1. IELTS Task 1 Writing Tips and Tricks 2023

  2. Crack the IELTS Writing Code: 5 Essential Tips for Part 1

  3. IELTS WRITING TASK 1| 25/11/2023 |LINE GRAPH #ieltswritingtask1academic #ieltspreparation #linegraph

  4. WRITING TASK 1: LINE GRAPH QANDAY YOZILADI?

  5. IELTS WRITING TASK1 ACADEMIC |IELTS 15 TEST 2 line graph

  6. IELTS Writing Task 1: Line Graph (3)

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  1. IELTS Line Graph Model Answer

    IELTS Line Graph Model (Band Score 9) This model line graph for IELTS is estimated at band score 9. The model answer below is for IELTS writing task 1 academic paper. Use this sample writing as a template for structure, key features and language for any IELTS line graph. There are also some tips given below to guide you and help you understand ...

  2. IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

    Body paragraph 1: Describe the first grouping of lines having similar trends or values. Body paragraph 2: Describe the second grouping of lines having similar trends or values. We will use this essay structure for all line graph questions.

  3. IELTS Line graph sample essay, reviewed by Ex-IELTS Examiner

    In this tutorial, we have a band range 6.5 / 7 academic task 1 IELTS line graph example essay graded by an ex-IELTS examiner (on our team of essay correctors). There are some great examples of useful feedback to help you improve your own line chart answers. This line graph tutorial will help you: Choose the right information

  4. IELTS Writing Task 1

    4.1 Here are the 10 examples for the IELTS Writing Line Graph Task 1 2022: IELTS line graphs In IELTS Writing task 1 of the academic section, there will be a visual representation or a diagram on which you have to write a paragraph. One of these visual representations may be pie charts.

  5. IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Line Graph with Model Answer ...

    in IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 On IELTS test day, you may encounter line graphs in the Academic Writing Task 1 section. To help you understand what components make up a good response to a line graph question, let's take a look at a model band 9 essay.

  6. IELTS Line Graph Examples for Academic Task 1: Vehicle ...

    This is an IELTS Sample Line Graph with model answer that you can use to help you prepare to write your answer for a task 1 that describes changes over time. Line Graph Quiz: Have a go at this fun quiz to help you find out what you know about graphs and to help you improve your IELTS score.

  7. How to write a line graph for IELTS writing task 1

    Follow well-written model answers. Click here: IELTS Writing Task 1 Model Answers Line Graph Sample It is not common to be given only one line in IELTS writing task 1. However, this answer will provide you will an example of vocabulary, layout and general content. Source: IELTS Liz Line Graph Model Answer

  8. How to Describe an IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Graph

    Give the detail We'll look at each of these in turn. Introduce the Graph You need to begin with one or two sentences that state what the IELTS writing task 1 shows. To do this, paraphrase the title of the graph, making sure you put in a time frame if there is one. Here is an example for the above line graph:

  9. How To Write a Line Graph Essay

    Write at least 150 words. Source: Official IELTS website Step 1 - Analyse the question The format of every Academic Task 1 question is the same. Here is our practice question again with the words that will be included in all questions highlighted . The graph below shows radio and television audiences throughout the day in 1992.

  10. IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Examples: Here's a ...

    Here is an IELTS sample essay to know how you can structure a line graph essay: Paragraph 1 (Introduction) Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question This paragraph should be one sentence long and demonstrates your ability to paraphrase. You should do this by using synonyms. Paragraph 2 (Overview) Sentence 1- Overview of the first main feature

  11. Academic Writing Task 1 Sample Essays and Answers

    Percentage of total intake. IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 29: Water service reading IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 28: Waste hauling truck trips Bar chart IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 4: Book sales by genre across time IELTS academic task 1 sample essay 27: Unemployment rate in Asia

  12. IELTS Writing Task 1 Samples

    Here you will find IELTS Writing Task 1 Samples for a variety of common tasks that appear in the writing exam. ... Line Graph. Thefts per thousand vehicles in four countries between 1990 and 1999. Model Answer >>> ... This online fraud essay is about the way in which people place their personal information on the internet and whether this is a ...

  13. Academic Writing Task 1

    ielts-writing / academic-writing-task-1-line-graph Academic Writing Task 1 - Line Graph A line graph is a graph that uses line segments to connect data points. Line graphs are often used to show data over time. Now you are familiar with the five-step process and some question types.

  14. IELTS Line Graph Task 1 Sample Essays

    viewed_cookie_policy. 11 months. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. It does not store any personal data. IELTS line graph sample essays.

  15. IELTS Line Graph (Writing Task One Academic)

    IELTS Line Graph Band Nine Sample Answer. This question below is my band nine answer for a fairly famous task one question. Once you've finished, keep scrolling to find out why it would get a band nine and for some extra tips. The graph below shows the population of India and China from the year 2000 to the present day with projections for ...

  16. IELTS Writing Task 1

    IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic line graph essay example that is a band score 8. The question is > The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of fast food consumed by Australian teenagers from 1975 to 2000. Take a look at the sample answer >>

  17. IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph

    The IELTS writing task 1 line graph exercise requires you to describe and summarize the line graph. Table of Contents Sample: IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Source: https://www.english-exam.org/IELTS/academic_writing_samples_task_1/996/ The above graph shows the past, current, and expected growth in the population of India and China.

  18. Latest IELTS Writing Task 1 2023 (Graphs, Charts, Maps, Processes)

    Read my sample answer for this (unusual) task 1 here. IELTS Essay: Bridges. Read my sample answer for this topic here. The bar graph shows the total manufacturing production in percentages Asia, Europe, and the rest of the world. IELTS Task 1 Reported on May 7th. Read my sample answer here. Reported on IELTS May 1st. Read my sample answer here.

  19. 20 Recent IELTS Graph samples with answers

    Click here for Answer: Recent IELTS Graph 2: The charts below show the growth in the population in some of the world's largest cities as well as the population distribution in urban and rural areas. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Click here for Answer:

  20. IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

    Writing Task 1 - Multiple Charts Essay Structure >> ... Sample Multiple Chart Essay 2. The line graph reflects the number of people who travelled to Disneyland and Sea World between 2001 and 2005, while the bar chart illustrates the most popular rides people visited at Disneyland. Units are measured in millions of people.

  21. Sample IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph

    📌Task 1: The chart below shows the percentage of households owning four types of electronic devices between 1995 and 2015. The line graph illustrates the proportion of household ownership of four distinct electronic devices from 1995 to 2015.Overall, there was a consistent upward trend in ownership for all four device categories during the specified period.

  22. Task 1

    Task 1. The line graph illustrates the proportion of tourists who visited Brighton attractions in England from 1980 to 2010. , and festival ) between 1980 and 2010 in England. period. At the same time, the proportion of. grew slightly. Meanwhile, the number of sightseers to join the festival remained fairly unchanged.

  23. IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Examples: Here's a Guide to Master the

    Here is an IELTS sample essay to know how you can structure a line graph essay: Paragraph 1 (Introduction) Sentence 1- Paraphrase Question This paragraph should be one sentence long and demonstrates your ability to paraphrase. You should do this by using synonyms. Paragraph 2 (Overview) Sentence 1- Overview of the first main feature